Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
PAGES 1 TO 12
VOL. XXIY-TsO. 3d.
PORTLAND, OREGON, .SUNDAY MORNINlx, AUGUST 20, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
DECISIVE ACT IN
CAUSE OF PEACE
Roosevelt Makes Prop
osition to Russia.
BACKED BY GREAT POWERS
Conference With Rosen May
Yet Save the Day.
FOLLOWS KANEKO'S VISIT
Hurried Trip of Russian Envoy to
Oyster Bay Revives Hope That
Peace Conference May
Backed by the Influence of Great
Britain. France and Germany, Presi
dent Roosevelt has stepped In to pre
vent the rupture of peace negotiations.
Immediately following a conference
with Baron Kaneko, Japan's confiden
tial asent, the President invited Baron
Rosen to confer with him.
The conference took place yesterday
afternoon and Baron Rosen's demean
or, which before had been gruff, was
afterwards cheerful and smiling.
It is understood that the President
submitted to him a proposition which
will settle the points In dispute in the
conference and that this will be sent
to the Czar, on whose decision rests
the continuance or break-up of the
peace conference on Tuesday.
It is suggested that Baron Kanoko
informed the President of Japan's Irre
ducible minimum and that Baron
Rosen informed him of the maximum
Russia would concede and that there
from the basis of a compromise was
OYSTER BAT, Aug. 19. President
Roosevelt is exercising every particle of
his great Influence to prevent a rupture of
the peace conference at Portsmouth. He
is engaged In a supreme effort to Induce
the envoys of the belligerent powers to
compromise their differences and reach an
agreement that will result In "a Just and
In this effort he has the active arid cor
dial support of Great Britain, France and
Germany. Tremendous and world-wide
pressure is being brought to bear upon
the governments at St- Petersburg and
Toklo to not pormlt the Washington con
ference to fall of affirmative results. It
can be said that there is ground for the
hope that it will not fall.
Baron Rosen, Russian Ambassador to
the United States, was with President
Roosevelt an hour this afternoon at Sag
amore Hill. He came to Oyster Bay by
invitation of the President, not merely to
discuss with him the situation, but to
have presented to him by the President a
proposition which, it is hoped, may re
solve the differences which have arisen
between the plenipotentiaries of the two
governments. After his conference with
the President, Baron Rosen left immedi
ately for his Summer residence at Mag
nolia, Mass., where he and Mr. "Witte, the
principal Russian envoy, expect to spend
Sunday. Neither President Roosevelt
nor Baron Rosen would discuss even In.
the most general terms the details or the
result of their conference. v
Proposition "Will Go to pzar.
The Ambassador will prtsnV 4hj? Pres
ident's proposition to Mr. "Wtttb tonight,
and the likelihood is that it will be trans
mitted to Emperor Nicholas. On the re
sult of Its consideration will depend the
fate of the peace conference. It Is not
3 improbable that before the envoys meet
next Tuesday morning It may be known
with some degree of deflniteness whether
there will be a continuation of the war.
tTp to the present time the President
has refrained from any action, even by
indirection, that might be construed as'
interference by the plenipotentiaries. He
announced at the beginning of the nego
tiations that neither by word nor by act
would he participate .in the proceedings
of the conference, although ho made it
perfectly clear to the envoys of both
Russia and Japan that he would be ready
at any time to assist them in a proper
way in the work which they had been
designated by their respective Emperors
All Powers "Work for Peace.
In anticipation, however, of failure of
the envoys to agree upon certain of the
articles which they had agreed to con
sider, and In expectation that he might
be appealed to by the one side or the oth
er before the conclusion of the confer
ence, the President has been In commu
nication with the great neutral powers.
His purpose was to enlist their support
in a final effort to secure an honorable
peace. "With King Edward he communi
cated because Great Britain is a practical
ally of Japan, and wJth President Loubet
because France is the nearest friend of
Russia. Germany, too, was appealed to,
and Emperor "William is exerting-his in
fluence for peace.
