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ASTORIA, OREGON :
I. C. IRELAXI) EDITOR
FRIDAY..:. '. :May 19, 1S7G.
CENTENNIAL PAPERS. No. 2.
The American Colonist in Oregon.
ity tev. 5eo7e H. Atkinson, D. D.
The quiet christian homes and schools
of the 31. E. 3Iissioniii the "Willamette
and of the A. B. Co'.s Foreign 3Iission
'in the interior, formed centers of dis
cission as well as of hospitality for the
.people. The Indian, as an objective
point of influence, was found to be
under control of hostile forces, depen
dent and subject largely to them, and
thus he became an occasion of pressing
the question of their duty to their
country into the front, for his sake, as
well as their own. Their directors and
supporters in the East could not under
stand it; some of their own number did
not. But the leaders, Rev. J. Lee,
Dr. 31. "Whitman, 3Iessrs. Gray, Aber
nethy, and a few others, saw that
patriotism in such an hour and place
was becoming the most urgent christian
duty. Lee's early enterprise to secure
a band of cattle, in which he was aided
with funds to buy and free passage for
eight men to California, by A. Slocum,
Esq., U. S. N., on the brig Lariat, in
1S3G, gave the settlers power to live
and-cultivate the soil. It assured their
homes of comfort and their families
of security from want. It was an act
alike honorable to his head and to his
heart, reflecting credit as did the cargo
of goods upon the 31. E. Church,
which he represented.
Similar eU'ons to furnish the Indians
of the Interior with seed, utensils and
stock, and win them from a nomad
life to the cultivation of their soil, to
instruct them in these arts and in
christian knowledge, while furnishing
shelter, food and guides for the annual
company of settlers that came over the
mountains, show how intimately the
duties of the patriot and the christian
are bound together. Judging from all
the evidence we have, we iind that the
heart-beat of the American missionar
ies was in unison with the colonists.
They were, in fact, the advance guard
of a true christian civilization.
While these events were passing the
pioneers of the West, and even more
remote East, began to be aroused lo
possess tins new opening tor settle
ments on the Pacific. Immigrants had
been slowly silting into the country,
so that in the fall of 1840 there were
thirty-six American settlers, twenty
five of whom, with native wives, thirty
three American women, thirty-two
children, thirteen lay members of
Protestant missions, nineteen minis
ters, (thirteen 3Iethodist and six Con
gregational), four physicians, (three
American, one English), three Jesuit
priests, and sixty Canadian French ;
making outside of the Hon. Hudson
Pay Company, one hundred and thirty
sevn Americans and sixty-three Can
adians, counting three priests as such.
For these statistics and many other
essential facts 3 am indebted to Hon.
AY. H. Gray's invaluable history of the
current events of early times.
These fr o hundred colonists, nearly
-one third of them opposed to the organ
ization of any form of provisional gov
ernment, and favored the sway of the
foreign corporation that had ruled so
long in trade and in civil and in social
life, were a weak compairy to form a
government and hold the country
under peaceful and efficient law. Put
with a heroic courage this they assayed
to do in face of all foes and hindrances.
The flrst and second attempt having
failed, the object was finally, after two
years, won bv means of what was
styled the '"Wolf 3Ieeting," called to
protect their persons and their stock
from wild beasts, and ending in a res
olution to organize a government for
the protection of themselves and their
Thus began the provisional govern
ment of Oregon on 3Iay 2nd, 1843, the
success of the plan being largely due
to the efforts of 3Iessrs. W. H. "Gray,
Le Breton, Shortess, Beers, Russell,
3Ieek, 3Ir. Hubbard, 3Ir. 0. Neil, and
a few others.
f But opposition fiom the. Canadian '
citizens of the Willamette Valley had j
taken definite form in an address con-
tabling seventeen specific counts, pub- J
lished the next year. For example : j
" These signers were opposed to peti- ,
tions to the United States till the J
boundaries were fixed, and to the pro-1
isional government on account of its
cost, and on account of the Inahilit3r
of thp noonlp to crnvprn Hiamnlvo6
They were opposed to the military aslelaimJon Lewis and Clarke uvcr, consist!
a menace to the Indians. As English i l!f hundred ncr.;s. tide land meadow, x
subjects they would welcome all classes
or peopie irom j? ranee, uaiirornia.
