Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
3. C. IREIiAXD Editor.
ASTORIA Jan. G, 1874
lVallamet River Improvements.
"We have not seen Maj. Robert's"
report but the Oregonian says this of
The annual report of Maj. IT. 31.
Robert, on the improvement of the
rivers of Oregon, shows that by the
expenditure of a small sum of money
annually, the navigation of the AVal
lam et could be so improved as to
make it an available means of trans
portation, through the year, to points
that can now only be reached at the
best stage of water. The wing-dams
constructed under the supervision of
Maj. Robert, were built so low that
when the water rises to such a hight
as to make them unnecessary as a
means of deepening the channel,
they are entirely submerged, thus se
curing them against destruction by
drift in time of freshet. Dams thus
built in the Summer of 1872 were
found in 1873 to have been affected
but very little by the freshets of the in
tervening Winter, and the channels
-opened in the former year needed
scarcely any work during the latter.
ne report snows tnat ill snas
irround for two-thirds of their length
.and were removed with very consid
erable difficulty. There are not
jnany dangerous snags remaining,
.and a very slight expenditure of
money would keep the stream en
tirely clear of this class of obstruction
hereafter. Fifteen thousand dollars,
spent annually on this river, would
.soon make it possible for steamboats
to reach Albany, or Corvallis, at any
stage of water, and go to llarrisburg
nine out of the twelve months. Of
course, fifty thousand dollars a year
would put the work forward with
JAiuatci. lapiuiLj . auu. xiiaivi; uiu n-
..4-.. lAXt- .,.,,1 m- U "W7l ,
jaixiuii 4ii uiiiutiiuum uiiiiii jiuji. jl muio i
portation for nearly all the year, and
that without delay. And that sum
would not be an unreasonable large
one for the Government to
on the work, for a few vears, and
until the main obstructions were dis
posed of. Considering the vast capa
bilities of the country of which this
stream is the natural outlet to the
sea, and the rapid increase during
the last two or three years of the
productions requiring transportation
to the seaboard, one can realize how
great a misfortune it is for this work
to cease, as it appears likely to do.
Gen. Michler, of the U. S. Engin
eer corps stationed in this city, has
been tendered the use of a boat in
which to ascend the AVallamet to its
highest attainable point, and make a
full personal inspection of the ob
still Qr.rimiKlv imnP,iP '
still seriously impede ,
Major llobert ac-
us navigation. Major
complished a great deal with the ap
propriation expended under his su
pervision, but there yet remains a
large amount of work to be perform
ed, and Gen, Michler will doubtless
have them removed if tho new ap
proprlatioii be sufficiently large to
cover the co sts.
Doc Loryea hastens to inform
the Bulletin that London i the
cleanest city in the world, the peo
ple often getJos fc in fogs, hut the fogs
are healthy, bring no malaria yith
There 4s a complete rupture be
tween President Castelar and Sale
meron, President of the Cortes,
There is some excitement, but the
Fiiccess of the Government in the
Cortesis considered certain.
The -Goshen (Ind,) Democrat, al
though avowing political antagonism :
to ilon.fcclmyler Collax, says of Imir;
-"There never .was a man in the
United States, knowing Schuyler
Colfax, who ever believed for one
inoment-that he did or could perjure
.himself for anv sum of money much
.less for ei, 200."
Whether the VirgjLnius question
is settled or not, the vessel is out of
the controversy. The dispatches j
.give a pretty full account of her loss
. sit sea. The United States District
.likely the vessel will ever be raised, I
and it is deemed requisite that the ;
.vessel should be produced before she
couiu ne iineieu. Tne Uovornmpnt
lously obstructed Uio nayi- with that , 0f ournals, it foils
the river, were removed. back lipon the fling at Christianity,
these were buried m the rrUn , -: & , ,K- '
otlicers say that whatever may have j and "Washington Territorv b hum
been the relatioMrJWtgrsjin to bugged finy longer bv. tliig -Eev. (?,)
theirgimu.am?nime -: : '
v w:,:iotiiho,:rc cWHieiio4MttP ciobing marKgOli.e.gajim
her cjiptuYe. jplar subjoct.
SCIIUTUSR COLFAX VINDICATED
Although the charges -urged with
j such unblushing effrontfcry by Oakes
Ames against Mr. Colfax regarding
the famous rt S. "C." check have been
disbelieved by all unprejudiced peo
ple, his friends cannot but rejoice
that recent developments have put it
beyond the power of the most obsti-
nate caviler to doubt his entire in- j
The facts to which we al-
lude are contained in the following.
