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The Path Through the Wood.
Wi n I wa:t kit! I driv tin- inw? to partuiti
An' I'd in ami tVtrh Vm home at night, and
think it int'y p!n :
but s-oiitcliuies. iirtcr ilutk come on. where the
black of" hemlocks t.ud.
I'd trot tocatlh:.t I wouM tly through the
iotiL'. lonr path through tl.e wood
Twuj a li.!if, loiijr utli through the
An" I loll Vft.it.
i iiai i km in-ii.
Through the louj:. lou? path through
.... t i .1.....
I would skip ulotiK' hy the ojeii tleld. uu' dunce
au scamper an' t-tnu.
An" whistle u I1.011 that j.-r-t kep' lime with the
toon the omiH'! runr:
An' Hilnnle 'ml W Itolmv mi frolic, an' bftipt
seen. s "a It t hex iitnliTMod
Uulll we-coine to tin- nldiM-ut thoSMvniiip.
the lone. lonr path IhP'iiv'h tl.e wood;
M : i!..-I.mji. Iuiik path through the
It wn .routtcd with hojltj
Ur litters and UioM-.
The long, 'on;.' path tl.miih tl.e uod.
Unl 'taint ou'.v o - tin t dine their cows, but
men in count r an i town.
The I travel a path thct i- thick ith tears. lonr
urtr the -tin irtH'b don n:
Fcrumifv a man lm tietnlilid and shook.
wheie the dai k Iil.uk hem ik- stood.
HttS t-hook at llic idito-t:-ot Iiimiu n dead days.
ill his lotnr. luif.' p th throinch the wood,
"Vt a lour . u.i $ path throti:h the
W Ith a ih w ot teats,
l'lom the ii.nc cone jt-ars.
Uli. the li.::-. !n path ll.roii:'h the
An' theiv ain't tu Let. n 1 nn cistati", hut
liius-l tin vol tl.e nth -yine ila .
Wen the I teMin sink- Im-i.jo the lolls, an' the
wt.rl" kh- aii-i pui :
Fci mo a!' if ii M o. tin iii-ni i- k hills. where
the lnj.' I sit s ha-lli-i- i i- !.
Alt' ale eha.- d t the tl.u-t-ot Hiiiilnii tears.
through she loiijr. loiif.- paid (..mupli the
Ah. I lie lotnr. Unit: path thioilKh the
'I'hiiaiL'ii the Kith of diead
Tltef all mil-' tread.
The lonr. loan path tlnonh the wood,
Ve. we all he to walk tiiioinrli th.- hemloek
path, through the path that Mtvteho Jar.
V en the r-liei co er dill k e-- n.tnes down on
tin- 'i.u'. .in i!.e midnight I..;- no .-Jut:
An" we Hsli mi tin- au til! dark alone as :trnj;
an' hra- nifti should
Uut theio's -cai on the onl won it comes
ihrotiv-li l lie 'oiijc. lonif path ihroiiidi the
Aii. tin lotip. lonjr path through the
An m :us thet uhl Ma
Till itsd In day.
Oil. the Iwny. lmic path through the
w o 1.
S. VV. loss In Yankee Hhnle.
THE CC:!00 WITH
Method- and Achievements lo
Wild of the African Jungle.
In the ewnings when we put in
ihore for the night to cut wood, my
ehief. Stanley, would often narr.it e
some of the stirring event- whieh oc
curred during his memorable expedi
tion to relieve Dr. Living-tone, or his
still more thrilling vox age through the
Dark Continent. I remember one par
ticular occasion u lien tin rising moon
threw long, silver ripples across the.
purple waters of the Congo, and the
s-ail evening airs fanned the sun tiller
ing patches of gra on the surround
ing hill- into flame, which cast in fan
taiie relief tin weird shapes of the
rocky uiilatuls and the wondrous va
riety o the tropical egetatiou.
