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W , . .
I. IKEI.AXI.... . Editor
...August 19, 1S73
IXIVKESSIOXS OF ASTORIA.
'One of the benefits arising from the
numerous visitors at Astoriaand- the
Seaside from other parts of the coun
try during the "Watering Season, is
the usually good opinion and favora
ble conclusions formed respecting the
place and its people. A friend who
has been here for a month contributes
the following for publicatien:
" Familiarity with scenes of rare
beauty inevitably accustoms the eye
to their claims for admiration and
doubtless the citizens of Astoria do
not look upon their city and its sur
roundings with the same spirit with
which a stranger's eye would view
them. To one who sees this city and
its surroundings for the first time,and
who looks down from its elevation up
on the magnificent panorama which
is spread before him, the Columbia
river and broad bay outstretching far
and wide until lost in. silent bufc ex
.pressive grandeur of Xhd Pacific; the
lofty hills hemming in the bay; the
busy little city on its banks; the
myriad craft that fill the great river
which rolls on beneath." his feet; to
one like myself beholding these for
the first time, there can be but one
sentiment that of delighted awe.
Such, at all events, were the sen
sations that completely assumed pos
session of myself, as I stood upon the
summit of the hill hack of the city
and looked upon the scenes beneath.'
"Of the pleasant little city of As
toria itself I feel to speak none hut
words of praise. There is manifest
among its few but public spirited peo
ple, the presence of an energy before
which imrjediirients are melted, and
obstacles removed from out the path
way of progress and. reform. The
high elevation of the city itself is
typical or the excelsior srjirit of its
people, who seemingly look eagerly
for impossibilities in order that they
may achieve the glory of overcoming
them. "What is to prevent such peo
Xle from the attainment of the objects
upon which they may have set their
hearts? Having the natural resources
and everything else favorable to, the
building trp.of a handsome commer
cial city,, obstacles in the way may as
well at once emulate Captain" Scott's
coon, and come down,' for it must
and will be done."
A writer in the Register defines
some of the objects of tho Farmers'
Granges as follews: "Object 1st.
The ennoblement of labor and the
fraternity of the producing classes.
2d. Mutual instruction and the
lightening of labor by diffusing a bet
ter knowledge of the aims of labor.
.Od. Social culture. 4th. Mutual. re
lief in sickness and adversity. 5th.
Prevention of cruelty to animals.
Oth. Prevention of litigation. 7th.
Bringing more nearly together the
producer and consumer. 8th. The
overthrow of the credit system. 9th.
Building ui and fostering our home
indrustricsN 10th. Mutual xn;otcctiori
of husbandmen against sharpers and
The 2s cw York .Bulletin dwells on
-the various legislative devices to dis
tribute taxes in such a way that every
man.shall pay his exact share. These
devices, as a rule, have met but small
success. Legislative tinkering -does
not always deal with the matter in
t clligently. No one needs J;o be in
formed that the imposition of a tax
increases the price of every article
sold; and this increase is in propor
tion to the frequency of the sales,
while at the same time it takes effect
on every one in ratio of the extent
of his consumption. Thus by a pro
cess natural and inevitable, every
person 'in the community must and
does pay a portion of every tax; and
the simple and easy methods of na
ture effect a far wicler and more precise-distribution
than legislative en
actment and administrative inquisi
tion tare able to achieve.
The "balloon project ?rof. JJiaQj
ths aeronaut, has gonep,uttt)iejjftlloon
MINORITY REPRESENT ATIOX.
