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SAIH5M, OBEGON, FIIIJDAY yiSBltUABY 8, 8JMJ.
HOES IS OUR HOBBY.
And we are going to
keep abreast of all
competition in quality
quantity and styles.
In our odd pair de
partment you can get
some fine bargains in shoes at all times,
Call in and get special prices now offered at
275 Commercial street,
No Trouble to Show You Through and Give Prices.
WILL CUBA-BE FREE ?
Congress Acts With a View to
Thaf ffia ?
The Senate Favors Cuba b'ut-Votes'
Hardware, Thxswate, Bat bed Wife
Blacksmith Supplies, Stoves and Machincryjat
Examine our large and complete stock, Always prompt and
of ibe Willamette Qnivepsiiy.
Modern'methodi. Up to date. Same as In the eastern and European Conservatories
None but' the best is good enough for beginners as well as for more advanced pupils,
Y, C. HAWLEY. President
R. A. HERITAGE, Vocal Director
EMIL L. WINKLER, Instrumental Director.
transfer ot tlic capitals from
Mnnauun. say that Leon Is
J. 0. GOODALE
C. G. SCHRAMM
Goodale Uintbqr Company
Yardson Twelftt andiTradejStreets:
Washington, Feb. 28. The senate
galleries were llllcd today In anticipa
tion of the culmination of the Cuban
debate, the llnal vote being sot for ,4
o'clock. Llndsy, of Kentucky. adT
dressed the senate on tho Cuban reso
lution, lie declared that If tho United
States Intends taking any steps, Jtivkt'
will avail these struggling Cu&ans
that tho steps should bo In tho direc
tion of tho ultimate independence of
At 1:16 Sherman began his speech
closing tho debate. Ho said he felt
that the time had como when tho
United Staccs must Intervene, but
not lend to a crlmo almost boyond
description, He did favor Cuba's an
nexation to tho United States, but
moro strongly favored hcrannoxatlon
to Mexico, a kindred people.
Onlllntror followed Sherman with a
strong appeal for tho recognition of
At 3:55 Cameron offered his resolu
tion for Cuban independence as
amended by the committee on resolu
tions. Sherman accepted the amend
ment. " At 4 o'clock whllo ho offered
his amendment to tho Cuban resolu
tion amendment, expressed the sym
pathy of tho UnltctTStatcs with tho
Cuban causo and expressed tho opin
ion that tho executive should recog
nize Cuban belligerence.
Sherman moved to lay It on tho
table. Sherman's motion carried:
Yeas 67, nays 12.
Allen offered an amendment In tho
form of a Joint resolution requesting
that tho president issue a procla
mation recognizing tho rcpublicCuba.
Sherman moved to lay tho amendment
on tho table. Carried: Yeas 52, nays
17. A voto was taken on the com
mittee on resolutions as amended by
adding tho Cameron amcudment. Tho
foreign committee resolution passed
Revolution in Nicaragua.
Managua, via Galveston, Feb. 28.
Tho revolution Js nov i full blast,
nnd all tho cltlcs,of Nicaragua on this
side of tho country ard In arms and
preparing cither to support President
Zelaya or contributor men for. tho
march or his cfrcmVU; ion the capital,
Fugitives who hav( reached tills
city front Leon, thoi old capital of
Nicaragua, headquarters of tho rebels,
which is opposed tdmhn liberal or
Zclayu party on gen iral principles,
and as n result of dl Terence of long
standing, tho chief ' f which Is tho
to a man, nnd rapidly organizing an
army with which to advance upon
Managua. They linye the advantage
of pos5CSPlng.morc modern arms and
artillery, but; tho adherents of tho
president ' are not discouraged,
especially as the Granada conserva-
'Ii-ao nnnnorntlicr.wimqn llttttlldfi flS A
.body there was some uloubt, declared
themselves today in iavor oi .ciaya.
This means almostUialf of tho bat
llc won, for Mnsnya jH undoubtedly
follow the lead of Granada. Tho lat
ter city has moro Important commer
cial Interests than any other city m
Nicaragua. Besides! It Is the western
port of Lake Nicaragua and tho stop
ping placo of steamers which cross
tho lako to Fort Carles, at tho mouth
of tho San Juan river, by which
waterway communication with tho
-Atlantlo ocean la maintained, via San
Juan del Sur, better known as Groy-
.town, near ue cauivr u cuuuuvv m u
proposed cnnnl of Nicaragua, In
which citizens of tho United States
are interested. Thus, with Granada
and other smallor cities supporting
him, President Zolaya hopes to crush
tho rebellion In duo time.
Keep themost complete stock of common, dimension and flnishcdlumbor
in tho city, and scllonlthe most favorable terms. Lath and Shingles,
OuKstock Is made at our own mills, of thobest lumbcrlln tho state.