Stanley. dre--ed in his campaigning ,
co-lume of brown jacket and knickcr- i
bockers. with his broad-crowned peak
cap pushed oil his forehead, seated on ;
a log. smoking his briar pip' bv the
e;mipMo iose ruddy glow fell oil
his sttuburi't features and lighted tip ;
the char.ieteri-tie lines of that manly ,
lace, hi - -tlreil with remitM-eotices I
of the gitiiious past, held tne -pell-bound
as I ii-letied to lib thrilling nar
rative of the attack in '77 on his enfoi '
bled but ever ivad little baud, by
those barbarous cannibals, the Hangala. '
How this eritable armada of war-
canoes bore don n upon his small craft;
how he ran the gauntlet of the-e in
trepid warrior- to the safe ranches lie- :
30ml through an atmosphere darkened j
1 . .1
llight .! 1
spears, ttiiiiniiig 1 . 1 mKi as tie
passed with a deaoiv hail Horn his
ritles. -Mr. Stanley was always busy
whether ashore or afloat. The top of
his little e.ibin in the after-pat t of the
En Aaul formed his table, ami I hac
no doubt a great deal of the interest
ing material which he embodied in
his book. "The Congo and the Found
ing of its Free State," wrs penned
on the cabin of the En Avant. Occa
sionally, he wonld leave oil" writing,
put down his pencil, and take a care
ful survey of the surroundings; some
times mi old crocodile, disturbed by
the paddle-wheels in his clumbers on a
sand-bank, would waddle down to the
water's edge and perhaps swimming
toward us. as if to get a close view of
the intruders, would oiler au inviting
-hot of which Mr. Stanley generally
We passed on, creeping rdowly up
stream, landing here and there to cut
dry -wood for fuel or obtain provisions
from the native villages which we
sighted on the river-bank--. Our re
ception by the natives was generally
friendly; but the large, thickry popu
lated villages of Holobo evinced a
keeu desire for war, and demonstrated
their aggressiveness by firing their old I
Hint-lock guns at our little fleet as it ;
passed. Stanley had previously made 1
a station here, and a white officer was I
at present in charge of it. The history
of this post had been an unhappy one. .
Only recently all the station-houses !
had been burned to the ground, and a
great rpiantity of stores" intended for
the new up-river stations, and other
valuable property destroyed. The
relation between tlm villjurno nni! sta
tion became very strainctf, and it was j
only after two weeks that Stanley's !
characteristic tact triumphed over the
suspicions of these natives and cou
tiuccd them of our friendly intentions
and also succeeded in making them
pay au iudemnity for their unprovoked
attack. Stanley having called Ibeka
and the other Bolobo chiefs to a friend
ly council, presents were exchanged,
and the natives promised in future to
maintain peace with the while men.
Our little llotilla again started up
stream. We were, however, delayed
a little on the way. in order that our
engineer might repair the damage
caused to the A. I. A. by an old hip
popotamus who had imagined this lit
tle ?teamer to be an enemy of his, and
had made four large holes through the
iron plates of her hull with his tusks
before his pugnacity was appeased.
Fortunately, the boat was close in
shore at the time, so they were able to j
get her to the banks before she lilled ;
Early in September, '$?,, the blue
siuokc eurling up over the tall trcc-
tops, amioiiui't'il lo us tliat we wnv
Hppro:ifIi'm; a native setlli'ttH'til. This
was Lukolela, atul itt the neighbor
hood of our Iamlitig-plact: I he new
station was to be built. A etowil of
natives was jrathereil ou the beach
awaiting our arrival, and as au.n as
Stanley lauded, a slave was sent
through the village to beat the old
chief's iron gong ami summon all the
head men to a palaver. E. J. ULwc.
in ist. Xicholas.
How a Chromo is Made.
We see tens of thousands of chromos.
i which are given away by every enlor
j prising business man. says the Nash
ville Junes, yet I venture the assertion
that very few know how they are pro
duced. To properly produce a chromo
the lithographer must be en rapport
with the artist. He must analyze the
picture, fully realize tl.e combinations
of colors, and the spirit of the work.
Having determined just how many
basic colors enter into the picture the
artist commences his work by prepar
ing a lithographic stone for each
separate color. The artist commences
his work by making a delicate and
elaborate ink-tracing of the picture;
not only its general outlines, but the
minuto" and intricate touches and
shades of color of which it is composed.
The tracing-paper is chemically pre
pared, so that the lines upon it can be
readily transferred to stone. A press
is emplo3'ed to transfer the impressions
on ihe paper to the stone, considerable
pressure being used. Thousands of
impressions can then bo taken from the
stone by simply running an ink-roller
The tracing thus transformed forms
what is known as the keystone. Sup
pose there are twenty colors in the
chromo. This number of impressions
is taken from the keystone and each
carefully dusted with red chalk. A
dim olTs'et of the entire tracing is then
pressed on each one of these stones.
