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ASTOHIA. OREGON !
THURSDAY . ..SEl'TEMUKR 2S. 1SK2
. .. '
J. I'. HALLO K AX.
The Growth of the United Stales.
sFbaxcis A. Walker, the superin
tendent of the last census, con
tributes to the October Century a
paper abounding in interesting and
important facts rleaned from the
census returns since the first enu
meration in 1790. In discussing
the condition of the United States,
at the tenth census in 1880, he says:
Tlie period between 1850 and
1880 has been marked by the as
tonishingly rapid spread of popu
lation over the vast region brought
under the flag of the United States
by the purchase of Louisiana, the
annexation of Texas, and the ces
sions from Mexico. The 980,000
square miles of territory occupied
by settlements in 1S.0 have be
come 1,570,000. Of these, 331,820
have between J2 and G inhabitants
to the square mile; 373,890 have
between 0 and IS; 551,'JOO be
tween IS and 45; 32,010 between
45 and 00; while 21,550 have in
excess of 00 inhabitant to the
square mile. The population of
the United Slates i? now 50,155,
783. The frontier line of settle
ment is, in general, the one hun
dretli degree of longitude as far
north as the forty-second parallel
of latitude, and, .thence northward,
the ninety-ninth and afterward the
The distribution of the popula
tion according to dominant topo
graphical features may be thus
stated: On the immediate Atlan
tic coast, north, 2,G1G.892; middle,
4,375,184; south, S75,3Si"; on the
Gulf coast, 1,055,851; in the hilly
and mountainous region of the
north-east. 1,G69,22G; in the moun
tainous region of the central At
lantic slope, 2,344,223; in the im
mediate region of the Lakes, 3,
040,470; on the table-lands and
elevated plateaus of the interior,
5,710,326; in the south central
mountainous region, 2,095,085; in
the Ohio Valley, 2,442,792; on
the south interior table-lauds and
plateaus, 3,0-27,438; in the Mis
sissippi belt, south, 710,208, north,
1,991,362; in the south-west
central region, 2,932,807; in the
central region, 4,401,240; in the
prairie region, 5,922,485; in the
Missouri river belt, 835.455; on
the western plains, 323,819; in the
heavy timber region of'the north
west, 1,122,337; in the Cordiileran
region, 932,311; on the Pacific
, Although the territory of the
United States extends to the forty
ninth parallel, only one-tenth ol
the poulation is found north of the
forty-third." But so dense is the
settlement below this line that, by
the time the forty-first parallel is
reached, about one-third of the
population has been covered; the
next simgle degree extends the
population nearly to one-half,
while more than two-thirds lie
north oLthe thirty-eighth parallel.
Between the foity-third and the
thirty-eighth dwell 29,500,000 of
our people. Tn 1870, 52.S per
cent, of the population was east of
the eighty-fourth meridian. In
1880, only 49.4 per cent, was so
placed. Eighty-foui per cent, of
the population is found east of the
ninety-first meridian; 97 per cent,
casfoof thoiiinety-seventh. .
The foreign elements of our
population have varied widely
since 1850. At that time foreign
ers constituted 9.5 per cent, of the
total population; they now consti
tute 13.3 per cent. .Of the foreign
residents of 1850, 43.5 per cent.
were Irish; 26.4, Germans; 13.9
English and Welsh; 0.7, British
Americans; while the Scandina
vians formed Jess than one per
cent. Since that time, the pro
portion of Irish to the other foreign
elements has steadily declined.
Of the arrivals in the ten years
ending 1850, .the Germans were
25 per cent..; of those in the ten
years cndfng in 1S60, they were
37 per cenfc Between 1860 and
1870, other foreign elements be-
Sn to assume importance through
t? fast increasing immigration ot
Swedes and Norwegians across the
ocean, and of Canadians across
- i.1 t i iir i
our norinerii noraer. we nave :
seen thai the Irish of 1850 consti
tuted -13.5 per cent, of the total j
foreign population. In 1SC0, this I
population had fallen to oS.9, and j
in 1S70, still further, to 3U.:.
Although the statistics of nation
ality at the census of 18S0 are not
' yet published, it is not probable
that the Irish to-day constitute
more than 27 per cent, of the
foreign population of the country, j
To-day the number of foreign
ers living among us is a little over
0,500,000, while the members of
the colored race reach almost that
number. Speaking roundly, then,
the following is the table to our
Wholc number. . . ., r.O,ikK5,000
Total native-born whiles srMy-'U
The location of the colored and
J the foreign elements of our poula
tion, as shown by the census, is, in
a high degree, complcnicntal. Tu
general, where the one element is
largely found, the other :- absent.
