Image provided by: University of Oregon, Knight Library; Eugene, OR
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PAGES 1 TO 12
VOL. XXIY-NO. 38.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY 3IORNIXG, SEPTEMBER 17, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
TWO ROADS GOME
ON NORTH BUNK
Northern Pacific and
HOW STATED OFFICIALLY
Howard Elliott Makes Formal
PORTLAND GOAST TERMINAL
Within Two Tears, at Cost of Eight
Millions, It Is Proposed to Hare
Road From Kcnnewick to
Tills City Built.
WILL BUILD RAPIDLY..
PresMeiK Howard Elliott, of the
XtM-tfcerM Pacific, in the achievement
f u tHtrth-bank read to connect
Katli of the northern lines directly
wit Portland, will have sained new:
tewreta a an industrial strategist.
PT.Men4 Jnmrs J. Hill of the Great
SCortberti kas long contemplated the
4vaMge aHd necessity of a water
graiii route (a Portland by the most
Mrtrt rotKe and selected Mr. Elliott
to earn K that de4gn. It Is already
a remarkable achievement In railroad
Mr itn' nd it Ik the Intention that
It JOnM hf none the less cxtraer
4io I transportation oonstructlon
FresMestt Howard SI Hot. of the North
ern Pacific, through A. D. Charlton, as
rtsnt gcsHontl passenger agont of the
comMit), htm announced to the people of
Portland and of the Pacific Northwest
UmU the Portland & Seattle Railway Com
paity, already engaged In constructing a
rtiMread dawn the north bank of the Co
ktcHMa River. Is owned Jointly by the
Groat Northern and Northern "Pacific coni-pft-ntos.
ad that trafllc of both roads will
be moved to Portland from Konnewlck
oror the Jow trackage.
Victory on Railway Strategy-
This official announcement contains the
lltterm&tton of a victory in rallroal strat
egy that has few parallels in American
railroad history, admittedly the most re
jsonrcefal and progrcssslve of the transpor
tattoM pttiuc ef -any country In the world.
It Is more than two years since the first
right of way was secured, and agents of
the Northern Pacific have been quietly
Tvarktog ever since, with efforts to con
ceal their real purposes behind various
pretexts, but always with the one object
of ofeuitattag undisputed territory along
th water front pf the stream from Van
couver to Kcnnewick, on the Washington
Bide, and for bridges to span the two
streams at either aide of the peninsula
Deciaratfenn of war between great
railroad eerapanlea are not unlike the
manner of declarations of strife Jie
twfH nations and not always .presaged
h- formal notification. Beginning of
aotual construction was the first no
ttfieatien to the JIarrlman system that
the ItCM system is prepared to push to
rapid completion its north bank line.
Twe months ago, when the first in
formation of definite preparations
reached the Harrlman officials, work
was at once started on the old Cas
cade Looks railroad, owned by the
O. R. & N., to hold that grade. Con
flict will occur between tb4 two rail
roads and financial giants at that
point and also on the peninsula be
tween the Columbia and the Willam
ette. It will In all probability be
purely a legal battle fought out in
the oourta but meanwhile emissaries
of both companies will be engaged in
an eSfort to prevent any advances of
the other toward or upon disputed
on which is situated a large proportion
of the population of Portland.
Engineers have likewise been in the
iield during the same period, completing
temporary surveys that later gave way
to the permanent work and setting of
grace stakes. Not until a few months ago
did developments reach the stage -where
even the alert rival Harrlman system
considered it of sufficient Importance to
offer resistance, It -was then that a corps
of engineers or the O. R. & N. was dls
patohed to Cascade with Instructions to
locate a right of way 100 feet in width,
w4th the apparent purpose of presenting
an obstacle to the construction of the
Rival Companies in Field.
Then came the incorporation of rival
companies with plans to Invade the' same
field, and it soon appeared that the only
strip of territory In the -whole Northwest
sought by railroad magnates was that
along the nor.th bank of the Columbia
River. For weeks past there "has been "no
doubt la the public mind that the official
announcement of plans would soon he
forthcoming, practically all of the prop
erty desired, cither on the Washington
side of the river, on the peninsula or on
the West Side of the Willamette, in the
-vicinity of Linnton. has. been tied up un
der option or acquired, considerable ad
vances having taken place in the vicini
ties as a result.