The drawing then begins, and often
occupies many months. Each stono is
to be printed m a separate color, and
therefore must contain not only all that
is necessary of that color of the picture,
to the minutest detail, but all of the
compound colors, made by printing
one or more over others. A variety 01
graduations of color from its full
strength to the faintest tinting can be
produced on one stone, just as in using
1 an ordinar pencil or crayon on draw
ing paper." These various colors are.
of course, worked up in black by the
artist, ami it is the printer who applies
j the colors. The lines 011 each separate
; stone are etched with the wash of nitric
i acid anil gum arabic, and are ready for
The printer must be as skillful as the
artist in applying his colors, and must
fully realize the blending and e fleet of
! each color. As fast as each color is
j printed it is submitted to the artist,
! who has thus a progressive proof of the
It has been probably noticed that
lines cross each other on the margin of
; a chromo. These are the registering
i marks and enable the printer to place
' flii. eluinl 111 tlxi cuiin ridlfivo lwiillnii I
every time a new s'.'oie is used and a !
' new color applied. Th-?se lines ?irc
; urawu in tne original tracing and ap
pear ou eaclt stone.
w nen tne nrst color is printed very
, small holes are punctured in each sheet
at the intersection of the-e lines. Very
, line holes are also drilled in corn:
sponduig positions on each of the sub
sequent stones, and the holes in the
I paper are to correspond preei-ely with
.1. ....1...:.. .1. 1 .i.
(.lie iioics 111 me sioiic. ano 11111-. as
cacti auoiuonai color is pin .n a per-
1 ii-. . 1
lect register is secured ami earn color
. falls just where it belong-.
1 MM . ..... . . 1 . t
1 lie ne.i iiioces- 1- 10 niaue me
, chromo have a rough surface like an oi
I painting. A stone i- now prepare!
I which lias a rough siiitace. -miliar to
j cam as. The chromo is then laid upon
it ami pa-seil through a ore-- with
1 heavy pressure. When it com.-, forth
' it is au exact imitation ot the painting.
1 It is then variii-lied. ami tints oiihae
1 the chromo ready for the market.
ine worm is iracsica ly dependent
ou one uarr iulta aria for is- litho-
grannie stone, stone- n:ie Hi .-n loiitid
I raiice. England. Canada ami t lit
United State-, but none p.i-.,-- th
qualities til" the best German -tones.
Some lmgli-li Names.
Manv who have .-: niggled hopelessly
with the nrouunc iatiou of Eugli-h names
will be glad of this li-t, which deals
phonetically with a few of the im..t
Talbot is pronounced Tollnit.
Thames is pronounced Tcius.
Huliver is pronounced Puller.
Cow per is pronounced Cooper.
Holburu is pronounced Hohuti.
Wentyss is pronounced Weeins.
Knolloys is pronounced Knowles.
Cockbiirn is pronounced Cobtirn.
Protigham is pronounced Broom.
Norwich is pronounced Norridge
St. Lcger is pronounced Sillinger.
Hawarden is pronounced Harden.
Cohpihoun i- pronounced Cohoon.
Cirence-ter is pronounced Si--jter.
Grosvenor is pronounced Groveuor.
Salisbury is pronounced Sawl-burv.
Pcauchanip is pronounced lieecliaiii.
Maryiebone i- pronounced Marr.ibun.
Abergavenny i- pronounced Aher
genny. Majoribanks is pronounced M-ireh-
Molitighroke is pt uiioimceil Kulliug
brook. Cholmomllev i- pt'oiioin.ced Citniti
Japan n Civilized Country.
An English court ha ju.-i tieej.l, ,
that a wife married in Japan after l he
fashion of that country is a legal uife
in England. on the gro'und tiiat'" -.lai m
has long lieen recognized :ls a eiiih
eouutiy. " A previous decision j,, .,
ca.-c wlicrc the wife was a Hoiieuloi
and was n:arriel after the HoUculni
fashion nad ttp-el the union 01. the
ground that the Hottentots were lie i
thens en. I polygauiisi-. and did not
Know hat marriage, m the
A woman in San Franuiam: threw
her 1 1-year-old atep-?on at an ollicer
who had come to arrest her.
f Iiti rv (icorgc i no
.New ooiilli all--'.
King .Mem-lok of Ah; -iiiia has jn-t
married hi- ftri !ir-; . ife. No cards.
John D. !ici;cfc!lcr. w ho now has an
iucmiiv of .".'(.1 an imur. began life as
(Jen. Neal Dow has jus; entered his
:-7t.i c.ir in excellent mental ami
ph sical condition.
Wiliie Waldorf Astor proposes to give
-me bion.e doors to Trinity Church
al .t co.-t ot SlDUJlo:).
