Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
The Oregon Scout
UNION, OREGON, SATURDAY, JULY 4, 1885.
THE OREGON SCOUT.
An Independent weekly Journal, Issued every
JONES & CHANCEY,
Publishers and Proprietors.
A. K. Jones, J
j 11. Cuancev,
HATES OF yUHSCUIPTIOX:
One copy, ono yew
" " Six months
" ' Thrco months
Invariably cash In ndvanco
Kates of advertising mndo known on nppll
Correspondence from nil parts of the county
Address all communications tq A K.Jones,
Editor Oreirun s:out, Union, Or.
Giianii HuNnc Vai.lkv I.odoc. No. r.C. A. P.
nnd A. M. Miots on tho second nnd fourth
Saturdays of each month.
C. K. Davis, Secretary.
Union Eodok, No. :w, I. O. O. F. Kefrular
meetings on Friday evcnInpsof each week at
their hall lr Union. All brethren In good
standing aro invited to attend. Ily order of
tho lodge. S. IV. LONO, N. G.
G. A. Thompson. Secy.
, Chuhcii Divine servlco every Suuay
at 11 . m end 7 p
m end" p.m. Sundny school at J p.
in. Prayer meeting every Thursday cvcwug
at(S:S0. in:v. Anphkson, Pastor.
1'iiEnnvTKiiiAV Cutiitnii Serviecs mornt'une
andevniilnir on tho llr.t and ttoM S'tnid'a-ys of
each month. Sunday sclneo! every Su.miiiy at
ju a. in.
St. John's Episcopal Cui'itcw Sur-wve
everr Sunday at 1 1 o slack a. n
Hev. V. It. Powuli., Ii-ostos.
A. C Craig
a, i.. buuodurs
11. F. Wilson
Treasurer A. F. Hanson
School Superintendent I. L. Hlndman
SurvoytTT E. Pinonls
Coroner E. II. Lewis
Goo. Ackles Jno. Stnnlcv
State SauatOr L. 11. Hinehnrt
F. T,DIok E. E. Taylor
Witl'ot. I). n. Itees
S.A. Pursol W. D. Ile?(91eman
J. S. Elliott Q Willis Skiff
J. H. Eaton (J. A. Thompson
'ltccordor I. It. Iliomson
Jturslial J. A.Di'iinov
Treasurer J. 1). Carroll
Street-Commissioner.. . I.. Eaton
Departure of Truluw.
Ttegular cast bound trains leave t!i:U0n.
m. Wt-it bound trains leavo at 4:20 p. -m.
J. R. CRITES,
A1TOKM3V AT I.AM'.
Colleotlntiad probato practieo specialties.
Oflloo,two doors south of l'ostodlcv, t'nlon,
Attorney at Law and Notary Public.
Office, ono door feouth of J.
II. Eaton's store.,
I. U. CROMWELL, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon
Office, ono door south ot J,
I). Eaton's tore,
J. W. SHELTON,
ATTOKXIIV AT LAW,
T. n. CRAWFORD,
ATTOKXEV AT I.AtV.
D. Y. K. DECKING,
Office, Main street, nextdoorto Jones riros.
Ilesldonco, Main street, sticond houso south
or court nouso.
Chronic diseases a specialty.
. i 111:1,1.,,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE,
Notary Public and Conveyancer. Office, II
Biruiu, u uuur vhi 01 juues uros. variety
J. M. CARROLL,
Notary FnWic and Collecting Agent.
Office on the creek, opposite Howland
Lloyd's furniture store, Union, Oregon.
II. F. BURLEIGH,
Attorney at I.iiav, lUml INliKc
uuil Collecting A(;eiit.
Land Ofllco Uusine-a a Specialty.
Office at Alder, Union Co., Oregon.
EOHQ Or THE PRISCEBS MAT.
Vora Perry in Outius for JIay.
March and April, go your way!
