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sThe Bend Bulletin
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The record of Congressman
Williamson, as thus far presented,
shows him to have been heartily in
favor of new forest reserves aud
rigidly ppoed to them. This
dexterity has won him marked
Aivor and landed him in u position
of honor, trust and profit. There
i are two sides to every question
" atop atid a bottom side and "our
Newt" hns consi.stly stuck to the
" top side of the torest reserve ques
tion, though the top .side at one
time demanded more reserves for
profit and at another time de
nounced the "smearing of reserve;"
as an "abuse of the forest reserve
policy." This shows him to be a
man of versatility ami genius.. It
Is to be observed that "our Newt"
fe no fool. He knows which side
his'breod is buttered on. He has
courage, too, as well as intelligence
of a high order. When he Is In
- terestcd in a lieu land pool that
would be benefited by more with
drawals hit voice is for with
drawals. When the pool is out of
-business, the extension of with
j drmvals is air abuse of the forest
reserve policy. Nothing coukl be
clearer. His heart and lungs arc
for the dear people for certain
dear people first, then for the dear
.people in general. Now, this is
the way to success and reward.
The man who would stick to a
failing lieu land pool after the re
moval of its angel from the sena
torial field by the cruel hand of
death would be unworthy the suf
. frages of a free people. Wc can
uot agree with certain of our con
temporaries who make slighting re
marks about the Oregonian because
it has dug up and exploited the re
cords of our statemen relative to
forest reserves. The Oregonian
has shown our congressman to be
a man of discernment and action
and wc have no doubt in the world
that he would like to vote that
paper a leather medal.
The land investigation plummet
is beginning to touch bottom.
Hithertp they have been sounding
In a well that had plenty of muddy
water but apparently no bottom.
Now the matter is pretty well nar
rowed down to a lieu laud ring
with headquarters in San Francisco
)n the firm of Hyde & Ikuson.
That is getting more definite and
certain. The trouble has not been
in United States land offices in Ore
gon, or with the entrymen In
general, but with the lieu land
hogs, who have debauched state
land off.ee and officers connected
with the general land office at
Washington in their nefarious prac
tices. It is generally true that a
swindle of greater or less pro
portions is concealed in every lieu
kud act. As The Bulletin remark
ed lxjfore, .scrip has been made the
instrument of the most gigantic and
indefensible public laud rape this
country has ever known and the
people have no patience with any
practice that shall give the scrip
pers. further advantage over the
humble citizeu claiming by right of
his citizenship and the laws.
If "Portland has the sense that
God gave geese it will take note of
the drift of railroad sentiment to
ward a line that shall give the rich
Deschutes valley an outlet toward
the cast. An interview with promi-
, npjwars elsewhere in this iRsue of
1Mii Ilnllptlti. tvnirnt nf Mxtirtuts
ions thnt arc becoming more and
j don't care for connection with
Potttaud; thoy want to streak it
for the Eastern market. They pro
test oeatitst eoinir to Portland it'
j trnnscoutimittiil tariff. If Pot thud
,is to bind this region to her com
mercially see must jret m with a
railroad that is not controlled by
the lumber interests. That will
bring icncral deve'opwient of
the country and the growth of re
lations between this valley and the
metropolis that cannot be broken 1
by the taking of our JumWr. toj
another market in its proper time. I
If Portland waits for lumbermen to
build or force a railroad to lteml it
! mav rest assured that the interests
of the lumbermen rather titan those
of Portland or Oregon will have
J. II. Pimple, assistant commis
sioner of the general land office
has given out an opinion that the
law does not authorize United
States commissioners or county
clerks (ami judges) to take proofs
and affidavits in laud matters out-
side of the laud district in which
the land, to which the proofs and
affidavits relate, is situated. The
opinion came on review of a notice
issued from the I.akeview office to
the effect that such oftcers would
be restricted to their own counties
in the matter mentioned. The
opinion of the assistant commission
er is in the face of the law contain
ing this proviso:
TlMt hi ea. IIh mKiiiTUi, proafc 4 a4tw
ar4aJar meatioMai, tx UUa mt of Mm
caaatj- ta which the land t lacaWd. IIm appM
caat how. hf aflMtrk HtMklHr l Ok
cwmtuhmtfT tht nyartnl Un4 oAtr. that ft
wm ULca btferr the umrot ar atat aeantiM
flaw aaMHSts ta laic tufa aKoavM. pfwa.
4MtlMlalalaa44itrk(a wkk la Uat
ppttml for art kwatni. .
As to the, officers qualified the
law says the affidavits, proofs and
oaths may be made before (1) ,,unv
United States commissioner or com
missioner of the court exercising
federal jurisdiction in the territory,
or (2) before the judge or clerk of
any court of record in the laud dis
trict in which the lands are situa
ted." There is absolutely nothing
in the law limiting the jurisdiction
of United States commissioners in
land matters to county or laud dis
trict boundaries, though we think
there ought to be. Their juris
diction is, of course, limited to the
An Eastern subscriber calLs atten
tion to the fact that the Colorado
town of Pueblo, which is supposed
to hold the record for climatic varia
tion in the United Suites, must
yield the palm to Bend. However,
for the mouth of August the mean
temperature of Pueblo was but 29.4
degrees, while Bend's menu was
39.1. Portland's mean was 66,that
of Salt Lake was 77 and of Duluth
55. Last week our variety resum
ed business at the old stand with a
range from 29 to 82 in 12 hours.
This is the climate that breeds
vigor and energy and long life.
Now it is announced that the
Harriman railroads are going to
quit spending money for improve
ments and betterments and will
bend their energies to the Hill
method of getting all the service
dossible out of the properties. ' In
other words, the time has come to
save money, not to spend it. This
will leave the opportunity open for
Portland to build the long promised
railroad to Bend.