P. P. Shillnhei- (.Mrs. Partington; is
7o. .-il el'-haireil. golden-spectacled,
humane, ami altogether delightful.
Mi-- Kate Field -a s that her Wtttli
111 it :t is succeeding licxoml her ex
pectations. S!ae will itolghctip lectur
ing, how e or.
The Prince id" Wales was the lir.it
li rticcly personage consulted by Em
peror illiam when In determined to
Francisco Saiiche--. a Spanish bull
.ighter. is .-aid lo receive JslU.UUU for a
-ingle appearance in t lit bull-ring.
Ami In iloc-n't sing a note, either.
William Dai is is probably the heaii
est -e.io-llioi in tip' coiiniri. He is 13
old and wcig.is i'S7 pounds
-ic altfiid- school i:i lt.'iode Maud!
(iacrre tin great tenor, who died
recently, left an estate id .'JijUO.OOU.
Hi- night h .-alari for some time had
been $1.4iaml he lived very modestly?
Si. Lotii- h.i two wealthy colored
people. Mr-. Amanda l.ahadic nays
taxes 011 SKMi.OOO anil Alfred Wime.
caterer and confectioner, is worth7i.
Mr-. Henry Ward Pcccher is in
Florida. She is beginning to .-'low her
age. Though her hair is as white as
snow. Mrs. Meeciier"- activity is ipiile
Phicbf Ear! ("ihlious denies that the
Friend-arc tiling 0111. She says tlitt
there arc today "Jl.tioo Hiek-ile and
inii orth Friends, making HU.lM)
follower- of tieorge Fox.
The new (ifrmaii CiiaiicclIo.'.Geueril
Capriii. is an iuicterale Miio;erand a
modf rate drinker. He manifests a
marked preference for wine over beer,
which he louche- 1 cry rarely ami spar
Jacob P.upp of Piti-burg is certainly
one of the 1110-t eiiterpri-ing uoosc
meii of the dai. He made the
rope- with w hieii eigtiii-e.ght murderer-
were hanged within the last thirty
Prof. Ti udall has eivci. tl unsightly
screen-of pole- covered with dead heath
on his griumds to pre, cut -onit! people
who have built
gla-- ram:e of hi
ing Slim. 9
fliiuua- Si'tiiHMM D'-ntoii ha-
ed the w.'td manuprint." icrb.
1 noun, for work d.ote with a
1 1 pew rite 1
It i at 0111 mole accurate
liie tiiui 'iiiaiiii-cript" for
sttCll WO! i.
Prince Ferdinand, who now reign- in
Piiigaria. is known to haie iett the
Austrian army hecatt-c he was not bril
li.iiTt enough for the imict. He 'had
set 1 eil -e cral year- in ini'ciior grades
without aui chance of rising.
Dlldlel Fost.-r. who has been elected
f re.t-urcr ol Pillerica. M.i .. for the
forty-:ir.-t consecutive lime has not
mis-.-d a single town meeting since
awav back in the ' Kis. He is now in
his ol.-l 3 ear. hale and active.
Charles MeUohcrts and wife, who
lived near Northv ille. Pa., were born
Saturdav . married Saturday. celebrated
their golden wedding "a nni versa iy
Saturdav. look their la-t sicklies Satur
ami dietl la.-t Sal unlay. Suml-iy
in one grave.
Gen. Schcuek was popularly believed
to have published a book on poker
plaving. but his explanation was that
the book was publi-lied by a lad v whose
otiest he was w Idle Minister to London,
and for w hoin he had written out the
rules of the game al her request.
Lord Acton is considered the most
learned 111:111 in England. He is a
Koman Catholic, and in addition to his
barony has a baronetcy. His library
contains no less than 100.000 volumes,
all of which arc carefully selected and
number among them sonic rare book.
A dull English clergyman who re
cent 13- preached a very brilliant ser
mon on the text "Thou'shalt notsleal."
was charged with having stolen it.
He indignantly denied I his, asserting
that he had paid for it in cash at an
agency where lithographed sermons
Helen Allitighain. widow of William
Allinghaui, the poet and song writer,
has been the recipient of a great com
pliment. She is the first of her sex to
be elected a member of the English
I loyal Society of PaintWrs in Water
Colors. The society consists of forly
Frederick William Evans, who for
many years has been the Presiding
Elder ot the Shakers 111 America, lives
in rigid simplicity at New Lebanon, N
Y., on the estate of 4.000 acres which
the Shakers have owned since 1770. He
is S'2 years old. but is still vigorous in
body and mind.
rrime Minister C'rispi is a million
aire, though the poorest ainon revolu
tionary exiles thirty years ao. His
enemies aeeuse him of havimr yroun
wealthy at the exnense of the State
Treasury, and his friends sav lncL-v
speculations and shrewd investments
yielded him his fortune.