Notwithstanding; thi jrecnrilly tinders'
stood condition of affairs, the public still
awaited with 'much concern the official
confirmation of plans, whloh came in the
following announcement from the office of
A, D. Charlton, assistant general passen
"I am directed by President Elliott, -of-the
Northern Pacific, to make the follow
ing statement: The Great Northern and
Northern Pacific Companies have organ
ized and own Jointly the Portland & Se
attle Railway Company. That company
will build a railroad, as rapidly as men
and material -will permit, from Kenne
wick, opposite Pasco, along the north
bank of the Columbia River to Vancou
ver; bridges over the Columbia River and
Willamette River will be built from Van
couver, and a connection made with tho
preesnt line of the Northern Pacific north
of Portland. When the railroad bridges
are finished they will give to the Great
Northern Railway and the Northern Pa
cific Railway a first-class entrance to
Portland and a direct line to and from tho
East. The companies hope for the friend
ly co-operation of the people of Portland,
of Oregon andof Washington."
Great Const Terminal.
Interpreted in Its most significant mean
ing this brief statement conveys to the
people of the North Pacific Coast that the
Hill railroads are to operate trains into
Portland over their own tracks by the
most direct possible route; that a water
grade line will be had to tidewater of
the Pacific through the channel of the
Columbia and the new track; that about
JS.000,000 will be expended in construction
of this line and bridges across tho Co
lumbia and Willamette, all to be com
plete in less than two years, and that
Portland is to be the Pacific Coast termi
nal of three great transcontinental rail
ways. Furthermore, it Is a return to tho
old days when the Northern Pacific op
erated its trains down the Columbia, and
it must in future be reckoned with as
one of the strong transportation Influ
ences for development of Oregon.
Policies of the Northern Pacific to ex
tend branch lines Into tributary territory
as feeders for the systom is well estab
lished, and in pursuance of such prac
tice there Is every reason to believe that
branches will divert to initial territory
in Oregon south of the Columbia where
tonnage may be expected to originate. In
this direction a beginning was made when
the Columbia River & Northern Railroad,
extending from Lyle to Goldendalo, was
acquired a few months ago.
Branch Lines as Feeders.
Four branch lines already extend south
from the Columbia River toward central
Oregon, feeders of the O. R. & N., the
Great Southern rom The Dalles, Colum
bia Southern from Shanlko, Arlington-
Condon branch fcnd Hoppnor branch.
Thorc are other routes that may be util
ized for locating new lines as foedcrs of
WILL BE SHOUT LINE.
Completion of the Kennewick-Port-land
line will make the Northern Pa
cific the shortest route 'between Port
land and Spokane. 230 miles ef road,
shortening the distance 104 miles over
the present route via Puget Sound.
By the O. R. & N. the distance be
tween Portland and Spokane is 430
miles, while by the new line to Kon
newlck ibe distance will be 270 miles.
. Between Portland and Chicago the
mileage will be -2270. by the Northern
- Pacific when the sow read Is com
pleted. the Northern roads, nnd would mean com
petition in traffic of interior Oregon that
would be beneficial to producers of the
counties cast of the Cascades.
It is significant that by the new route
230 miles of road will shorten the dis
tance from St. Paul to Portland 164 miles;
from Spokane to-Portland the mileage of
the Northern roads will be 37C miles, as
compared with 430 by the O. R. & N.,
and the distance between Chicago and
Portland via Konnewlck will be 2276 miles
as compared with 2298 by the Harrlman
"The Northern Pacific has always been
energetic in encouraging development of
tributary territory in states that it trav
erses and serves, and has always been
consistently friendly to Oregon In this re
gard," said A. D. Charlton yesterday af
ternoon in response to questions' of The
Oregonlan. "It will now occupy a position
where the Incentive In that direction will
be stronger than ever before. The road
will be built with all possible dispatch
and means the expenditure of enormous
sums during the Immediate future In
country tributary to Portland, which will
in Itself prove materially beneficial to this
Charlton Loyal to Portland.
It Is evident that A. D. Charlton Is one
of the Western representatives of the
company who long ago saw the hand
writing on the wall and whose faith in
the ultimate accomplishment of the orig-
Inal object of the company never faltered.
He has always been equally loyal to the
interests of Tacoma and Seattle, the
other Pacific Coast terminals, but has on
different occasions declined to accept
proffered promotions that would take
him away from Portland, where he
opened the office of the passenger depart
mont 22 years ago, Immediately after its
ORIGINAL TLANS NOW REALIZED.
Announcement of President EHlott
that the Portland & Seattle Company,
formed by the Great Northern and
Northern Pacific Jointly, will complete
a line to Portland down the north bank
of the Columbia and by bridge cross
ing the Columbia and Willamette Riv
ers at points near this city, is the ful
fillment of the original purposes of the
founders of the (system.