UaiLlW. (H , vL MT3
ff 1. e -T-i r t . .
J V-y V V,.. .LW.WU V. J
this country in Oregon. " These speci
fications showed how isolated the true
American settlers, numbering hardly
more than two hundred, were at that
hour, over two thousand miles from
their own Government, having neither
its protection nor even recognition,
almost in the hands of a powerful
politico-commercial company that had
its chain of trading factories and forts,
stretching across the continent, and its
ships and messengers continually puss-
ing and repassing to England, bringing .
it into constant sympathy with the
More than all, its Governor General,
Sir George Simpson, had brought his
iii.-jo iiuiiijiatujn wj. .Luiuiaii auujuuia
from the Red river settlements to oc-
4-B-r4 -vv-k-vit-v s-t4- - -i vt- Iii1rn ril"v-rf--kT-r C
cupy these lands m behalf of the crown. ,,05C 0f i,.vyinff a tax in said District to pay
Their journals and diplomatic councils ' oft the indebtedness due on J;lock71, pnrcha.
wwo undo to IipIWp -Mi'it iliic -imc ed for diool purposes, also to take in consid
veie matte to Delude lliat tins s , erntion the plans and snucificationsof school
their moment to secure the prize of ' house, and the ways and means to raise money
nrnrmn Tlio TTin'f or! So haa O. .,-,. tO hllilll tllO SUIUC.
nient was led by them to believe that
VVU11 J.11U VUIllvV.1 UWltVO VIUtV111 .
it could not be settled by Americans,
for, as they declared: "wagons could
never pass from the Missouri to the
Columbia River." At this juncture
the patriotism of the American colon
ist proved itself equal to the occasion.
In issue with the subjects of another
nation on his country's domain, having
few supporters and little means against
this rich trading corporation, a lcigued
embassy of the most powerful nation
in Europe, beset by hostile bands of
Indians, and by secret religious foes
and plotters, he raised the American
standard of self-government, and in
scribed the principles of his country
upon its banner and rallied under its
folds to live or die in its defense. His
patriotism had before cost many a per
sonal peril of life in crossing and
rccrossing the continent, tlircading his
way aiming fierce tribes of savages,
hungry, cold and almost naked. This
discipline, however, made him ready
for another and greater sacrifice, if
need be, to save Oregon for his
The jubilant toasts at the dinner
table in Fort Walla AValla in October,
lS, when the nicssairc came : " The
brigade has arrived and the Red River
immigrants are over the mountains,"
with the defiant sneer: " Now the
Americans muy whistle, the country is
ours;1' roused Dr. "Whitman, then sit
ting at the table, to say: " The country
is not yours. I will cross the contin
ent this winter and brin" an immiin-a-tion
large enough to settle it." In two
hours he was at his station, TTaiilatpu,
twenty-four miles distant. Leaping
from his foaming horse, he said: "1
must go to die Stares this winfer." In
two days, leaving wife and home, he
was on his way with his Indian guide
I and only one companion, Hon. Amos
Lawrence Love-joy, a nephew of Hon.
Abbott Lawrence, late Minister to
Rardlv n, dav on tlieiv ionrncv tho
Ti;.,. ,1,.,iCfW., o ;: ,,.!, 1 ft.,.
i t n Jn Tii.i i '
bndeihem to proceed, but by parley (
they got :iway. " hut sniienngs they ;
endured from snow and partly frozen ,
rivers and hunger and fatiinie and I
aanirer aurintr unit perilous v.'inter
j passage of nearly four months, h;is been
described by General Lovejoy, the '
survivor, avIio shared it all, and did his j
utmost to aid the plan, and also by
those who heard it from Dr. hit
man's lips. A gentleman, Dr. "Wm.
Rarrows, then a teacher in St. Louis,
now of Boston, and Sec'y of the Mass.