Hon. S. F. Hunt, president of the '
Oliio Constitutional Convention, and
was chosen chairman of the Demo-
j ".Minority Representation," incorpo
rated into tlie new constitution of Illi
nois. Our attention was attracted to
a correspondence between him and
lion. Joseph Medill about a month
ago. The object of this system, as
the reader is probably aware, is to
give the minority a representation in
the Legislature and in the Judiciary,
and thus restrain the majority, in
some degree, at least, from making a
tyrannical use of their power. In a
county, for example, where three rep
resentatives are to be elected to the
legislature, the minority can, if they
choose to do so, nominate but one
candidate and cast for him as many
votes as they would have been en
titled to cast'for three candidates, the
provision of minority representation
permitting them to give a triple vote
for the one candidate. If the provis
ion will enable the minority to obtain
a respectable representation in the
legislature and in other bodies, which
they could not have otherwise, it is a,
wholesome one; for however intelli
gent and patriotic a majority may be
in the beginning of its existence, its
tendency is to lapse into partisan ty
ranny and excesses of all kinds. Po
litical adventurers, who care for the
spoils only, and ambitious men, who
love place more than principle, will
soon push the upright and, conscien
tious men of ideas to the rear and
push themselves to the front. Hence
wise and salutary legislation defends
very largely upon the restraining
vigilance of a good minority, and, if
any scheme can be devised to keep a
vigorous opposition party in every
legislative branch in the country,
beneficial results will followr its adopt
ion. To the question as to whether
the system of minority representation
was giving satisfaction in Illinois,
where it had been recently adopted,
Mr. Medill unhesitatingly answered
in the affirmative. He says that it
proves in practice to be just what was
promised and predicted in its behalf.
The experiment is conceded to be.
quite successful, and is regarded' as a
great improvement on the old one
sided system of representation. It
is far more popular now than it wns
a year ago, before the first election
under it. Then there were doubts as
to its practicability. Its opponents
said the people would not be able to
comprehend it, and that confusion
would result at the polls, that bad
men would slip into the legislature
by its means, that it would enable
the minority to rule the majority, and
that the interests of the people would
be harmed or sacrificed.
Not one of these prognostications of
evil has come to pass. The voters
understand the new system without
difficulty or much explanation, and
discovered nothing abstruse or in
comprehensible in it.
Mr. Medill further states that the
"whole mass of the people are now
represented in the popular branch,
instead of a mere majority as for
merly. Every voter whether a Demo
crat or Republican, has now the
man of his choice in the Assembly to
represent him. Neither party is now
unrepresented 'in any district. The
minority is no longer practically dis
franchised, as was previously the case.
The vote of the majority is not im
paired or disturbed. The stronger
party at the polls have control of the
House, but the weaker one is repre
sented in proportion "to its strength.
The unjust monopoly of representa
tion is broken. -Every Democratic
district elected two Democrats and
one Republican, and every Republi
can district two Republicans and one
Democrat to the House. The excep
tion to this rule only occurred when a
candidate of the stronger party wTas
unpopular, or that of the weaker,
party the fitter man to such a degree
as to constrain enough of his oppo
nents to vote for him to elect him.
No party advantage was gained from
these exceptional cases, because they
were as numerous on one side as the
other gainer and loser balancing
each other."" Mr. M. mentions a fact
which speaks well for the system
of "minority representation,'" which
is that the "minority members" were
the ablest men.' Several of the strong
est and most influential members of
the Assembly were elected by the
"plumping" vote of the minority
showing that the minority, as a rule,
were more careful and conscientious
in selecting representatives than the
majority. This fact is so patent that
the enemies of the system admit it in
the present instance. Mr. Medill
concludes that minority representa
tion in Illinois has been demonstra
ted to be an actual reform, an im
provement in the science of popular
government, and the people are
pleased with the operation of the ex
periment. The vehemence with -which some
of the leading Administration jour
nals in Illinois attack the system,
would indicate that it is an "unpleas
ant check upon the rampant major
ity, which is prima facia testimony
that it is doing some sood.
. cratic State Convention, at Columbus ( For fereheads: men say "crowns,&andbO
'last week, not long since was very we are crowned. , u m
active in iiuvucuiiuj; i" "um v..
JjL . 1 ...i..r. l-v cti ?-- nt
" Get leave to work
ntlf rlcl His the Le,t you can get at all ,
For God, in curing, gives us better gifts
Than man in "benediction. God says, bweat
Av! cached bv tome tormentinc circlet of
.fcteel, .. , .
