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Published Every Saturday by the
Mail Publishing Co.
' ' ii '
Jneywr, (in advance) $ S
lx month., i
tlirre monttu -.t
j.oo will lchu,jetl wbrn notppM hi Allan ,
IMPORTANT!.: OV ,CH.ll l.MN'iV i
, It u no natuni'! tbirj! td hear t!.r:-
ntark made Hut Pirtl.tnd, pioplo make
very little attempt to :iIik the F'
bum! to the niuIt.lud)of piopie .he. aic
coining to Oregon, nh'le on the o'.le'
Lend tlio people of Swttlo ire ever usdy
to dtop Ituslneu. if rcceary, nnd talk
for Seattle ami tbo whole etato of Vwuh
taglon, nud mako tho newcomer fee! that
ho iaamoni: friend., and that ha i really
Mauled as n homebnildcr. It fa oao
thing to ndvertice onr country atnl a k
people to come to us, and it U nnutLvr
thine to meet them, p'ccitntly nml
mako thora fcal that .hey are re.V!y
wanted when they come; for, to the
roost deeirablo clement of tboto viho
nro tooking for new horuae, it mean;
about as much to know the kind of pco
plo they nro to to thrown among a: it is
to know the quality of the toil they are
to cultivate. Tho whole fct.-.tc of Or-jon
needs an atrskrning along the line juj,-
gcitcu, nnutlie poaiwe tnct cno?
needs it as much as many other piarr
named on the mftpr. SUer the ttrrutor
clear of the dyipcptie and the growler,
and introduce him to tho man who w!li
"fcattcr snnthino" as be talk: for Ore
Nothing that haB recently ber.n writ
ten will apply more aptly to tho ti'.ua
tion on Coos Bay thr.u dots the nboro.
The "dyspeptic and the growlgi"
oucht to takoa tumble to thmtehcf.
It it is to any onVa interest to kcop this
country toaclc, let him kaock and'eir hit
Pffimf5tfc views before every newcomer
he comes in contact with; but let tb
rest of as t&ko a different s. and.
No community on earth has a better
opportunity to forge to the front in tho
next few years than Cooe; bat much de
pends on tho attitude of the people here.
What is your attitude individually?
Because Major Kinney, the chief en
gineer of the Great Central Railroad
doos not como on the run with open
arms to tako into his confidence and lay
laro to public tcrutiny evcty detail of
tho magnificent enterprise of which he
is manager, a few of the tcribblera of the
country elect to keep their little ham
mers bricht by knocking. kncck:n-e',
knocking. Bathfled in bis position and
power, the Major pursued tbo even
tenor of hia way, increasing his force
in the field, closing contracts daily,
paying all joct claims, and to our know!.
edge tomo that are not, acquiring fl-htr
of way,:tccurlng large land trade at one
hundred por cent advance over what
they would have originally 0!d at if the
hoggish iuBtlncts of tho holders hnd not
been aroused by the fact that tome ono
bad more brains to foreeeo poesibilWes
branch headquartcrP, creeling buildings
for and by tho company aioc Ultf m.
veyed route, continuing grading' from
Cooa Bay toward Koseburs, purchasing
supplies at Iocs! points to help people
with whom ho comes in contact, instead
6! tending abroad, whero he could do
bettor", massing livestock and grading
outfit at differed joints, preparatory
to a vigdrcas prosecution of the work in
Solas nil thioca nesdfal in s business-
liko way to advance tbQ.iotcrCJt.ofhln
, Ilorauie within the tew months hq hns
been engaged in tho unrk "tho Cannon
HAll Kxr-rcrs" il not running botweon
Coos bar nml Salt Lake everyone has to
yell !'hol air." What do tbo mcfqulloo
expect, anyway? Ofcoure, their buz
zing is nunnyinp, yet It but uicos tbo
prf-t oition nil the moie, whlih, if they
bad ionic enough to Malleoli, i ap
patently contrary to their withes. low
long e'oes it trko to build n rtu!r,oad,
iryna v I.i (. (itcign mty navo an ami
lonekr Cli'b, rtr.w riowii en Mrnw:
ili.t ti Lnd-tv.r ilnr.i mil tliftw Ill luifii
m, w KK.mi i li g . .'''
lUl'r I'll firj'l-,1 II I 'l M liljkrwi Aiiivur
omntnblilm! In v'ry eoituty In the
H.w. 'd tliuro if un csivlleiit oppor
tunity ilrh hi'Vei'i l'oitlauil, for the
KKt ibditiei aro unlimi'tM.
