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CONCLUDED FHOfc' FOUHTHMOI.
iMv-sreneral have beenSnuoh increased with
in a Tew yean, and hi ofliceiias become of
rreat iraporUnce. Hit duties may be still
urther increased with advantage to the pub-
Ho interests. As an executive oftioer, his
residence and constant attention at the seat
of covernment are required. Legal quos
tions involving important principles, and
large amounts of 'publio money, are con
stantly referred to him by the president and
executive departments for his examination
and decision. The publio business undor his
official management before the judiciary has
been so augmented" by the extension of our
territory, and the acts of congress authorising
suits against the U. States for large bodies of
valuable publio lands, as greatly to increase
his labors and responsibilities. I therefore
recommend that the Attornoy-General be!
placed on the same footing with the heads
of tbo other executive departments, with
such subordinate officers, provided bylaw
for his department, as may be required
to discharge the additional duties whioh have
bee or may be devolved upon him.
Congress possesses the power of exclusive
legislation over the district of Columbia; and
I oommend the interests of its inhabitants to
your favorable consideration. The people of
this district have no legislative body of their
own, and must confide their local as well as
their general interests to representatives in
whose election they have no voice, and over
whose official conduct they have no control.
Each member of the national legislature
should consider himself as their immediate
representative, and should be the more ready
to give attention to their interests and wants,
because he is not responsible to them. I re
oommend that a liberal and generous spirit
may characterise your measures in relation
to them. I shall be ever disposed to show a
proper regard for their wishes ; and, within
constitutional limits, shall at all times cheer
fully co-operato with you for the advance
ment of their welfare.
I trust-it may not be deemed inappropriate
to the occasion to dwelLfbr a moment on the
memory of the most eminent citizen of our
country, who, during the summer that is gone
by, has descended to the tomb. The enjoy
ment of contemplating, at 'the advanced age
of near four-score years, the happy condition
of his country, cheered the last hours of An
drew Jackson, who departed this life in the
tranquil hope of a blessed immortality. His
death was happy, as his life had been emi
nently useful. He had an unfaltering con
fidence in the virtue and capacity of the peo
pie, and in the permanence of that free gov
ernment which he had largely contributed to
establish and defend. His great deeds had
secured to him the affections of his fellow
citizens, and it was his happiness to witness
ihe growth and glory ot his country which
tea caaouaii . ip... -i insagesjaaA33j-A.t.ia..;.,u'ma.'j z
. miiw a u w n rw a ni i ii
Fin. . r si . i m b n -
' J III MJJ WJ M. 1 M .F M Bj
II. A. O. Ut, XUITOa, J. riKMIHU, f.
Oregon City, June 95, IS 16.
'"" DR. "WHITE.
We experience much pleasure in being able to act j Can be raised to defray expense
A meeting of the citizen of Oregon w held at the
City Hotel, ia Oregon City, on Monday the Ifitii J one,
1846, for the purpose of avadhis; an exprtM to meet tho
emigration frejn' the United mates to tab country, In
order to prevent their being deceived and led aetray by
the misrepresentation of L. W. Hasting, who is now
on hU way from California for that object i when tho
folloK'Inar Dnwiuutlnm war had fian. Mrf!rvr Iwi.
ing called to the chair, and 'J. 8. Rineanon appointed i ,ure ,l,oy wot comporn,
i secretary, on motion or im. ruyior, the mw or tho
meeting waa taken with regard to the propriety of
I sending audi express, and decided in the affirmative.
On motion, a committee was appointed to (elect per
, ona to proceed to the ttoda Sunnm to meet the emi
gration, and alao to ascertain what amount of funds
them from their path, and enticing them to California
Now, thia I can aay to you Uiat may hear Halting
tell of tho wondera of California, there la a scarcity uf
timber and water, and though the hilla are aet with
oata and tho valleys with clover, it la all abort feed, ax
the tun burn the clover down by the 15th of Jury,
and tho stock have to live on the seed in the winter.
1 have aeon enough of Oregon to porccive that it fa
the beat grating country ofthn two, and for agricul-
Oregon City, June
at reot the long uncertainty of the aafety of Dr. White
Dr. White'a arrival la alluded to in the N. Y. Albion
To ! Oregon Emigration :
I with to state to you, that I hut e just returned from
California, where I remained one year, and an to the
spontaneous irinwlh of fruit, it is all false. Flour, if
Col. Finlav. Col.