Through operations of Villard'a fa
mous "blind pool," completion of tho
Northern Pacific into Portland 25 years
ago was prevented, and now In the full
ness of time through trains will toon
roll Into the commercial metropolis of
the Pacific Northwest over tracks hav
ing a water grade down the course of
the mighty stream.
completion and when its trains ontered
Portland over the line of the O. R. I
N. from Wallula.
History of the .Northern Pacific .Rail
road Is the history of development of the
Concluded on Pagoda).
Feeble New York Senator Fu-
Before Mae Wood's
"LOVE LETTERS OF A BOSS"
Lively Spinster Plans Trouble for
Wynn and "Miller, "Who Bam
fcoozlcd Her Out, of States
SAN FRANCISCO. Sept. 16. Aftor dodg
ing about the country in an effort to es
cape service In a suit brought by Miss
Mae C. Wood, Senator Thomas C Piatt,
of New York, has reached San Francisco
in an extremely weak physical condition.
He is unable to go about unattended and
his enfeebled condition is regarded se
riously by members of his party. Sen
ator Piatt. Mrs. Piatt, Mrs. Gay Rob
ertson, Mrs. N. E. Bugbey, Miss Mi L.
Snow and J. K. Hodges arrived this morn
ing from the southern part of the state
and registered at the Palace. The senior
Senator had to be assisted into tho hotol
by his wife, on whose arm he leaned
heavily. He stood at the desk tHl Mrs.
Piatt signed her name and those of the
members of her party to tho rogister.
He avoided being spoken to and the ladles
of the part' gathered In a circle about
him so as to head off anybody who might
approach htm. He cordially greeted GensJ
oral D. Stuart Gordon and said to him:
"Well, I am glad to sec you. I am a
pretty sick man, but I expect to regain
my health shortly."
"Well," replied the Goneral, 'California
is the plaoe to regain one's health."
Lively Youth and Crabbed Agc
Mrs. Piatt, who looks after the Senator
as if he wore a small child, than took
the Senator's arm and excusing hersolf
to the people about her, wont to the
elevator. She is a young and handsome
woman, and her attention was divided
between the Senator and a small lap
dog, which she carried under her arm.
The Senator is traveling1 in a private
car-of tho Now York. CentruJ,--The- Courier;
and it is said that he Is traveling- about
the country to avoid the service f a
subpena by Miss Mao Wood, who lias
brought a breech of promise sult against
the vcnorable Senator. Senator Piatt
married his present wife in IMS. Her
name was Mrs. Jennings and she was em
ployed In one of the departments in Wash
ington. She Is a handsome brunette and
said to be in the neighborhood of 44)
years, in ract, she looks muoh youagor,
and would at the first glance pass for a
woman In the early 30s.
The Senator is rapidly falling. Ho
souffles as he walks and speaks little
above a whisper and his voice is qucru-4
lous. Indeed, he scorns the last man in
the world who would-be going around
the country trying to avoid a breach of
promise suit. The lady whom he wishes
to avoid. Miss Mae Wood, first came
into public notice wTien she threatened
to sue Senator Piatt of New York for
breach of promise. This was huflhed up.
and the Senator married another woman.
"Love Letters of a Boss."
Miss Wood has now brought suit against
Robert J. Wynne,. Consul-Goneral to Lon
don; William Loeb, socretary to the
President, and J. Martin Miller, Consul
to Alx-la-Chapelle. Germany, alleging
that thev obtained possession of certain
letters and manuscripts from which she
was preparing a book to be known as
The Love Letters of a Boss." In her
complaint she says that the letters wore
those of. Thomas C. Piatt, who she says
was desperately In love with her. She
claims that Miller represented himself to
her as an author and publisher and by
this means obtained possession of the fer
vid letters of the Boss. She wants tho
letters back and $35,000 damages.
It Is not known how long the party
intends to stay In this city. The first thing
they did was to. ask for letters and tele
grams and they formed a complete circle
around the old man. There was only one
to leave the circle and that was Miss
Snow. Her attention was called to a
young man who had a pair of puppies
under his arm and she left the part to
admire tho puppies.
Senator Piatt has been in the country's
eye for 30 years. He has been for a
quarter of a century in the Senate and
Is the dean of that dignified body. For
many years he has been the boss of his
state and has been known as "me, too.
Piatt" and "the maker of Presidents."
Piatt, according to New York ideas, is
not a rich man. He Is president of the
United States Express Company, and It
has been generally conceded that it Is
the Influence of the transportation com
panies that has kept htm in the Senate.