Tin: electoral vote of 18SJ will
be increased over that of 1880 un
der the new apportionment, from
369 to 411. It will be divided
among the states as follews:
Arkansas- 7 Nebraska r
California S'Nevada 3
Colorado. . 3 Nov. Hampshire .. I
Connecticut o Ncw.J're . ... '
Delaware :. New ork". .
J'loiidn -i North Carolina 11
Georgia 12 Ohio :.!
Illinois ..: Oregon- .:
Indiana 15 rennsvlvannu- . 3u
Iowa Ml Kliodu Island 1
Kansas n Sonlli Carolina i
Kentucky : IS Tennessee 11:
I-ouMana fc Texas r.
Maine (!' Vermont ;
Marjland S Virginia !
Alsissaehutells hWk Virginia !
Michigan is WfecoiiMii.. 11
Mississippi ) Total- ..4I1
On the 10th the city of Mexico
was 'placed in communication with
the railroad system of the United
States, a train being inn over the
newly completed Mexican Central.
There were great rejoicings over
the event. In granting a franchise?
the Mcxicansjhavo been careful to
specify the heights and fares that
shall prevail, and in exacting other
conditions, which ought to prevent
any complauts which arc so fre
quen t in the United States. The
continual warfare over railroad
matters, to a considerable extent;
offsets the good which they ought
to bring to a countrv.
At North Cove, Y. T.. September tnth,
13.-G. to the wife of ("apt. A. T. .Jieain,
NOTICE i Iieieby Riven that the .i-.-.sessment
made by OiiHnanee "no. isl.
for the iiiiiro fluent of and repair of
Kenton sheet, between the onth side
of Concnmly street and the north vide
of Couttstieetin Mc(21ures Astoiia. in
the manner provided bv Ordinance No.
'180, on eacli of the following described
lots fronting upon thai part of Kenton
street fiom the south side of Concoinlv
street to the north side of Court street,
is now due and payable at the office or
lite City Treasmer, in .said eitj. in
Tailed .Slalci gold and silver coin, ami
unless paid witlnn five davs from ih.-
expiration of this notice, viz: October,
il ia, tuc common Council will order
wai rants issued for the collection there
of. The assessment is as follews:
i.Vo.-l.Vo. vf I'nAalle
AamtffOirner. lst. HlecX: Cunt.
Irs. O. Forth i i 9 t"oo
.1. W. Gearhart.... R 1 y 11 eo
C. Kaltes 4 1 10
II. Ii. Parker r, 10 t;t! 50
Vuited ijtates 4 I 3 SI 7."i
" r, 23 ' 71 00
C.L.Parker 1 24 I 61 7..
CS. Wright 24 j ta
Mis. Itiehardsou.. 1 27 103 o0
A. Montgomery... .8 27 10.3 50
Clatsop Count v.. . 4 28 81 IT,
r " " "... 5 28 SI 73
Geo.- Flavel 1 4 41 8175
" 5 41 81 75
' ' 1 42 it! 75
51.31. Oilman a 42 8175
.lobPoss j 1 47 if 75
Mrs. Flavel a 47 SL 75
C. IJoeling 4 48 SI 75
" " 5 j 48 81 75
Ky order of the Common Conncil.
?. C. NORKIS,
, . . Auditor and Clerk.
Astoria, Or., Sept. 27, 82. iotd
MUST MAKE ROOM !
I am about to leave for San FrancNco wiiu
the intention of bringing up the
finest block of
.Solid C2oII siutl Silverware.
Kver offered to J lie Astoria public, and offer
for sale at extremely low prices the whole or
my present stock. This is a bona Jlde offer.
Solid cold Watches. Chain. Bracelet. Kar
IIiirs, Pins, etc., at manufacturers prices.
QHft ACHES TIJIBER LAD in T. ! X,
OVfO 11. 7 West. Title good ; price iea-
sonablc ; terms cash.
J. O. nOZOHTII,
Beal Estate Agent.
Keen ITour i
FEET DRY! i
I. J, Arvold's
Go early and choose from his
Fine, New, Large and Carefully
Selected Stock of
ALL KINDS OF
Hoe? s and,
Ladies & Gentlemen
Now is the time to got your
Boots and Shoes
HO BIOSE TEOUBLE!
rverjone Jcnous tiie Ixither with or
dinary buttons on shoe-. We fiirnteh
patent imtions In all our eustoiners for
hntloneti shoe-.. TIS- ilon't come off
anil vi Gift tear out.
ecolIcct T have a largo stock
of the very host goods, and you
will find my prices as low as any.
Z$? Close attention paid to cus
tom made loots and Shoes of all
kinds for Ladies and Gentlemen.
