The nugget. (Sisters, Or.) 1994-current, November 21, 2018, Page 32, Image 32

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    32
Wednesday, November 21, 2018 The Nugget Newspaper, Sisters, Oregon
A proclamation
of Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving has long
been an American tradition,
famously dating back to the
Pilgrim settlers at Plymouth
Colony. The observance was
celebrated at different times
and in different places, and
the tradition was strongest in
New England.
It wasn’t until the Civil
War that it was established
as a fixed national holiday.
In the darkest depths of
the American Civil War, in
1863, President Abraham
Lincoln set aside the last
Thursday of November “as
a day of Thanksgiving and
Praise.”
The website Abraham
Lincoln Online notes that:
“According to an April
1, 1864, letter from John
Nicolay, one of President
Lincoln’s secretaries, this
document was written by
Secretary of State William
Seward, and the original
was in his handwriting. On
October 3, 1863, fellow
Cabinet member Gideon
Welles recorded in his
diary how he complimented
Seward on his work. A year
later the manuscript was sold
to benefit Union troops.”
Washington, D.C.
October 3, 1863
By the President of the
United States of America.
A Proclamation.
The year that is draw-
ing towards its close, has
been filled with the bless-
ings of fruitful fields and
healthful skies. To these
bounties, which are so con-
stantly enjoyed that we are
prone to forget the source
from which they come, oth-
ers have been added, which
are of so extraordinary a
nature, that they cannot fail
to penetrate and soften even
the heart which is habitually
insensible to the ever watch-
ful providence of Almighty
God. In the midst of a civil
war of unequalled magni-
tude and severity, which
has sometimes seemed to
foreign States to invite and
to provoke their aggression,
peace has been preserved
with all nations, order has
been maintained, the laws
have been respected and
obeyed, and harmony has
prevailed everywhere except
in the theatre of military
conflict; while that theatre
has been greatly contracted
by the advancing armies and
navies of the Union. Needful
diversions of wealth and of
strength from the fields of
peaceful industry to the
national defence, have not
arrested the plough, the
shuttle or the ship; the axe
has enlarged the borders
of our settlements, and the
mines, as well of iron and
coal as of the precious met-
als, have yielded even more
abundantly than heretofore.
Population has steadily
increased, notwithstand-
ing the waste that has been
made in the camp, the siege
and the battle-field; and the
country, rejoicing in the
consciousness of augmented
strength and vigor, is permit-
ted to expect continuance of
years with large increase of
freedom. No human coun-
sel hath devised nor hath
any mortal hand worked
out these great things. They
are the gracious gifts of the
Most High God, who, while
dealing with us in anger for
our sins, hath nevertheless
remembered mercy. It has
seemed to me fit and proper
that they should be sol-
emnly, reverently and grate-
fully acknowledged as with
one heart and one voice by
the whole American People.
I do therefore invite my fel-
low citizens in every part
of the United States, and
also those who are at sea
and those who are sojourn-
ing in foreign lands, to set
apart and observe the last
Thursday of November next,
as a day of Thanksgiving
and Praise to our beneficent
Father who dwelleth in the
Heavens. And I recommend
to them that while offering
up the ascriptions justly due
to Him for such singular
deliverances and blessings,
they do also, with humble
penitence for our national
perverseness and disobedi-
ence, commend to His ten-
der care all those who have
become widows, orphans,
mourners or sufferers in
the lamentable civil strife
in which we are unavoid-
ably engaged, and fervently
implore the interposition of
the Almighty Hand to heal
the wounds of the nation
and to restore it as soon
as may be consistent with
the Divine purposes to the
full enjoyment of peace,
harmony, tranquillity and
Union.
In testimony whereof, I
have hereunto set my hand
and caused the Seal of the
United States to be affixed.
Done at the City of
Washington, this Third day
of October, in the year of
our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and sixty-three,
and of the Independence
of the United States the
Eighty-eighth.
By the President:
Abraham Lincoln
William H. Seward,
Secretary of State
The Nugget Newspaper Crossword
By Jacqueline E. Mathews, Tribune News Service
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