Yon have had your fitful day;
Wind and shower, and snow and
Mako wot walking far mv feet,
For I como unsandaled down
nut wliorevor i tio tread
There I leave a little thread
Of bright cmprr.ld, softly set
Liko a jewel lu tho wet;
And I mako the poarh buds turn
Piuk aud white, njtil thoi" burn
Hosy red withen their cells:
Then I sot tho bloomy bolls
Of this flowery alder niiginc,
Aud the applo ulosvams swinging
In a shower of rosy now,
As I come and as 1 go
On my gay and jocund way,
I, tho merry I'rmccsa Hay.
THE AITOMATIOX APFLB TOE
Whlto Slice Vetto lie tSiia ESSteel VSttsnmH
lrom TJn-a.eu an Aipiji'lo Csee vo IKr-e'V.eint wn
Zntpetvdins A-t-ta'Clc Viy U'Bilon Tuoap.S'
The K'e'al S.OHn'.cra'n'd GkeuiUfeaac'e'si of ttaa
Fivm Hte Sew T'M'k S''m.
At the Chiwig eoHxevd&m m 1&S0
Senatfi? Oonldlng bt-ga-w iha siooook
with wlvi'oii ho MOicniiiRt-aijl Geia. Grant
(or t-bo proswtency with a couplet which
was thwi befe-vocl to bo kis own com
If you ask usv.lifero ho hails from, this our solo
iresponso shall be,
Tliat ho huiis from Appomattox and its famous
This wns pronounced with tho drn
matic forco'of which tho speaker was
master, and brought about ono of the
most impressivo scenes over witnessed m
a political gathering. Tho allusion t
tho npplo tree rovived tho recollection
of the climax of Gen. Grant's career
Tho homely, nnd, in fact, wholly hypo
thotical incident by which Gen. Leo'i
surrender was 'typified, tho Appomat
itox applo 'treo, has gone into history
with tlioso othor dramatic symbols with
which peoplo opitomizo tho careers o
their heroes. "Wellington's "Ui
Guards, nnd at 'cm;" Shoridnn's""Win
Chester Twenty miles away," and Slier
mans "Marching through Georgia.
tho onlv war songs that survives, tell
for the peoplo tho story of success in a
breath. Asido from his laconic utter
ances, (jcu. uraut nail given tuo peo
plo no singlo dramatic incideiiu that
could bo seized upon to tell his story in
a word, until this apple-tree myth at
tho end of his military career. Tho dis
patch that set tho country on firo with
its simple announcement that Leo had
surrendered to Grant was followed by
another asserting that tho surrender
had been made under an applo tree, and
tho country mado for ltselt a picture o
tho two commanders beneath tho
branches of a blossoming applo tree.
tho one extending and tho othor receiv
ing a sword, and thus ending the great
est war of history.
When Gen. Grant was asked about
it- somo davs later he said: "There
was no apple tree." Hut tho soldiers
had selected ono, had hewn it into bits,
body, branohosj roots and all, and pro
cious relies they aro now, scattered
throughout tho country.
It was tho opportunity of tho writer
to mCi. two gentlemen on tho Appomat
il-i Held somo voars aero. who. as civil
ians, witnessed tho historic events that
took place thoro on April 1), lbGS, just
twenty years ago. They wcro probubly
tlio only civilians who wero eyo witness
es of those Boenes. Ono was Mr. Ji. u
Hix, the owner of tho Appomattox farm,
and tho -other Mr. G. T. Peers, tho
clerk oftho Appomattox county court
Tho Appomattox river threads a val
ley, very gontlv sloping. It is a small
and easily fordnblo stream. Half a
mile west of it, at tho placo whore a
level plain stretches westward, is tho
hamlot known as .Appomattox Court
Houso. Hero are .tho dingy brick
court house, a tavern, a country storo,
a wheelwright's shop, and a brick house,
tlien owned bv Maior AloLano.