C. G. SCHRAMM,
The Willamette Hotel.
LEADING HOTEL OF THE CITY.
Reduced rate Management liberal. Electric car. leave hotel lor all public buildings
and oh,u of inlerest. SiS rates will be Eiven to permanent patrons.
A. I. WAGNER
Willamette Truck Co-
Stablest South Commercial St. Bridge.
Tho Cuban Question.
Washington, Feb. 28. A special
meeting of tho senate committee- on
foreign relations was held today for
tho purpose of considering tho form
in which tho Cuban question should
be finally disposed of. After a thor
ough discussion it was decided to ad
hero to tho committee's resolution for
tho recognition of bolligency, and to
amend ltby adding Senator Cameron's
substitute requesting tho president
as executlvo to uso his friendly olllccs
with Spain to secure tho Independence
Dunraven the Baby
London, Feb. 28 Lord Dunraven
today was gazottcd. Lord Lieutenant
of Limerick. Tho St. James Gazette
says tho Now York Yncht club very
proporly expelled Lord Dunraven, and
wo now only regret that tho credit of
British sportsmaushlp was ever
Idcntlllcd with a man who canbohavo
so badly. Ills charges were Improb
able, and his refusal to accept tho de
cision of tho committee 'was a sheer
pclce of childish obstinacy.
Neutrality Lawn Violated.
Philadelphia, Fob. 28. Tho Jury
In tho case of Captain Wilberg, First
Mate rctcrson and Second Mate
Johannescn charged with violating,
tho neutrality laws between tills
country and Spain, by carrying an
armed expedition to Cuba on tho
Btcamer Ilersa, has returned a verdict
of guilty, after eight hours' deliber
ation. Counsel for tho prisoners gavo
notice of an application for a now
Mrs. Booth 111.
New York, Feb. 28. Mrs. Balling-
ton Booth Is 111 at her home In Mont-
clar, N. J., as a consequence of tho
recent worrying In connection with
the removal of Mr. Booth from com
mand of tho Salvation Army of tho
,ment for all kinds of.heavy draying and express hauling k gg
rud Store at all times..
-EXCELSIOR - STABLE-
B. C, HANSEN, MANAGBRi
Vest for Cuba.
Washinuton. Feb. 28. A stirring
speech by Vest on behalf of Cuba was
tho event ot the senate. It camo un
expectedly, as Vest seldom announces
speeches or makes preparations.
White and Gray were contending
that as a legal proposltlon.tho United
States could not, at this time, rccog
nlzo Cuba's Independence,
lie pictured Spain as tho impotent
.giant Despair of tho "Pilgrim's
Progress." gazing on defeat.
The British Position.
London, Feb. 28. Tho British case
in tho , boundary dispute between
Great Britain and Venezuela Is now
-o.i Afivnnpi rinlp.3 have been
sent to Ambassador Bayard, and were
mailed to Washington today.
Miss Barton Rerognlxed.
Constantinople, Feb. 28. An im
perial Irado has been issued permit
ting Miss Clara Barton, president or
tho American Red Cross society, and
her representatives, to travel In
Anatonla and distribute relief to
sufferers there. UnltedJStates Minister
Terrlll accompanied Miss Barton and
party to Sclamllk.
The . Cody Myatery.
Taooma, Feb. 28. Mr. A. Cody lias
been compelled to abandon search for
his wife who mysteriously disappeared
a month ago. Although a reward of
81,000 was offered no trace of her has
been found. Mr. Cody leaves ior m
homo In Chicago tomorrow.
The more commissions tho people
have the less control they have of
Tho state of Iowa Is suffering under
a double dose of legislature code
SCOTT ON MEXICO. MR.
The Oregonlau prints n four column
nrtlclo on Mexico by Its editor, who
has been there for a month. Though
ho docs not Intend to do so he mokes
n strong plea for tho rcstoratloh of
silver to Its former price before it was
demonetized. Ho says:
The condition of tho masses clearly
Is mado worse by tho fall of tlllvcr.
For silver Is tho money of tho coun
try, nnd,. though It has been declined
one-half In value, tho working pcoplo
get no higher wages. One coining
Into Mexico from tho United States
readily exchanges his money for that
of Mexico at the rate of tl for $1.85 to
$UK); and tills exchange gives tho
broker agood prollt. All the exported
products of tho country are fcold for
mild, or at tho cold nrlces of these
0 i . w
products of tho world's markets, but
tho labor that produces them
Is paid In sltvor, at wage rates
not advanced slnco silver fell. This
means prosperity to those engaged In
tho exploitation or productive Indus
try in Mexico; but prosperity on so
narrow a basis would produco riotous
disorder and political revolution In
tho United States. Tho Mexican
Herald, a dally paper printed In En
glish In tho City ot Moxlco, In a lead
ing article Just published, says that If
tho United States wore on a silver
basis every manufacturer In Mexico
would bo ruined, every mill would
havo to bo closed, and tho budding
manfacturlng Industry of tho country
would bo "dead as Julius Ctusar."