"A FOOT 0 I.ANIV
Ir. cad Mrs. Chxj. KcVliff! worn in
t ov'iiV.ti.t ;j e tJ P y to mett Major Kinney
and nsko tbo tranifer of tbo Hariior
tojiuite to the Qrcot Ctntrai corrora
tior. The deoil wa? jijncd and delivir
cd, and will dorh'.lesi bo rncorJcd by
the time tLii piper roechos its readeis.
Tli? p!t of Bangor will bo filed within a
day or two.
Whether ell o! the rrchaje p. ice bae
bon paid or not, tho i"A:u has not been
informo-I. Wo have bs infomud, bow-
vcr, hy.ir. fccRiioii, mat no is poi-
'rttly tatid and veil plotted by his
treatment at the hends of tho Great
Central, tnJ if ho is satisfied, peop'e
not iutcrutod certainly cuht to be.
The Matt, is now prepared to take up
the "dta!teuo" of the knockers' organ
ml point out thit "foot of land."
Thc3 endath tho tUftt cluip'.er in tbe
blitory of tbe Bansor towntite. While
nothing i certain in this world but
dath and tares, yet indi liumsn proba
biiity tho nextchaptcr will be Etilt more
intLVMliiijrf-ntid'thctforcloprcent of tho
plot more sensational. If Major Kinney
ecercrd in Lis plans, which tho Mai:.
hat ca reason to doubt, Bangorwill next
year be the centor of a development
which will throw in the stado anything
which has ever occurred even on this
If tho knockers could bavo their way,
and Major Kinney aud the Great Cen
tral I!ailw3 Co. and its allied corpora
tions could all bo sent to tbo demnition
bow-wows, even then it does not appear
that any resident of C003 Bay would be
out a cent, while all bare received more
or less benefit from tho something ovor
105,000 which has already been ex
pended. Guy II. Miller, In Dairy and Produce
Review, makes tho statement that tho
Jersey cow Coll Drops Maud, dropped
May 2d, 1603, has produced during tho
year cndlugAug.31,lSD9,7,2CCV4 pounds
of milk, or 50-1.02 pounds of butter;
during the year ending Aug. 31, 1000,
Z,1C0;1 pounds of mil!:, or C02.S3 pounds
of butter; during year ending Aug.
31, 1001, 7,831 pounds of milk, or
C21.ll ponnds of t butter, nud during
the year ending Aug. 31, 1002, 7,435
poui.ds of mill;, or 500.80 pounds of
butter, r.n average for four years of
7,:;00 pounds of milk nud 503.02 pounds
pjt butter. The butter yield has been cal
qulated for this statement by adding
10 2-3 per cent to tho butter fat as
shown by tbo Uabcocl: test as taken
(wlco.a month, which Is not unfair,
though wo would not Hire to allow
quite as much orcrrun na that, for wo
tjlnl; 15 per cent overrun Js 'enough to
make n butter with full nmouut of
butter fat. But sbo made a churn tpst
of 10 pounds, 0'yt ounces per week as
a thrcc.yoar.pld. She has gone dry
from flvQ to' seven wejoks, each year,
and bns,, dropped a x'i&xtfyp, .Jienltuy
ejilf each year during tltost She
nlsoytpok tho sweepstakes record as a
show cow at tho Lpa ,'Angclca fair last
tjciouer.' - . (
It will ho noticed tlmt her best rccl
6nl wna umde when imsalnj, from n,j
tlve-ycnr-old to 8l.xyeni'-old, and wq
thlnlc that Is usually tho most produe
live time for the Jersey. Some mthepj
tirccda, ir not forced, do not rtneh'tbutr !
best until ntwut eljjht years old, ami
oven then the bel la not larj;o. corl
tnlnly, If not the best cow west of tlmt
Itoelcy mountains, sho Is a nood one. As !
her weight Is nbout 000 pouniK It wl J
bo teen that her production of butter
fat was about half her own Weight
each year. As It costs but little more
to umbo a pound of butter fat than n
pouud of beef, liow would fattculuc
even baby beef compnrb with butter
making from such a cowj Or, reckon
ing butter nt UO cents n pouud, sho
would glvo mi Income of over ?100 n
year, while the cosl of her food should
not exceed fofl.