-nhich we copy from the Chicago
The St. Louis Globe published a
statement made by Mr. J. T. Drew,
to the effect that the " S. C. or bear
er $1,200 check" was paid to Oakes
Ames in person at 4 p. r.7 June 22,
18G8, and also that this money went
to pay a debt due Amos B. Merrill,
an attorney for Mr. Ames at the
time. As an instance of the injus
tice of the warfare upon Mr. Colfax,
we take the following from the St.
"The Globe has settled the Colfax
Oakes Ames business for the fiftieth time.
Mr. Colfax can now quit talking to Sun
day schools, and rnaku another drive for
the pedestal of a Christian statesman."
The Dispatch knew it could neith
er dispute the statement nor impugn
the motives of Mr. Drew, who is
neither a personal nor political
ter was one of veracity, or rather of
memory, between Mr. Colfax and
Mr. Ames. Mr. Ames testified that
he gave this identical check to Mr.
Colfax, while Mr. Colfax just as posi
tively denied ever having received it
or the money. The bank account of
Mr. Colfax showed that he deposited
$1,9GS 63 on June 22, 186S, and $1,200
of this was cash. This was counted
as evidence against Mr. Colfax, in
violation of every known principle
of evidence, so long as Mr. Colfax
showed other sources of income, so
that the funds could not be identifi-
j Thus stood tho
case until Mr.
t. ..i..... .i j? - "XT' i
ia'w icluiuuu jiuiu jLurupe, tanu
maue ins statement, more tnan a
month before Ames' sickness and
1,K - "r "'..,,,r, r u -v
i Timna IT P "Mica ATVc.o
Wallace, Dralsford, Holmes, J. Eich-
ardson, of Boston, and others. There
i was no request for secrecy, and only
I a statement that it might be prudent
to withhold the publication until he
could see if the man who received
the money from Ames could be found.
Mr. Drew's statement was clear,
specific, and backed by circumstan
tial evidence of great importance,
The most violent attacks of a hostile
press failed to shake either his state
ment or his standing. This was con
sidered conclusive evidence by Mr.
Colfax's friends. Tho recent "state
ment that the money went to. Amos
B. Merrill, and was paid after i r. m,,
June 22, 1SGS, should convince even
th mosfc skeptical of the innocence
T ii , ,-.. -it ,, .
any one who had honest doubts on
the subject in the past could hold
them longer, but it would be too
much to expect the Satanic press to
cease its revilings. Xofc until the
Devil is known to entertain a prefer
ence for light over darkness will the
papers to which we allude find their
pleasure in admitting an error, or ut
tering even a syllable to correct tho
most grievous injustice,
TTUkTT'xtv X'fci tr -r rinnni"r-r-v
i .., ,-wi - m v r.... - :,. i
- - I I II I I I 1 III 'Ill I I I - I X 1 Tl I I k 1 ! I
J.11U JlllY UUV.CL1UJ1 111 liua VV-11U1V3 lilUL-
-V IJUU1 XJL" MiJL.1MJkB.Jl. AM.lM.j.ViXt
account of the shoals, it was decided
to detain her at San Francisco and
lighter to her from Portland. The
j.suhooner Ettie May was sent down
with a cargo which was so damaged
that it was refused on arrival. TIir
bark Mariano was also sent down
1 with a cargo getting
! nearly 1G cents per bushel which was
j received aboard the David Brown.
Although being a loss of JG cents per
! bushel to farmers it is said to have
netted but $S on the cargo to the
cijuner parties oi ine ngnter.
Ifc would be interesting to know
now 0I1o the David Brown remained
llt &m Francisco for the Xortland
lighters, and the expense of her de-
tention. How long; oh, producers, are
u"il0.wn "umbers of middle men to
staud betwe you and the consumer?
" i" we gooa people oi urecron
I i e nuiiiig to ircior.