Home Missionary Society, who saw
him, clad in his Buffalo and blanket
robes, with frozen feet and liaiulSj
anions the mountaineers in I
on a mornimr late in Febru
ary, 18-13, resisting their entreaties
to.stop and tell the story of his winter
trip, and then hasten on to AVashington,
never forgot the impression of his
energy and earnest purpose, though
then ignorant of its aim. You can
imagine him clad in the same rough
buiialo garb, a few daj-s later, sitting
in the office of the Hon. Daniel Web
ster, then Secretary of State, pleading
with him not to trade Oregon for the
fisheries of Iew Foundland. and ur&iiiff
I KI1U O.llllU jHJl, IJCIUH; X 1U.-5UICIIL. XV1U1, I
4-li .... .,1,., i..-,f..,. i)..,., :i,., i. n,,.i i
pieuging nimseii to taKe an immigra
tion with their wagons to the Columbia
Biver. On tin's promise of the mis
sionary, President Tyler deferred the
plan of sale that year.
ZLi j new Mcitr, l() tcet lone, without
paint, was picked up at Upper Atoiia
on Tuo.-dny, which the owium can have
j hy-pioper comvc of application and paj-
ment oi ohaiges. Applv to
Win. BOCK & Co.
""- - --
I?01 TUB IiE?T AXD THE LATEST'
? styles of spring lltiti? go to Van Uuscn's '
who has just received a. line as.-ortment. Mf
RARE OPPOIt'J UNITY
FOP Profitable Investment, J
L, locr for sale iill my real estate in Clatsop
'county. Also, a large interest in tho Upper '
L.l.l l i. .1 ' 1 ,,...... .!..:... Wa
'I'... r t i '.. i. .. r ri. . i . ' i
AU " ' -"rnu HinionoidoiiH.-uimrsuo-
I P. P0WEK&
'TUIE INDEPENDENT VOTERS of CLAT-
jl sop county are requested to meet
AT TIIE COURT HOUSE IX AS
TOJIIA, TO NOMINATE COUN
FRIDAY, May 1.9, at S P. M. '
Turn out and show the llin?s you aro no lon
ger their tool, and that Clatsop County will
bo represented by thoso who will work for her
liy request of MANY CITIZENS.
A special meeting of the Local voters of
chool District No. 1. will be held at the
School House in Astoria, on Friday evening
-,- 1 an 1 a TV- 1
xy uiuur ui uuiuu ui xu umui.
Astoria, May 9, 1S7C-
AND A FCLL LINE OF
Fresh Oregon Vegetables,
E. S. Larsen's
GROCERY STORE, MAIXST.,
Facts Worth Knowing.
A- W. Cone, - - Astoria,
SIGN OF THE GOLDEN SHOE.
Cannot be beat in tlio Uoot and Shoe line.
Call and see him.
SIGX OF THE GOLDEX SHOE,
Main Street, Astoria.
Flour, Grain and Feed Store.
l'oot of Main street, one door from Holla
G. F. Parker,
LIME. BRICK, PLASTER and CEMENT,
TOBACCO, CIGARS. NUTS, CANDY, Etc.,
Constantly on hand and for sale cheap for cash
or farm pioducts.
About tho first of Juno, the undersigned
'I:iNop :ic Vnclilv ttiimfirs
brinsing with him from the famous stock of
jcten5 CVeranco. California, several
Tiiorimiiiirii .Kcriuo Km-iis.
Ono year old. which will be sold cheap,
JLrl' SMITH, Portland, 0g:
"jV"IC0LAI cfc BRO.,
Central Plaining Mills,
Cor. of North Second andE Streets, Portland
RUSTIC, CEILING, MOULDINGS, SASH, '
Doors, Blinds, Brackets, Urns,
Tanks, Fences, &c.
iV57Eir flooring and ceiling and bevel-edged
I Common sizo doors, sash and blinds at San
Farm and Stock on Deep
River For Sale.
1G0 A'i'(', i:iriiy Isti'irovi'i!. famil lliiilil-
n;i, 'aUIr. .asl rSoaf. ctr., vtv.,
All ot'M!i!fji Mill hi' .Sold
Clica) for 'uU.
iFor full particulars inquire at this Office
or on the premise-: of C. M. STAKK.
ATEW EUENrj'UPvE STORE.
Cor. Main and ChcmocihaSts.,
m PllOPllILTOR. H
(Successor tc Gist & StofJ
KITCn EX SETTS,
OFFICE FURNITURE, ETC.,
S5- of the very bc?t quality, supplied to
order at price ihat will justify the patronage
of this home institution. Person wishing any
article in tho furniture line will find itto their
advantage, to give me a call, and insnect inv
stock and prices before purchasing elsewhere.