This Is his second wife. His first wife,
whom he married In his youth, died In
1899. and there was much surprise when
he married again. The express company
of which the Senator is president. Is one
of the most powerful In the country. It
Is said to control the Adams, and the
Adams in turn controls the Southern.
The United States Express has traffic ar
rangements with the Baltimore & Ohio,
the Chicago & Alton, the Delaware &
Lackawanna, the Lake Shore- & Michigan.
the Minneapolis & St. Louis and the
Philadelphia & Reading.
Miss "Wood's Charges.
OMAHA. Sept. 1G. (SpcclaL) The long
expected and much-heralded charges
which Miss Mae Wood, ex-clerk In the
Postoffice Department at Washington,
has been threatening to file against Con
sul-Gcneral Wynne and Consul Miller,
hav at last been mailed to the State
Department and will reach there toinor
row (Sunday). The document, which ,ls
sworn to by Miss Wood, is as foUows:
To the -Honorable -Secretary of Stale, Wah-
Ington. D. C: Believing that representatives
of the State Department should be men of
Integrity and honor, the relator, Mae C
Wood, herein respectfully calls your attention
to certain acts of J. Martin Ulller, Consul
to Alx-la-Chapelle, and Robert J. Wynne, Consul-Central
to London, praying an investigation
of the charge which, it found true as set
forth, show the mid J. Martin Miller and
Robert J. Wynne to be unfit for service as
representatives of the State Department of
the United, States; and the relator request
that ouch action an may be thought necea-ary
be taken by the department in investigating
the charges, which are as follows:
First That raid Robert J. Wynne and 3.
Martin Miller did conspire together and with
other people, prior to October 12. 1008, to ob
tain possesion of certain documents which
the relator had received from Senator Thomas
C. Piatt, of New York.
Second That said Robert J. Wynne and J.
Martin Miller did conspire together, and. with
etaer people, prior to October 12, 1003, to ob
tain pcosfMdcn of the manuscript of "a book
entitled, "The Love Letters of a Bow," said
book belpg partially complied from letters
written to relator by Senator T. C Piatt.
Third That in earning out the terms of
tbl conspiracy, the said J. Martin Miller dki
attempt to administer, or cause ail attempt to
be xaade to administer, certain drugs to the
'relator on tho afternoon of October 12, 1903,
at the Victoria Hotel. New Tork.
Fourth That the a!d J. Martin Miller and
Robert J. Wynne et al.. In carrxjng out the
terms of the conspiracy, 1W decoy the re
lator to the Victoria Hotel, New York City,
oh October 12. l&OB, for the purpose of gain
ing pctvenien of said book, "The Lon Let
ters of a Boas," and of the original letters
from Senator Piatt, "from which the book waa
Fifth That In carrying out the terms of this
oonsplraoy the said J. Martin Miller Lld,
or assisted at holding, the relator a prisoner
by threats and force, for three days, beginning
October 12. 1008, during which time the re
lator was forced to sign certain documents
which phe would not havn signed had she
bee free from restraint.
Sixth That the eald J. Martin Miller and
Robert J. Wynne et alf. In carrying out tho
terms of this conspiracy, did originate the so
called Piatt-Wood scandal for the purpose of
discrediting the relator.
Seventh That in carrying out the terms of
this conspiracy and in confiscating the orig
inal documents from Senator Piatt and tho
manuscript of the book. "The Love Letters,
of a Been," the said J. Martin Miller and
hU associates did damage the relator In the
sum of $35,000 or more.
Wherefore, having made the above charges,
which she. being first sworn, deposes and says
I if the truth, the relator again prays for an
investigation of .their truthfulneM and for
socJi action as the department may think nec
essary. MAE C WOOD.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPEf?
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 04
deg.; minimum, 62. Precipitation. 0.18 of
TODAY'S Partly cloudy with probably
showers. Warmer. Westerly winds.
Norway and Sweden compromise on terms
ef separation. Page L
Czar orders protection of oil fields. Page 3.
Chinese returning to homes In Manchuria.
Roosevelt tells canal engineers his policy.
Plan to move Bremerton Navy-Yard to Lake
Washington. Page 2.
Japan disclaims hostility to Americans.
President. wll soon call now Hague confer
ence. Page 2.
Fierce campaign opens' agalni Philadelphia
ring. Page 2.
Convention called to urge railroad rate legis
lation. Page 2.
Piatt In San Francisco, fleeing from Mae
Wood's stilt. Page 1.
Qirl brutally and mysteriously murdered In
New York. Page 10.
Combination of financial giants against
Gould. Pm 2.