The ship David Brown was chart-' rpHE UNDERSIGNED WISHES TO IN
crcd to carry wheat from Oregon but j 4 ttF
as she could not load at Portland, on H001 t-oam t0 1,ttend to a11 kinds of hauling in,
The Bark True Love, Captain Thom
as "Wetherill, has just arrived in Philadel
phia from Greenland, with a cargo of
kryolite. The bark was built in 1761, and
is. conseouentlv lftO voars old. Tho .clf
batter inwards to the top of the gunwale, ,
and this makes the vessel much broader at I
the waterlinc than on deck. In nautical I
language the bides are known as "tumbling i
home," because they 'fall id above the
bends. This bark was built at Philadel
phia, hilt it filnnrtt. 1m ntrPttnirprl with nmr
degree of certainty at what particular point,
The Custom House register docs not
S' ' , " 1"" ?f?1
uiuiinvcitji;iu uciuiu wiu uegiilllillg OI
the American devolution. It is mot
likely that the was built at Kensington, as
it appears from history that the first ship
yards on the Delaware were established m
that locality, not far from the Penn treaty
ground. The bark was built for parties
residing in llull, England, and still hails
from that place, and ior forty seven vears
was engaged in the whaling business in I
iiHjiiuiuiciiisuiibi iwiu a ppijiu uu. to uu at
home among the icebergs of the Arctic
region. It is understood that the vessel
has never required any considerable re
pairs. The original timbers appear to be
as sound as the day they were erected on
thestocks in old Kensington. The bark
registers 20(i tons, but carsies much more.
Title Tabic for Astoria.
(From tables of United States Coast Survey.)
High Water.) Low Water.
... 2 -IS!..
... :5 :i'2l.
.. 4 2:i?...
!) 14 10 12
!) 56 10 :9
10 40 11 07
Hours of Observation 7 a, m. 2 and 9 i. m.
By Lonidvilson, L . S. Coast bnrvey.
Mean Max 'M in
fall, jtho wind
2,o:K :S ."il 41 0 HJ 0 O.'HO SV
2!J,oi5 :j." :; :w 8 34 ; 0.24S
:0,05'J 35 0 i 0 I S 0.4 i'i South
30,037 42 l 4o 0 3ii 7 0.S0
Mkt. Report. December, 1S73.
Latitude 40 11' 28" N., ,ong. 123o 4!' 32" "V.
(Height abovo Mean tide, 52 feet.)
Lowest range of Therm., (3d and 10th) 24.7
Highest " ' ( ' 30th) 52 Ji
Lowest rango of Baromotcr. .2:.344
Highest " " 30.353
Avcrago temperature for the month 37.3
" height of Rarometer " 29.S47
" humidity " 0.823
Amount of daily rain during the month... 2.382
nightly " ' " ... 4.370
dews " " ...
daily snows (melted) " ... .012
" nightly " ' " ... .817 1
Number rainy days " 13.
" nights " 17.
" snonvy days " 1.
44 ' nights . 4t '
44 entirely cloudy days..,., ' 0.
44 cloudless 4 1.
Averago weather for the month, Rainy.
Direction of wind during the month '
North ., 3'i miles 2sorth East,43i)0 miles
South 18(5 ,4 SouthWost.,, 12 44
East 102 44 Soutli East .., CO 4
West 24 '4 North W est. .., 4
Mean direction for the month, Easfc.
Number of miles traveled ,,,,,3397
Temple liOdc !No. 7 A. F. & A. M.
Regular Communications first and third,
Saturdays in each month, at 7 o'clook
v. m., at tho Hall in Astoria. Member
of tho Order in good standing aro invited to at
tond. Ry ordei of tho W. M.
Beaver Iiodgo No. 35, I.O.O.F.
iea- Moot overy Thursday evening.
at 7 o'clock, in tho Odd Fellow's
"5-v-'c "Hall, corner of Cass und Jefl'erson
",iu stvoot, Astoria. Members of the
Order aro invited to attend. Ry order, "N. (r,
JACKINS & Co.,
Corner of Main and Jefferson Streets,
JEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF STOVES,
Tin and Sheet Iron Ware!
"&?., Jobbing, of every stj'le, done to
orcbir. Give Us atrial. jCtf
tn JL " 1
iter Offico at IL R. Parker's Store, or
ciauics on uncmotiuo fctroet,
tf P. TiUIAX.
HE ASTORIA PAUPERS' COMPANY
is nor ready to store
Wheat and other I'JtOPJJCJE!
AT THEIR SEW WAREHOUSE, Usual
lates charged, S. D. ADAIR, Secretary.
Astoi ia, D ec. 4 th , lb7.5. " 4tf
OUTLAID BOX FACTORY-Xprth Front
street, i'ortland, Oregon, " !