Miss Winnie Davis, "dauirhter of the
Uonfederaev,'' is reported to have met
her fate while visit inir i couple of
years ago in Syracuse. X. Y. Her en
gagement is said to be with Alfred
Wilkinson, who has spent the last siv
weeks in Europe, visitinga part of the
time with Miss Davis and her mother.
f, T, . ,
in- .11.-1 man j-.iii ii i'ss is lOI IUltllT '!
"League for the 1'reservation of (Jood
Habits" among rrussian ladies. The
members bind themselves to discour
age luxury in every form, both for
themselves and their" friends; to wear
fewer, more sitnple,and cheaper dresses,
and to practice rigid economy in their
M. do Freycinet, who has become for
the fourth time Premier of the French
in f T." . r
Republic, is a peculiar creature Ho
is small ami insignificant ph -ie.iliv.
and his countenance habitual. b. ar- a
furtive, sea red expression, which ha- led
to his being dubbed "the While .Moii-eM
His wife is a oieier. ambitious wi-mati,
whose aim in life is to become .Madame
Sir Peter Coat oi" Auchctidr.nie.S.ot
laud. figures prominently in one -jf
Charles Dickens' most popular novels.
For the two brother- Coats of "Pais
ley'' are known to have b.en the
originals of "Cheery bio P.rotli !--"" in
"Nicholas Nickh'iiy."1 Thei united
hu-inoss ami charit v in a rem trk-iVc
vav. ami they amassed l'orlti.i.-
rpiickly as they gave them aivai.
The Uev. Wax laud HoU hit.-oil' the
'pessimists b (idling of an imliiidual
named Stewart, who kepi the people of
his town in an extremely nerioiis con
dition by prophesying the end of tjte
world. One day au unbclieier a-kcil
of Mrs. Stewart, the prophet's w 'l'v if
she really believed the world wa coin
ing to an end on the date he named.
"Well. I don't know.1' sin replied. but
I do hope it will, for it will do Mr.
Stewart so much good."
fhe Hev. Dr. Parkhurst of New York
siys he knows a man, ami oilers to give
lis name whose lift: ambition it has
'been to amass a fortune of inaiiv mill-
ions. I'ntil hr had reached fhe go ti he
promisctl himself neither re.-t nor en
joyment nor benevolenci'. Eier pen
ny counted towards the grand total.
-Ik-few das ago he was appealed lo on
behalf of a most worthy object. He
gave just '2 cents. And
the expression of astonishment
L'outributiou from a millionaire could
not fail to bring forth he said: "You
don't know how it hurts me to ghu
i way that "Jo cents. I've nearly reached
my l went v-tnil lion-dollar mark.''
A Colorado Wonder.
The petrified forest at Florissant h
located in a green valley a mile ami a
half from the station, says the Color
do Springs Gazctlr. Everywhere along
the road may be found little chips of
wood, either dropped there by curiosity-hunters
or scattered from the re
mains of some stump in the immediate
After going up ami down through
several little valleys the mail descends
a rather steep grade to the valley
vhere the "forest'' is located. The
villcy is broader here than elsewhere,
ami here and there, scattered over
the bottom anil on the lower slopes
of the surrounding hills, ate Utile
mounds of white petrified chips
marking the spots where the tops
of the stumps reach the surface Only
one of the stumps has as yet been en
tirely uncovered and to this most of
tlii' visitors go first. It is on the edge
of a small grove of pine on the west
siile of the valley. Over it is a rough
scaffolding from which are suspended
I several saws, still deeply imbedded in
the stump. Several years ago w nen
the Midland was first opened some
one conceived the idea of transplant
ing the stump to Manitou. but it was
found that it could not pass through
the tunnels on the road. He then
commenced lo saw it into vertical
slabs, which he thought could be put
together afterward. The saws sunk
easily in the top of the stump for about
two feet, when they encountered haul
silica, to which the outside air had not
yet penetratatcd, and there they stuck.
The stump is about forty-live feet in
circumference and twelve feet high. Its
shape is perfect; the buttressed roots,
the knots, and the irregularities of the
bark are all there as distinct as those
on any of the pine trees close at hand.