Taylor, P. Foster. Samuel 1'arktr, and A. Hood were flour I could call it, without bolllmr.le 810 per htm
appointed oaid committee. dred pounds ; beef 6 rente per lb. ; coffee and augar h
On motion, resolved, thut the express ttart ok aoon I 50 eta. per Hi. when there w nnv in tho country; rood
. AH thn 95th iturf. nf nil fli..r!iilifin nr ti.rv iMiiffi mill rrv hiirli nrices.
of the 10th January, 1846. Ho Is there quoted an an The committee reported they had selected Colonel i My objection In thut country, in tho scarcity of limber
authority on a queation reipecting the climate of this ' Finley, J. 8. Rinearaon, and W. . T'Vaull, aa suit-1 and water; in the miiiiiiut a m purched tip, unci In thn
country in winter, and he tells the world that it rains b,e P"n go on oaid express, which was accepted winter it is evrry where flooded; there i no chance to
here cnntfanllv for three months out of the vear. , by the meeUug. ... ,. I "iso any vegetables without Watering, imn is wry
' in motion, a committee ot lliree wo appoirued to 'scarce In thut country and .iU cents per lb. mimes sswi
In the same paper mention is also made of a memo- take depositions, and procure such information as will ; u head, mid milch cows $i:, and poor at that that
rial from Oregon, presented to congress a few weeks ' further the object of the meeting, and to have the same ' ii in trade, for moiwy there is none in thu country. I
since, from which a short extract ia given, cut follows: ' published. A., L. Love joy, D. C. Ingles, and F. Prlgg, j rpeak now of the riurrutmnto country, atid thut is all
no'c lSffi i2ZiX '' " A'mannSated addre.se. re.aUve to the sub- , "" AIXBN SAN1IF.RH.
StSUTLl? - "on it wa. ordered, that me proceedings' Ore, Cy, June IT. I8-t.
7rl Tu ,k..T ;i . ... h.i ih.u 'j"Vt l of ,ne raee, ,IP1 y the chairman and aecre. - -- - -
?J 5i wSJn SvS S3rfS.n" ' " nnU ha"ded he itot ot Pctalor for For the .Spectator.
word, us, ha. been raort friendly, liberal, and pnilan- .i?i:.,;, ii, i.-.i,,rwh,., . .' ,,i MH mmitrv ihi.
i puuiH-HUWIlt " sss wiaweffi' . .,-. j ...-
On motion, tho meeting adjourned to meet su Halur
day eveniug next.
M. M. McCARVER, Chr'mu.
J. S. ni.iruRso.s, Sec'y.
The writer of on article in the N. A. Review, quo
ted by the editor of the Albion, give, the' preceding
quotation, with the following comment:
" Considering the numerous causes of dispute and
eouauon oetween tne suDiecuot me two nations, in , , ,. . , , . , .7 , ,
.L! . :. :. :. ..i. ui. .. .u il.u cd upon several individuals, who have recently returned
OVER THE MOUNTAINS. t0 Pf00' Orrpon, and upon our arrival at Fort Hall,
wu:i,. - .i, i. i .., 1 ...:.u 7 "i yr- .-... .. ... ..m . v. c
vv lllisi ui& iiiu viii; iiaiiu ,tv iuuiii ttiui iv-
In conformity with Uie above, the committee wait-
Oregon i! How inspinng are all its sceucs! flow they
enkindle genius ! winch, liku our lowering firs, aspires
i to the skies. In other Undo, it requires ars of toil
snd practice In attain eminence in the histrionic art.
Here we have seen the crew of that " happy" ship
" Modesie," rcncli at once such excrllcnce, that even
the regulur "curSbdrumaliquo"havc net always equal.
led them, and of which, even old' " Drury" lierseil
might bo prutid!.'! And then the sornery fpamted by
therruelveii, what') "was beautiful." Thn charac
ters were aLIu" sttxtniucd ; and the vocal powers of
eon was so bad and destitute of irrasa and wood, bv his certain L'cntlriiicn wen; mi "trulv ndiiiirublr, ' that they
rrt that iIia nnmnnnvnf mnA hnntuM tuhinh ' advice and others, we were induced to leave the Ore- inicht be ' pitched uiramst k lliaiam or
ICllitl S1IUS a SSLd WVIII tHSJ S J USV IIUIIIUIO 1 Ittbll ----,-. ....--. .. -.