Through Mr. Griscom. the American
Minister at Toklo, the President also
has been working, but it cannot be as
certained whether his efforts have been
directed toward a 'reduction of the de
mands of Japan or not. It is surmised,
however, that he has urged the Japanese
government to so modify Its terms as to
render it easier for Russia to accede io
"-"a Kaneko, a confidential represen
tative of the Japanese government in
this country, has been keeping In close
touch with President Roosevelt since the
peace negotiations were in their ln
ciplency. For the fourth time in as many
weeks and for the second time within
a week he was in conference with the
President last evening. Neither he nor
the President would disclose the nature
of their interview, but it Is slgnlfloant j
the Baron had scarcely started for New
York bofore the President's intorest in
the negotiations at Portsmouth became
active. He sent a long and important j
communication to Mr. "Witte and Baron
Rosen. Secretary Poirce's roply to the
message was communicated to the Presi
dent by telephone from the executive of
fice in Oyster Bay village. Then ensued
a long-distance conversation between the
President and the Russian envoys, the
messages being transmitted through
Secretary Barnes here and through Mr.
Pelrce at Portsmouth. The President in
vited Mr. "Witte to send a trusted en
voy, preferably Ambassador Rosen, to
Sagamore Hill in order that he might
present to him for the consideration of
the Russian mission a proposition of the
highest importance. The invitation of
the President was accepted and the de
tails soon were arranged.
Baron Rosen, accompanied by Prince
Koudacheff as his secretary, left for
Portsmouth early this morning. He went
to Magnolia, Mass., the seat of his Em
bassy during the Summer, and thence to
Boston, where he boarded a limited train
for New York. At 2:50 o'clock this after
noon the train made a special stop at
New Rochelle, N. Y., where Baron Rosen
left It and boarded the Sylph, which the
President had directed to be sent to New
Rocholle to convey the Russian envoy
to Oyster Bay.
Rosen Suddenly Cheers Up.
Bearing Baron Rosen and his secretary,
the Sylph reached Oyster Bay and cast
anchor below Sagamore Hill at 4:17 P. M.
Five minutes later the President's callers
were on the way to the J. "Woat Roose
velt pier In the Sylph's motor-boat. As
he landed. Baron Rosen was almost
brusque in his refusal to discuss his mis
sion. They entered one of the President's
carriages, which was awaiting them, and
wore driven to Sagamore Hill. There
they remained with the-PrpsJdent about
an hour. At the conclusion of the con
ference, while Baron Rosen still declined
to talk of his visit, his demeanor was
changed absolutely. His face was wreathed
in smiles and his manner was quite genial.
The interview evidently had been entirely
satisfactory to him. The Russian visitors
were conveyed to the Sylph In the motor
boat and shortly before C o'clock the boat
weighed anchor and sailed out. Her des
tination was not disclosed, but it was.
supposed to be-some point on the Now
England coast, where Baron Rosen ami
Prince Koudacheff might catch a train
that would enable them to roach Magnolia
President Roosevelt said this evening
he would not discuss In any way his con
ference with Baron Rosen. The intima
tion conveyed by his remarks was that !
publicity at this moment might imporil,
if not wreck entirely, the negotiations
pending. The President would not Indi
cate either his opinion of the result of
Xcw Hope of Agreement.
It is quite evident from the trend of
events today, which made Oyster Bay
for an hour the center of the peace pro
ceedings, that the Russian envoys arc now
in possession of information that will as
sist them materially In concluding an
agreement with the Japanese plenipoten
tiaries!, it would be futile to speculate
as to the nature of this Information or
as to the character of the proposition the
President submitted to Baron Rosen. But
it can be said that, if the conferees, after
communicating with their governments,
are able to proceed with their labors next
Tuesday without a rupture, it will be due
to the final effort made today by Presi
COMPROMISE OX INDEMNITY
President Probably Found Way to
Bridge Gulf Between Nations
OYSTER BAY, Aug. 19. (Special.)
Baron Rosen, the junior Russian peace
envoy, was called to Sagamore Hill by
President Roosevelt today, and In the
course of a conference that lasted al
most two hours, was urged to accept the
Japanese peace terms as the best way
out of a bad bargain. The President very
frankly told the plenipotentiary that. If
he did not make peace under the present
conditions, the indemnity that Japan
would exact In the future would stagger
the Czar and his lords of finance. The
President probably put the case more
delicately than that to the sorely tried
Russian envoy, but he undoubtedly was
able to show Baron Rosen that he was
thoroughly conversant with the situation
and It is believed the Ambassador prom
ised to use his best offices to avert a
break at Portsmouth.
