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;l. C. IREfcAXI r..JGlitor.
.ASTORIA Dec. 27, 1S73
i - -
THE XOKTHERX PACIFIC K. K.
Thero are said to be about two million
dfNorih'rn .Pacific Railroad bonds held
bv people in Ohio. Cleveland Plaindeal
er. And there is nothing said in re
gard to the millions of acres of 'land
they intend to filch Trom the people,
who. have beenupon the same, per
hap:f&r;years'before the swindle"vas
MunUreds of Scandinavians in Min-
neEdta, scattered along the line of the
Naitfhern Pacific Railroad, living in
muil .hovels, .and barely raising
censmgli 'provisions in the short season
izo .uHwefc on during tlo long, and
ttAHuy,, tfinfi terrible winter, with no
:inaiUsflfcffr .the little surplus they may
.-stEBfi iiibomselvss to acquire whose
icuxses -r& lexzd -and deep against the
deeepliwis: practiced upon them.
The mildest' thing that can be said
of. thmt "bonds as that -they are a
very poor -investment. It wTould be a
very liberal estimate to value them at
Hvq .cents on the dollar. If Jay Cooke
iind Company had not been molested
"by tke publication of the truth in
newspapers xhat .could not be bribed
nv intirnidcrced, Ahey might have
.dragged along a few months longer,
and another million of -dollars of the
'hard earnings of the people might
have been lost. The Cincinnati Com
mercial first effectually punctured
the Northern Pacific folly and swin
dle. There's no doubt that Jay Cooke
and Company were first themselves
-deceived, but that is no reason why
the newspapers should aid them to
deceive the rest of mankind. When
Cooke found the sale of lands and
bonds would prove inadequate, he
liad two' strings to his bowT, or rather
to his kite. He hoped to obtain
European capital, but the show of
fairness necessary to obtain it proved
fatal. The experts from Vienna and
Rerlin could not be convinced
that a Railroad through the
American Siberia would prove a
remunerative investment. The oth
er chance was to obtain aid from
Congress in the shape of bonds, and
that would probably have succeeded
if it had not been for the Credit Mo
Wlier oyposisyvs. Ail resources being
ut off widows and orphans, Europ
ean capitalists, Christian statesmen
and carpet-bag patriots in Congress
there was nothing for the Northern
Pacific to do but fail. In truth, it
was doomed from the beginning. The
country between the Missouri River
and the mountains is simply hideous,
iiiid the idea of running a railroad
there was simply idiotic.
It is estimated, after the Summer
rush to Europe was over, that there
was not less, than 150,000 Americans
abroad. Some of them seem to have
miscalculated tbe expense of a
foreign trip,, or tabulated it on figures
that ruled years, ago. The prices of
11 things in Europe have advanced
.so rapidly that traveling there, espec
ially along the routes generally taken
by tourists, has become quite as ex
pensive as it is in this country. Hotel
living is quite as dear at all fashiona
ble plae.ee as it is. here, and railroad
fare?., if we include the charges upon
baggage, are quite as high.
The prison on BlackwelFs Island
to whiek Tweed has been, consigned
js used for the incarceration of the
.lowest class of prisoners. Tweed
was a member g the Board of Su
pervisors under whose direction it
&vas built, and his name cut on one
joft.be granite blocks appears at the
During the late storm which ex
iended all along the coast, and was
so had at Sail Francisco that for five
days largo vessels could neither load
.nor discharge, and steamers on Puget
Sound wer compelled to hunt har
bors of rafuge, the Astoria pilot boats
grossed and recrossed the bar Jjere
daily, one vessel going .to sea in forty
minutes from, the harbor, iiil the
Oregoniau van& .a uo&; of this fact,
to " set some things right" relative to
.he Columbia riysr-b;ir.
CUBA AT A BISCOUXT
It is now evident that vwe shall ndt
acquire Cuba for the. present. Aurl
sinde it is not to be ours it may be
well enough to look at -its worst side.