Between bis hamlet and tho Appomat
tor river is tho houso of Atr. Peers. On
tue easterly siopo leading to tne river
aro fields, and ono of tliem a seven-ncro
lot, had at tho time of tho surrender a
shed on it near tho road. In this lot
was an apple orchard. The Richmond
and Lynchburg turnpike road ran
through the village, and a bridge over
tho Annomattox river was about a
stone's throw distant from the entranco
to tho applo orchard. On tho morning
of April a, 105, the moin body of Lee s
army appeared on tho Richmond road,
about a mile east of the Apiomattox
bridge It went into camp there, and
the cavalry and skirmishers wero thrown
rapidly forward through tho villago to
ward the depot on the Petersburg aud
Lynchburg railway, four miles to tho
west, 'lhoy wero feeling for bheridan s
advanco forces, and they found them.
Tho night before, Sheridan, with Cus
ter's cavalrv ahead, hail reached tho do-
pot, and during the night a largo body
of infantry had como up. Sheridan
knew that ho had headed oll'Leo's army,
and sent out his cavalry to lind it. Tho
skirmishers met on tho Lynchburg road,
about a mile west of Appomattax Court
house, and a very brisk shirmish folio -ed.
Lee's forces withdrew, as did Sheri
dan's, and Leo was informed that tho
Union troops wero ahead of him and
commanded tho Lynchburg road. The
confederate geueral's last slim hope
wos gone. Ho could not reach Lynch
burg, and ho knew, though his army
did not at that Une, that in a few hours
all would bo over. Gen. Leo had nl-l
ready boon in correspondence with
Grant relative to surrender, nnd when
he found that Sheridan had cut him off!
ho determined to surrender there nt
Appomattox. Tho confederate pickets
wero thrown out on the west side of Ap
pomattox creek, crossing the road di-;
rectly opposite Mr. Peers' house'
Through somo misunderstanding on tho'
morning of the S)th of April Custer's!
cavalry and Gen. Chamberlain's bri-'
gado advanced toward Appomattox vil-!
lago to mako an attack, though it was
not tho intention of Gen. Grant or of
Gen. Leo that there should bo any
fighting that day. Gen. Grant)
having ridden pretty much all!
night had arrived before morn-t
ing of tho SHh, and had mado his head-'
quarters in a grovo of pines just oil tho
Lynchburg road about a mile west of I
Appomattox. Court House. Tho spot;
w now th site of a mgro hnt.
G-om. Loo, wkostt howikiwaHws wore
about a kmW n-Rml . n kalf cot oil tke
I!.wi!ii!i(.ond awl Ly noli burg road, wstr-'
pvised tli-a-t lig-ktaMg wits being forced'
by tli" Uniwi broops om h'm left, decided
to quit his tout and rtda to tho front.
Ho believed that Custer and Chamber
lain must faavo been misinformed about
Gam. Grunt's purposes, or had failed to
receive orders suspending fighting.
Gen. Leo was dressed in tho uniform of
a confederate colonel, and calling his
stall' ho mounted his iron gray horso
and rodo slowly forward down tho
slope, toward tho Appotomax river.
Ho turned into the applo orchard, prob
ably thinking that tho shed thoro ofl'er
ed shelter for tho horses, and becauso
from that field a good view could bo ob
tained of the entire country. Dis
mounting, ho with his stair, gathered
under an apple treo, whilo tho
horses wero led to tho shed.
Gen. Leo swept tho country
with his field glass for a moment,
and then ho sat down on an improvised
seat mado from fenco rails by ono of
his orderlies. Hero ho saw Gen. Cham
berlain's brigado coming through tho
woods ready to attack his advance.
Ho at once porciovod that thoro would
bo raoro bloodshed unless something
was done, and gave a hasty order to
ono of his aids. That oilicor, with n
pieco of linen, either a towel or a hand
kerchief, fastened to a sticlc, advanced
at once to meet Gen. Chamberlain.