C2T Repairing neatly done.
FALL STOCK !
Men's, Youths' and Boys"
Coats. Pants and Overcoats
SOFT AXi STIIT
H A T R
K Vl.l. stock or
i:rr.r.i:i: coats, nnu:i:i.ias.
TKl'M:s. SATCHKls, Kn. Krr.
Tin' honest Mock of flin'
ivrciu ami AinTlc:m
Beavers, Cloths, Piques,
Cassimeres and Pilot Cloths
TO SKLKCT l-'KOSi.
FIT GUARANTEED! -sJ
d. a. Mcintosh,
Tailor :uid Clothier. - Occhlcnt lllock.
4. J. STOKES
FOAED & STOKES,
Wholesale ami letall ilealers hi
"Wood i fifl "WiDow-Avare,
Tobacco, Cigars, Wines and Liquors
1'OKKION AND nOMI2TIC
Fruits and Vegetables
General Commission Merchants
N'or.t to Orcson Uallway & Xav. co'a Dock.
FOR THIRTY DAYS ONLY !
?itlUK,i?1hcr Pf1 tno small for our Ijum -
ness will be sold on reasonable terms.
Apply at the office of Badollct & Co., Up-
per Astoria, for parUculare.hen the boat
can be seen. BaDollft - rri
d-30d uadollet & co.
It B W M
I am oprhhi;; a first class 'tok of New rnmituiv. eoni;itiini: eerj thhis in the line of
Chamber Sets, Parlor Furniture, Carpets,. Oil
Clotlis, Mattings, Lace Curtains, House
Trimmings, and the latest novel
ties in Interior Decorations.
I would respectfully suggeM. to parties desirous of seeing really
fine goods to call. The quality of my goods taken in consideration
with their price will eotmnend them to all lovers of fine articles.
3Int traces aud Kcdtliu;iu Stork, anrt 3!ao to Ortler.
Agent forHoey's patent bed-sofa, of which theie are over 10,000 in
use on the Pacific Coast.
Flavel's building, opposite Wells, Fargo & Go's office.
M. W. GALLICK.
The BossCoffee and Tea Pot
E, H.. 1H.M.WTZ
TWO D00K3 EAST OF OCCIDENT,
Haj', Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick. Cement and Sand i
1Vool Dellvereil to Ortter.
Drnying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WINES, LIQUORS AUD CIGARS.
JttL. JL J M 25 JL u
1 rrn T inr iti i
During tills week our euiin' Mo'K of
Cents Furnishing Goods,
ll.VTS AND CAl'S. '
iSUUTM .Ul) IIUKM, Kfc, VAC.
To make room for a complete "toek of
Hardware and Ship Chandlery.
Iluvpn will find many desirable. tonU In
tlm lot. and all at extremely low jiices.
n will find many ik-iniblo
. and all at extremely low jiice
A. VAN DUSEH & GO.
Union India Rubber Company's
EEWATIE OF IMITATIONS !
Re sure the Boots are stamped CRACK
PROOF on the heels, and have the PURE
GUM SPRINGS on the foot and instep,
which prevent their cracking or breaking.
We are now making them with RURBFAl
AXD ASBESTOS Soles which will make
them last more than twice as long as any
Hubbcr Hoots made.
FOK SALE BY ALT. DEAI.KHS.
ALL KINDS IIUBBER BELTING, TACK
ING, HOSE, SPRINGS, CLOTniNG.
BOOTS AND SHOES, etc.
GOOJWEAR RUBBER CO.
R. H. PEASE. Jr..
S. M. RUN'YOX. f Ak-i
3m San Francisco.
No. 40 I2-Ply
CORK MD LEAD LINES.
A Full Stock Now on Hand.
I nrunv nnvi t 9 on
i HcNRY DOYLE & CO.i
C "-"" -- ww.,
511 Market Street, Baa Fraaelsea
x Solo Agents f or the Pacific Coast.
.may r.i: HA1 OF
rtoi.K Ai:: r.
Ats. Am'iit tor itip celaliRitcii
Bi'Un S'liioiil 'iolt Stoto.
hYi-am rrnics a svitialiv.
Xou l)iit thf hNt workmen f!iii!ocil.
All work !jii.iranti'',l or 110 cliarjjf.
Hiss HAMIE GOODRICH,
Thp Queen of Sorio Conilp;.
TIiu JriatOit or All olrrv.
The ritpsterflclil or IUIjimIiHn.v.
Together with a new
All the Old Favorites Retained.
j ! 'he Year, rcrKiruiimrr Kvtry
! Mshl. I'.ntlrr I !i:in of 1'ro-
j rauiinc i a ViVrl.
