The Open Online Newspaper Initiative (Open ONI) is a collaborative, open-source software platform for providing online access to digital newspaper content. An extension of the LC Newspaper Viewer (chronam) software developed by the Library of Congress for the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP), a partnership between the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the Library of Congress (LC), Open ONI strives to provide an accessible platform for states and local organizations to make keyword-searchable digital newspaper content freely available to the public online. Supported by a community of heritage institutions across the United States, this rich digital resource will be developed and permanently maintained by contributors and users within the community. Contributor institutions include the University of Oregon, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Pennsylvania State University, University of South Carolina, Paul Smith's College, LYRASIS, Northern New York Library Network, Digital Public Library of America, Stanford University, and the North Carolina Digital Heritage Center.
Open ONI is designed to work with newspaper materials digitized to technical specifications set by the Library of Congress. These specifications include the following basic elements (profiles describing the full set of specifications can be found at http://www.loc.gov/ndnp/guidelines/) :
Open ONI is based on the Open Archive Information System (OAIS) Reference Model for preservation repository architecture and supported by a variety of modular components to enable long-term sustainability of data ingestion, archival management and data dissemination. The public website is built using the Python programming language, Django Web framework, RDFLib, Apache Solr search server, Apache Web server, and MySQL database engine.
Written permission of any copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for reproduction, distribution, or other use of any protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with the persons desiring to use the item.