The wood varies greatly. While all
of it shows distinctly the grain and pe
culiarities of pine wooil there are
some pieces which are as hard as flint
and white as marble, while others are
soft and almost like natural wood. Py
pulling oil' pieces of the petrilied wood
here and there are found little fibers
which the silica did not for sonic rea
son reach, but these crumble to dust
when touched. The tree has been
identified as belonging to the same
family as the giant trees of California.
Across the valley from the largo
stump is another one almo-t as pecu
liar. It is a large bluish black stone
which is made of thousands of pieces
petrified charcoal, conglomerated in a
solid mass. None of the pieces are
over an inch in length, and how they
became thus knit together is likely to
remain a geological mystery.
A Novel Idfe-Preservorv,
Human foresight is so often at fault
that it may bo considered true, as a
general rule, that men are not very
good judges of what is good for them.
What they take for a blessing frequent
ly proves to be a curse, and what is
pleasantcr to think of the very thing
which they dread as an evil turns
out to be a piece of genuine gootl for
tune. "My life was saved by having my
salary reduced." said a robust, middle
aged man, according to the Philadel
The remark naturally excited sur
prise. "Yes," continued the man, "that
was what saved me. 1 was assistant
bookkeeper for a wholesale house, and
was earning twelve huudrod dollars a
year. Something happened, no matter
what, and I was thrown out. I was
idlo for two months, and then went to
work for seven hundred and fifty dol-
"At that tune I was thin and weak,
and couldn't walk a mile to save a
dollar. At any rate, I thought 1
couldn't. But wheu my income was
so fearfully reduced. I found it ab
solutely necessary to economize, and
I did so by walking home from my
work, a distance of about live miles.
I' "'Siancc oi aiiout
' Tl 11 J111" "yjcilled
I Z",1 hlu to c,,Joy.d.
months 1 was walking
me at first.
summer and winter, unless during a
hard stolen, and look at me! 0?io hun
dred and eighty pounds, the appetite ot
an ostrich, and not a dnys sickness in
"You see, gentlemen, how it was that
the cutting down of my salaev saved
i . .
The oet is born, not made. Th&
.... r. t .i :.t
pOI'lCSS IS OOI ll ami mam ttiu.
Vppeal, ipiiting from
t e American llural Home a wish that
fanners would grow less wheat for ex
port because it is a plant that rapidly
exhausts the soil, indorses that state
ment anil says: "Wheat growing with
out manuring or a rotation of crops is
si vo-y bad system of farming, murder
ous to .fertility." This is a subject of
more importance to the boys who will be
farmers twenty vears hence than to the
present croppers of our fertile soil, but !
. m- 1 it
on the great California plains tl.e averag.'
product to the acre is already materially
lower than it was in the past. Small
farms, diversified products, rotation and
manuring are essential t. future pros
Two con nments of date palms are
011 the way from northern Africa to Cali
fornia. If they succeed here, and we as
yet know of no reason why they should
not, smother delicacy will thus be added
to the products of the golden state, and
it ii one of the most useful plants in the
If the report is true that tin; Atlantic
ami Pacific railroad company will have
a San 1-raneisctf terminus when the big
stockyards near San Francisco are com
pleted the San Joaquin valley farmers
have cause for rejoicing. With two
companies bidding for the transportation
of their wheat they will not see their
grain stand piled up by tho railroad
tracks waiting for cars till the fall nuns
come and ruin it as happened to many
in that valley and up the Sacramento
last year. But a surer safeguard against
such a misfortune will bo the fact that
much of the wheat land will be in fruit
and its product, dried or canned, will
seek tho market tit different periods of
the year, when cars will be available.
The great wheat llelds must in timo be
cut up and put into a variety of crops,
and then each acre will produce dollars
where it produces dimes now.
Tho importance wt thorough and deep
cultivation was never more fully demon
strated than in the experiments recently
made at the agricultural experiment
station at Tulare. Reference was recently
made to the fact reported in tho Tulare
Register that California spring wheat had
been grown there tit the rate of 7f3s
bushels to the acre on good land and
'i'.3 bushels on strongly alkaline land, j
The land on which these remarkable j
yields were secured was the pool est in !