1 Oiiiitmiiijj all tlic late-.t
songs, dances and acts.
! Ve give the Best
; . . .
In the "West.
j The tlieatrr is erovIcl nllilly, ami all
who have witnessed tlieentertaiiiniciit pro
nounce it to be eauul to any gl en elsewhere.
Jlr. Hill as a caterer for the public's
amusement can not be excelled. Anybody
wishing to spend a pleasant owning and
see sparkling it and beauty without vul
garity, should improve the opportunity and
The company comprises the following well
Known Artists :
Jims Faxkik Walton.
Miss AIoi.uk Chiustv.
Mn. Tom. ciikistv.
Jkllt. W'AI.TKK rAKKS.
Allot which will appear nightly in their dif
Open air concert every evening ; perform
ance commencing at 8; entrance to theatre
on Centon street ; private boxes on Chena
Now Stars in Rapid Succession !
A. V. Allen,
(SUOflKHSOi: TO PA fin fc AT.MW.)
Wholesale and retail tle.UerJ In
Glass and Plated Ware,
TROPICAL AND DOMESTIC,
FRUITS AND VEGErABLES.
The largest and most complete stock of
goods In their line to be found In the city.
Corner of Cass and Squemocqlie Streets,
- Boat Found.
XMSTERDAY MORNINO. A WHITE
JL Skill off Wilson & Fisher's dock.
Owner can have her by applyiug at Astoria
Brewery saloan. 3t
sa e i i ' mm M3i& a esy vry& m m urn
IIUPII U I Wt JfK4UgRiJUi-f ','.14 m j.i-imw wsa
, -,, .( -...-.-.-.....-.-
ra S4 111 1 B U Ir
Use? ins 9 S X4G &3y?
' URSBS GOOD S BEFARTMmW.
Laro'c lot ol' good serviceable Dress Goods
reduced to 12 cents per yard.
Splendid all Wool Cashmeres, all colors,
reduced to 40 cents per yard.
TREMENDOUS REDUCTION !
All our 1. 10 Cashmeres, all colors, re
duced to 80 cents per yard.
The GrBuiBBi SaerMee of 6 Season
Calicos, 16 yds. of all best brands, 1.00
Handsome pieces of Dress Gingham, 10
Nottino-hani Lace Window Curtains at
very Ioav figures.
Call early and secure choice selections.
We still h.avo on nand about 20 Hand
some Ziadios Cloaks,
To be disposed of at a sacrifice.
OUR SHOE DEPARTMENT
Being almost closed out of Ladies sizes, -ve have still on
hand a line of Foxed Cloth Shoes.
Also a few Pebble Side-laced, a handsome Shoe formerly
sold for $2.50 and now at $1,75.
Also Children's Kid Shoes at 40 cts.; a handsome Childs
Kid Slipper at 50 cts. ; Buttoned Kids at 60 cts.
Full line of Misses Kid and Pebble Buttoned Shoes at less
than S. F. wholesale prices.
A splendid Boys Winter Shoe at $1.75 worth $3.00.
By order of Creditors at
JoIm ii3 IWContgomery,
(Sl'CCESSOU TO JACKINS & MONTGOMEPvY.)
COSCrVEK OF 3IAIX AXO .5F.FFEKSOX STREETS
FTJPv.NITUR.E S BEDDIlSTGr
AKD DEALER IN
Carpets, Oil Cloth, Wall Paper, Mirrors,
Window Shades, Lace Curtains, Picture Frames and Houldiigt,
WINDOW CORNICES AND CURTAIN POLES
Complete in every branch.
DEALER IN BR?
FTJRNITTJBE S? BEDDING.
Corner Ulain and Squeiuoqtin Streets. Astoria. Oreson.
WIDOW SHADES AND TRIMMINGS; LOOKING GLASSES ETC.
A Complete Stocfc.
PRICES AS CHEAP AS QUALITY WILL AFFORD.
AIT. KfXDS OF FCRXITURE REPAIRED AXD TARIilSHED.
LOEB & CO.,
AGENTS FOJ! TIIE
Best San Francisco Houses and
f5FAll goods sold at San Francisco Prices.
Opposite Pirker .House, Astoria, Oregon.
Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Ware.
A General Assortment of
Magee Stoves and Ranges
The Rest in the market.
Piumbing goods of all kinds on hand. Job
work done in a workmanlike manner.
Lemeiiweber & Co.,
C. r.ETXRJJWKRER. H. BROWK.
TAMERS All CimBRIES,
Manufacturers and Importers of
4 I.L KINDS OF
Wholesale Dealers in
OIL AND TALLOW.
tuTIIighest cash price paid for Hides and