Eoxosof every description constantly on hand, I
anu niauo co oruer. uraers aUdrossed to John
Harlow, corner of Fiit and E streets, will
meet with prompt attention. j21 tf
rjlIIE rXDEKSIUNED, HAVING
JL Secured the services of a
French Glove Maker,
Is now prepared to manufacturo all stylos of
Ljuiies' and Gentlemen's KXu, JtUK. JJUCK
and DOGSKIN Gx.u ji.
..PERFECT FiHIHG, AND LATEST FASHIDNS..- J
jvuijiiuiiiuuu. k-u,'uTiov4cs4cieanou, jn'ou and
"..-..., 1 1 ! ' . ' 1 -TN .
Kttircuron-sL'OArsioiitfD. ij: .. Duisuii,
I'ortlaad. Oregon. .
Ktl fr AA, "kh,:Li5&WUWS
-- x ui kituiir. un.i .iiih.i -x "o vvi'i'iirifiiiii.
and added such improvements a? will en a bio
him to provido Epicures with tho bust in tho
Market Parties furnished with Hot Cotfoo on
short notice. Give tho Central Market CotFoo
fctand a trial oeltf
Fancy Poultry 2 Sale.
THE UXBERSrGXED, ABOUT TO HE
movo from Astoria, oilers his stock of fan
cy loultrv for sale. :it Mm fnlloirihir rpilunoH
Silver Spangled Hamburgs S7 0 per pair j
J3uff Cochins 5 00 " i
LihtErahmas 5 00 "
Duck-Wing Ciamo 3 00 "
tfc$k.All Chickens aro warranted to bo Puro
blooded. A. J. AlEULElt,
n'---tf Astoria, Oregon.
THE "WHOLES ALE OYSTER CO.
A. S, Gross, Agent,
THIS COMPANY IS NOW HEADY TO
deliver from ono to one thousand sacks of
Presh Oysters, direct from their native element
thrco times a weok; wo can furnish all kinds,
In any Quantity, at prices Defying Com
petition. Customers can rely upon regular tri-wookly
supplies, either in sunshine or storm
Wo never Pail, and Always last the Sea
- G. "NY, "WARKE N & CO.,
oc2tf Astoria, Oregon.
itfiu 20 GARMENTS !
PAIR OF SOCKS IN THIRTY Ml NUTS
a.jL luuu xiusiury, -uuiens, ana uioves oi an
sizes, complete, without a seam.
3 Send for Circular. Agents "Wanted.
A. VAIL, General Agent,
E. OPITZ, Proprietoi,
Pirtt Street, near Vine, Portland, Oregon
MANUFACTURE all kinds of Fancy Eis
cuit5, Crackers, Pjlot. Ship ad iN'aval
liread. Orders addressed as abovo promptly
attended to, aul4 tf
U, S. MAIL ASB EXPRESS,
Fiw Astoria to Clatsop Beaci !
Past HOESES! Good CAERIAGE!
LEAVES ASTORIA EVERY TUESDAY,
Thursday and Saturday Mornings.
Arrjvo Sanao .Mornipgs at tho
And SEA SIDE HOUSE,
RETURNING Leaves thpso Houses every
Monday, Worinesday and Friday, connecting
with steamop to Poitland each' way.
Distancc twepty-four iniles,faro Si oO.
11. IS. PARKER. Proprietor.
The StEun Tug Varunt
4 tW "Will leavo Astoria every
T1-A U A TUESDAY and SATURDAY
sgfcii&r&L. Morning, for
Carrying Mails, Passengers and Freight,
3- Other cjays of the week she wilt bo ready
tq go anywhero that business may justify. Jh
prepared to lighter cargoes, freight, hay, cattlo
ant wood. J . 11. D. GRA 1 .Agent, Astoria.
To fast sailing SJoop .
-W. H. TWILIGHT, sk,-
R M LOWE ,..., ; ::..Master
Is now in readiness to Charter fqr Pleasuro
Parties, Freigljt or Passengers". Headquarter..
Corner Main and Jefferson streets, Astoria.
ONLY REGULAR PACKET BETWEEN
ASTORIA AND CLATSOP.
Carrying th U S- Mail!
Tho well Known sloop Jz.
3MARY H., 33.
W, J, FRANKLIN..,,,,,:. Master
Thursday and Saturday, connecting with tho
Coaches for tho Reach. Extra trips made to
accommodato tho traveling public.