The visit of Baron Kaneko at Sagamore
Hill yesterday Is believed to have had
an Important bearing on today's confer
ence. It is thought that the Japanese fi
nancial expert came with a message that
acquainted the President with the. irre
ducible minimum that will be accepted
by the Mikado's government. From the' 4
good spirits that seomed to exude from
Baron Rosen vihen he left the President
today. It would seem thai he had told
fhc President the "unlncreasablo maxi
mum" that would be granted by the
Czar, and that there was no groat and
unbridgeable gap between the two sums.
MESSAGE IS SENT TO RUSSIA
Important SecrctGlven by Roosevelt
to Rosen May Bring Peace.
PORTSMOUTH, N. H., Aug. 19. All
hope here that the peace negotiations
may yet be saved from a break on Tues-
day Is fastened to the proposition which
Baron Rosen is bringing from Presldont
Roosevolt to Mr. Witte. This proposition.
It is understood, concerns only Russia's
position and, if It shall prove acceptable
to Russia, will bo presented by Mr.
"Witte as soon as It shall have received
the sanction of the Emperor.
When Mr. Witte retired tonight be was
ignorant of the nature of the proposition.
All that he knew about It was the fact
(Concluded on Page 2.)
BODIES FOUND ON
E. L. Swartsel, of Pasadena,
-Cal., Kills Lena May
Clyse and Himself.
ELKS ASKED TO CARE FOR
"Woman Had Been Employed In East
Portland Telephone Exchange.
Her Companion Had to Do
"With Fair Concession.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Aug.. 19. Spe
cial.) The bodies of a man and woman
were found tonight noar the old slaughter
house, on the banks of the Columbia.
Just above the Government roserve. Pa
pers upon their persons disclose their
names to be E. L. Swartsel, of Pasadena,
Cal., and Lena May Clyce. of Watcrvlllc,
Cal. The bodies were found by some
small boys who had been swimming In
the river noar whore the bodies were
A revolver with two shots fired are
cvidonco elthor of a double suicide or a
murdor and suicide, probably tho latter.
Both were well dressed. The deed must
have been committed over a week ago,
as tho bodies were seen Monday by the
same boys who found them today. Mon
day the boys did not go near thorn as
they thought they were probably sleep
ing. The man wore a square-cut blue
sack suit and a Panama hat. The wo
man was dressed In a skirt of dark ma
terial and wore a light waist, also a light
hat trimmed In red. A note found on
the body road:
"We are Elks. Will 'Portland Elks take
care of us?"
A card showed membership in Pasadena
Lodge, No. 672. B. P. O. E. Among the
papers was a pass to the Exposition)
No. F 3S36. .
Coroner Smith, aided by the following
jury, hold aa inquost on the ground:
Dr. N. J. Taylor, M. Regal, Dr. Irwin,
Ben Shaw, John Shcppard and S. J. Mll
lor. The verdict returned Is as fellows:
"We. the Jury, being nm duly wera. And
that the decasedt Ln& May Clyce. cane to
her death from & sunsbot wound Inflicted
with murderous Intent by E. I BwartJeL
We Xurther find that tlve sata T." U-Swartt'
Eel come to hit death by a. gunshot wound
Inflicted by himself, after having killed the
isala Lena May Clyce.
The above parties were found on the Co
lumbia River bank, about one mile east f
Vancouver. ysh-, and from the appearance
f the bodies have been dead five or six days.
From evidence lntrodnced we believe the
dead man to have been E. L. Swartsel, for
merly of. Riverside. Cal., but later of
Portland. Or.; that the name of the
deceased woman was Lena May Clyee. for
merly of Riverside. CaL. but later f Port
Letter Written to Her Son.
Tho man appeared to Ije about 4
years of age and tho woman about 35.
with the gray hairajaeginnlng to show.
In the woman's pocket was found a
letter roady for the mall, addressed
to Master Clyde Clyce. Watorvllle. Cal.
It was such a letter as a mother would
writ to a boy of 13, full of loving ex
pressions, and bidding him to remem
ber his father and mother. From tho
context it seems that Mrs. Clyce was
the mother of three children, of whom
Clyde wa oldest.
About one week ago the Portland po
lice received a lettor from Pasadena
written by an officer at that place, re
questing that search be made for E. L.
