CO vol. hi: THE DALLES, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1892. NUMBER 3. INSNOW EVERYWHERE Jfa BlizzardsM a Gentle Fall Coyering our Nortnwest CALIFORNIA GETS A FEW FLAKES. 4 The Heaviest Known on Puget Sound Since December I884. WIBM IK IALIH DBHOBALIZID. liDHi Paralysed on all Lines Entering- Hpokane From the Heme ef the Billiard. Dispatches from all portions of the Pacific northwest show that the present streak of winter" is general, so far as mow is concerned. In Portland the fall was over fourteen inches. Traffic was stopped on car lines, and walking bad. The snow be came very deep and the slush was frozen olid on the tracks about 10 o'clock p. . Wednesday, and paralyzed the traffic. The Third, Second, First and Washing ton street electric lines and several of their East Mide branches were blocked. Ko cars could be run, and all that were at were brought into the power-house. On the 21st in Salem the snow played havoc with electric service of all kinds. The telegraph loop on the depot is a oomplete wreck. Old poles that carrird fourteen wires found the weight of wet now too much for them, rind they fell in all directions. Electric light, telephone, W alarm, the Lockwood messenger vstem and all the local wires suffered seriously, and, becoming crossed with Jive electric street railway wires, burned ut many switchboards and relays. Tn Otvmnia the fall commenced on 4 the evening of the 20th, and has pre Tailed with more or less violence since, It is the beViest since the establish lent of the signal station there in 1877. According to weather bureau measure' vents, five feet of snow fell during the twenty-four hours ended at 5 o'clock Wednesday evening, but it is not that deep on the level. It has become more olid and has packed dowh to - a thick Bess of thirty inches. In Seattle the snow was ten inches , deep Wednesday evening. The etorm extended from Skagit valley on the north throughout southwestern Wash ington, being most severe in Seattle Tacoma and Olympia. Tbe snow was very light on the Skagit, and grew heavier further south. The tempera lure in Seattle waB about thirtv-five at soon and fell to thirty-two at 6 p. m Vorth of the Skagit a high northwest wind blew and the temperature fell to twenty above zero. , In Tacoma it commenced Tuesday afternoon about 5 o'clock and snowed almost without interruption until noon Wednesday. The storm is the "heaviest known since December 14, 1884, when there was a fall of between two or three feet. The cable line up hiU has been kept open, but all the electric lines have seen stopped since early .Wednesday vening, though an attempt was made to clear the tracks during the night. A bissons, (Jal., dispatch, says snow commenced falling early Wednesday morning. It continued all day, with strong south wind. The prospects were for a big storm. All reports agree that the storm was remarkable for sudden ness. On the morning of the 20th the barometer all . over Washipgton and Oregon was higher than usual and lower in California, and 24 hours later there was a complete change, and the area of high barometer moved eastward at an unusually rapid rate, jumping trom the average of ironies to 100 miles per hour. The storm was felt, more in western Washington and northwest Oregon than east of the Cascades. The only quarter from which anything like a blizzard is reported was by trains reaching Spokane from the home of blizzards easterly. Trainmen report the weather east of Spokane terrific. It is old and of a blizzard character. The now is not deep on a level, but wind has drifted it badly. V-' What a gruesome feeling of mingled , awe ana dread will skate around in the : vicinity f Mr. Cleveland's wishbone when he la iafonsod that the demo- aratlf editor of Kansas kar formsd as KZraaaiTO, flimalva defensive alli . a4 will aaafc tkoir alaLau tar RESOUKCKH OF DBKIION. The Coal Mines nf Katern Oregon Dls enssed as to Values. Fifty thousand copies of the book Resources of Oregon, have just come from the press of the state printer. The volume consists of 230 pages, and treats of the resources of Oregon as a whole by counties separately. There are special articles on timber, soil, mineral, dairy matters, etc., and much statistical iufor iiiation. Of coal in Eastern Oregon the following appears: "Throughout that portion of the John Day Valley where tertiary rocks are found, coal indications are numerous and some very promising locations have been made thereupon Tbe comparative inacessibility of the country, however, has debarred every effort to work them, and the same cause will undoubtedly retard their develop ment for a long time. A railroad is im peratively necessary to open up these deposits. The quality of the coal is good ; equal at least to the well-known Koslyn coal which is" thought to belong