G-eokge B. McEwAtf,
TS PREPARED TO CONSTRUCT BOATS
X of every description, of tho best materials,
on short notice, and guarantees to give satis
faction. ifctf'Roforo sending to San Francisco or else
where, give me a call. olJtf
COLUMBIA RIVER PILOTS!
??E. FERCHENft.C. SJRIGnT..Agent.aa
.jia J !. I
ks urFiCE L-ornur ot Mum and V-henamus
piree-8, Astoria, Oregon '.
Leaves CJats.Qp ovory ilonday, Wednesday
anu J-ruaj. on arrival ot fctages, conneptmg
at Astoria with tho st'Camor Divio ThomnKon.
Intnniinr.' lr!ivr(j fVsfnrin ni-pro 'I'liosilnv
Established in Astoria in 1&19.
I -X4 " vuUJJb.
A. VAH BtJSEN,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
GENEEAL IEPvCHAKDISE ;
Cbrner of Main and Chenamus streets,
TS NOW OFFERING FOR SALE ONE OF
JL the largest and mbst complete assortments
of Itunoral Merchandise ever before brought
to tlio country, and to buyers
For Gash will offer the Most Flattering Inducements
In tho lino of
HATS, AND CAPS,--BOOTS
LADIES' DEESS GOODS,
A Comilctc Sloelc of Every Article;
TOO SttJMEKOTJS TO ilEXTIOK,
BffiTGivp mo i jl ball, and bo convinced thai
my goods aro of the bebt quality, and as cheap
as can bo bought of any house in tho State
A. VAN DUSKN.
GOODS FOR THE SEASON
i Selling Less than Cost
THE ENTIRE STOCK!
A T THE STORE OF THE LATE GEORGE
XX. bUMMERS, debeased, Astoria Orogop;
HAS TO BE SOLD;
And in order to settle up tho affairs of tho ee
tato, tho undersigned, administrator, is now
offering tho ontiro line, embracing a very de
sirable quality of goods at prices below actual
CrCaR and Examine for Yoursclve3;1EU
Ks?" All persons having bills'against tho es-
tate will pleaso preseht tho same, with proper
vouchers for payment. And all persons owing
tho estate will pleaso como forward and settle;
or make arrangements to settlo the same, anil
savo costs; C. S. WRIGHT,
Headtjnaxters ! Heudquarters J
Chenamus Street, Ahtoria, OregQii,
AVholesalo and Rotail Dealer in
Dry Goods, Clothing, Groceries, Previsions, Mmt
Asd Genekal AEerciiaxdise,
HOOTS AND SHOES,
BLANKETS, FLANNELS; &c.i
- "NViich is being offered
CJieap FOR CASH or PRODUCE !
SSAll the New School Books, that nan
be had, and a great variety of Stationery
just received. jvl tf
Millinery and Fancy Goocfo
"TtrE WISir TO CALL THE ATTENTION"
T f of tho Ladies of Astoria and vicinity to
our new stock ot
Millinery and Fancy Goods !
Which wo offer at reasonahlo prices. Ladies
living at a distance, favoring us with their or
ders, will find them promptly attonded to.
SViiss H. M. MORRISON, Propr.
Man street, Astoria, Oregon. s25
Corner of Main and Jefferson streets, A&torja,
CLOTniNrt OE ALL KIND.; CUT AN!)
ma do to order. Cleaning and repairing.
Main Street - - Astoria, Oregon
TTTATCIIES AND CLOCKS cleaned and. ror
I y paired jn tjio bct manner, at rooms in
Jjinder'H Heaaurant. " "j-2tf
TUNER & REGUItT02.
Prom the House of Matthias Geay,
023and 625 Clay street, San Prancisco, Cal.,
and Odd Fellow's Templo, I'ortland.
qiHE ONLY TUN ER, WITH ON E EXCEP
4, tion, to whom 31r. Gray has over given n
EST Mr. Sckoen wilt soon vifit Astoria, and
orders left at tho Astoeux Office will bo
promptly attended to. ntf
CENTRAL MARKET, Stalls No. 2T and 8,
I'ortland, Oregon. ' -
2. $Ms9$ & sPAtiLDisa,':'
lealersin all indp of FKRMl'MEATSf. il
piieKtrs o t eet and Pork, tho kijjirt n-rkj
paid for all kir.de ot fat tocx, jjrtf