KitRlUti Dntrj- Stiorttinrtm.
I in this country wo luno almost lost
filght of tbo fact tlmt .Short liorrs wore
oweo valued nu dairy cattle and hnd
n high repututlou as performers at the
milk juill. To be sure, it groat many
dairymen like to have an lufURlou of
AX UNCIMSII UAIIir HUOItTIlOIUV.
Shorthorn blood la their herds, but we
do not bear of pure bred dairy Short
In Kuglnnd the Shorthorn has n did
tlnctlvely strong place for dairy pur
poM3, mid pure bred Shorthorn dairy
cows arc not uncommon. A friend of
Dairy and Creamery, who has Just re
turned from a trip to Kuglund, tolls of
500 Shorthorn cows that he saw hi oue
herd, the milk being sold In the Lon
The ICnnin Cotr.
The Kansas cow is given high praise
In a recent number of the Kansas
Farmer, which puis her productiveness
before the public In a new way. It
The Kansas cow Is good for three
square meals a day for tbo next eight
een months even If It doesn't rain an
other drop. Forage, roughnesi, hny and
all kinds of fodder nrc plentiful and
will be for home time, aud no matter
what becomes of the wheat and corn
crop the old cow will be giving down
her mil!; Just as though nothing had
.. 'iXJio tiling most needed In Kansas s
n closer organization of tho dairy farm
ers. Every other Industry In tho state
has n close organization, but the farm
er are as yet In the Infancy of their
work in that direction.
"Knusas U averaging 0,000 gallons of
milk per minute for every day In the
year, enough to make n river 50 feet
wldo and 2 feet deep, flowing nt tho
rate of a foot per second. This milk
innkes nbout 50,000,000 pounds of but
ter, worth $12,000,000. Within the
next ten years this will be doubled,
perhaps trebled. Kansas Is capable of
producing 300,000,000 pounds of butter
Bacteria that como by tho use of de
caying food for cows, dirt and bad
odors may reach the milk and cream. It
Is qulto easy to have bad flavors. There
are a hundred little causes for had llu
vor, beginning with n dirty, unvcntl
lated barn, soiled clotbts on attend
cuts, poorly ventilated dairy, unclean.
ly dairy room or utensils, hour dish
cloths aud unalred or badly washed
churn, poor water, etc.
ROUP AND ITS TREATMENT
An Xn-itrnctlrr niicim-ilnn of the Sub
ject lr iiu Aailiorlty.
Roup or r.vlan diphtheria may attack
UI varieties of tho domesticated fowls,
also cago nnd wild birds, Bays Dr.
Charles F. Dawson, vctcrlnnrlan of tho
Florida agricultural station. Tho char
acteristic tomptom Is the nppearaiico
upon tho lining membranes of fio
mouth and nose of peculiar yellowish
patches which resemble those present
Jn tho threats of children suffering
from diphtheria. These patches are
adherent to the parts upon which they
rett arid when stripped off causo a
raw, bleeding surface. In a few days
they become yellow, much thickened,
and iuterfcro with the breathing and
rrehcnslon of food. In oome cases tho
eye Is affected. The eyelids becomo
glued together, nnd tho material col
lects upon- tho front, off tho eyeball,
causing great bulging nnd final de
struction of tho eye. A peculiar nnu;.c
atlng odor accompanies the disease,
duo to the decomposition of, the pent
up ficeretlcus. Emuclatlon Is rapid
from tbo absorption of poisons formed
by tho disease process and tvom tho
Inability to cat. In some outbr.eu):n tho
.disease attaeka the intestines, result
jfig in blcody discharges nud great
Io6, It Jasts from a few days to n fow
weeks, according to Its being ncuto or
chronic in character. Some claim that
roup is the same as diphtheria In man.
If they are tho same disease, why can.
,we not find tho germ of diphtheria in
rounv chickens, as ccrhtlujy ng wp.ciin.