The following view, furnished by
the Nation, the result of recent ob
servations, is certainly not an en
couraging one. "The Pearl of the
Antilles" has some ugly spots on it:
"What sort of a mess 'it is into
which we "are invited to plunge our
ourselves, may be described in a few
words. A .million and a half of peo
ple, nearly one-third of whom are
slaves of 'the most degraded kind;
the whites divided "into Creoles, or
native Cubans, also about half a mil
lion in number, and Peninsulars
Spanish carpet-baggers, who have
come to make their fortunes in the
cdlony, and- to rule it, meanwhile
folding all the important offices,
dispensing all the patronage, and
.controlling the military through the
chiefly Spanish organization of the
volunteers. An insurrection, insig
nificant in extent, though capable
or much mischief, and very destruc
tive to the sugar industry, and really
formidable, as having the more or
less secret sympathy of the Creole
party. A warfare, in which the vol
unteers, like a National Guard, stay
at home to keep "order" in the
principal towns, while the real fight
ing is done by imported Spanish
troops, of whom more than 80,000
have been sent out since 1S6S, and
by far the greater part have succumb
.ed to the climate and the hardships
of the campaign; a warfare in which
150,000 lives have been lost without
real gain to either side, and in which
all prisoners are shot unless they are
tortured to death it being a practice
with the insurgents " when jx prison
er, and especially an officer, falls in
to their hands, to tie his feet up to a
tree, and to pile up fuel under the
dangling head, thus burning their
enemy alive with a slow fire." A
capital city which, being beyond
menace of the insurrection, has a
mercenary interest in keeping it up;
which is ruled, like every other Cu
ban city, by a Casino Espanol, or
Spanish Club, the headquarters of
the Peninsular or slaveholding inter
est. A thousand and a half of slave
owners, of whom barely a tenth are
solvent, and for whom the weakness
of the mother country is strength,
and her calamity their opportunity.
A civil service than which, unless in
a Turkish province, it would be hard
to find one more corrupt or corrupti
ble, so that, for example, "there is
no contraband whatever; and no one
would be at the trouble and peril of
smuggling in Cuba when he can
bribe the Custom-house officers to
any extent, and on any terms." A
currency from which gold and silver
have entirely disappeared, and which
has become so much depreciated
that "Spanish gold has risen to 25
per cent, premium, and foreign ex-
chage to 52 per cent." A bank
which, when it had ruined credit by
an emission of twenty million un
guaranteed bonds, and it was propos
ed by the new Spanish Intendente
to burn paper money to a correspond
ing extent, replied: " Certainly, by
all means, and with great pleasure.
Burn twenty million? To be sure!
Forty, if you wish it Ilave we not
got the plates?" Finally, a condition
of society in which " while the sex
ual numbers of negro and mulatto
population are almost balanced, with
I j- -., ,. "".1.V.U inv JJ1 JJJl. 11UJI
is something more than three males
to one female" including in the
whites the Chinese, some (50,000
strong and all males.
The great question in Germany
is between the Church and the State.
The great question iir France is
between Monarchy and Republican-
I ism. The great question in Italy is
between, the Pope and the King.
The great question in England is
between Liberal progress and Con
servative reaction. The crreat
I - o-
j question in Spain is between anarchy
and constitutional order. The great
, question in the United States is be
tween political corruption and ref jrm.
There are great questions in Austria
and Russia, China and Janan. R-i-Hl
i a:.d Canada, .
Is Friday an Unlucky Day?
There is a very wide-spread super
stition to the effect that Friday is an
unlucky day, and the fact that the
splendid ship Three Brothers sailed
from San Francisco on a Friday has
given rise to much head-shaking and
gloomy prognostications among the
believers in luck. There is a story
extant in this connection which,
though it really has no value in the
way of proof, some years ago exer
cised considerable influence in con
firming the belief of the supersti
tious. A Certain English firm of ship
owners had been much annoyed by
the whims of sailors in their employ
about the unluckyness of Friday, and
they determined at length to demon
strate that there was nothing in the
theory. So they proceeded to build
a ship with strict reference to the
superstition, the purpose being to
defy it in the boldest manner. She
was commenced on Friday, finished
on a Friday, launched on a Friday,
and christened the Friday. Her
Captain's name was Friday, she com
menced to take in cargo on Friday,
hauled out of dock on Friday, and
sailed on Friday. Clearly, if ever
the superstition was openly and sys
tematically flouted, it was in the case
of this ship, and it is possible that
the efforts of her owners would have
been rewarded with success but for
the unfortunate fact that she was
never heard of again. She set sail
with all that weight of Friday ill
luck upon her, and her mysterious
fate was of course held to confirm
and vindicate all the forebodings
which she was intended to have
proved the folly of.
Friday, long regarded as a day of
ill-omen, has been an eventful one
in American history.
Friday, Christopher Columbus sail
ed on his voyage of discovery.
Friday, ten weeks after, he discov
Friday, Henry VII., of England,
gave Cabot his commission, which
led to the discovery of North Amer
ica. Friday, St. Augustine, the oldest
town in the United States, was found
ed. Friday, the- Mayflower, with the
pilgrims, arrived at Princetown; and
Friday, they signed that august
compact, the forerunner of the pres
Friday, George "Washington was
Friday, Bunker Hill was seized
Friday the surrender of Saratoga
Friday, the surrender of Cornwal
lis at Yorktown, occured; and on
Fr.iday, the motion was made in
Congress that the United Colonies
were, and of right ought to be, free
A New Hampshire farmer has
made 18,010 bushels of potatoes into
starch this season.