c i ' .- Irii ,,i . , i;r,: wi,.,, ....
started from Polk cqutity, has returned un
successful and discouraged; on tho other, wo
are cheered with the intelligence, that anoth-
gen trail, and go to California. When wo arrived nt
the plains of the Sacramento valley, we found the
wliolo country burnt up by the sun, and no food for
eituer man or beast ; having been deceived oursulte,
our object ix to proven others being deceived in like
The lailien! there wnnmch n "rxrrllenl toll" n their
walking, thht one would think Ihn "hollow of their feel
made a hole in the e;rouiid." The paruol Col. Tarn
ltr! and suiim ono ebe, were ucil peiformtd. No
doubt of it. In short, Mr, mirh was the inimitable per-
er nartv from ChnmDoeir cauntv ia forminL'. I manner. Owine to tho droucht. no vcectubles for formnnces, that theyalinnt "iwnt errv one into liu,"
.l ,:?! ,, K n,nwl . ...t- .1. ' MUce of nn" amount can be rataed. Flour is from 10 . nd the ery childrtn cned out "look ut the nmn mn
antl Will soon be prepared to Start, under the 1 10 i2 dol)ari p,, hundled( nn(j unboied at that ; from ' k.i. faces." The drchr.tra was well got up : to wit.
command of an able and experienced pilot. 5 to 6 butJieb of wheat to the acre, ia about the average "iolm, llutc, and harmoumu lmgp,H-." And uch
Wlmn all nn. imnrossoil with tlm r-nnvir " in California ; the rain commencea in January, indeid uere the siirpawini: attractions of Ihttc peifor
When all are impressed with tho Con IC and ends-Bbout Hie 1st of March, and thru no more if mancrs tlmi tl, columu of th- Kpetlutor would not
tion, strengthened in many instances by pain-' any consequence till the year rolls round ; four months ' permit the writrr," who communicated sueh p!eawnK
fill evneripnee of the vn,t ininortanr-r. nfnh erin ''" month, drought. There is no timber i intelligence, to take noti-e of rery acto becuuM
IUI experience, Ot tne ast importance Ot Ob- bu, Knh n ojj ho .j,,. from 0 mfiO "Hie whole of them deM-md the h.?hr.t clieiunrnd..
tainintran eusy and afe road to the Willani-' milea from the aettlemenU; lumber is from -10 to eO lion." And then fuilourd a lull, und -there
he loyUo well. He departed amidst the
benedictionVof-mllliohs of freemen. The
.nation paid its tributo to his memory at his
tomb. Coming generations will, leam from
his example the love of country and the rights
of man. In his language on a similar occa-
. sion to tho present, " I now commend you,
fellow-citizens, to the guidance of Almighty
God, with a full reliance on tits merciiul
providence for the maintenance of our free
institutions'; and with an earnest supplica
tion, that whatever errors it may be my lot
to commit in discharging the arduous duties
which have devolved on me, will find a re
medy in the harmony and wisdom of your
counsels." JAMBS K. POLK.
Washington, December 2, 1845.
Fsursjs for tale.
MThe wbajjibar oflhra hi. valuable claim, in
TuoUtv plaint, for sale. There are on tho
claim 80 acres ia cultivation, under a good
feaoo, with a log-cabin thereon, and also timber for a
framed dwelling and bam, a quantity of ihlngles, Sus.
FenoM washing to purchase a good farm, will do well
MaylW, 1846-9H A. COOK.
Farm for tale.
Mjw owssenner nereby nounes uie punuc
geaerally, and those In particular who wish
to nuKhaae as improved claim, m an ellcible
ait f the oouatry, that his claim is bow oflered for
ills. Said claim Hst oa the Wallace Prairie, adjoin-
ajas. Feres and Jat Ford, formerly known as B.