IrU case of frue"d!uUtUcfia'jn mo'n?
mil;U1Pr( ..(intoxin tiifitnr.t tv fowl
v 1 1 1 a tho r ni' expectntlim of ftmmw
t,e reutt am Is now' obtained by Its mo
j nin unaware that ally ono ban yet
Ffltlafnctrl y demonntnited tlmt the
jnltln! lealna of roup aro duo to n
K,,rm. Undoubtedly the tmtiefuctlvo
rnJa wbhb nro found In tho noren
i,ftvtf much to do with tho prorOMi of
the dlsoase. Uoup 1m often confounded
with other affections, tho most common
ones being ordinary colds nud lufee
tlous cntanh. In nny(dlHctiHo of this
nhturo which hns lusted three or four
elays and In which tho formation of
vellw nntr'ics inn Mu tnntni nvif
or bncfc"pUtt of rtitffnomti tins occurred
treat for roup. If tho fowl Is not worth
treatment, destroy. It nud burn the car
casn. Tho Indications for treatment nro
Iwlatlon of tho affected ones, u com
plcto renovation of tho henhouso by
'scraping tho floors, burning old nests, a
liberal coat of whitewash to nil wood
work and coating tho flooru with n lay
cr of lime. This Is to bo followed by
medicinal treatment of tho affected
ones. This should in part consist of
tho ubo of antiseptic waBhes for tho
nostrils, mouth and throat. Any of tho
following washes may bo used: A 2 per
cent solution of creolln applied to tho
parts with a brush; equnl parts of kero
sene nud olive oil or cottonseed oil;
boric acid, tif teen grains to tho ounce of
water. In applying any oue of tbeno
solutions first remove those portions of
the patches which can bo detached
without causing blood to flow. It Is
considered good practice to also dust
tho cleansed surfuccs with flowers of
Tho following wnsh is recommended
by Salmon: DIssolvo thirty-five grains
of cblornto of potassium and two
grains of salicylic acid In one ounce of
water and add ono ounce of glycerin.
Apply this liquid to the spots two or
three times a day, nud give a teaspoon
ful of tho mixture internally to each
fowl. Great relief is afforded the fowhi
by fumigation. Place the fowls In a
, tight building and pour oil of tnr on n
uui ufiwu. nvvu ui iron or a nuuvei. i'u
this twice dally.
The tumors which form on the head
should bo rpened with a sharp kulfc
and their contents washed out. Tho
bleeding which frequently occurs enn
bo checked by filling the cavity wlMi
raw cotton haturatcd with chloride of
Iron, .urn recommends Internally and
externally n mixture of 150 gram
of n decoction of walnut leaves (fifteen
grams to a quart of water) with twenty
grams of glycerin, live grams of chlo
rate of potassium nud one-half gram of
salicylic acid In fifteen grams of recti
(Jed spirit. Of this glvo oneo or twl.-
dally n tnnlcspoonful to I urge fowl.
He also paints the parts with tho solu
tion twice ti day.
in addition to using any of the above
treatments the birds should be given
soft food, nud In cnses whore they can
not eat the ftwd should be given ly
hand. They should nlso be given a
stimulating tonic, the following belnn
recommended: Cayenne pepper, sul-
phute of quinine, sulphate of Iron, of
each oue dr.im. Mix and add a little
honey or sirup as an exclplent nnd di
vide tho mr.ss Into sixty pills. Ghe
each fowl one pill three times n day.
Convalescent fowls should not bo re
turned to the healthy flock for at leant
a mouth after recovery.
Dnlntr Sofn CniMnn.
An elegant nnd novel Kifn cushion
Is composed of double padded bags of
pale blue silk, with frlllii to corre
spond. Rands of lace Insertion or .lnp-ane-io
embroidery come over two
pieces of tho very palest pink iintln
ribbon, which termlnute In rosettes nt
tho top. "
i u 0 i
One Great Valoe of
A College Education
By ISAAC S1IAHPLESS, Proihletit of lluvorford Collotfo
NG OF THK OBJECTS
GAINING OF A VANTAGE GIlOUNt) FOR DU0INE6O
SUCCESS COfylEO NOT 00 MUCH AO THE REOULT
OF THE ACQUIOITION OF SPECIAL LINEO OF KNOWL
EDGE AO OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF MIND AND
HEAVY PRODLEM3 OF LIFE. I
"Again nnd ngnln hnvo omnloyora como to tho college of rocont
years bearing oiTum of business ponitiouu to it gnuluntcii with the) '
Btntotnont tlmt tho hnlf educated boyo of old times woro CN
TIUKLY INCOMPETENT TO HANDLE THE LAUOEU'
QUESTIONS OF BUSINESS LIKE mid tlmt wlmt thoy now
wnntoil was not boys tlovolonotl to thuir tttmost enjmeity in narrow
linca or ovon technically trained Bpcciulists, but nton of brond gmsp.