THE ASTORIA FARMERS' COMPANY
is now rSady to store
Wheat and other JPROJDUCJE I
AT TJIEIR NEW WAREHOUSE. Usual
latcs charged. S. D. ADAIR, Secretarv.
Astoria, Due. 4 til, 187-J. Ultf
Fashionable m I ff r i
Chcnamus street , Astoria, Oregon.
V2k Manufactures to order tho best quality
of .Boots and Shoes Repairing of" all kinds "Sy
Astoria Tvucli and Dray Co.
Office at J. TV. Gearhart's Store, Astoria.
ORDERS LEFT WITH MR. GEARIIART
for any kind of Teaming, will bo promptly
attended to. H ood of all kinds constantly on
hand. Orders solicited. oc-Jtf
Main St.,(Holladay'3 Wharf,) Astoria, Oregon.
CHARLES BINDER, Pkopbietok.
FRESH RREAD, CAKES, PIES, CRACK
ers and Pilot Rroad, always on hand.
Is kept in connection with tho Bakery, where
meals can be procured at sill hours.
WW Oysters in every htylu in tho seasona
11IIE UNDERSIGNED, HAYING,
. Secured the hervicoa of a
French CIoyg, rV3aker
Is now prepared to manufacture all sf-.vln.a nf
Ladies' and Uendomon's KID, FUR, RUCK
j and DOUSKIN GLOVES.
PERFECT FiTTIKG MO LATEST FASHIONS
Guaranteed. Also, Gloves cleaned, Dyed and
Ropairod, on shcrt notice. C. E. DuBOLS,
nlfti j Portland, Oregon.
TpRANK FABRE, at the-Central Market,
Jj Portland, has enlarged his COFFEE stall,
ahd added s'uch improvements as will enable
him to provide- Epicures with tho best in tho
Market. Parties furnished with Hot Coffee on
short notice. Give tho Central Market Coffee
Stand a trial ocltf
Fancy Poultry I Sale.
THE UNDERSIGNED, ABOUT TO RE
mo vo from Astoria, offers his stock of fan
cy Poultry for sale, at tho following reduced
Silver Spangled Hamburgs S7 30 per pair
Buff Cochins 5 00 "
Light Brabmas 5 00 "
Duck-Wing Game 3 00 "
tt-.Sb.All Chickens are warranted to bo Puro
blooded. A. J. MEGLER,
n--tf Astoria, Oregon.
THE WHOLESALE OYSTER CO.
A. tf. Gross, Agent,
TUTS COMPANY IS NOW BEADY TO
deliver from one to one thousand sacks of
lresh Oysters, direct from their native element
three times a week; wo can furnish all kinds,
In any Quantity, at prices Defying Com
petition. Customers can rely upon regular tri-weekly
supplies, either in sunshine or storm
We never Pail, and Always last the Sea
G. "W. "WABREN & CO,,
oc2tf Astoria, Oregon.
LAMB fflTTIE IACHIM
K 20 GARMENTS!
A PAIR OF SOCKS IN THIRTY MIXUTS
Knits Hosiery, Mittens, and Gloves of all
sizes, complete, without a scam.
tfS'Sendfor Circular. Agent3 Wanted.
A. VAIL, General Agent,
F. OPITZ, Proprietor,
Pirt Street, near Vine, Portland, Oregon
MANUFACTURE all kinds of Fancy Bis
cuits, Crackers, Pilot, Ship and" Naval
Rrcad. Orders addressed as above promptly
attended to, aull tf
U. S. MAIL AXD EXPRESS.
From Astoria to Clatson Beacli !
Past nORSES! Good CARRIAGE!
LEAVES ASTORIA EVERY TUESDAY,
Thursday and Saturday Mornings.
Arrivo Samo Mornings at tho
And SEA SIDE HOUSE.
RETURNING Leaves thoso Houses every
Monday, Wednesday and Frifay, connecting
with steamer to Poitland each way.
J&STDistanco twenty-four miles, fare Si ;"0.
If. 13. PARKER, Proprietor.
The Steam Tug Varuna
"Will leave Astoria ovory
TUESDAY axd SATURDAY
Carrying Mails, Passengers and Freight.
Xi$ Other days of tho week she will bo ready
to go anywhero that business may justify. Is
prepared to lighter cargoes, freight, hay, cattle
and wood. J . H. D. GRA1" Agent, Astoria.
Tho fast sailing Sloop j-j
TV. H. TWILIGHT, ;ffeb.