dear's claim, hartaf a log cabin and a French
IsM'sjaJ also another aet of Toga tea cabin, which
WMeaMe Mt up, and sras.seea removed, and aboat
two kSdred seres eaclesei, sjsI abo.it ahrtyacnjssf
that Whal, vpoo jWi jj h bt 3 miss
freatlMlfcieiB UKi '.ajiaj fnmthe Oregoa
lasUtats. Ten- reesoassls, jassaitloM eaiy. For
fctker rartfsukrr. eaqnlss s Uss.simicriber at Balem
etto Valloy, by a southern route, and thus
avoiding the numerous and heart-breaking
difficulties of the Columbia, it will nfibrd us
no small gratification, to be enabled to give
the names uf tho patriotic little band, who
inspired and directed by tiie public sufcty
and welfare of their country, engage in
this arduous and praiseworthy undertaking;
that the hopes and wishes of tho community
will be with them thero is no doubt; that there
is great probability of success, is the opinion
of the oldest and most experienced of our
mountaineers and trappers ; that they will
richly deserve our praise and gratitude, no one
will for a moment question, and we have no
hesitation in venturing our belief, that all in
terested (and who is not ?) will manifest tho
same, not merely in empty plaudits, but in a
manner demonstrative of the value at which
their exertions arc estimated, as well as to
testify, that those who render valuable ser
vice! to the state, when she ncqds it, shall
not labor without reward.
dollars per thousand, and most of the buildings are do- brilliant aseinbl:igo of the " f.nr rn," uali pr tty fa
bie, covered with tooly. The country is so tlat and cm und drrrsen, th' theme of iiiiimt.iI admiration,
marshy that, in the winter, one-fourth is Inundated. , ewnbining " nrntnr, eh-gnmc and eae. It was
and leave, the swamps full of water, which dries away pleat.n to m o tho "trippiuj; on the light fautuktic toe,"
in the summer, and causes intermittent complaints to i "t:i, country iluiicm, ligure uyiit.und jig., but
FOURTH OF JULY MEETING.
'According to notice, the cilixene of Oregon met at
the City Hotel, in Oregon City, on the 13th day of
Jane, 1B46, for the purpose of making arrangement
for celebrating the Anniversary of our national inde
peadence, when, on motion, A. Hood was called to the
hair, aad W. O. T'Vaull appointed oecretary.
un motion or w. u.r vault,
Reaolved. that the citizens of Oregon, although far
from their beloved government, view with feelings of
the deepest interest, the approach of that more than
glorious day, (the 4th of July,) on which oar national
independence was declared ; notwithetandina: we are
situated on the coast of the Pacific, thousand of milea
from the juriealctlon of the United States, yet, aa chi
nas, we will, ia memory of that day, celebrate the
4th of July oa the baaka of the Willamette adopted.
At a ubeeatieat meetlnt , on Uw 16th (net. it waa
determined that the mode of celebration should consist
of appropriate ceremonies and a substantial dianer the
expense to be defrayed by eubacriptloa, and free to alL
A committee of arraafieaent waa appointed to take
and elderly celebration, cosaaailaf of A. L. Lovejoy,
11. M. JtcCamr, 8. Parker, J. R. Robb end H. Burnt;
which committee, through, the columns of the Specta
tor, most oerdially Invite their feHow-cltlteat, aad ev
ery Mead of liberal principlee, bringing then- ladies and
famlUee, to assist and co-operate' with them la the cele.
bratlea of that truly gkirioue daythe 4th of Jary at
be prevalent. There is no good society at all, and it
is very difficult for a man to keep his own. The Ilo
man Catholic Institute is destroyed ; no land can be
obtained by foreigner without purchase, and then a
poor title; and it is almost impossible to get uny cloth
ing the duties are so high, that no shipping comes in.
wnen we kit California lor Oregon, Uniuiord v.
Hastings started to meet the emigration from the
Mates, to try to persuade them to go to California. He
Itld u publicly that he and Cape Suter intended to
revolutionize the country, as aoon as they could get
sufficient emigrant, into California to tight the Span
iard: this plan was laid between Capt. Suter uud L.
W. Hastings, before said Hasting publithed his book
of lie in 1844.
We have now traveled this aide of the Umqua
mountains f0 or 90 mile before we reached the aet
tlemenU in the Willamette valley, oitd we can aay we
have found the most splendid and beautiful country,
with rich prairie land and timber adjoining, together
with good water and springs ; thero is probably ono
thousand fornix can be had convenient to Uie Willa
mette river, such a will suit the fancy of any farmer,
and far exceeding anything we have seen In California.
JAIRUB BONEY, '
(Corroborated by) ABNER .FRAZER.
Signed at Oregon City, June 17, 1846, in presence
of A. L. Lovejov and F. Paioo.