Break in ranis of master printers in Chi
Old plot to rob express company revealed,
Rising waters In Middle West cause wide
spread damage. Page 13.
New Orleana struggle- to prevent loss of
l'ythlan convention. Pago 3.
Football prospects at the Multnomah Club
ana colleges of Pacific Northwest. Pare 17.
Aftermath of Brltt-Nelson fight. Page 1C
Wrestlers training for tournament at Expo
sures, i'asc l-j.
Motor car enthu!asta work for good- roads.
Pacific Coast League scores: Los Angeles 4,
x-oiiinu v; iaiue o. lacoma 0; Sam
Francisco 10. Oakland C Page lC.
Deserting Russian tars doomed to swing at
yaruarm wnen inierneu i.ena puts to sea.
Meant Whitney found to be a few feet high
er man .Mount iiainicr. 2'age 3.
Seattle pastor says "tainted money" can be
received It given unostentatiously. Pace 4.
Oregon prunes are nearly all rold under con
tract, at gooa prices, l'age
Lieutenant-Colonel A. D. Schenok dies at
Fort Stevens. Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
California hopmen predict higher prices be
fore ena or year. 1'age 33.
Wall etreet expects coming week to be
critical one. Page 35.
New York bankers save surplus reserves.
Liquidation breaks Chicago wheat prices.
California cured fruits quiet. Page S5.
Arago goes ashore, but Is floated. Page 1LJ
Marine notes. Page 1L
Lewis and 'Clark Exposition.
Admissions yesterday. 2O.CS0. Page 10.
Attendance to date. 1.S74.S4T. Page 10.
Prize-winning babies at the show in the
Auditorium announced. Page 10.
Sham naval fight on Guild's Lake. Page 10.
Great livestock show at the Exposition next
week. Fa go 32.
Coot has only county building at the Fair.
Portland and Vicinity.
It is officially announced, that the Northern
Pacific and- Great Northern are Jointly In
terested in the road on the north bank of
the Columbia. Page 1.
New Hill line means great docks, grain ele
vators and freight yards for Portland.
Methodists will have a week's conference at
Albany. Page 9.
Walter iioss runs Portland after many
years. Pago 9.
Attorney for Gonzales, held for larceny but
suspected of murder, demands speedy
bearing, page 30.
Sheriff Word raids cut-rate ticket establish
ment. Page yfl.
A. S. Bennett, counsel for Williamson, and
witness engage in sharp dialogue. Page 13.
What the week shows in the realty market.
Features and Departments.
Editorial. Page 6.
Church announcements. Page 18.
Classified advertisements. Pages 10-23.
The fight that "killed" Jack Dempsey.
Page -f s.
Joe Meek. Oregon's .pioneer politician. Page
Man married to CI women. Page.3t."
Frederic Haskin's letter. Page 44. :
Logging Industry of Willamette .Valley.
Birds of the Oregon woods. Page -10. ,
Lord Kitchener, tho woman-hater. Page 41.
Longfellow's place In literature. Page 30.
Steer that trots to a sulky. .Page-3.3.
Household and fashions- Pages 42-43.
"The Late Mrs. Dirks." Page 41.
Half a century In the backwoods. Page 37.
.Sherlock Holmes. Page 45.
Social. Pages' 25-27.
Dramatic. Pages 2S-29.
Musical Page 30.
Book reviews. Page 34.
.Youth's deportment. Pag a. 4. 7
Compromise Reached on
molition of Frontier
THEY WILL BE DISARMED
Sweden Yields to Norwegian Senti
ment Other Questions Will Be
Arbitrated Prince Charles
to-Bc Norway's King.
KARLSTAD. Sept. 16. The first of
ficial announcement indicating- that
the delegates of Norway and Sweden
were approaching- an understanding In
their effort to establish a modus Vi
vendi for the countries as separate
governments was given out tonight at
the close of the joint session of the
delegates. The announcement reads:
"The probabilities are that In the
near future negotiations can be
brought to a definite result."
This somewhat cryptic announce
ment is accepted as indicating that,
tho negotiations having reached a
stage where an agreement is in sight.
a resort to arms, which might have
Involved other powers, may safely be
considered to be out of the question.
At this hour, the delegates and other
nffiolnls rl pnllno to throw fnrthnt- tlirht
on the subject of the negotiations;
which wilt be resumed tomorrow.
Compromise on Fortifications.
It is taken for granted, however,
that a compromise has been reached on
the subject of fortifications, which has
been the crux of the situation since the
start, and that the remaining Questions
will be arbitrated.