That Is, If labor In tho United States
wore paid, as In Mexico, with silver
that is, with money on tho silver basis
Mexico could notcompoto'.our skilled
labor, mado cheap, would ruin Mexi
can manufacturers. Thero Is no doubt
ot it. But what would our working
pcoplo say when they found that tho
change from tho gold to tho silver
standard had put their labor on tho
basis of tho labor of Moxlco? Hero
lu Mexico in tho place to observe tho
workings of cheap money, of money
based on tho market valuo of silver.
Such money gives but a plttanco to
labor and debases humanity. It be
comes an additional Instrument for
tho degradation and enslavement of
tho masses of tho people, and puts In
tho hand of a plutocratic oligarchy
the most potent of all means of hold
ing tho masses In subjection, nnd of
stilling their aspirations to Improve
ment and progress. Tho effort tosub-
stltutoa cheap money standard in
tho United States for tho standard of
6ound money or best money, is trea
son to tho masses, treason to tho com
mon pcoplo, not tho less so though an
honest mistake. Of theso honest mis
takes tho record of history Is full.
Witness tho sincere bollof of nearly
ono-half our own country In the
economic necessity of negro slavery.
No country can prosper wion Its labor
is debased. No country can havo a
moral Ibasls when Its masses are so
low; and It remains truo forevermoro
that, of all schemes to oppress labor
and dobaso tho musses, tho schema of
cheap money, of monoy of low nnd
fluctuating value, Is chief. It Is
powerful and overwhelming because
It is insidious and ull pervading. How
full of ovcry kind of deception, how
fruitful In oppression It Is, how It
holds tho masses of tho pcoplo In an
Iron grasp, makes fair prejcnslons to
labor, yet steals from labor at every
turn, one can seo to his satisfaction
In Mexico It Indeed ho Is lu need (ft
any oblect-lesson of the kind.
,foj-f JUk - --. ,k- Ju.
uncuun a anfirvu LnniR),
Tho great battlo In tho next legis
lature will bo over tho re-appprtlon-
ment of tho state. Tho Portland
crowfl will deal out now Institutions
and big appropriations with a liberal
hand to Increase their representation
In tho general assembly.
Mr. Hermann Is bitterly attacked
In soiiio quarters for alleged neglect
In looking after tho lntorcsts of tho
people of tho Willamette valley.
Tho Willamette river is tho people's
only outlet ror their products nnd
commerce In competition with tho
Southern Pnclllo railroad monopoly.
If It can bo shown that our congress
man, who Is serving his Blxth term,
has been neglectful or Indifferent In
securing appropriations for tho pro
tection of navigation on this only out
let from railroad extortlon.ho Is Justly
censurable, and on that ground un
worthy to bo continued longor In the
service of tho people.
Tun Jouunal has always Insisted
upon tho primary Importance of pro
tecting this water-way of the pcoplo.
Water competition Is tho only safe
guard against railroad monopoly, and
pcoplo all along tho Willamette river
are enjoying freight rates as low as $1
to $2 per ton, whllo non-coiupctltlvo
railroad points aro forced to pay from
two to 11 vo times as much for freight.
It Is easy to see that a niomber of con
gress who Is doing nil in his power to
Improve our rivers nnd dovelop navi
gation ujion thorn, nnd wivo tho people
vast sums of money on freight coming
In or going out of tho state, would in
cur tho hostility of tho corporations.
Such a congressman would draw tho
lire of opposition from nil nowspapors
controlled by tho Southern Pacific
railroad. Tho best ovidenco that Mr.
Iloruianu has served tho pcoplo faith
fully lies In tho fact that newspaper
always ready to do tho bidding of tho
Southern Pacific In this stato aro
flithtluir him. It Is not lovo for tho
pcoplo or anxiety for tho Improvement
of the rivers that dictates their
course. They do not want a
mnn In comrrcss who will
labor faithfully to open our rivers.
They do not want tho Columbia or
Wlllametto rivers placed at tho ser
vice of tho farmors of Oregon. This
Is quite natural. It means cutting
tholr receipts from freight down nt
least ono half, all tho way round. A
congressman who holps to bring this
nbout 1h regarded iih an onomy. Ho is
to bo got rid of as seon us'posslble. If
posslblo, a now, untried nnd Inoxpcrl
cuccd man Is to bo scut In his place.
Tho light on Mr. Hcrinann Is purely a
light or tho old corporation ring which
has dictated so much of tho politics
In this state that it is only by chanco
or accident that tho pcoplo get so
falthful a.roprcsontatlvo lu tho halls
of congress as Mr. Hermnnn has been.