UndertnUcr's V.'ork promptly attended
io at reasonable rates.
iTAX DUSEX HAS JUST RE
! coived a Snc lot of PRINTS, which
no is selling very cheap. Stf
A large front room 2d siory. will bo let
. ut reasonable rates. Annlv at
Crf riilli? nT.i-PTnn
""-1 -IJ1J.O uri'iua
mui? -RTTCP tcommrrvn r
i , . c
LJ - 0rnAy. OUiwWii inmps and
-- -- ilf 'L. V-IfcJ.XXJA J. X
Lamp Chiuinpya in Ihe City at Case'i.
GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS.
Having Concluded to
Remain in Btisin ess
HAVE LAID IN
SPRING S UMMEB
DESIGNED ESPECIALLY EOK
THE ASTORIA TRADE.
A complete assortment
fiSTTho public in general aro respectfully
invited to call at the old stand, on Co.ncomly
Stkkkt, next door to Parker House.
olary IMiblir :md o:nii.sioiier of
For Calijornia and Washington
OFFICE. Case's Luililin?. corner Cass and
Chenamus streets, Astoria, Oregon.
CHANG, M. D.
At the solicitation of numerous friends, has
consented to practice medicine, and tenders
his services to the public, lir. Crang brings
many years experience in the practice of his
J. AV. UOIJIJ.
C. W. FULTON.
ROBB cO FULTON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
K5T Ofiico in Warren & McGuiro's building,
opposite Occident Hotel, Chenamus street.
PEO. W. REa,
Af(orii(v am! 1'unn.srSIornt Law.
Examining and perfecting titles made a spe
cialty. All accounts left with me will re
cive prompt attention. Ofiico in Warren Sz
.McGuiro'sRuilding, Chenamus street, corner
r II. PAGE ct CO.,
rtSTAll kinds of country produce, wanted in
exchange for goods.
Masonic Hall Building, Astoria,
Fancy Goods, Ladies Dress ar.d Cloak
Trimmings of the Lastest Style.
WILL ATTEND to ORDERS roit DRESS
and Cloak making. ork will be done
in a satisfactory manner.
Ha' Agent for the sale of Dr. Warner's Sani
tary Corsets, and also Children's Waists with
patent elastic b u c k 1 es. ,
NEW AIILLINERY STORE.
Mrs. II. A. Derby,
(Late oCLErELAXJ), OHIO,)
TT7-ISIIE3 TO ANNOUNCE TO THE PUB
T T He of Astoi ia and surrounding country,
that she has just received a full and complete
And all kinds of
At the aland recently occupied by Mias Mor
rison onMAIX STJiEET, Astoria,
And will bo prepared to fill all orders for
first class goods in this lino atrea-onable prices.
xJjTNcw goods will be received every month.
W AND ELEGANT STOCK
Latest Styles of Millinery Goods,
BY THE LAST STEAMER,
At tho Rooms of
Mrs: A. D. WA$S,
(Up Staihs, Brown's Building,)
Corner Main and Chcnnmus Streets, Astoria.
R37" This stoek consists of tho latest style
Hats, for Ladies and Children; Dress Trim
mings and Fancy Goods for Ladies, which will
be sold at very low rices.
DRESS AND CLOfK 'Arpth ttended
AGENCY FOR THE SALE OF
the Domestic Sewing Machine, at I
V CftseV. '
-'!U U !J Ltflt,
. a" ui.us on uogs running at largo witn-
in the Corporate limits of the town of Astoiia
wil bo duo and payable on or beiorc Junels-t,
lb; II AVID IN GALLS,
All taxes on dogs running at largo with-
, . ?ho Engine belonging to
AStOria 1-11-n (Tmnnnnt. .v "
For further particulars inquire
ot tne Committon nn ii,m;..
By order of tho Common Council.
IKANK J. TAYLOH.Hc
QASS STREET IMPROVEjIET.