It is believed here that considerable
influence was brought to bear on both
sides looking to concessions by which
the wounding of the sensibilities of
the people of either nation might be
avoided and an entente between the
Scandinavian peoples secured. Owing
to the silence of the delegates and tho
care with which well-informed persons
guard the secrets of the conference, it
would. -b.e unwise to speculate on the
proceedings whloh led to the decision
of tonight. While It is possible that
tho exact terms of an agreement have
been drawn up and approved by both
sides, the indefiniteness of the official
anouncemcnt, coupled with the re
sumption of the sessions of the dele
gates, led to the inference that only
the broad terms on whiqh Sweden will
consent to a dissolution of the union
were settled, but, as both sides up to
this morning appeared firm In their de
mands regarding, the fortresses, there
is good reason to suppose that mutual
concessions were made.
Premiers in Conference.
Prior to the assembling of the con
ference a few minutes before 9 o'clock
tonight. Premiers Lundeberg and
Mlchelsen, respectively for Sweden
and' Norway, were in conference alone.
The lateness of the hour of adjourn
ment made It Impossible to obtain the
result of the conference from tho
delegates, but a distinctly better feel
ing prevails, and it Is believed that the
next few days will see- an amicable
endjng of the conforence.
The report that the powers had made
representations to Sweden was based
on the tact that Great Britain. France
and Germany had offered their serv
ices if they became necessary.
OPINIONS FROM EACH SIDE
Norway's Old Forts Will Remain.
Other Questions Arbitrated.
LONDON. Sept. 16. (Special.) From an
authoritative source at Karlstadt, the
Verlsgang learns that the negotiations
havo taken such a turn that It is now
possible with full confidence to foreshadow
a peaceful settlement of the disputed
"This Is what I expected," said Dr. Nan
sen, when shown the dispatch announcing
the practical settlement. Dr. Nansen con
tinued: "It can only mean that Sweden
han acceded to our Irreducible minimum,
namely, the retention of the Fredricksen
and Kongsvlnger forts In their present
state and the demolition of the frontier
fortresses after Sweden has formally en
tered Into an arbitration treaty covering
future differences. I am without definite
advices, but It Is my Impression Norway
will not remove a single gun or a -single
stone from the frontier fortresses until
the arbitration treaty has actually been
signed. A settlement has apparently been
reached on the basis of an exchange of
promises. Our willingness to raze our
frontier forts, however, rests entirely upon
the security that arbitration would afford.
So we will not fulfill our promises to raze
ahem until a security bond has been sealed
"Recognition by the powers will be de
layed only until we have mapped out our
future form of government. The decision
In this matter wilLprobably be left to the
people, after the fashion of last month's
referendum, I think they will vote to ad
here to the monarchlal form."
"An agreement hasv apparently been
reached, as expected, by concessions on
both sides." said Professor HJarne, of the
Swedish Riksdag, upon reading the same
report. "In allowing the Norwegian fort
resses, Frederlcksen and Kongsvlnger,
with their new fortifications, to stand,
Sweden has given In to a certain extent.
A zone of neutrality on the frontier has
been established, however, so that Sweden
has gained her mainpotnt. Under the
new arrangement. Norway's line of fron
tier defenses will be broken, and Sweden
at most will have only to construct fort-
vjresses outside the -zona of neutrality; op-
poslte Kong3v!nger and Frederlcksen. The
Riksdag will be summoned immediately
to ratify the Karlstadt settlement. Recog
nition of Norway's Independence will fol
low without delay."
DISARM BORDER FORTRESSES
Basis ot Agreement Is Proposed.
Prince Chnrles Will Be King.
LONDON, Sept. IS. During the day
the belief that there would be an amica
ble settlement of the Swedish and Norr
weglan dispute developed Into confidence.
There Is reason to believe that King Ed
ward has taken a direct personal interest
In the matter and It 13 known that mes
sages bearing upon the situation at Karl
stad have been continually passing be
tween the Foreign Office and the King
for the. last two days. In fact. It is be
lieved that King Edward suggested a
The exact nature of this of course is
not known, but it is understood that Dr.
Nansen. the Arctic explorer, who has
been mentioned as the first Norwegian
Minister to London, and the Swedish
Minister here approved of the proposal.
that, instead of demolition of the for
tresses, they should be disarmed, Sweden
and Norway agreeing not to Increase
armaments and entering into a perma
nent peace treaty. This Is believed In
London to form the basis of tho agree
It Is understood In London that after
a full agreement Is signed, Prince
Charles, of Denmark, will he elected
King of Norway.
REJOICES IN SETTLEMENT.