Swartsel. and stating, that Lena May
Clyce might be with Ira. It was
learned that sho had been employed in
the East Side exchange of the Pact lie
States Telephone & Tolcgraph Com
pany, but inquiry devolopod the fact
that sho had not boon working several
investigation satisfied the police
that Swartsel and the girl had eloped,
und further search was abandoned. But
little Is known of the woman here. In
formation secured from officials of tho
telephone company is to the effect that
sho came here about tm weeks ago. ap
plied for a position as operator at tho
exchange board and was employed.
She was on the night shift, and from
the first was uncommunicative and ap
peared mentally disturbed at all times
She did not mingle with others a great
deal, and it was remarked among tho
operators that within her breast was
locked some strange secrot.
Hor age was not known to a cer
tainty, but one who know her slightly
approximates It at 35. During her term
of service for the tolephone company
she deported horself in a womanly
manner, and was accounted a good
Nothing was known of her past lifo.
and she said nothing. She spent her
recesses and luncheon hour In reverie,
giving, the Impression among tho other
operators that there had been deep
trouble In her life and that she was
brooding or'at least thinking of It.
E. It. Swartsel was a familiar figure at
the Lewis and Clark Exposition the first
few weeks it was open, having been con
nected with the Martin Chair Cane Com
pany, of Riverside. 1 CaL, which had a
concession at the Fair. The Martin Com
pany later abandoned Its concession. It
Is not known In what capacity he was
omployed by the company, other than he
held an important position.
NEW DOCK ON THE SOUND
Navy Department. PreTers It There
to Marc Island;
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Aug. 19. It Is believed from the
attitude pf an official of the Navy Depart
ment that Congress will bo asked -next
Winter to make an appropriation for a
new drydock on Puget Sound. The naval
authorities are unanimous In declaring
that there Is immediate need for better
docking facilities on the Pacific Coast, and
arc equally unanimous In believing it un
wise to build such a dock at the Marc
Island navy-yard, because of the bad
If another dock is authorized, it is pre
ferred that It be located at Bremerton, on
the Sound. Tho only thing to check this
recommendation will be adverse action
by the Cabinet, which may deem It Inad
visable, In view of the condition of the
Treasury, tp seek money for the new
dock at this time.
Dredging Lake "Washington Canal.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Aug. 19. A contract was today
awarded to the Puget Sound Bridge &
Dredging Company for dredging part of
the Lakes Union and Washington canal
near Ballard, at a rate of 25.9 cents per
cubic yard. The total contract amounts
Houses for Cascade Ibckkccpers.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Aug. 19. A contract has been
awarded to Frederick & Arnold, of Hood
River, for rectlng buildings at Cascade
Locks, on the Columbia River, for the
use of tho lockkecpers, at a cost of
RAIN CAUSES COLLISION
Seven Seriously Injured In Electric
Cars at Allegheny.
PITTSBURG. Pa.. Aug. 19. Seven per
sons were painfully Injured and a score
or more" wore slightly bruised In a col
lision of two West View streetcars at
the corner of North avenue and Sandusky
street. Allegheny, tonight. The more se
riously Injured are Miss Nannie E. Cross
man. Miss Frieda Luther, Leopold Helcer,
Mrs. W. Ballar. James Wright, Thomas
E. Lewis and Mrs. Mollie Casson. f
The accident occurred shortly after a
heavy rain set in and was caused by the
failure of the brakes to hold on the slip
pery track. Both cars were crowded and
a panic followed -the crash. "
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TBSTERDAVS Maximum temperatare.
deg.; minimum. CI.
TODAY'S Partly cloudy and occasionally
threatening. Cooler. Westerly winds.
PrerMcat Roosevelt gives Rosen message
which may prevent rupture. Page 1.
Czar renews statement he will not pay In
demnity, rage 3.
European powers support Roosevelt's efforts
for peace, rage 1.
Rain prevents fighting- In Manchuria. Page 3.
Czar orders plan for representation or
Poland. Page 3.
Cretan revolt a failure. Page 13.
All German colonies In revolt. Page 13.
United States warns China she must pay for
loss by boycott. Page 2.
Government brings contempt charge against
raHreads far glvt ?rotiajes. Pace 3.
weak boilers. Pa-e 7.
Nepotism rife among Government ofdaials.
Senators and Representatives. Page 1.
Chicago preacher to be tried for cheating a
railroad. Page 4.