Thus from under that treo wont tho
whito token of surrender, and Cham
berlain's men supposed that thero tho
surrender was made.
All hostilities at once ceased, and in
a few moments tho federal pickets were
advanced boyond tho court houso, and
tho confederate pickets wero witbdrawu
nearer tho Appomattox. Thus tho
houso of Mr. Poors stood on noutral
ground between tho two picket lines.
Soon after n federal oilicor passed
through lioth lines of 7)ickets. It was
Gen. Uabcoek bearing a messago for
Gen. Leo from Gen. Grant arrang
ing for a preliminary meeting. It was
arranged that tho two comandors should
meet within tho lines within an hour.
t tho end of that timo a number of
Union oflicors passed through tho feder
al picket lino and rodo slowly toward
tho siopo that stretches down to tho
Aimomnttox river. In tho highway,
just opposito Mr. Peers' houso, tho mud
was very deep, and tho Union officers
turned into tho vacant Held adjoining to
avoid it. Mr. Poors saw ono man,
dressed in n rathor shabby bluo uni
form, and wearing a felt hat, rido a lit
tles ahead of tho rost and then rein in
his horso nearlv under a locust treo.
which was tho only tree in tho lot.
This was Grant. Looking down the
hill Mr. Poors saw Gen. Leo riding
slowly up. Ho knew tho confederate
general but did not know Grant. Gen.
Lee face was partially hidden by a
gray lelt hat. When within hailing
distance of the I nion commander.
Geo. Leo's stall" felt back, and Lee
slowly rodo forward to moot his con
queror. Lach saluted at tho samo mo
mcnt and then began a short conversa
tion. They appeared to Air. l'cors as
men who had met by chance and wero
discussing somo trivial matter. In loss
than ten minutes they saluted, turned.
and each went lus own way.
It is now known that at that conversa
tion tho two generals agreed to meet an
hour or two later and sign the articles
of capitulation. Gen. Leo rodo to his
headquarters and drewed himsolf in
his best uniform, and after a hasty
innch, started with his stall for Ap
pomattox village. On his way thero
ho met near tho court lioiuso Major Mc
Lane, whom ho know personally.
Reining in his horsa, ho asked Major
JIcLano if he could tell him whero lie
could find a room with a table to write
on, and Major iusljano at oiico led the
goneral to his own house. Word was
sent to Gen. Grant that Major McLano
had offered his parlor for their con
venience, and in a fow moments Gen.
Grant arrived. Ho had no sword and
seeing Leo in his finett apparel, sword
and all, Gen. Grant at once explained
the seeming discourtesy of appearing in
rough clothes by saying that ho had ar
rived ahead of his effects, and had no
other clothes with him.
After tho articles of capitulation were
signed, and Gen. Leo had beon visibly
touched by Gen. Grnnt H consideration
for tho confederate soldiers, especially
by Grant's suggestion that tho soldiors
should keep their horses for they would
need them for their spring ploughing,
ho saluted Gen. Grant, quitted the
house, mounted his horso, and rode
away. uen. urant rodo leisurely and
without apparent emotion ouck to his
icadquarters, gavo a fov necessary or
ders, and then started for "Washington,
eavmg the Held forever.
boon thero wont up tremenduous
olieers nil along tho Union lino, nnd
blazing fires wero kindled that wero
kept burning all night, for tho men
knew that they had fought their last
battle and had won. Xoxt morning
Gen. Leo had his army drawn up, and
standing uudor an old poplar tree,
read his short, sad farewell to his men,
and then mounting his horso loft them
Tho federal soldiers got word from
Chamberlain's advance that Leo had
surrendered under an applo treo, and
thev wero shown tho treo under which
Leo sat when ho sent out his Hag of
truco. In an hour not n.traco of it was
left. Even tho roots auft tondNls wero
dug up, and a great hole was left thoro
whero thoy had dug, tho marks of which
aro scon to this day.