to the same geological formation. These coals are emphatically steam or heating coals, free burning like all tbe Oregon coals. Other localities where coal is found are not rare in Eastern Oregon but none are at present worked, nor are they likely to be worked very soon, with the exception of the coal bed not far from Pendleton, which has of late at tracted a great deal of attention." In this volume the subdivision of Eastern Oregon occupies two pages and in the subdivision of counties each county is written up at considerable length, as follows : Baker Two pages by C. W. James president of the Baker city board of trade. Crook One page-, compiled from var ious sources. Gilliam 1 wo pages bv the executive committee of the Arlington board of trade. Grant Two pages of general informs tion. Harney A page and a half of statis tics. Klamath Two pages bv the southern Oregon state board of agriculture. Luke Three and a halt pages bv the Lakeview board of trade. Malheur One page ' of statistical matter. . 1 Morrow Three and a half pages from the Oregonian of April 15th, 1892. Sherman Two pages from the pen of ti. W. Ingalls. Umatilla Six pages from the East Oregonian of January 1st, 1892. Union A three page general write-up Wallowa Three pages of countv his tory and statistics. Wasco Three pages by Maj. Q. W Ingalls. THE CASCADE LOCKS. Correspondence of Dalles Citjr People With Headquarters. The following correspondence will be read with interest : ' . " ;:- The Dalles, Or., Dec. 7, 1892. Hon. J. H. Mitchell, TJ. 8. Senate, W ashington City, D. U. : Dear Sir: Kindly inform us of tbe present status of the contract for the completion of the cascade locks. How early will operations probably com mence under said contract? Sincerely Yours, Guo. C. Blakeley, County Judge, Thos. S. Lang, 8. L. Bkooks, J. H. Shehae, Linus Hubbard, M. T. Nolan. The answer comes direct from the office of the chief of engineers,' U. fS. army, and is as follows : Hon. John H. Mitchell, U. S. Senate, Dear Sir: I have received your letter of Dec. 13th, inclosing the letter of Dec. 7, 1892, from certain of youT constitu ents, inquiring as to the status of the contract for the completion of the cas cade locks. The bids for this work were opened on November 15th, 1892, and J. G. and I. N. Day, of San Francisco, Cal., were tbe lowest, and their bid has been accepted: Of this fact Maior Handburv was informed by telegraph on December 8th, 1892, and no doubt he has duly set about preparing the written instrument for signature of himself and the other parties. The contract when signed will be sent here for approval, and, "if found in proper form will be approved, and Major Handbury will at once lie notified by telegraph of that approval, when the contractors may at- once begin their preparations for work. Verv respec-t- iuiiy, your ooeaient servant. Jno. Y. Casby, Brig. -Gen., Chief of Engineers. Feed tbe feathered sougsters. They are now very tame, and everybody, boys, girls, and older people ; should see to it that do harm comes to them. Aa Mr. Pflnger, the secretary of the association in Portland which has been to consider able trouble and expense to import song birds to Oregon, says: "The weatber is very inclement, and the little feath ered warblers are hard pushed to find food. The members and officers of the association will be placed uoder obliga tion if people will cast oat about their doorsteps aad back yards cnmbsend other kinds of food, m thai shoal d aay of their imported soacsters visit their prewuea they will Had a veieease ana RELATION WITH CUBA. Strang Opposition to The French Syndi cate Pretensions. MISSION OF SENATOR DU BOISE The Broad Hand of Uncle Samuel Will Interpose Objections. IT MAT BHD IN A CONTROVERSY. It Is Thought That Spain Will Not Re linquish The Plan . Without a Straggle. . Special to The Chrohiclb. Washington, Dec. 23. It is now un derstood that something besides cholera is vested in the mission of Senator Du Boise to Cuba. It is reliably reported that the United States government will interfere with the scheme of Cuba to farm out its customs revenues to a French syndicate, which has long been bidding for the privilege. It has been rumored for some time that the Spanish government was anxious to lease the Cuban custom house at a good figure, but the details of tbe negotiations about their progress were kept a profound secret. It now appears that Secretary Foster, some time since sent a diplo matic note to the authorities at Havana, warning them that the United States is strongly opposed to their plan of farm ing out the Cuban custom house in the manner above described. Mr. Williams, consul-general - at Havana, who wag recently in New York on leave, returned to Cuba, before the term of his vacation had expired. It is presumed that he carried with