Apache raiders shoot with poisoned arrows.
Great Northern Railroad cuts grain rates In
war with Soo line. Page
Dowre issues orders against race suicide and
regulating courtship. Page L .
Millionaire's son killed In automobile wreak.
New Orleans burning sulphur to kill mos-
Close of defense In Taggart trial. Page 3C
Cloudburst la Missouri swamps town and
drowns four persons. Pag 1.
San Francisco again defeats Portland In
ball game. Page 10.
Racers at Irvlngton are auctioned off. Page
Walter A. Gess wins Pacific Northwest
championship in singles at tennis at Ta
ooma. Page 1C '
Newton, of Seattle, wins National golf
championship. Page 10.
E. L Swartsel. of Riverside, Cat.-; kills Mrs.
Lena M. Clyce ana himself near Vancou
ver. Page 1.
Rotation In crops shows big results at the
Cervaltis experiment station. Page 4.
Ashland and Monmouth Normal Schools will
open this Kali. Page 3.
Brownell and Hofcr talk politics at a farm
ers picnic In Clackamas. Page S.
Oregon trains narrowly escape serious col
lision In California. Page 3.
Commercial and Marine.
WhwU buyers reduce their bids. Page 33.
Small quantity of heps remaining InWash-
Ington. Page 33.
Crop prospects are underlying factorln
stock speculation. Page 35.
Wheat and corn prices break at Chicago.
New York banks gain more cash than ex
pected. Page 35.
Opening price on California walnuts will
be high. Page 35.
First wheat ships chartered. Page 10.
Damage to llassale werso than reported.
Liner disabled. Page 19.
Lewis and Clark Exposition.
Admissions. 20,637. Pago S.
Famous Mormon choir arrives. Page 8.
Airship City of Portland makes flight.
Empire State has great day at Fair. Page S.
Canvases of masters on view at Exposition.
Bureau of Animal Industry has Interesting
exhibit. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity.
Trans-Mlsslsslppl Congress concludes Its ses
sion. Page 8.
Chinese resolution adopted after bitter fight
on part of California. Page .
Civics Conference discusses municipal own
ership of public utilities and adjourns.
Irrigation Congress will convene. Page 14.
Grand Jury's work outlined. Page 30.
History will be theme of a congress. Page
Two men terrorise Washington street. Pago
Lafo Tenco Is sued. Pago 11.
Building burned was of flimsy construction.
Features and Departments.
Editorial. Page 0.
Classified advertisements. Pagex 19-23.
Canoeing down the Upper Willamette. Page
39. . , " V
Influence of scenery on travel. Page 3SI r
Frederick J. Hasklns letter. Page 40.
The cowboy before the mast. Page 41.
Sherlock Holmes. Page 47.
Social. Pages r2S-27.
Seaside notes. Page 30.
Musical. Pago 29.
Household, and fashions. Pages 42-43.
Youth's department. Page 4C
Intelligent animals of the circus zoo. Page
Lewlston. gatewav dtr of tho Interion
Senators and Representatives
Provide for Sons and
GOVERNMENT PAYS THEM
Secretary "Wilson nnd Vice-President
Fairbanks Head List of Men
Who Draw Salaries for
Members of Families.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Aug. 19. The poet might have
said (but he didn't) that
Sons of great men off remind us
Wo may make our lives sublime.
And with father's push behind us
We can get there every time.
. The next role essayed by the "big
stick'.' will be to chasten those In high
official place who have been practicing
One phase of the recent "graft" dis
closure In the Agricultural Depart
ment was that Secretary Wilson had
retained In the position of .private sec
retary for nine years his son, Jasper
Wilson, and that last Summer he sent
the latter on a mission to Alaska, os
tensibly to Investigate certain alleged
Violations of the game laws, but, when
one considers that it was a delightful
Summer trip, at Government expense,
and that Jasper was enabled thereby
to give personal attention to a private
Investment In mining property, all the
while drawing his salary as private
secretary for duties supposed to be
performed In Washington, the con
clusion Is Inevitable that Father Wil
son was good to Son Jasper. The ex
pense of young Wilson's Junket was
about 5500, which the Government
"Work for Keep Commission.