"Which snaps with a secret spring.
' ' ' Get work! Get work !
'Tis even better than what you work to
,- getv . . . Mrs. Browning. -
A SPECIAL MEETING OF THE COM
jnon Council will be hold in tho Council
room, this (TUESDAY) evening, tho l'Jth, at
7 o'clock, liy order of tho Mayor.
aulO It Recorder.
GEORGK II. DURHAM.
H. Y. THOMPSON.
DURHAM & THOMPSON,
Attorneys at Law, Poktland.
Office 109 First Street, opposite Occidental
OR REMOVING THE DIRT IN FRONT
of flin lnis rf Ano.nh Knmm. sitnntnri in
Shivcly's Astoria, opposito tho rosidonco of
ucorgo . w arren,
Will he received by the undersigned until
noon (12 o'clock), Friday, Aug 22d.
For furthor particulars inquire of
FARM FOR SALE.
ACRES GOOD FARMING LAND
on Klnskanino Crook is offorcd for
sale very cheap for cash. The location is fine:
One and a half miles from the Lower
Landing on the Military Road, and
on the Railroad Survey.
A first class location for a Hotel, Summer
Resort, or -Dairy Ranch.
Forty acres of this ground borders on Klas
kaninc creek. There is an orchard of 300 trees
on tho place. A bargain is offore'd.' For par
ticulars mquiro of. 1. C. llUOiAiND,.
UNG LEE OF ASTORIA WILL PAX A
rowar& of Thirty Dollars
To. any person who will Recover the Body
of Charley, the Chinese Cook,
Who was drowned from tho stoamboat Mary
Bell, near Tonguo Point, above Astoria, on
Saturday, August 10th, 1873, while in tho act
of dipping a feucket of water. Tho probability
is that the- body will drift out to sea and bo
thrown upon tho boach oither at Clatsop, or to
tho north of tho Cape. Dolivor to Hung Leo's
Wash house. Astoria. aul0lm
Fishel & Roberts,
Corner Pirtt and "Washington Streets,
THE BEST- VAL TIE t '
FOB THE LEAST MONEY,
R. C. JANIOX.
JAXIOX, RITODKS k CO.,
Victoria, 13. C.
Janion & Uliocles,
Importers and Commission Merchants
Front Stroot, Portland.
Lloyd's Agents for Oregon
THE PIONEER ENGLISH HOUSE IX
the city, and tho founders of a direct lino
of Clipper Ships betwoon Liverpool and Port
land, olFer for salo tho largest assortment of
TAppointcd Agents for J & E T6n
nent's Celebrated brand of Ale and Stout;
"Wm Younger & Co's Celebrated Edin
burg'alc; Gilroy'Brothers & Co.'s Dundee
Gram Sacks, "Wool Sacks and Burlaps,
fi& Sole Agents for Blood, "Wolfe &
Co's Celebrated brand of ale and Stout;
Ind, Coope & Co.'s Celebrated Burton
ale; "Wm McEwan's Celebrated Edinburg
ale; "Worthington's Liverpool Salt; Hock
in, "Wilson cs Co's Celebrated London
Pickles and Sauces; J & JArmistead's
Celebated Durham IVIuttard; J&HD
Grimond's Celebrated Dundee Hemp Mat
ting and Carpeting; George Curling & Cos
unrated ana urugsjiiimviiie's lrisii w ms
ky; Stewart's Scotch "Whisky; Hill, Evan:
& Coa English Malt Vinegar; Noble's &
Hoare's London Varnish?
& Co-i Celebrated Steam Plows.