Robert Bonner and His Su ffG.es s,
K. Y. letter in Galveston Jfuvs.
Sir. 'Robert ISoukkm is m& mohfcgt njs
vxack noise in the world nu le was $
or fifteen yars n-g-o, when lo w?m push
ing his story paper iia every postsibi
manner. Ho has become very rich, and
may be pardoned if ho slackens some
what from tho very rapid business pace
at which ho for so many years lived.
Thoro aro plenty of printers in Now
York who set typo with Mr. Ronnor on
tho old Now York Tribuno, and somo
of them told Mr. Ronner that ho was
making a grave error when ho threw
up a good situation to embark upon
an uncertain enterprise. Yet theso
men are sotting typo yet, and Mr. Ron
ner i(i worth well on toward S.r),000,000.
His scheme was a good ono, and it paid
from almost tho very start. It succeed
ed more through tho business tact of
its proprietor than in consequence of
great excellence in tho publication itself,
although Mr. Homier spent money for
good matter with great liberality, just
as soon as ho got tho money to spend.
His advertising methods wero now at
that timo, and onco under headway tho
business grow with great rapidity. Mr.
Ilonner still goes to his desk every day
and looks with tho same caro after a
thousand details, but hois also taking a
deal of enjoyment out of everyday life.
Ho is a very benevolent man, and ho is
constantly helping persons whom ho
knows to bo deserving. Ho delights in
nothing ns much as his horses, "howev
er, nnd ho does not lot a pleasant day
pass without going out for a whirl
through tho park and up tho road, as
tho drive above Oontral Park is called.
Ho is very much of n student, ami he
enjoys his homo and books almost an
well as his drives and his horses.
Honner lent to Charles A. Dona tho
monoy that enabled Mr. Dana to pur
chaso his share of tho stock in tho Sun
and the two have beon tho best of
friends over sinco. After tho Sun had
been going under tho now management
for a timo and boforu any dividends had
been paid., Amos Cummings, then tho
Sun's managing editor, wont to llonnor,
nnd said: "Seo hero, Robbort, horo is
tho Sun going to bo a big paying oon
corn, nnd I havo no stock in it. "Why
can't yon buy mo some, and lot mo pay
you for it when I can?" Cummings
nnd Bonner had set typo in tho samo
alloy in tho Tribuno ollico, nnd Bonner
liked him. Ho told Cummings that
ho would lend him enough to buy
ten shares, but as thoy wero selling at
$(300, Cummings did not caro to as
sunio so much, and thoy final
ly agreed on llvo shares. "When
it came to tho transfer of tho
monoy, Cummings began to talk about
borrowing monoy on tho shares and
making part paymont to Bonner, but
tho latter simply said : "No, 1 will lock
them ui) in my safe, and you may pay
mo for them out of tho dividends thov
earn." In three yoars thoy had paid for
themsolves, and Cummings took them
under his wing. In three yoars moro
thoy wero worth $5,000 a share. Bon
ner has helped a scoro of newspaper
men in a similar manner. Ho is liked
by tho printers, nnd is adored by tho
members of Dr. John Hall's church,
wiui wnom no worsnips. ins paper is
yet very prosperous, and iu ten years
moro ait. uonnor will he worth $10,
Germany's Strongest Man.
There was a wrestling match in Now
York recently between Prof. Win.
Heuller, a well-known scientific wrest
lor, and Carl Abs, champion wrestler
of Germany, who arrived a fow days
ago. Abs stands six feet, weighs 230
pounds, and is J13 years old. Hooflor is
an inch and a half shorter, weighs 100
pounds, and is 28 years old. Abs had
the reputation of boing tho strongest
man in Germany. Ho had thrown tho
host wrestlers, lifted 2.'30 pounds with
ono hand, and carried 1,500 pounds up
stairs to harness. Tho match was Gno
co Roman, tho best two in thrco. Insido
of two minutes from tho first grip Abs
lifted Iheilor in tho air twice in suc
cession as though ho was a schoolboy.