Nepotism, although a petty species
of grafng. Is the commonest thing In
"Washington. It has grown to bo
something at once ridiculous and de
plorable. President Roosevelt Is go
ing to have his Keep Cnmmisgion,jP
infTlt and see if the big stick cannot
be brought Into play. In every branch
of the Government service the sons,
daughters and other relatives of men
of Influence In official life may be
found safely ensconced in paying Jobs.
In one particular instance of record
five relatives of a chief in the Interior
Department have been put ppon the
payroll, In cheerful disregard of the
alleged limitations of the civil service
One prominent foreman In the Gov
ernment Printing Office a hotbed of
graft has three relatives appointed
under him. Congress can hardly be
expected to correct the evil, unless the
President takes a firm stand, for nep
otism Is more prevalent on Capitol
Hill, or as much so, than In the execu
tive departments. President Roose
velt's Investigation cannot reach Con
gress. If It could, he would read somo
Fairbanks Provides for Fumlly.
For example, the Vice-President sig
nalized his Introduction Into office by
appointing his son as his private sec
retary at $2220 a year. This son has
been traveling over the country with
the Vice-President during the Summer,
and the work at Washington Is being
-1 1 t . IlilA .Ao.
The Vice-President has had two of
the members of his household staff on
the Government payroll. One, a woman
from Southern Indiana, who draws a
salary In the War Department, se
cured for her by the Vice-President,
performs the stunt of social secretary
mornings and evenings, outside of of
fice hours, for Mrs. Fairbanks. The
other is a negro in the District -of Co
lumbia, who enjoys a messenger's sal
ary In the Bureau of Printing and En
graving, secured for him by Mr. Fair
banks, and who acts as a servant in
tlfe Vice-President's household nights,
mornings and evenings.
Senators' Sons and Nephews.
The Congressional Directory discloses
in part the prevalence of the graft of nep
otism in the Capitol. For example. Presi
dent pro tern Frye.of the Senate, had his
nephew as private secretary, when he pre
sided over the Senate. Senator Foster, of
Washington, during his six years In
Washington, had his brother as messen
ger of his committee, and that brother la
still drawing salary, and will continue to
do so until the next Congress assembles.
Senator Galllngcr, of New Hampshire,
employed bis son as clerk until recently.
Senator Cockrell, of Missouri, had two
sons on the Senate payroll until hls'"term
expired, and, when he went to the Inter
state Commerce Commission, he took -one
of them as his private secretary. There
being only one appointment at Mr. Cock
rcll's disposal In the Commission, the oth
er son retired to private life.
B. B. Tillman. Jr., is committee clerk
for B. B. Tillman. Sr. Elliott R. Berry
Is committee clerk for Senator Berry.of
Arkansas. George Cabot Lodge Is assist
ant clerk of his father's committee, and
Reed Knox, son of the new Senator from
Pennsylvania, has already been Installed
as messenger of his father's committee at
.Therc were two places at the disposal of
iScnator Gamble. One went to his son. R.
55 Gamble, the other to his nephew. This
son,' by the way. Is a student at Port De
posit, Md. Senator Simmons, of North
Carolina, has no son, so he made his
daughter clerk of his committee. John
Warwick Daniel, senior Senator from Vir
ginia, has John Warwick Daniel. Jr.. as
clerk of the committee of which he Is
Mitchell Family Taken Care Of.
Both United States Senators who have
been tried before Federal courts and
found guilty on serious indictments are
believers In the practice of nepotism. Sen
ator Mitchell, of Oregon, carries his
grandson, John Mitchell Handy, as clerk
of the committee on Interocennlc canals;
for his son Hiram he procured a commis
sion In the Army. W. S. Burton Is mes
senger of the committee of which Joseph
Ralph Burton Is aiialrman.
The most remarkable case of "Senatorial
courtesy" Is that of Senator J. F. Allee,
of Delaware, who appointed his son as his
committee clerk, and then, having another
place as messenger at his disposal, gave It
to a relative of his colleague. Senator
It is more difficult to locate nepotism
among the clerks of the House, for the
names of many clerks are not given. But
two notable Instances stand out fn tho
Congressional Directory, one that of Dan
A. Grosvenor, who Is clerk of the mer
chant marine committee of which his
brother Is chairman: the other that of L.