R M LOWE Master
Is now in readiness to Charter for Pleasure
Parties, Freight or Passengers. Headquarter
Corner Main and Jefferson streets, Astoria.
ONLY REGULAR PACKET BETWEEN
ASTORIA AND CLATSOP.
Carrying the U. S. fiflail!
Tho well known sloop jff.
MARY H., aBs
W, J. FRANKLIN ....Master
Leaves Clatsop every Monday, "Wednesday
and Friday, on arrival of Stages, connecting
at Astoria with the steamer Dixie Thompson.
Returning, leaves Astoria every Tuesday,
Thursday and Saturday, connecting with the
Coaches for tho Reach. Extra trips mado to
accommodate tho traveling public.
George B. MoEwan
TS PREPARED TO CONSTRUCT ROATS
A. of every description, of tho best materials,
on short notice, and guarantees to give satis
faction. &5Before sending to San Francisco or elso
whero, give me a call. ol4tf
COM RIVER PILOTS!
P. JQHNSON M M. GILM AN,
H. A. SNOW, G.REED,
P. E. FERCIIEN. C. S. WRIGHT, Agont.
83 Office Corner of Main and Chenamus
; stroeta, Astoria, Ores: p.
Established jn Astoria in 1S49.
NEW GOODS. CHEAP GOODS.
A. VAN DUSEN,
"Wholesalo and Retail Dealer in
Corner of Main and Chenamus streets,
TS NOW OFFERING FOR SALE ONE OF
JL the largest and most complete assortments
of Goneral Merchandise ever beforo brought
to tho country, and to buyers
For Cash will offer the Most Flattering Inducemenls
In tho lino of
HATS, AND CAPS,
ROOTS AND SHOES
LADIES' DRESS GOODS,
A Complete Stock of Every Article,
TOO NUMEROUS TO MENTION.
B3-Givo me a call, and bo convinced that
my goods aro of tho best quality, and as cheat)
as can be bought of any houso in the State
A. VAN DUSEN.
GOODS F0RTHE SEASON
Selling Less than Cost
THE EMlE STOCK!
A To?Ay3r?J OF THE LATE GEORGE
XJl dUjuALMIS, deceased, Astoria Oregon,
HAS TO BE SOLD;
And in order to settlo up tho affairs of tho es
tate tho undersigned, administrator, is now
offering tho ontiro lino, embracing a very de
sirablo quality of goods at prices below actual
KSTCall and Examine for Yourselves.""
fiSAll persons having bills against tho es
tate will please present tho same, with proper
vouchers for payment. And all persons owing;
the estato will please como forward and sottlo,
or mako arrangements to settle tho same, and
save costs. C. S. WRIGHT,
Headquarters ! Headquarters I
Chenamus Street, Abtoria, Oregon,
"Wholesale and Kotail "Dealer in
Of Goods, Clothing. Groceries, Provisions, Notions,
A-d Gexeral jMerciiandise,
HATS AND CAPS,
J300TS AjSD SHOES,
BLANKETS, FLANNELS, &c.,
"Which is being offered
Cheap FOR CASH or PRODUCE !
Q.All tho New School Books, that can.
be had, and a great variety of Stationery
jubt received. jyi tf
Millinery and Fancy Goods,
WE "WlSn TO CALL THE ATTENTION"
of tho Ladies of Astoria and vicinity to
our new stock of
Millinery and Fancy Goods!
Which wo offer at reasonablo prices. Ladies
living at a distance, favoring us with their or
ders, will find them promptly attended to.
Miss H. N. MORRISON, Propr.
Main street, Astoria, Oregon. s2o
PETER II. FOX,
Corner of Main and Jefferson streets, Astoria.
CLOTHING OF ALL KINDS CUT AND
made to order. Cleaning and repairing.
Main Street - - Astoria, Oregon
TUNER & REGULATOR.
Prom tbe House of Matthias Gray,.
02-3 and G23 Clay street, San Francisco. Cal...
and Odd. Fello.w.'s Tcmplo, Portland.
nPHE ONLY TUNER, WITH ONE EXCEP
X Uon, to whom Mr. Gray has over given a
B3"" Mr.. Schoen will soon, visit Astoria, and
orders left at the- Astoria Oiti-ice will bo
promptly attended to n2Hf
ENTRAL MARKET, Stalls No. 27 and -J8,
JOHNSON & SPAULDING,
Dealers in all kinds of FRESH MEATS, and
puckers of Reef and Pork. Tho highest price
paid for all kmd3 of fat stock. j-fctf
TT7-ATCIIES AND CLOCKS cleaned and re
? t puiruu in 1110 uest manner, at rooms
Jnnder's Restaurant. s2