In anotlior minuto Abs dropped his
man on the stago and rolled on him
and pressed his shouldors and hips to
tiio mattress, and tho fall wan awarded
to Abs, Tho second bout showod tho
great superiority ol Abs, and in five
in mutes ho had his opponent flat on his
bacic, and was awarded tho second fall
and match. It is said Abs is tho most
poworful wrostlor overseen in America.
Plenty of sportsmen stood ready to
back him for any amount against any
comer. A challenge from tho stago for
a match for $500 or $1,000 was accepted
by Sorakichi, tho Jnpaneao wrestler.
A. CHlmpse of tho Texas Cowboy Kls Zlfo
on tho Drive, In tho C.unp nnd at tho
tho cowboys? Young
do. AVhen you have
I think I
worked with them, camped with thorn,
lived with thoin and been nmcng them
forty years on the drive, on tho plains,
and on nnd olV duty, you might say you
Tho speaker was a Texas cattleman,
and ho "Wis asked to describe a cowboy
by a Pittsburg Dispatch reporter.
"The Texas cowboy, ho continued,
"is tho most thoroughly misunderstood
man outside of tho localities whero ho
iw known, on tho face of tho earth. I
know him iu nil his nlleged terrors, and
an .i eliWJ tharanre no nobler-hearted or
1-KKMmibiit mm in tho world. Bravo to
iiwlniihw aead jreiwrous to a fault, if you
sffctMMld Ito thrown nsanig them you
would find thoni over ready to sharo
their last crust with you, or lio down
at night with you on the samo blanket.
"Why, young man, seo horo," aud
tho Texas man tivitched his chair
around until ho could put his feet upon
a window-sill. "Say that I havo 10,-
000 cattlo which I nm about to send
overland from Texas into Montana to
fatten for tho market. Thoso cattlo
will bo on tho drive from tho 1st of
April until tho middle of September.
Thoy aro divided into three herds, with
a dozen or sixteen men with each hord.
1 ontrust thoso cattlo in tho hnnds of a
gang of cowboys. For six months I
know absolutely nothing of my stock.
I trust their honesty to tho extent of
many thousands of "dollars without a
contract, without a bond, with no earth
ly hold upon them, legally or morally,
boyond tho fact that I am paying thorn
$05 or $10 a month to protect my in
terests. And theso nro tho men pict
ured in the East a. outcasts of civil
ization. I trust absolutely to thoir
judgniont in getting thoso cattlo through
a wild and unbroken country without
loss or injury. I trust as absolutely to
their bravery and enduranco in tho faco
"Danger! Yes, indeed. A man to
bo a cowboy must bo a bravo man.
For instaneo, we aro on a drive Theso
slab-sided, long-horned Texas cattlo aro
us wild as doers naturally, and being in
an unknown country aro as nervous
and timid as sheep. Tho slightest
noiso may startle thom into a stampedo.
Wo havo boon on tho drive nil day and
night is coming on. It is cold and rain
ing. Wo havo reached tho point whero
wo intend to roundup for tho night.
Tho men eominonco to rido around tho
drovo, singing, shouting and whistling
to oncourago tho animals by tho sounds
thoy nro familiar with and to drown
any noiso of an unusual character
which might provoke a stampedo
Bound and round tho enttlo thoy rido
until tho whole drove is traveling in a
CM ...!.. 41 1 1 ;..