The undersigned woe a resident in California eight
years, during which time he only witnessed one fair
crop, and two hob crop raised, Uie balanco of the time
the seed wo barely returned, except in a very few in
stances. Wheat, in a great portion of Uie country,
may do seen in ear u incne nign ; potatoes can only
be raised near Uie coast, and then by irrigation have
known Capt Suter endeavor to raise poUtoea without
irrigation, and it wot a complete failure. The princi-
ri article of food, and in most Instance the only one,
dried or jerked beef generally well mingled with
The fever and ague i very prevalent durimr sum
mer and 'all, scarcely any foreigner escaping, and the
eymptoms are usually severe. The state of society 1
very lamentable, and yon are only euro of your hone,
mi wnen you nave now or uie rope. There i no mo
ney ia the country, and clothing is difsoult to obtain.
There Is no Umber but In Uie mountains, and from
what I have eeen of Oregoa, consider there I no com
parisoa between Uie two countries for farming purpose.
Signed at Oregon City, 17th June, 1846, in pre
ence of A. L. Lavaior and Fainc. Paioo.
To the Oregon Etnigration:
I arrived In thia place to-day, and at Uie request of
some friend, I make this statement to you concerning
California, aad the operation of men there : Captain
Hastings left Uie 4th of May to meet Uie company
from the United 8UUes, for the purpose f pmiitlinf
UufuNllliatcl) thry lould nut renin- Unit iutr.cntc dance
the Polka; hut lis u matter of convolution wo ure rtMtircd
"that u gentleman who lately twtrd the I'alluline
planus had kindly volunteered to instruct the Oreo
nian bc.iutifN in its intriciicirs." Well well! Does
not all this rxnuinti! ionipiily remind one of the us-
le.ilatioui parade of Jim .Scjuut,oii of ugly Jim, maj
or of .Sqimtvillc T
Hut tint is not nil that hai occurred on board that
" happy" lup " Modest e." Other performances took
place nhoul the middle of Ma), rm Mated by "A I'luin
Mon," in thn 8th number of your piper, who apptarrf
so much enraptured that he thanks thrao "tars for thn
rich treut afforded us upon this occasion, as wtll as for
the variety of attractions during the pant winter." But
nothing equalled the pic mc party " on Uie green
sward, near the "lovely banks of thn big lake," where
all hands "xquntted in true pic nic t)le around the fen
tive liourd" " happiness depicted in every counten
ance," ami " the sun shining forth in all his glury, ad
ding lustra to the rosy checks present" And wht.i the
ladies were ready to start, " gallant steed were in ut
tendance"!!! The ball then followed, and thn "fair sex
were more numerous, and rrrn more liewitching in
their dresses, step, and.uracc. than on former occa.
I sions," und there was ruch " a spjrit of urbanity and
iiuppiiirsM prevaiiru 111 mis omiiuni awembly '!
"O! there's nothing half so sweet m life,
As lavr'a young ii.-inn."
The writer miut hav been a young lover, "niching
like n furnace." He docs not even stop here. In an
other coinrmmication ho speak, in terms of rapture of
the " displuy of beauty, fashion, and gaity." " One
could not," he says, " walk a hundred yard without
meeting pretty faces and guy costumes," and even
" butterflies." After exhausting all hi sweet eloquence
upon the scene and person described, the writer, a
if fearing some one might dispute hk statement, and
say " there' no accounting for ( in Uil world,"
S'vea your reader a pompous " list of arrival to attend
e sport," oa much a to say, here are their names,
judge for yourself, if I have been extravagant in my
eulogy uiin the rosy cheeks, beauty, grace, and step
of the ladies, o many of whom were from Uie envi
able Tuoiaty Plains. Now, I think, the ladies will
not thank thia " lover" for the great parade he ha
made of their name in your paper, coupled with each
outrageous flattery. It may be all right enough, but
it is novel and unheard of; and I cannot but think tLat
one of Uie young ladies mentioned would Wash If one
of her acquaintance, even in jest, were to ask her if
the was one of Uie fair sex whose name was paraded
ia-the Spectator as posseasing so much beauty, ease,
and mce in her step. I aay, I ttdak the young lady
But, M n Editor, these are not ell the exmiisJtoWaft
ia Oregon, We have a splendid spiclmen of tasteful
architecture in that beautiful " Rectangular Alter,"
founded by a procession with all ready formality, and
so appropriately called ' Jfw-eutt-e Qrot-t:" Aad
than comes our regular lis of packet, laujwsed frem