the neighborhood. It was till level and j
had never been manured. Mr. Farrer j
states that it was grown on small 1
natehes. anil a whole tlehl fonM nut. 1 '
" - "
expectetl to come fully up to the llgures. f
but as it was grown on carefully
measured ground, accurately weighed
and carefully calculated, it demonstrates
that sufficiently thorough cultivation
would double the average yield to the
aero in the San Joaquin valley if not
more. ieep atul thorough pulverizing
of the soil gave the roots a chance to
reach and appropriate the nourishment
that lay there Ijkedjip f mm them when,
in years past, the same soli was slovenly
cultivated. At the ends of the rows of a
piece of corn or potatoes, euItivrWed by
horse, we often set quantities of earth
carried out by tho cultivator upon the
sward. Where a grass Held adjoins the
cultivated crop, in those localities where
grass grows perennially anil forms a
sod, tho grass upon which an inch of
loose earth litis been thus carried will
always shoot up above that which sur
rounds it and bo larger and of a darker
green. That is for two reasons: The
loose soil attracts water to the surface,
and it affords a mellow place where tho
little rootlets can reach their food.
Thorough pulverization of the soil is a
more profitable investment than boom
lots, lottery tickets or stocks ami bonds.
Whoever heard of tuberculosis, abortion
and glanders fifty or sixty years no
timonfr New England stock' "All these
tliseases and many others are with us
to-day ami they will not be rooted out
until "wo pay more attention to drainage
and ventilation of farm buddings and
the purity of the water and the food
which we supply. New England Farmer.
While there Is much to sustain the
position the Farmer takes, yet the facts
do nou bear out the construction which
many will place upon Its language, that
the pure water, air and soil uf New
England in earlier days rendered stock
proof against the diseases named. Tho
American Indian when he roamed through
the New Kngland forests had never
learned of the existence of smallpox, but
that disease thinned his race as the
plague in olden days thinned tho popu
lation of old-world localities, and that
without a change in the earth, air or
water which contributed to tho red
Tuberculosis especially, of tho troubles
mentioned, is largely preventable by the
breathing of pure air, and pure water is
absolutely essential to the health of
stock, anil the Farmer's note of warning
Is a needed one, but fanners should also
guard against contagion. Fifty or sixty
years ago a contagious disease might
prevail for a decade in Florida or
Louisiana among stock and fanners in
Massachusetts or Maine never hear of it.
Novv-a-days it would be likely to be
dumped from the cars at Brighton in a
month from its first appearance in any
part of the union. While a robust
animal, with good food, water and air,
iii.i u-oiai LiiiuiKiu" oo ouiii
thr.nio-l, omit not with .li.-od aliiniaU
I .-- jts'txn f , i s 1 .k t it Till 1
theio is no guarantee that it will, and
the grower cannot be too careful.
The fertilizer that every one engaged
in small fruit culture should use, and :
that extensively, is a judicious mixture
of brains and olbow grease. And it must .
be used in the field, and inanufaclurod !
on tho spot. L. II. Wilcox.
Tho editor of the Maine Farmer, who
is as good a practical farmer as there is
in Now England, says that in sixteen
years' experience of farming he has
earned that when his land is poor or in
poor condition ho is dependent largely
on the season for a crop; but if the
land is rich and well handled he is
reasonably sure of ti crop anyhow.
j Three hundred men deserted from the
. ineti-or-wjtr Chicago and Atlanta at New
1 vork on account of ill-treatment. About
J tiff.y men were recaititreil.
1 While J. O. Uosworth was makintr a
flash light in the Denver Fiie Brick and
Cheiliical Supply House an explosion oc
curred which killed him and wrecked the
1 Uev. W. II. i2nohc of Gordon county,
: Ga., anil Ids wife are in jail for poisoning
a whole family named Lally, thrco of
whom died. Each of the prisoners says
the other 13 guilty.
A portion of the Criti.-li army service
corps attached lo the garrison" at Chat
ham mutinied a few days ago on account
of the cruelty of oflicers and twenty of
them ware arrested.
1 ti.tw iUt-Uiiioii iiirv titi.il (III I SLLII III!
j puiaoi-inr th(J coTlJ -n u,r ,,,
t w - r 1 1 m
l fl t1 lint 7i t k I r line lot.in . k.-l I r.,H
Jtaltuuoie because she was angry with
Iter mother. Jwo persons died from the
poison but Mrs. Metzdorf rncovered.
The Canadians are alarmed at tha
prospect that the Canadian Pacific's privi
lege of forwarding transatlantic freight
in bond to l-nited States ports nifty be
taken away by our treasury department.