FC. CARR IS HAPPY TO INFORM HIS
i old friends and customers, and all others
who wish to patronise him, that he has
Resumed Business -
At tite Old Stand,
And is again prepared to .o all kinds of Black
smith work, from making an'Anchor FJuo,to
a Plow Shear. Main street, Astoria. aulfl
Badger's Music Store
Sole Agency for the
Iiondinar Instruments of the World
HALLETT, DAVIS & CO.'S
POWERFULLY CONSTRUCTED. Highly
finished and elegantly designed. Acknowl
edged by tho greatest living J ianists Liszt,
Rubonstoin and Loutner to bo the most ro
markablo Pianos in oxistance for Power,
Sweotncss, Durability, Brilliancy and Perfec
tion of Touch
GEOEGE WOOD'S & CO.'S
Tho most important invention of the day ca
pable of producing immense power, as well as
every shade of delicate musical expression.
C3J" Call and examino beforo purchasing.
W. K., BADGER, .
No. 113 Third Stroet, (noar the Postoffice),
Established Twenty-two Years
S. J. McCormick,
Franklin Book Store!
BOOKSELLER AND STATIONER,
19 First Street, Portland, Oregon.
Constantly on Hand, a full Stodk of
STsUSTDAKD SCHOOL BOOKS,
And Staple Stationery,
, J. Kraemer & Co.,
Importers of and
"Wholesale Dealers in
BOOTS AND SHOES,
47 Front Street, Portland, Oregon.
0FFEA- TO THE TRADE FULL LINES
of MensVBoys', and Youths' French Calf
and Kip Boots; Ladies', Misses and Childrons
Shoes of all grades, and also a full lino . of
Slipper?. aul4 tf
St. HELENS HALL,
Bisli Scott tamar School,
"Will Ro-opcn in Portland, on
MONDAY1, SEPTEMBER 1st, 1873.
Sleeve Button Lost
Tho finder of a gold (Bolivia) cosn SLEEVE
BUTTON, with two fastenings for tho Slcove,
marked with the initials ' S. N. A.," will re
ceivo a reward of 10 for it on pvosentation to
tho undersigned. S. N. A KR1UONI,
auo tf Occident Hotel.
Dissolution of Co-Partnership.
OT1CE IS HEREBY (SIVET THAT THE
Co-L'artnershin horetoforo oxishnjr be
tween Donaldson it Reed, in tho Market busi
ness, has been dissolved, and tho undersigned
having purchased the interest of A J. Donald
son therein, will continuo tho busiaes3 as he
faro at tho old stand on Main street All
debts due the firm will be paid to me, and vice
versa. HUES YJLLLE REED.
Astoria, August lt 187.J, nul5-4w
OR SALE POUR PAIRS OF
BST Fowls four months old, full blooded, and
of the Boylo Strain 1") 00 jicr pair.
Address, THOMAS L. BlRxVlE,
WASHINGTON WATER PIPE
laifactiiriii ail. later Co,
OF OLYMPIA, W. T.
JTE RE PREPARED TO MANUFACTURE
WATER OR GAS PIPE,
TWO, FOUR and SIX INCH BORE, at tho
shortest notico, cither in tho rough, with tho
bark on tho Pipo. or banded and coated with
Asphal turn and Coal Tar, so as to stand any
Pressure required for AV atcr works. The Pipo
is ivarrontcd to givo satisfaction, Orders are
solicted, and will bo filled at the shortest
For li?t of prieos, apply to tie undersigned.
.'. D, AOWE, Secretary.
Oscar Kil bourn,
ATJCTIOy EElt-Qfii co 40 Hrst it., Portland.
A. B. SIOHARDSOK. S. I. N OILMAN.
, .- A. B. Richardson
AUCTl XEER-Corner of Front and Oak sL.,
1 ortland, Oregon. Auction Sales of Ileal
Jy-tato, Groceries, General Merchandise and
Morses. fcalos-A ednosday and Satiirdaj-.
BST Largo, assortment of GrocerioISinbors,
etc., at Private bale. Liberal advances niado
on consignments. A.U. lUqHAHDOX
Charles S. Wright,
AUCTIONEER;-Cor of Main and Chonamua
Streots, Astoria. Goons received on consign
ment and sold to tho highest bidder.