him the note of Secretary Foster to the Spanish government. The action of our government in this matter may occasion an interesting and im portant con tro very, as it is not probable that Spain will relinquish its plan of farming out the Cuban customs without a struggle. The profits to be obtained by such an arrangement, would it is claimed be verygreat. It is thought that Senator Du Boise will succeed in con vincing the Cuban authorities that it will be to their interest to relinquish the plan proposed. . The Railway Remoastranee. The Pendleton E. O. treats the Urion Pacific railway remonstrance to an open river aa "a suspicious document." There is nothing at all suspicious about it ; its meaning is unequivocal ; and unerring. The E. O. quotes the remonstrance and says: "Presumably, persons interested in keeping tbe river closed are doing this work. The petitions came from Portland and bear the 'ear mark' of certain corporation attorneys. The peo pie should recuse to sign them as it is plainly an effort to put off opening the river. The same influence at work cir culating these petitions have kept tbe government work at the cascades drag. ging its slow length along and controls, to a large degree, the efforts of Oregon's representatives in congress. The peo ple need expect no help from congress and may look for an open river only through a state appropriation which should be made by the next legislature. Oregon can open the river and make certain nxea charges which woul'l pay the expenses of operating the portage. Tbe circulation of these petitions bo enemies ot an open river is convincing evidence that the people are on the right track in seeking state aid for this purpose. The people of The Dalles are awake to the importance of an open river having had a taste of its benefits frcm a state appropriation made by the last legislature and well applied in free ing the lower river at the cascades. This has proven the feasibility of state aid, as weW as the practicality of it. The people of Eastern Oregon demand of the state legislature 'an open river' and nothing but corporation influence can prevent the legislature from granting it. We shall see what we shall seel" The report that George Gould thinks of becoming the proprietor of a great racing stable is probably merely a stock rumor a livestock rumor, so to speak. Aids to education should be as free as education itself; and a law providing tree lexi books wr eur ncn ana poor like, would, we believe be la every way desirable aa ojist with the ap- Pitthbdkg,- Pa.,. Dec. 24. The official j figures given show, that there are 218 families without means of support in Homestead, which, reckoning five to a family, gives a total of over 1,000 people without proper food, clothing or fnel. The Press of this city commenced the movement for the relief of the women and children of Homestead, believing it better for the people of Pittsburg to turn their attention to this instance of dire need than to trouble themselves about tbe morbid i disputes. When the cry rolled across the ocean from Russia and Germany that the people of those coun tries were starving, we sent relief ships at once.' Should we evince less sympa thy for those who are dying for food and warmth at our very doors? This is not an appeal for strikers. The strike has been over for weeks. The simple fact is that there is no work for hundreds of men, who, have, rightly ' or wrongly, been drawn into a controversy that has resulted in such suffering to their families. ' It matters nothing what has brought tbe helpless families to their present desperate condition. The fact that stares us in the face -is that babies are crying to their mothers for food: that their poor little hands and feet are chilled in houses where there are no fires : that 'women are clasping their wailing babes to hearts from which pri vation has already starved out nourish ment; that the bread-winner walks hopelessly about the streets, and re turns to hia home in an agony of hope- j leasneas to witness the Buffering that he ' cannot alleviate. The women and chil dren of Homestead have been reduced! to distress through no faultof theirown. They have been made to suffer through industrial complications such as may break out in any community at any time. There is no maudlin sentiment in this movement for aid for the Home steaders. It is an enterprise to feed and clothe the hungry and ill-clad, leaving their sins, if they had any, to the Power that is generally admitted to have the best right to pronounce judg ment on the erring. A WINTER SKETCH. Hood River Valley Experiences Accord - - . injf to Seasons. A private letter from Hood River, 21st, says the whole face of the valley is bur ied beneath eighteen inches of "the beautiful.' The writer says : . "It looks now as if we