Norwegian Paper Rails Quarrel Ar
ranged Without Bloodshed.
CHRISTIANIA, Norway, Sept. 17. A
pregnant expression of the feeling In Nor
way at the reception of tho communica
tion given out by the Karlstad conference
Is had in the leading article of the promi
nent newspaper, Verdonsgang, this morn
ing. It said:
The mesenge that was awaited with the
highest tension has at last arrived. The
negotiations at Karlstad will result In peace.
This will be accepted by the two peoples
with intense satisfaction and greeted by the
civilized world with entire sympathy. The
Scandinavian nations have settled a most
serious conflict as never has such a quarrel
been arranged. It U only a few months
since Norway entered the path of Independ
ence leading to tho abyss of dangers, and no
drop ot blood atalned the divorce, which waa
accomplished In a manner to prepare for the
future concord and fertile co-operation of
the two politically separated nations.
The result ot the negotiations Is as yet un
known. It may not -correspond with the
wishes of Norwegians, but surely we secured
all that It was possible to attain without
diminishing our dignity or national Inde
pendence. When the Norwegian people take
the occasion to coolly deliberate upon the
results of the negotiations, they will not
And they paid too high a price as compared,
with what they have gained for all time.
NORWAY MOBILIZES HER ARMY
European Powers- Strive to Avert
War In Scandinavia.
PARIS. Sept. 16. Despite Jhe contradic
tory statements made on thlsubject, in
formation reaching the highest authori
ties shows that the mobilization of Nor
way's forces Is now going on. The French
government has made conciliatory repre
sentations at Stockholm with a view to
averting a rupture.
Official sentiment here tends toward an
arrangement whereby Norway would be
permitted to continue some of her frontier
fortifications. It is understood that other
powers are Joining in pacific representa
tions, as a rupture is considered likely
to causa unrest and entanglements
Great Relief in Chrlstlanla.
CHRISTLVNIA. Sept. 16. The ofilcial
communication Issued at Karlstad was
received here at 10:45 tonight and was
Immediately spread on bulletin boards to
be read by crowds waiting quietly but
eagerly In the vicinity or tRfc newspaper
offices. The communication is Interpre
ted as confirming- the optimistic reports
-published this morning, but there la a
feeling of intense .relief.
Jo j- in Sweden.
STOCKHOLM. Sept. 16-The tidings
from Karlstadt, were received here with
general satisfaction and were a welcome
relief from the exhausting strain of the
last few days.
HOT GIP1N IH CUBA
ENEMIES OF PALMA REMOVED AND
Plot aid Connterplot Murk Presidential
Wsht Mob May Liberate
HAVANA, Sept. 16. The arrest of Act
ing Civil Governor Albert!, of the Prov
ince of Santa Clara, has been ordered by
the Supreme Court, He is charged with
ordering the Mayor of the town of vuel
tan to disobey a Presidential decree in
refusing to allow the Mayor, whom he
had unseated In favor of an opposing po
litical leader, to resume his functions.
Ball has been fixed at $1500, and Senor AI-
bcrtl has been given 72 hours In which
to comply with an order to turn over the
government to the President of the Pro-
Senor Diaz, whom the Governor of PI
nar del Rio superseded as Mayor of Guan-
ajay as part of an alleged Liberal plot to
unseat all Mayors and the. leading munici
pal officials In the provinces of Santa
Clara, Camaguey and Pinar del Rio, hon
partisans of President Palma, has been
arrested and Imprisoned on a charge of
refusing to comply with a Presidential or
der to turn over the Mayoralty.
Great excitement Is reported at Guana
Jay, where It Is feared the Liberals will
attempt to rescue Senor DIa2 from the
Jail. The Secretary of the Interior. Gen
eral Andrade, has telegraphed Minister
Arlstl. of GuanaJay authority to call on
the rural guards In cose assistance Is re
Negroes and. Orientals Barred.
SPRINGFIELD, 111., Sept. 16. The
American Brotherhood of Cementwork
ers decided today that hereafter negro
cementworkers shall form separate
unions A resolution was unanimously
adopted excluding from membership Jap
anese, Coreans and an otner oriental
laborers. The following officers were
elected: President and organizer, Hugh
Falvey. Chicago; second vice-president.
R. H. Wunderllch. San Francisco secre
tary and treasurer, T. IC Ryan, San
' TO SWING HIGH
Death on Yard-Arm to Be Fate
of Two of Lena's Crew.
ONE HAS PAID PENALTY
Preparations for Execution on In
terned Vessol in Port Are Post
poned by Hint From
U. S. Government.
SAN FRANCISCO. Sept. 16. fSDcciaLT-.