T. McClcary, son of Representative Mc
Cleary. of Minnesota, who Is clerk of his
father's committee- It Is to be noted,
however, that Victor L. Rlcketts Is chair
man of the committee on printing, -while
Oscar Rlcketts Is foreman of printing at
the Government Printing Office. Rlcketts
Is an odd name; it will hardly be regard
ed as a coincidence.
But this Is only touching the. high
places; the foregoing glvo? but a scant
Idea of the extent to which nepotism Is
practiced-at the Capitol. Many relatives
have been appointed clerks, messengers
or in other capacities, but not being sons
or daughters and having different names.
the relationship does not appear of
Hake-Off on Clerk nire.
Coupled with this practice of nepotism
Is another Interesting practice resorted to
by Senators and members and by some
-very prominent men In' cither branch of
Congress. Every Senator, If chairman of
a committee. Is allowed a stated salary
for a committee clerk, and usually an
additional amount for assistant clerks and
messengers; every chairman of a com
mittee In the House hag a similar allow
ance. Senators who are not chairmen
are paid $123 each month for clerk hire,
and members of the House receive $100 a
month. The committee clerks draw their
own salary, but clerks or private secre
taries to Senators or members of Con
gress are paid by the Senator or member,
and each Senator or member monthly
signs a statement saying he has paid the
full amount drawn by him for the pur
pose stated, namely, for clerk hire. But
many nnd many a clerk In Washington
gets only half the allotted amount: many
more do not receive even $30 a month.
and a case Is often cited of a well-known
Congressman from Ngw England who
Pockcicu -ais a monin ana wrote ins
letters with a pen. But he stated In
writing 12 times a year that he was pay
ing 5100 a month for clerk hire. There is
more downright graft In connection with
the employment of clerks and secretaries
around . Congress than will evor be told,
but If a Keep Commission or some other
commission could get at the bottom facts
It would turn up matter that would as
tonish the constituents of many an hon
ored and respected "Solon."
Thrifty Coast Members. .
An instance is recalled of a member of
Congress from a Pacific Coast State who
is now sarving In the House for a second
time. When first elected he brought to
Washington a young man who had bare
ly enough money to pay his expenses to
Washington, but he brought him here un
der promise that he would pay him $100 a
month and would buy him a typwrlter.
When the poor fellow reached Washing
ton with only enough money to pay his
board he was Instructed to buy his own
machine nnd when payday ro.lled around
the member deducted $10 from the
promised $100. But the poor fellow was
a stranger In Washington, was 3000 miles
from home, and he was compelled to
Another member of Congress from a
Pacific Coast State has been regularly
drawing $100 a month for clerk hire, but
he has seldom spent any of it. He ope
rates a typewriter himself, is very rapid,
though somewhat faulty, but he is thrifty.
Another Const member, noted for his
thrift, is saving $S9 a month on clerk
hire by using a pen and writing his own
letters, but- he Is probably earning the
money, for he works late and begins
again early next morning; he has a deal
of correspondence. And so It goes; there
are Innumerable Instances which can be
verified, but what's the use? The mem
bers have the money; they really perjure
themselves to get It, but they humiliate
themselves before their collagues, who
know of their arts, and they pay a pretty
good price. In one way, for the money
they knock down.
Unfortunately, a Presidential commis
sion cannot expose the workings of men
such as these.
NATIVES HONOR TAFT.
Three Wonderful Colebrntions by
Moros nt Zamboanga.
MANILA, Aug. 20. Advices from Zam
boanga say that, three wonderful demon
strations were ' held - therein honor of
Secretary Taft and party. AllAthejptrlbos
In the Moro provinces and the leading
dattos were represented.
There were a procession, a drill by
Moros, a -parade and native dances. . At
night there was a dance at the Army
and Navy Club and a reception by the
The Twentieth Infantry, commanded by
Colonel Maus. led the parade and hun
dreds of school children sang In English.
The Logan has sailed for Jolo with Sec
retary Taft and party.
Wife Shoots 3Ians Stenographer.
NEW YORK, Aug. 19. Mrs. Beatrice
Young, wife of William G. Young, who
employs several stenographers In New
York hotels, today shot and probably
fatally wounded Mrs. Catherine Morgan
In the parlor of the Hotel Imperial, where
the latter was employed by Mr. Young.
Jealousy Is believed to have beert the
cause of the shooting. Mrs. Young has
separated from her husband, and believed
Mrs". Morgan was to blame for It.