thom still shouting and singing, until
finally the cattlo bocomo quiet, and af
rer a timo no down and eominonco
chowing their cuds with apparent con
tontmont. Still tho vigilance of tho men
cannot bo rolaxed. At least half of them
must continue riding nbout tho resting
hord all night. A stampedo of cattlo is
a torriblo thing to tho cowboys, nnd may
do urougnt on by tho most trivial causo
Tho slightest noiso of an unusual nature
tho barking of a coyote, tho snap of a
pistol, tho crackling of a twig will
bring somo wild-eyed stee to his foot
in terror. Another instant and tho
wholo drove aro panting and bellowing
in tho wildest foar. Thoy aro roady to
follow the lead of any animal that makes
a break. Then tho coolness nnd self-
possession of tho cowboy aro callod in
to play. They still continuo thoir wild
gallop around tho frightened drovo, on
deavoring to roassuro thom and get
them quiot onco moro. Alaybo thoy
will succeed after an hour or two, and
tho animals will again bo at rest. But
tho chancos aro that they cannot be qui
eted so easily. A break is mado in
Bomo direction. Horo comes tho horo
ism of tho cowboy. Thoso cattlo
aro as blind and unreasoning iu
their flight as a pair of run
away horses. Thoy know no dan
gor but from behind, nnd if thov did,
could not stop for tho surging sea of
maddened animals iu tho rear. A rooky
gorgo or deop cut canyon may causo tho
loss ot hall their numbor. Thoso in
the rear cannot see tho danger and tho
leadecs cannot stop for thoso behind,
and aro pushed on to thoir death. A
precipice mny Ho in thoir way, over
whioh thoy plungo to destruction. It
mattors not to tho cowboy. If tho stam
pedo is 'mado tho captain of tho drovo
and his men rido until thoy head it, and
then endeavor to turn tho animals in a
circlo onco moro.
"A holo in tho ground, which catches
a liorso's foot, a stumblo. and tho hoofs
of 51,000 cattlo havo trampled tho som
bianco of humanity from him. Ho
knows this. A gulch or corno lios in
their path. Thoro is no escaninir it.
Thoro is no turning to tho riuht or the
loft, and in an instant horse and ridor
nro at tho bottom, buried under 1,000
cattlo. But what of it? It is onlv a
cowboy, and thoy como cheap. But
history records no instance of moro un
questioning performance of duty In tho
presence of dangor than thoso men un
dergo on overy drivo. Should the
stampedo bo stopped, there is no rest
for tho drivers that night, but tho ut
most viliganco is required to prevent a
rocurrenco of tho broukfrom the fright
ened cattlo. This may happen hun
dreds of times on a single drive.
"I remember one instance, whioh, ,
from tho friendship in which I held th&
victim, has mado n lasting impression,
on mo. Two brothers wcro togother
on tho drivo. Both mon had beon ed
ucated in an Eastern college, but for
somo reason had drifted to tho cattlo
plains of Texas and had bocomo cow
boys. Tho elder was tho captain of th
drivo. Sitting about tho camp-firo ons
eight tho younger was very down-hearted
about something and finally said:
'Charlie, let's throw up thi3 drivo. I
don't want to go, I feol that ono or the
othor of us will novcr go back. I am
ashamed of this, but I cannot shako it
off.' His brothor was impressed by fair
seriousness, but could only say:
'Gcorgo, hero nro 11,000 cattlo in my
charge I could not leave them if 1
know that I would bo killed to-morrow."
'A stampedo!' cried ono of tho men.
In an instant thoy wero all at their an
imals, saddles wero adjustod and away
thoy wont. Tho captain gained the
hoad of tho drivo and had succeeded ia
turning them a little when his horse
stumbled. In another instant horse
and ridor could hardly havo beon dis
tinguished from ono another. So yon
seo thero is somo responsibility upoa
"Theso wild cattlo away from homes
aro as variablo ns tho wiud, and when
frightened aro as irreBistiblo as an ava
lanche. Tho slightest thing stampedci
thom. For instaneo: Wo havo rounded
up tho drivo and tho cattle aro lyinjf
down. I am ono of tho mon dotailed ta
ride around them. Finding them all
quiet I get off my horso to light my
pipe. Reliovcd of my burden the
horso rests himsolf by a shake. The
wholo drovo aro on thoir foot in an in
stant, listening to discover from what,
quarter tho noiso camo. No ono caa
foreseo which way thoy will mako tlie
break, and only the utmost of self
possession and good judgment on the
part of tho men on duty will provent a
goneral stampedo. This is the class of
men cowboys aro mado of, and I never
know of many instances whero they
failed to do their duty."