WEALTH AS A TRUST'
By JACOB G. SCMURMAN, PrwWcnt of Cornell Unlvcnlly ,
lHAT OUR RICHEST
I "r i
WEALTH AS A TRUST WHICH THUY HOLD FOR THE
DENEFIT OF THEIR FELLOW MEN MAY DE RE
GARDED DY THE FUTURE HISTORIAN OF AMCJ1ICAN
CIVILIZATION A3 THE MOST SIGNIFICANT FEATURE
OF OUR DAY. i
Tho 'American habit of giving to collogos and universities is '
ono of tho two most encouraging featured of our intellectual lifo.
Tho other ia tho public school, in which tlin children of tlio people
aro frcoly educated nt tho expense
nrnouiicri! Hunk Tor l.uvr.
Princess Stephanie, now CountesN
I.onyny, elnughter of King I.cotmld of
llelglum, was formerly the wlfu of
'- . v i .
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w & &axm .ji
KSJsvA i , 'Z Vffffl
&&&,. . " 'M
-c.r. - -i -z ii.ri - - .ur-
rVUOtA!. -. -Vl TL L un
Crown I'rlnro Rr.Jolth of Austria.
When, two jon iiko, t.lie mtirrl'il
Count Kleii.er Inyi;y, sho was coin
tolled to leave 1 1- Auktrlnu Cutirt, and
heir allowanv r.s v Wow rf the nowu
prince was cut fro.:i .V)0,(XK) to '.'OU.OOO
A pullet tlmt uinlUi out well nn a
hen-tlmt Is. nhowit.g ns good iiunllty In
color of idu'nuge r.s when shu Wiiu a
pullet Is u: re nluublo ns n breed u
than If she t-ho'a-n n (alllug.Aff In mio'.-
Tho champion organ blower, In point
of service, bus been found to bu wv-enty-two-year-old
Josl.ua Knvall, who
without a single nhseueo has pumped
tho organ of Plymouth church, hi
Rrooklyu, for tho hist thlrty-scveu
r st f
Firemen's Ball Dec. 25th
25 per cent.
Commencing Saturday, Dec. 6ih, on ac
count of having loo large n slock on hand
vc will jell our cuthc stock of Youths,
Hoys, aud Childrens' clothing at a reduc
tion of 25 per cent. -Now
is your chance to get a good nobby
mi it nt a very low pi ice, Ktmcmbcr, these
goods are all new and up-to-date clothing
cents back mi every
Tliej-c are cash prices.
A Firemen's Ball Christmas night
OF COLLEGE EXIOTSNCETllri
ENADLEO THE MAN TO FACE THE i
MEN HAVE COME TO REGARD
of tho people.
. . .. j
An Autli'iiT-. nl IIoiiip,
Mini M try Wllklns, tho talented au
thor, who Itctur.io tho bride of Dr.
Charles M. Fre einrin of Metiichcn, N. J.,
on the Ut of Inst Jnuunry, U nsclmrin
Ing n hiistcHH ns she Is a brilliant writ
er: Hit new l.oinv Is tin Ideal spot for
one of artistic MiuMbllltlu.
.0 fulfil Mcnl.
Notwltlintnndliig the high place
which nl fn fa nlnmdy holds us n twt:
fowl, n Kiiiim!! elnlins to hnvo dlneov
li red it uirthnd of greatly Inrrwulng Itu
value. Hi bus Invented n mill to gtl:vl
ul fill fit hay Into menl, effeellng u kiiv
Ing, It hi eliilineil, of 'J5 xir cent of Its
vuluo as n food product.
-. Via f ?t(M
law - W&k& .3
i .in'tkjTSB. -t . ' .vJ(xtt'A .r:.
Moreover, wnj can wc uoe uuuir um
Ik Ji .
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