were going to have a hard winter in this latitude. If tbe storm keeps on, as it gives every prospect of doing, I will have no means ot egress or ingress except by snow shoes. Hood River is a fine place to live in, but tbe winters are not so charming to me as the summer mouths. A snow storm like the present one makes me verv tired. It was here that Tyler Lockwood came in 1870. He was delighted with the climate and scenery. He entered a claim over on Hood River and built a comfortable cabin. A charming view of Mt. Hood was bad from bis cabin door. The grand old mountain seemed at times to be within a stones throw. He sent his family to tbe much in the fall, and sent with them two men to get up wood, and hunt,' and keep the family in meat. Along about the middle of December it began to snow, and it snowed and snowed, as only it can snow in Hood River valley. The family saw nothing much but snow till spring, and when the warm Chinook had bared tbe ground sufficient for traveling Mrs. L. and the children went to. Portland. Lock used to say that after bis wife's experience on Hood River ranch she could never be persuaded to again look at Mt. Hood. But when gentle spring comes, and the flowers bloom, and the Meadow Lark gives h's sweetest note, and the ripening fruits appear, we will vote Hood River valley a great country, and give the intending immigrant a great fill as of old.". Advertised Letters. Following is the list of letters remain -tng in the poetoffice at Tbe Dalles un called for, Saturday, Dec. 17th, 1892. Persons calling for same will give date on which they were advertised : Abbot, J - ' Williams, F Bananard, J ' Barger, W W Barkher, Charlev Bradley, J L Benthall, H C " Bordon, L M Mrs ' Braum, Maud Miss Burnham, L M Dras, Emma Miss Dimky, F Fagaa, Joseph Edwards, Fred Filbanm E Wm Goelner. H Josey, F N Kerley, PJ Leacey, Lillie Mrs . Morgan, Miss Ea McReynolds, E H Quirk, Laura Miss Glaveys, M M Johnson, Mr Jr Joslyn, Ed Kienday, W Mieres, Max Mrs MeAtee Wsa Olson, N Renfrew, O H Sterling, John bherwoodMi V Stout. Frank . Taylor. William wrner, Susan Mrs Walker. A J Williams, Bert M. X. JIOLAM, r. Ml. The only 3-story, lire-proof brick building i the city, now occupied f GaadaH 4 Buryet, for rent. For furstai ntrtiaeJars inquire of Team Kelly, at The OUR FAST TROTTERS. Secretary Tracy InterneiM Aoont the J Speed ofHorses. KO LIMIT TO BREEDING TROTTERS Reasons for his Belief Tbat tbe Time of 'oo Wonld be Beaten. THE IMPROVEMENTS IM DRIVING. What has Been Achieved This Tear Is Due More to the Animal Than to Anything Bis. Special to mm Caaomeui. Washington, Dec. 24. Secretary Tracy in an interview last evening upon the subject of low records made by trot ters this year said: "The American trotter is a marvel of endurance. When I predicted, in 1890, that within two years 2:06 or better would be made, and that in ten years a horse would be found that would do the mile in two minutes the proposition was . received with amazement ; but 2 :06 has been beaten within the limit, and I shall not be at all startled to hear at any time within six months that the two minute trotter has arrived. Ten years ago Mr. Wallace maintained that 2.10 was about the limit of his powers. The reason for the faith that was in me then is tbat horses at the trot, even at that time, bad in some portions of their beats or trial shown a two-minute gait. I took it for granted that the breeding of our light harness horses would gradually improve, and that it was only a question of time when a horse would be bred that could carry for a full mile the rate of speed shown in au eighth or a quarter, as the case might be, of a two-minute clip Dial think it necessary 1 could name a score or more of horses that have shown a speed in quarters and halves tbat if maintained for a mile would have solved ' the two-minute problem beyond question. ..The improvement in driving, shoeing, harness, tracks and sulkies have contri buted something, but in my opinion not as much as some persons maintain Horses, as I have heretofore stated, years ago, when al the accessories were crude, showed marvelous speed for short distances. Now, with this fact in mind, it must logically follow tbat the borse himself is the main factor in the lower ing of records. He is nearing perfection, Mind, I do not say he has reached it by qute a number of degrees, but the light harness borse is gradually approaching the goal, and whatever ban been achieved in 1892, the most sensational period in the history of the trotting horse, is due more to the improvement of the animal than to anything else tbat can be named. In answer to tbe question as to whether or not Mr. Tracy would return to the rants of tbe breeder ai'ter the eT piration of bis term as Secretary on March 4th, the reply was: "Ko, I am not rich enough