.Mrs. Frances Kussell. when accused in
a Chicago court the other day of starv
ing her babe to death, astonished her
husband by confessing that the child
was not theirs but that sho had adopted
it ami fooled her husband with it. Sho
was held for the action or the grand
Tom .Myers, son of a whtil&ulo liquor
dealer at Lincoln, Neb., failed to appear
! at the appointed timo to wed Miss
Lurelia Craddock and the guests, after
waiting till midnight, dispersed. Next
day it was found that tho man had been
made drunk and shipped to Kansas City
by friends opposed to tho match.
PACIFIC liOLL PAPER CO.
Every varluty ot
KOI.I. IWI'KIC. PAl'KIt ItAOS & TWINE.
All ktutld of
.Manilla, News nntl Undoing I'ajtcr.
Agents Pnellte O.nst Tor tho IIoiiklnKS Holders
autt outoi s. fz XI First St.. San Francisco.
TAKES ONLY HALF AS
MUCH AS OTHERS.
SOLD BY LEADING GROCERS
'IM ALL SIZED CANS .
CEO. A. FISHER, 109 CAL ST., S. F. AGENT.
i till i 1
HAWKS S. CHATTUCK
109 Tvardilr.- kM St, San Fraucisco.
. . t i ...'. ;
i -titnHi i-. v.i, :
many : i- "iallS.d nvt -!
v trie .
k u? nvi:YTniNo
r ..i.-! JJ I'rliitln, mid
!y -jthcr h hi!.
.'iitf v' I 'lyf ' 'i:ii. Yrk.
HtriUinri's oiv-hi V.'i -u-:.. I ytut y. uu.irv, Chicago
INtflry At Smvall Cy liiid'
i It's .vrniy ai.rn. I I'nltvrati Jvhbers.
1. ..i-mi P tr .-'litter.
: ..... . tir-c.- ami Hurnttiuv.
i iMIii'- t'rsr-'a uu.t TwN,
.SiiSBk;!. ttijKir Joggerd,
i-nse'd Wood Typo
.k. Jloii '. ::-.:.'. . :jmi:.'sifiou, Etc.
I-. UiJULl.- .r
irewftpapers on tin HOME PLAN.
M A N r KAl'T I R K Urf O P
Sterootyps Newspaper Plates
Mxir.ir.M'K': ans !::ji:avk::.v supplies.
DO YOU NEED
lltitt' tw ' V.i- Law hit en ss fj Urea,
Coat. t xt. mul 1 m'ii'M I'uni Hiitt.-iia, wirth all
tht uny frcin I.ii itozt'ii down to ID ornt.s, which
we offiT In Kioi Ii at 30,40 and M cents ir
;ror.-. Think of that! SI0.lt) worth for M etnta.
Tlif yi'ar'f 'y'f lot im nrt iii 5 rr for Iln
lamlly. or 2" cri's fi-r ilfalors. Wilt never ntako
Mioh an i-OVr apiln. 1-niIltV Linen t'olliin. 6c;
I'iiCh, .V pair, only In fnuill ami medium plrj-n.
(terman Knitiln Yarn at 73 t. W et IN. worth
miii-h iiuni': (I'M leiity of mnllln. will retnni If
oor; It phm'h time, and nik f--r
JULY HOME CIRCLE.
It Is a o. ninli to list of mvirly everything you
um unit lietit. inn! all at iMittom elty prices. Wo
want to si-n.l y..u a sample ciipy; all wo want Is
voiir name and aildrcfs; no clmrsu. hniitU'n
l'ali More: J I O Front Mrret, S. K
mi. -ii .
BOOK. NEWS. VV,
IP A I
Cnrtt St'Xk, .Sir
.ul i.itct-rs Hon i-1
it'. -.!. I.
SAKSA PAR ILIA
Yellow Dock &
Iodide of Potass
.pjit. ijfCT t't OOIl lI"l I l.'I t'P I VII TtlVlf"
til I. V. I Id.lMJP I L l.Jt 1 hit AMI 10MI,
AI.TEKATIVK IS USK.
It fares Itheuiralisui, Neuralgia,
ttoutf Catarrh, Scrofula, Tuni
uiv, rtilt Iiheiiiii and Mer
It lavJgi-rnte? th' Htmnch, I.r.rr cm! H r
relieving Dyprpria. IniligcAum ntut imliMitu.
I rcsti'ros llio .ipprttt,-. lr.i,n,a-o- ani hanlci:-.
ho rir h.
It stlmiilates the ..'rtr n A"i"i:y to hunllhy
nctljn, J'urifia the ithnul. and ll'nuUlie the Com
plexion. J. P. GATES & CO., Proprietors,
17 8N80aE STREET S. F