Tho enthusiastic Toxan had now
warmed up to hisMubjoetj and when ask
ed "Whore aro tho cowboys recruit
ed from ?" replied :
"From all parts of tho world. Some,
from tho plains, whore their toys in in
fancy are tho miniaturo lariat nnd a
shotgun. Somo from Mexico witli
niany of their half-Indian characteristics,
and many from tho East. I know a
do.on college graduates who aro cow
boys, and havo become so infatuated
with tho lifo that I suppo30 thoy will
novel leavo it until tho final grand
"Thoro is another interesting poriod
in tho lifo of tho cowboy, and that is
tho spring round-up. In tho fall tim
cattlo stray away, aud in working tura.r
from the storms thoy somotimos get
away 100 miles or so. Each cattlo-own-er
has his own particular brand on hit
cattlo. Woll, tho ranchmen in soma
natural division of the country will or
ganize a grand round-up in the spring.
Tho cowboys will drivo the cattlo all
in togethor in ono big drove. Then the
captain of tho round-up will direct tho
owner of ranch A to 'out' out his cattle.
Ono of A's most experienced mon will
then rido into tho drivo until ho sight
nn animal with his brand on. Deftly ha
will drivo tho animal to tho ont
or edgo of tho hord, and then
with n quick dnsh runs tho beast oat
away from tho drovo, and it is taken ia
charge by others of A's ranchmen, while
tho cutter goes back after another. After
oomo fifteen or twenty minutes A's cat
tor will bo taken off and B's man given,
a chaueo. This will bo continued until
each ranch has its cattlo cutout. If any
cattlo nro found without a brand their
aro killed for tho uso of tho mon on tlm
round-up. This 'cutting' in a work re
quiring great skill and experience and"
frequently roquiro3 tho uso of tho lariiL
Oiton cattlo with a strango brand are
found. If any ono recognizes iha
brand, a ranchman living nearest thu
ownor takos charge of it and notifies th&
owuor. If no ono recognizes tho uracil
tho captain of tho round-up advertise
it, and if no owner is found, it is sold at
auction for tho bonoiit of tho Cattle
"Theso things will go to show there
ponsibilities resting pon thoso men.
Thoy havo to bo mon of integrity and re
liability, and thoir labors are such tiai
you can readily thoy cannot my
disviptacd. I will tell yoa
how they got tho reputatkm
for rooklossness. Wo will sap
poso theso men havo been on a drivo fee
six months and have finished and been
paid off. Then thoy aro just like oar
other body of mon, they go in for soaut
the strcots of some little town, shoot x
fow street lamps out or get into a saloon,
row. It is no moro than a band of col-
lego boys at Harvard, or CornolL oc
Princoton might do and frequently da.
but some imaginative corresponds!
immediately sends it to aax&
Eastern paper, whoro it conttt
out hcadod 'another cowboy oai
rago," and giving a wholly fictitiat
account of tho battlo between tho oci
laws and tho citizens. Now I know C
hundrods of cowboys who novor carry .
rovolvor, and if you should go araoag,
thom to-day your life and your pockoU
booK would bo as snio as it is in tw
city. Thov have strict ideas of lioxrr
and thoy stand upon their honor, Tby
aro off duty a lot of big-hearted, rettgik
boys, but thoy nro not outlaws or
casts. Thoy aro not the class of imb.
who rob trains or hold un neonle crow
ing tho plains, nnd 1 boliovo, that, tak
en for in all. tho American covbov wH
oomparo favorably in morals and rk
linoss with any similar number of
zens taken as a class,"