My, but we're sorry for the Port
land Oregonian! It has fallen un
der the displeasure of the Des
chutes ho Printed in PrlnevIIIc.
SrATIiMllNr PUOM RICHARDS.
Commliutlnuer of (lenernl l.nuU Office
Tolks of nithttntwls.
Comiiuvdunor Richards, of the
Curioitil Land Office, has given out
the fblloA-iug suitimcut concerning
the jHlicv and prncticu of the- laud
ofllce in the matter of the withdraw
al of pttMio lauds from settlement:
"Therv eiMs to Iw a misappre-
I he'nsion rrspjctiug withdrawals of
IHibttc liis from entry under cer
tain of the littid laws and .susih.'iihhu
of final action upjii certain classes
of entries already made. Generally
simking, laud is withdrawn from
entry in order to prevent its Iwlng
"pptoprintwl in n uiHuner or for 11
purpose not coutempluted by the
- - -
I "In eoeuence of a .pnijosMl
forest reserve a withdrawal is lUHiie
of all the laml that will probably
be inciudetl in its boundaries in
oider to guard against speculative
entries made for the pur of ob
taining (kii laud.
"Withdrawals under the itrign
Hon act are for the purpose of re
serving the land for liomestcad en
try the only kind permitted by the
act and to reveut secu!alivc en
tries. I.attd containing oil or min
erals is withdrawn from agricultur
al entry, as tumoral lauds are sold
in smallur quantities and at higher
prices than farming hinds,
"OceasionaUy certain areas arc
withdrawn from entry under the
desert laud act, upon evidence that
the laud is not arid laud, unpro
ductive without irrigation, which
alone can be taken under such
"Pinal action in oltett suspcti
upon individual entries or a chit of
entries in certain localities twudiug
an investigation as to whether or
not there has been a compliance
with the requirements of the law.
There is no withdrawal of laud in
this connection or any susieusiou
of the law nor interference with en
tries properly made.
"In November, ioqs, there was.
such a-stispcns!on of final action
upon entries made under the timber
and stone act in Washington, Ore
gon and California. This stupcn-
sion wat made upon evidence of
collusive entries in those status
whereby individuals and corpora
tions were obtaining title to large
areas of valuable timlMtr laud,
whereas the law provides the entry
shall be made for the exclusive use
and benefit of the ciitrymau.
"That this action did not hinder
or interfere with entries under this
act is shown by the fact that while
there were 2197 timber and stone
entries ' made in the states named
during the fiscal year ending June
30, 1902, there were 6145 such en
tries made in those states during
the fiscal ear ended June 30, 1903,
and of the latter numljer, 3544 en
tries were made after January 1,
1903. while the order of susension
was in force, while but 2197 such
entries were made in the entire
fiscal year 1902.
"As fast as the entries in those
states can be examined all those
which have been properly made arc
passed to patent while the suspen
sion continues as to the others,
pending a hearing in the local laud
office. No cancellation is made up
on report of a special agent until
opportunity for a hearing has been
afforded the entryman."
A flock ofa dozen big white
swans floating through the air is
somewhat uncommon, even in
Hcud, but it was a sight that greet
ed the eyes of Garden Row resi
dents last Saturday, A baker's
dozen of the large fowls appeared
to have risen out of the water some
where near the P. U. D. bunk
house and went sailing up the river
just clear of. the tree tops, like a
squadron of white ships.
Z, fl .
URGE AND COMMODIOUS WAREHOUSE.
Prompt attention wil ' " who favor me with their patronage
Under New Inrl by the
Management. ,)n' r Week.
THE PILOT BUTTE INN,
A. C. I.UCAS, Proprietor.
Booth & Corhett Stages t "t the door. Only
I.ivury Barn 011 the Dchchutc, run in connection
with the Hotel. Table supplied with nil th
Delicacies of the Swimii. FiiMl-chutf eqiiijiiilffilt.
Piuu Rooms and lleds.
- . -
r1 j a ireat,, j
En v lrfenpi a m
L h r i I n
Wholesale and Retail Liquor House
fluent Ilrnniln of Liquors nnU Clunr. Two door South of B.nnk.
A. H. LI PPM AN & CO.
Stmts, Wall Paper,
I MAIL ORDERS PHOaiTLV ATTENDED
booth s cornittt,
Stock boarded by the da , week or mouth.
Fine Teams and Rigs, and Reasonable Rales.
First-class Facilities for Handling IKators and Commercial Travelers.
Quick Sen-ice utid Satisfaction Guaranteed.
If you want a deed or mortgages drawn
or acknowledged or any btiainuM ptijxir.s
prepared sue J. M. Lawrence about It.
If you wish to know what the public
laud laws, instructions and rulings nro,
or what the statu or United States statu
tus say you can find out nt lib olllcu.
He has full sets of till these hooks.
. .... von SALl!
ROUGH AND DRESSED
ALL KINDS AT
PILOT mm DEVELOPMENT CO'S. MILL
Columbia Southern Hotel.
KATKS FROM $1.50 UP FUR DAY. -
Hot and cold water on both floors. llaths for thq use of guests,
IJvcry modern convenience at hand.
The dining room, under the direct supervision of Mr. Kcquey, is a
very model of tasteful, spotless elegance, and the stirvice is equal to nny
in the state.
All stages arrive at and leave the,Columbia Southern.
J. Al. KUUNUY, Proprietor.
- - OREGON.
IMIM (.1.1(1 K
BallJiiiR Materials, Ltc
& Redby Feed Barn
! )' V.t' f- 4