They cry out against him on tho ono
hand that ho is a man of so little abil
ity that ho docs nothing but get ap
propriations, nnd on tho other hand
abuses hint becnuso ho has not got ap
propriations enough for tho Willam
ette river, f
Wo hope our readers will boar with
us until all tho facts lu tho cnuo can
be laid before them. The Journal
wants to do Justlco to Mr, Hermann
and to tho people nnd to all worthy
Republican aspirants for IiIh place.
Laying all theso facts bofore our
readers Is not doing Injustice to any
candidate. No Marlon county candi
date can Improve his chances by un
fairly belittling Mr. Hormann's ser
vices. It Is nob necessary to do so In
ordor to placo a Marlon county candU
date in a position to succeed Mr. ner
mann. If tho people of this district
are not fairly represented by Mr. Her
mann, or If they are prepared to dis
pense with his services, Tiik Jouunal
demands first and foremost tuut a
Marlon county mnn bo nominated.
Wo bollovo tho Interests of tho dis
trict and or me winamcuo vnney
with Its only competing outlet
Tho state school lands, or what Is
left'of tlicm, arc In a" almost hopeless
muddle. Tho last legislature passed
a bill to tako them out of tho hands of
rings nnd speculators and save them
for tho people.
Tho state school land fund Is also In
'almost Hopeless bankruptcy, Tho past
few years Interest has not been paid
on cuormouR sums of loans of the Ir
reducible school fund.
This sphool land fund is a beautiful
thing in theory, but how docs it work?
It Is lino to be able to say Oregon has
an Irreducible school fund of several
million dollars. But It should be
recalled that this money Is loaned out
all over the state; that a great part of
It can never bo collected; that Interest
has not been paid on It for several
years, and that tho state Is resorted to
for loans by pcoplo who cannot borrow
elsewhere, and that there Is a con
stant prcssnro of bankers and money
lenders to unload bad or undesirable
loans upon tho state school fund.
The school lands are In ngrentstutc
of confusion. Tho school fund Is In n
worse confusion. There Is n question
whother It would not be wlso for the
stato to go out of tho money-lending
business. It Is questionable It It Is
Tho Statesman says ono man has
been found who has a word to say for
the last legislature. HIb name is Mr.
Sohlbrcdo. Tho defense Is: "Thoox
ponBcs of tho last session wore Just
$1,002.42 less than tho preceding ses
sion." Well, wo havo not looked Into
tho phano of tho question, nnd for tho
reason that tho "preceding session"
was pronounced by all good Judges of
tho article to have boon tho most cor
rupt that over existed slnco tho world
began. Salem Post.
Tho Post man has been denouncing
tho last legislature for extravagance
In clerkhlro over slnco It adjourned.
Now ho says ho has "not looked Into
tho phaso of the question," when
brought faco to face with tho fact
that tho lust legislature cut down its
expenses over four thousand dollars!
Tho A. P. A. of .Canada hits modi
fied Its constitution bo that a member
may voto for either a " Protestant
or a Catholic for ortlco pro
vided tho cundldato Is "an upholder
of freedom from any kind of clerical
rulo In affairs which aro clearly
secular." This anioudmont Is to be
commended, It places tho test whore
It ought to bo placed. A candidate
who Is not free from foreign dictation,
secUlar or clerical, Is not lit to bo
elected to any ofllcc Iowa State
Senator Baloy should now turn Be
publlcan. Jo Simon will- heed such
ltepubllcans as he and Cogswell.
It Is not Cogswell tho llep'ubllcans
have to fear it Is the accession of all
Cogswell Democrat to the Republican
rank's ' ' . ,
Prof. Huntington, of Northlleld,
Minn., has written an "international
hymn," a parody, on "America."
"America" was also a parody, but
that did not, detract from Its popu
larity. Ono lino In the pew hymn
spoils It for all hut anglo-manlacs;
"Great populace and queen,"
Clydo Fogle, n member of tho Junior
clas, University of Oregon, lias re-
eelved tho second prize ($.10) for excel
lence In Now Testament Orcok, from
tho American Institute of Sacred
Koine gentlemen aro parpetnttlng
Jokes on tho Republican party early In
tho game: "Piatt, Quay, Stove Elk
Imr, Mandcrson, Davis and tho D 1
have-announced themselves as candi
dates for president."
'Too much of our stato and national
government Is conducted In secret,
from tho secret primary and lojlslat-
mil 118 Olliy CUHIIHHIHK uuwbl uihiuihuiuovv.v., , -
Yaqulna Bay demand that ono of tho vfl cll..cli9 im to tho secret sessions of
iiiWt. trii in Murinn county do noini-
ablest men In Marlon county ho nomi
nated ror congress.
Highwt of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Rtpert