Notice is hereby pivei: that j-caled pro
po5ali will be received by the under
feigned, under inruction.s from the Com
mon Council o tlu. town of Aitorm, for
the improvement of thai portion of CASS
Street, lying between Chenamus street
and Astor street, b wharfins, grading
and planking, according to la"ns and
speoilications to be seen at the office of j.
J. Taylor, RecouTcr, until noon of Satur
day May 20th, 1S7G, fea'd improvement to
be completed by September 1-t, 1S7G, a
provided by oidinaneo 7o. 121, pasi-c2
the Council 31 ay 1-t, 1S7(. The right to
reject any or all h'uU U heroin- reserved.
Astoria. Oregon May 2d, 1S7G.
CONCOAfLY STREET IMPROVE
MENT. Notice is hereby given that sealed
proposals will be received bv the under
signed, under instructions, ftom the Com
mon Council of the town of A-torin, lor
the improvement of CONCOMLY Street
inlaid town, by grading and planking
said btreet, from Main street to the weJt
line of the town plat, according to
plans and specifications to be seen at the
office or Prank J. Taylor, Recorder, until
noon of May 20th, 1S7G, said impiove
ment to be completed by Sept. 1st, 1L7G,
as provided by Ordinance No. 121, passed
the Council Mayl-t, 187G. The risrht to
reject any or all bid-, is hereby received.
Astoria, Oregon, 3Iay 2d, 187(J.
CIIENA31US STREET IMPROVE
3IENIV Notice is hereby given that sealed pro
posals will be received by the under
signed under instructions lioni the Com
mon Councilor the town of Astoria for
the improvement of that part of CHE
NAMUS Stieet, lying between Main and
Spruce streets, by grading to conform as
near as practicable to the cm-sings as al
ready constructed on said stieet and also
by the building of a sidewalk ot the
south side of said street from Jackson U
Madison streets, accoiding to pians and
specifications to be seen at the office of E.
.1. Taylor, Recorder, until noon of Satur
day May 20th. 1S7G, said improvement o
be completed by September 1st, 1S7G, as
provided by ordinance No. 121, passed
the Council May 1st, 1S7G.
The right to reject any or all bids is
Astoria, Oivgon, May 2d, 1S7G. ' '
QUEMOQIIA STREET IM
PROVEMENT. Notice is hereby given that sealed pro
posals will be received b' the undersigr rd
under instruction from the Common
Council of the town o J Astoria, for tho
improvement of SQUEMOQHA Street
by grading and planking said street irom
Cass street to Main street, and by the
huHdins: of a sidewalk on the south side of
said SQUEMOQHA sireet from the ea-c
line ot lot No. two (2) in block No. twenty-seven
(27) to Poik street, according to
plans and specifications to be seen at the
office of E. J. Taylor, Recoider, until
noon of May 20th, 187G. said improve
ments to be completed by the 1st day of
June 1S7G, as provided by ordinance No.
121, passed the Council 31 a v lt, 1S7G.
Astoria, Oregon, May 2d, 1S7G.
YIN S T REE T
Nolico is herebjT given that sealed pro
posals will be r ceived by the under
signed, under instructions from the Com
mon Council of the town of Astoria, for
the improvement of that part of MAIN
Street, lying between Concomly and
Court streets, 13T grading and planking
the same and also to have, the sidewalks
in said street constructed to conform tc
the grades, according to plans and spec
ifications lo be seen at the office of P. J.
Taylor, Recoider, until noon of Satur
day May 20th, 1S7G, said improvement
to be completed by September 1st, 1S7G,
as provided by ordinance No. 120, passed
the Council May 1st, 1S7G. The right to
reject any or all bids i. hereby reserved.
Astoria, Orecon, May 2d. 1S76.
Notice is hereby given that sealed pro
posals will be received by the undersigned
under instructions of the Common Coun
cil of the town of Astoria, for the con
stiuction o! a sewer on the cast side of
Benton street, from Court street to thr
Columbia river, accoiding to plans and
specifications to be seen at the office of P.
J. Taylor, Recorder, until noon of Satur
day M,ay 20, 1S7G, said improvement to
be completed by September 1st. 1S7G, as
provided by ordinance No. 121, passed
the Council May 1st, 1S7G.
The right to reject any or all bids is
Street Com missioned
Astoria, Oregon May 2d, 187G
mum m !.
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