Bf EACH YEAR
Apostle of Zion Issues Edict
Against Race Suicide in
HE REGULATES KISSING
Roosevelt's Theory Put in Practical
Operation, but Osculation Be
fore Marriage Forbidden
to Maidens' Sorrow.
CHICAGO, Aug. 19. (Special.) A aew
baby every year for every family In Zlon'a
husky cohorts, overtime work for tho
stork, away with race suicide.
That Is the latest ukase by Apostle
John Alexander Dowle. for the ruler of
the north shore colony wants to see tha
birth-rate figures go soaring skyward in
a way that will make the statisticians sit
up and sharpen their pencils.
But In the same breath the master of
Zion sets forth another command that Is
held by many of the buxom young wom
en In his flock to be a contradiction, for
It Is commanded that there shall be no
kissing nor hugging before marriage.
Apostle Dowle always has expressed
great admiration for President Roosevelt,
and has opposed race suicide, though ho
himself has been the father of but two
children. Now, however, he has taken a
practical step toward putting his ideas
Into effect, and today he Issued a formal
order that henceforth every couple mar
ried In his flock shall lead a little lamb
to the baptismal font every 12 months.
Members Will Not Bulk.
From now on, when he wants to know;
the size of a Zionist's family, all that la
necessary- will be to know how many
years the Dowlelte has been married.
The members of the Christian Catholic
Church, community at Zion City, follow
ing the commands of their first apostlo
In all things, say they will not balk at
the latest order. That will mean new
schools and an addition to the Sunday
school room at the big tabernacle.
The first apostle's new order Is part of
a supervision which he recently began to
exercise ever marital affairs In his
church. The first step was in the form
that all faithful members of Zion who
marry must first have a chiefs written
consent, else- the marriages would not bo
recogn!zd by the church. Another In
junction was that no marriages per
formed by Justices of the Peace would be
considered morally correct even though
they might fulfill the conditions Imposed
by the state.
No Antc-Xuptlnl Kissing.
But now the swains and blushing maid
ens are under still further restrictions,
this time relating to their lovemaklng.
"Never a kiss until after the wedding
ceremony is over," says the apostle. And
that means that young couples without
serious Intentions are not to kiss "just
for fun" or "for mischief," but the rule
goes further and prohibits all osculatory
exorclse even after the fated words are
spoken that bind two souls for futuro
marriage. The first kiss Is to be the
one that follows the minister's benedic
tion at the altar. So Zion Is to be a race
of unklssed, after the fashion set by
young Gladstone Dowle. and by Professor
Views of a Prettj Woman.
"I am not wholly satisfied that the new
rules will operate In an entirely satisfac
tory manner," said a studious-looking but
dimpled and .pretty young woman, a
member of the flock, today. "For how In
the world is a young man ever going to
get a young woman Interested In him
enough to become engaged at all?"
CLOUDBURST KILLS FOUR'
TOWN IN MISSOURI SMOTHERED BY
Torrent Dnsbc Ilonnen to Pieces aad
Drowns Occupant People
Flee to Hills.
JOPLIN, Mo., Aug. 19. Four people
were drowned and property valued at
$200,909 was destroyed as the result of
a cloudburst today at Southwest City,
In the extreme southern portion of
Missouri. C. O. Kelsey. a photographer,
was drowned when the two-story build
ing which he occupied was swept away
and dashed to pieces against a tree
Ned Smith and. two other persons,
whose names are not known, were
drowned while trying to rescue Kelsey.
For. several hours the water was ten
feet deep 1 nthe streets of Southwest
City and the inhabitants were all forced
to flee to the high lands. The St. Louis
& San Francisco Railroad bridge was
washed away and the bridge of tho
same" road at Beatty, Ark., was swept
from Its piers. It Is believed that fully
1000 head of stock were drowned.
It Is estimated that ten Inches of rain
fell In nine hours.
Falling Hoof Hurts People.
MARBLBHEAD, Mass., Aug. 19. A doz
en persons were Injured tonight by the
collapse of a pavilion at Crocker Park,
where a large crowd wa3 watching the
fireworks In celebration of the arrival
of the New York Yacht Club fleet. A hun
dred or more small boys climbed on the
roof of the building, while 200 persons,
mostly women and children, were seated
below. The weight of the boys caused tho
roof to collapse.