The Russian csuiser Lena is now in dry-
dock at Hunter's Point preparing for her
oyage back to the waters of the Czar
after her long period of inactivity at
Aiare Island, where she sought refuge
from the pursuit of the Japanese. "When
she reaches the high seas three miles be
yond the coast, where the jurisdiction of
the United States ceases, two deserters
now held In irons in the brlsr will swlmr
to death from the yardarm.
Since the Lena has been Interned In this
port ugly stories of her officers and men.
hose ways are not our ways, have been.
whispered freely, and rumor has been
crystallized into fact in the newspapers.
This latest tale of desertion and swift
punishment to follow has had a wide cur
rency among the sailors and marines at
the Hare Island yard, but has remained
unverified until today.
The two men who will pay the forfeit
ot their lives for their dash for liberty-
are ordinary sailors before the mast.
Their name3 are Sheshenko and Tourloff.
While their superiors dine in the palatial
saloon of tho- Lena or loll about In their
noon siesta; while their former mates aro
served their midday pannikins ot rum.
they chafe under their irons in the brig.
waiting the rope that has been set asldo
The Break for Liberty.
As soon as the Lena touched land after
her disastrous brush with Kamimura in
tho Yellow Sea, many of the boldest spir
its on the vessel took the first opportu
nity to escape from tho "rigors of service
on a Russian ship of war. They con
cluded to elude the watch and made good
their escape. They hid in Vallejo with the
Intention of working further away as soon
as the search for them had been given up.
Three of them were recaptured She
shenko, Tourloff 'and one other. This
other now lies In an unmarked grave in
Vallejo. He was burled without tho hon
or a sailor hopes to merit if he dle3 on
the ship he has served. It was declared
that he fell down a hatchway and broko
his neck. Certainly there was a ring of
bruises about his throat. '
When the desertors were brought back
under guard they wore tried by summary
court-martial and condemned to death In
accordance with the law of the Little
Father of all the Russlas. The state of
discipline demanded an example, and It is
said that preparations were made on
board to carry out the sentence of death
while the Lena still lay at Mare Island.
If Is further said, though Admiral Mc
Calla professes Ignorance of the whole af
fair, that sentence wa3 not executed be
cause the United States authorities inter
fered and pointed out that such a barbaric
tribute to justice could not be permitted
in American waters, nor until the Lena
sailed the ocean under her own colors.
Waiting to Be Ranged.
Consequently the two culprits are still
In the brig, and will remain there until
the three-nUle limit is reached on tho
homeward voyage. Then they will be
taken out of the brig for a little while
and will not go back again.
The Lena lay high In the dock this
morning, and the whlte-bloused sailors
were swarming over her as actively as
flies upon a fresh-baked pie. The United
States marine who stood guard at tho
gangplank, and who seemed well Informed
of the facts of the case himself, escorted
the reporter aboard. A request for Cap
tain Berllnsky elicited nothing better than
a voluble outburst of Russian. When an
officer was finally found who could mako
himself understood in English, he con
tented himself with an earnest "Please go
away." He was asked to verify the story,
but could not be pinned down to an affir
mation or a denial.
Three Came Back.
One of the sailors, however, who spoke
English and who himself had spent a
couple of months in the brig for a less
serious Infraction of discipline than de
sertion, was willing to talk. .
"Twenty-two ran away," he said, with
an expansive smile. "Three came back."
When asked where, the deserters- wero
now. he replied, "Inside," Indicating the
"You write- now, he continued, and
then, when pencil and paper appeared, ha
repeated, with painful distinctness, "She
shenko and Tourloff. Those are the
He was questioned further as to what
punishment had been decided on for the
"Oh, I don't know," he said, carelessly.
"Outside kill them," and he waved his
hand toward the ocean and described tho
penalty by an expressive clasp of his
hands about his throat.
Iowa Losing Population.
DES MOINES. Ia., Sept. 16. According
to preliminary figures of Iowa's state cen
sus the state had a total population Janu
ary 1, 1905, of 2,201,372. a loss pf 30.4S1 since
the census of 1S00, when the state wasac
credited with a population of 2.23LSS3.
Practically all of the larger cltlesand
counties showed gains. The loss was al
most entirely in rural sections.
President McCall to Testify.
NEW YORK. Sept. 16.-Tohn A. McCall,
president of the New York Life Insurance
Company, has been gubpenaed by the joint
legislative committee on Insurance inquiry
to testify before the committee when It
resumes Us sittings next week.