to breed boises again. Horses sell at too li'gh a figu'-e to meet the size of my purse. I shall return to mv profession of the law, and if that shall fail me well, then I guess I can write for the lio-ee papers and mate a living in tbat )ioe.: 1 Keep It Movlns;. Heppner Recoid. The ' subject of good roads is being pretty thoroughly discussed by our exchanges, and a better subject for agitation could not be sprung on the people. W bat this coo nty wants and must have, is .better public high ways, and the sooner we get tnein, the better. Let the good work go on. ' An Att Illastratlen. Astorian : We get the cheering new? in oar telegrams today that the Bn'gga trial wi' I spin ont for a good while yet. These bitter controversies, that have occurred so often of late, are to remind one of the definition of tbe schoolboy, who ead that the heathen were,' "people tbat didn't figbt over religion." Highest of all in Leavening Power.- w r THE SYSTEM AT WORK. How the Blockade Has Been Man. ag-ed" Sympathy Expressed. At Hood River Thursday night, when it was found tbe train could not get to Portland, passengers inform us that the U. P. R. officials instructed the con ductor to disembark his passengers, and back up to The Dalles. This the passengers flatly refused to submit to; and after tenaciously holding their places in the cars all night, tbe train was backed up to this city yesterday, and remained in tbe yard until nearly 9 o'clock last night, when the "gener ous" corporation officials decided to un load on The Umatilla, and pay the hotel charges. Then it was that the train bauled down and the passengers were soon snugly stowed away for the night, alter partaking of a wholesome supper, which some ot them appeared to be sadly in need of. After breakfast this morning a train of ten cars was made up, including four passenger coaches, two Pullman sleep ing coaches, two baggage cars' and two fast freight cars, headed by three light locomotives; into which the passengers again embarked, and at 11 :15 pulled out with a hope of reaching Portland tonight sometime. For the relief of the passengers only we hope they may succeed ; but so far as the company is concerned, they are notentitley to one spark of sympathy. The management in this affair, as in almost every thiug else connected with the operation of the road here, have not shown the slightest degree of common sense. They have not paid the least particle of attention to tbe necessities of the conditions which anybody but a sim ple minded idiot might expect. This statement is verified by tbe empty condi tion of their Dalles City coal sheds, and by the fact that their rotary snow plows were hundreds of niih-s away, and were not sent for until tbe blockade was upon them. When the Oregonian gets here we ex pect to be informed tbat these ' pet" mauagers have nearly killed themselves trying to open trie road, etc, that Gen. . This and Gen. Tbat have contracted death dealing colds, and are lying at the point ot jdeatb, perhans.'from tbe effect of their acrobatic feats, ad their heTU- ' lean struggles with the monstrous blir zard ;' which was nothing more nor less than a gentle nnow storm sent upon us by a benificent Providence, for the ben efit of the very same people, in this In land Empire, whom this monster cor poration grind to the straits of poverty annually by their extortions in freight, and passenger fares. No, for the TJ. P. R. Co. there is not one word of sympathy wasted in JLhe Dalles. The company is in no way de serviug of it. Real Estate Transfers. State of Oregon to Edward G Jones, n)4 of ne3 and swl of ne" and ne1 of nw iu sec 35, 1 1 s r 8 east. Consider ation $200. W P Watson and others to J. A. Soesby, lots 15,16 and 17 in b'ock 1, town of Waucoma, Hood River. Con sideration $500. John R Harvey to W H Wilson, lot K, block 17, Fort Dalles Military Reserva tion. Consideration $500. Geo. Watkins and wife to D. M. and J. W. French certain property in Bige- low addition. J. W. Johnson and wife to Ralph Row land certain property in sec 4 t. W A Davis to J I West, n of sw of sec 13, t 5, 8 r 5 east, 80 acres. Con sideration $150. T L McCartney and wife to s Paulas Limerotb, nw sec 6, 1 2 s, r 14 east. m. Consideration $350. H Herbriog and wife to same, s e sec 32, 1 1 s, r 14 e, and s J$ of e M. and e of nw i, sec 32, 1 1 s, r 14 e, 320 acres. Consideration $2450. ' Married. At the residence of the bride's parents, High Prairie, Klickitat rountv, Dec.rJ2ud, by Rev, J. C. Bake', Mr. Corwiu S. Shank of Seattle and Miss Jennie N. Baker, daughter of tbe offi ciating clergyman. Hosts of friends in The Da lies extend, joyful greeting to the happy couple, whose circle of acquaintances here is ex tensive and deserved. ' Latest U. S. Gov't Report . iWn L A U H T1 JD caw uses xfet? 22f Fw3 St? j fMwlUJUMM.