;a t Ml
0. P. XASON,
ATTO'RNEY AT LA"Yf
PORTLAND, OREGON, hi
fiS" Land Cases and Titlos a spocialty.'SU
-. DR. S. W. DODD,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
ASTORIA, OREGON. 'J '
Dn. A. D. ELLIS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Offico on Stark Street, Portland, Oregon
WM. L. MrFAVATST. -
II. B. PARKER,- ;
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE,
3-" Always Ready for Bnsiness.,,'?fq
A. VAN DUSEN, , -
ATTORNEY' AT 'LAW7
, (Register' in Bankruptcy), -1 ! -c
Office In Holmes' Building, Portland.,
KRUMBIEN & GILBERT,- i
ARCHITECTS AND DRAUGHTSMEN, -INVENTOR'S
Creo's Building Portland, Oregon.
tfSTTho Best Counsel; tho Best DraiiKhe
men; the' Best Model Workmen, and be?t
Patent Agent at "Washington; the only folia bio
place to get your intentions yut through ia
short notice. v
WM. CHURCH &SON, Merchant Tuilors,
havo removed to tho OLD POSTOFFlCE
Room, opposito Odd Fellow's Temple, First si,"
Portland, Oregon "Call and select your Cloth.
ing for tho sea'son j3l tf
STEAMERS, STAGES AND SCOOPS
LVS.'&AIL and EXPRESS,
From Astoria to Clatsop Beach:-!
East HORSES! Good CARRIAGE V
EAVES ASTORIA EVERY TUESDAY
llrursuay and Saturday Mornings!. '
Arrivo Samo Mornings at thO''
OCEAN 'HOIJS'E, "'
And SEA SIDE HdlJSE.
RETURNING Leaves flioso nouses every
Monday, Wednesday' and Friday, connecting
with steamer to Portland each way.
3" Distance twenty-four miles, faro-.Sl 5A
II. B. PARKER, Proprietor
The Steam Tug Varuna
"Will loavo Astoria ovorv
A TUESDAY and SATURDAY
CAPE DISAPPOINTMENT, ,
Carrying Mails, Passengers and Freight.
ttX Other days of tho week sho will bcre-ady
to go anywhere that business may justify. Is
prepared to lighter cargoes, freight, hay; cattlo
and wood. J. 11. D. GRAY Agent, Astoria.
Oregon Steam Nav. Co
OTICE Boats of tho 0. S. 3
N. Company will lea vo As- Sifefcrn
toria as follows ; . - .n-n.-!.-
FOR PORTLAND, and intermediate points
Daily, every Morning (Sundays excoited
, at u o'clock. Returning, leave Pertland:
FOR ASTORIA, and intermediate points On
Daily, every Morning (Sundays excepted;,
at U o'clock. J. C. A1NS WO HTH , Pres
ONLY REGULAR PACKET BETWEEN
ASTORIA AND CLATSOP.
Carrying the U. S. Mail I
The well known sl?op r2f
L W POOLE ...J Master
Leaves Clatsop .every Monday, "Wednesday
and Friday, on arrival of Stages, conneecting;
at Astoiia with the steamer Dixie Thompson.
Returning, leaves Astoria every Tuesday,
Thursday and Saturday, connecting with.tho
Coaches for tho Beach. Extra trips made to
accommodato tho traveling public. .
FOR SKIPANON LANDING,
,N AND AFTER THIS DATE, UNTIL.
iurtlicr notice, the sido wheel steamer
; Mary Bell.
J. N. FISHER MASTER
Will leavo Astoria, daily,
On tho arrival of steamers from PortlaaiT car
rying PASSEN6EKS and BAGtfAGE to tho
Skipanon Landing, connecting with STAG1S
FOR THE SEASIDE HOUSE !
and all point" on Clateop Plains. Roturaisg-,
will leavo Skipanon-nmo e;ening. .
kfi"For freight or passage apply on board, or
to F. C. fcONDON,
Astoria, July 14th, 1S7S. Haver "frbarf: