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THE . STODAY OBEGONIAN, PORTLAND, ABRilr 16, 1Q6o.
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PORTLAND. SUNDAY, APRIL 16, 1903.
A FEW GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.
Persons styling themselves reformers
are always about, and always busy.
But for experience with such, superior
Intelligence and superior virtue might
be expected in them. Surely from their
criticisms on the one hand and their
professions on the other, you might
look for perfectibility. But talk is
cheap. These persons are seldom to be
taken seriously. Try them and they
tail. Sp.much easier is it to And fault
with things done by others than to do
Opposition In politics Is always easj.
A test comes when the critic is trans
ferred from opposition to office, and re
sponsibility begins. And In proportion
as the man's weight of character and
position In office are eminent and com
manding, the responsibility increases In
multifold ratio. It Is your light and
volatile character that has no doubt of
Its own all-sufficiency. It has its
schemes of "reform," and before an
election It promises all things.
Such character is usually estimated at
its wortli which Isn't much. Some
times, however, it obtains credit, but
after short trial the people find it neces
sary to go back to old experience.
Charlatanry, however, will now and
then have Its day. Often it comes in
the guise of disinterestedness though
its motives are selfish and sordid as
possible. It wants to "run the town,
for objects of its own. It professes an
interest in the public weal which it does
not feel at all unless it be conceded
that the public weal is synonymous
with Its own private 'objects and' de
The bearing of which observations
here and there, in towns, cities and
communities Portland not excepted
lies in the application of them. In
even' community all such pretensions,
in course oi time, una tnelr proper
A strange anomaly, amounting to a
paradox, is often seen in our public
life, namely: The opinions at one time
or another most popular on the bust
lngs are not those which the pubjic. In
its heart, desires really to see carried
Into effect in administration. Over and
over, again and again, this has been
observed, through extreme reaction
from radical innovation. It is clear
that the noblest conservative principle
in any state must be intellect accompa
nied with Integrity. The possessors of
this quality are not the men and women
who are everlastingly striving through
e"rsational.schemes and methods to get
public attention and make it appear
that they are "the best people." Gov
ernment by those who assume to be
'tb'e best people" is, and always has
been, of all government the most intol
DISEASE AND CIVILIZATION.
. The condition of health, or rather of
disease, reported at Tonopah, an active
and prosperous mining town of Nevada,
with between 2000 and 2500 inhabitants,
is a disgrace to an American commu
nity. An unnamed disease which is
in the nature of pestilence Is ravaging
the town, and to it are joined smallpox
and other filth diseases which, when
they invade orderly communities, are
quickly stamped out by Isolation of pa
tients and by public sanitation. The
first named; or . rather the unnamed.
malady is described as "mysterious,"
though to the sanitary . scientist the
cause of the disease can hardly be said
to be a mystery, since accompanying
the tale of Its prevalence and virulence
is the announcement that the sewerage
system of Tonopoh is In a frightful con
dition and the alkali water is nauseat
Intelligent people In all civilized lands
recognize the fact that "loaded water'
is a carrier of disease. And filth accu
mulatlons due to improper drainage are
its active breeders. People who hud
die together, drink Impure water and
permit the existence of sewerage con
dltions that are "perfectly frightful'
have no right to expect exemption Iroro
pestilential diseases or.-to -be surprised
Tvhen such diseases ravage their com
munity. They are wise who seek to es
cape by flight epidemics thus fostered,
as it Is the only open avenue of safety.
CHANGING TICE LEPARD'S SrOTZ.
Can the 'lepard" change his "spotz"?
To be .sure he can, and will, if there
is anything in it for the leopard. That
is the trouble with most reforms no
money In them. And spelling reform,
most Important of all, has languished
because there Is no profit in it for the
publishers and other Interested persons.
This has been recognized by a devoted
resident of North Tarrytown, N. Y., by
name G. "W. Wishard, and in a cir
cular which has been distributed broad
cast over the country he has outlined
a plan "To Get the Atoighty Dollar
Behind Spelling Beform." In other
words, when it is spelled "Spelling Be
form," Mr. "Wishard thinks the phonetic
system will triumph. The "lepard" will
then change its "spotz" (spelling by
permission of the reformer).
First of all. does the public realize
what evils attend the present system, if
it can be called a system, of spelling
"Five million years are wasted annual
ly by irregular spelling," says the
pamphlet, a modest estimate that will
be approved by the school children who
are struggling through the tough,.
dough, plough, cough, series of words.
Five million years is a lot of time to
waste annually. A few weeks of re
formed spelling would suffice for the
building of the Panama Canal. How
ever, the terrors and horrors of the
present way of spelling are known to
all. How to bring about reform Is the
problem. Simplicity itself marks Mr.
Wishard's plan. The governments of
English-speaking countries should give
bounties to publishers who brought out
books and periodicals with tho reformed
In three years the entire language
-would be remodelled and "the entire
cost would not exceed two hundred
millions of dollars." If new letters were
introduced, alterations would have to
be made in typesetting machines, and
so forth, "but a billion of dollars wolild
put the United States and the British
Empire Into a phonetic paradise." A
phonetic paradise for a billion glorious
prospect. Richmond ' Pearson Hobson
estimates that a billion dollars would
put the United States Into a naval
paradise, so for two billions we
could spell in phonetic ecstasy within
a ring fence of battleships. Nor -would
the billion be loss, for under the pres
ent system of spelling fifteen per cent
of all books and papers printed In Eng
lish is wasted, a loss of from fifteen to
twenty millions a year, as near as Mr.
"Wishard can calculate. So that in time
the spelling billion would be saved.
"Young men and young women," says
Mr. "Wishard rather uncallantly, it
must be confessed "you can hold meet
lngs in the schoolhouses, and make the
exercises entertaining as well as re
formatory. As the sentiment grows
stronger you can have gigantic parades,
fireworks and torchlight processions
that will thoroughly arouse the people."
In the mind's eye one sees thousands
of marching enthusiasts, phonetic Are
works, banners of the "Spellng Leag,"
bounty-fed publishers a demonstration
surpassing that of the revivalists.
The nicture seems overdrawn? "We
have erred then in saying that the pub
He knows the terrors and horrors of
the present mode of spelling. Does
the public realize that superfluous let
ters in our Ensrlish words are filling the
Insane asylums and) the penitentiaries?
Here are proofs: First a letter to the
Newcastle (Eng.) Chronicle; second, an
extract from the Toronto Herald:
I have a very dear friend In the lunatic
asylum. He was anxious to learn, but was
easily confused. He had trouble in learn
ing spelling and pronunciation. It was so
In his spellln'g. reading, geography, history
and physiology classes. At length he be
came exasperated, and his mind gave way.
So he was sent to the insane asylum, jer
haps you will say that he went crazy from
a weak mind and overstudy; but I believe
from the depths of my heart that It was the
habit of going against reason In spelling and
pronunciation that overthrew his mental
balance, and mat, it ungllsu spelling were
what It ought to be, it would have built
up his rational powers Instead of destroying
One day as Frank Thomp.on past thru the
penitentiary, he saw a "prisoner glance at
him and then ask the gara ror privilege to
speak. Then the convict reacht forth his
hand, with tears In his eyes, and said: "How
do yu do. Frank? Don't yu remember yur
old seatmate, Tom Jones? Yu new I got
tangld' up In spellng, and teacher scolded til
I lost oatience. curst the old book and him
too. He overheard me. yu no. and beat me
so that I left scop!. That began my down
ward career. I went to a distant county,
and fell into evil company. I went from
bad to wors. One night several of us went
on a raid. One poor felo was klld. They
threw the blame on me. I was sent here for
Get the dollar behind spelling re
form at once, and induce the "lepard"
to change his "spotz". Begin the ac
cumulation of the necessary billion, ;and
keep the asylums and jails empty. Spel
as you pleez, but do not spel "laf" fo
netikaly as "ha-ha!"
WHERE WEALTH COMES EASY.
The most effective piece of advertis
ing ever Issued by the Harriman sys
tem is a small folder containing 151
letters from farmers living along the
lmes of the Southern Pacific and O. R.
& N. in Oregon, "Washington and Idaho.
The special value of this literature lies
in the fact that It is all plain, homely,
unembellished history of the rewarded
labors of ..farmers, fruitgrowers, stock
men and other workers In the agricul
tural, field. Names, addresses and
photos are given, establishing beyond
all doubt the authenticity of the testi
mony offered, and there are detailed
statements alike from wheat kings
farming many sections of land, and
from the humble fruitgrower with his
These little tales of real life bear
strong evidence that there are other
more pleasant and less risky roads to
wealth than through speculation and) Its
attendant evils. In one of these letters
we read of a man who grows from 30,
000 to 40.000 bushels of wheat per year
and Is owner of-a 3500-acre stock ranch
in the beautiful Grand Ronde Valley.
This man graduated from "Willamette
University in 1889, and for a few years
taught school before purchasing the
original 160 acres from which his for
tune grew. Henry Treede, of Fairfield,
"Wash., began In 1885 with a 160-acre
farm, and now owns 850 acres and Is
worth $55,000. Frank H. "Wilson, of
lone. Or., landed in "Walla "Walla In 1880
with but ?20 capital, and began work at
$1 per day. He now owns 3320 acres .of
land easily worth 545,000, and is clearing
over 54000 per year.net profit ,
August Paasch came to Hood River
twelve years ago with $500 capital,
which he has since increased' to $12,000
by fruitgrowing. Seavey Bros., of Eu
gene, last year cleared $15,800 from 100
acres of hops, and in 1903 the net profit
on the same, yard was $15,860. So on
through the list of 161 farmers. All tell
the same glowing tale of prosperity,
and all are loud in their praises' of the
land that has done so much -for them.
Practically all of these successful xarm-
ers, as well as thousands or otners.
many of whom could make even more
favorable showings, began with noth
ing, and owe much of their prosperity
to cheap lands obtainable before the
railroad came and cheap freights that
followed Its completion.
"With this wonderful record before
them. It seems all the more remarkable
that the Harriman system has for so
many years neglected many other sec
tions that, provided with equally good
shipping facilities, could produce re
sults equal to any attained In the terri
tory now served by the lines of that
system. All through Central Oregon,
the "Wallowa and the Nehalem are thou
sands of settlers who have been wait
ing for years for a railroad to enable
them to reach a market. .Their lands
are practically worthless until there Is a
railroad, but, with the completion of
one, there would come out a traffic that
would yield rich -returns to both pro
ducer and railroad.
' VETERANS OF THE STAGE.
Two grand old men of the American
stage are rapidly nearlng the end of
life's drama. So close indeed are they
to the borders of the unknown that the
last curtain may be rung down, on one
or both of them before these lines are
read. Down In the sunny Southland,
where Nature Is alwa'ys kind to the
aged and Infirm, Joseph Jefferson, full
of years and honors, Is waiting the
final summons, and at a "one-night
sta'nd" iri Ontario, where he was forced
to pause suddenly In his life work, J.
H. Stoddart. loved and revered wher
ever footlights shine, lies unconscious
in the shadow of death.) Joseph Jeffer
son was born in Philadelphia In Febru
ary, 1829, and first appeared on the
stage at the age of three years. He be
gan starring In the latter part of the
50s, and has been continuously before
the publie since that time, his most
notable success being made as Rip Van
Mr. Stoddart was born in England in
1827. His pronounced success came
much later in life than that of Jeffer
son. In fact, not until he was past 70
did he appear as a star, although for
more than forty years previously he
had been playing to' American audiences
and was recognized as an actor of great
merit and a man of irreproachable
character. Jefferson, from his baby
hood appearance on the stage until his
enforced retirement, had rounded out
nearly three-quarters of a century be
hind the footlights, while Stoddart has
been there for nearly seventy years.
These men began life as strolling play
ers at a time when blue laws and sim
ilar echoes of the era of witchburnlng
and other inquisitions of earlier days
placed" the ban on all stage amuse
ments and classed actors very low in
the scale of humanity.
Out of this atmosphere of supersti
tion, tradition and bigotry, Jefferson,
Stoddart, dear old Mrs. Gilbert, who
was laid to rest a few weeks ago, and
hundreds of other less Important actors
and actresses have' lifted the profession
until today the death of either of these
grand old Nestors of their calling will
cause a pang of genuine sorrow in the
hearts of millions of people in all walks
of life. "Wickedness, crime and degra
dation can be found in all professions
and among all people. There are Im
moral plays and immoral players, just
as occasionally we find Immoral minis
ters of the gospel. But we no longer
live in the medieval ages of Intolerance,
and no profession Is maligned ' because
of the imperfections or misdeeds of
some of its individual members.
The good accomplished by Jefferson
and Stoddart extended far above and
beyond the effect ol! the clean, whole
some plays with which they enter
tained and pleased the public Their
every-day lives were a continual refu
tation of the oft-repeated charge that
the Influences of the theater were such
as to render it impossible for one to
lead an upright life. "With a full reali
zation of their individual responsibility
in the matter, they proved to the public
that the stage was what actors made
it, the influences surrounding or ema
nating from it being good or evil in ac
cordance with the life and character of
those most concerned.
It has been several years since Jo
seph Jefferson visited the Pacific Coast,
but it was only a few weeks ago that
the venerable Stoddart, In his wonder
ful Interpretation of Ian MacLaren's
great character, Lachlan Campbell,
played his last engagement In this city.
It was a clean, wholesome play, and
the moral it carried and the Intense
manner In which Mr. Stoddart present
ed it, will linger long In the minds df
all who enjoyed that last evening with
a great actor and a good man. Jeffer
son and Stoddart have played well their
parts in the great drama of life, and
theater-goers as well as the children of
the stage which they have done so
much to elevate, will feel a keen regret
now that the footlights pale and the
curtain falls. ' -
THE GOOD HOUSEWIFE ABROAD.
If the good women representing the
housekeepers and domestic scientists of
Portland succeed in causing the mar
kets of the city to be cleaned and kept
clean, they will establish for them
selves a right to the title of municipal
as well as domestic housekeepers of a
high grade or efficiency. There are
some things that women can do better
than men, as the late crusade against
filthy markets in this city fully demon
strates. A man, even If he were a sal
aried food Inspector, would not be like
ly to notice, while awaiting his turn to
be served, that the grocer's clerk used
his hand, now as a ladle in the pickle
or sauerkraut barrel, again as a hook
with which to fish salt salmon out of
the brine, and still again as a lifter for
a roll of butter, without' washing the
ready member vbetween the various
uses to which it was put.' Nor "would
he be likely to follow his nose into a
back room and at its behest uncover
barrels and boxes in the effort to locate
a stench that betokened lurking rotten
ness behind the scenes. But we may
safely trust women, when they once get
their noses in the air, to detect what
should be detected in garnered and hid
den filth In the market-places.
A woman on the City Board of
Health has demonstrated the value of
woman's work In sanitary lines, though
the test is hardly a fair one of what
women could do in this capacity, since
she stands one to three on this board.
A woman upon the School Board has
proved the value of woman's work in
another line of service, though here she
is but one to five a numerical handicap
that may be readily, appreciated by all
who have ever worked with a hopeless
minority. And now women have dem
onstrated their ability to do effective
work in the wider field of municipal
' -If ever the - time .'comes wh'enltr.Is
found necessary to have a-.clty food in
spector in order to preserve the public
health and the good name of Portland,
the appointee may well be a woman
one who has been a practical bousewife
until graduated by time from that of
fice, and who is "possessed of a full
quota of that Invaluable asset, known
as common sense.
In the meantime, let the' women who
have called public attention to the
filthy market-places that abound In the
city be encouraged to continue the work
so bravely begun, to the end that the
"peck of dirt" that tradition has allot
ted as the portion which each Individ
ual must swallow during the term of
his natural life, may not be taken in
doses so heavy, and in quality so vile
as to be a menace to health and even to
life itself. Let the allotted measure be
"clean dirt" In the sense that it is not
filth, and be as evenly distributed over
the years as possible.
MODERATION IN ASKING.
The one thing that will delay growth
of this city and state, if suffered to
spread, is the too-common fear of being
left behind' In the race to sell to advan
tage. This danger is real and pressing.
"Whether it takes the shape of with
drawing city property from market,
which should enter Into a plan of gen
eral district Improvement, to hold up
buyers for an unattainable increase, or, J
in case of farms, adding to prices be
yond all reason, the results will be
alike to prevent sales, and obstruct
progress. There Is progress upward in
value of city property which Is rational
and In plain sight. It rests on our
steady growth In population, which,
again, is the outcome of Portland's lo
cation, industries and possibilities.
"When, In spite of housebuilding in all
directions, newcomers have to hunt long
and perseverlngly for a residence, when
old-established enterprises are growing
and new opportunities are sought in all
departments, when the area of concen
trated business in the heart of the city
is overrunning its boundaries, and resi
dence streetsand blocks are being con
verted into trading streets and stores,
the rise in prices of accessible ground
Is certain and needs no comment. But
this Increase has natural limits. Port
land. Is neither New York nor Chicago,
not even San Francisco, at present,
though some of our property-owners
seem to be acting on such, a notion.
In the case of farm lands other rea
sonings come into play. The first is
that the owner's Idea of. the value of his
place to him is apt to be far ahead of
its intrinsic worth. If he has had the
farm for year's past, and has put into
its Improvement his own labor and
forethought, Jie 'fancies there must be
a special value in the strokes of his ax,
grubhoe and crosscut saw. He looks
across orchard and farming land, and
sees the brush and stumps which have,
by slow degrees, disappeared. The neat
farmhouse of today means more to him
than so many thousand feet of lumber.
He values it as it was planned for and
saved for, and by slow degrees took
form and shape. The orchard trees
now in sheeted bloom, with the promise
of the wealth of Autumn, stand for
more than so many apple trees at $15
a thousand, with five years' growth on
them all. The fenced fields In growing
clover and timothy, now shut up till
hay time comes, stand to him for
months -or years of clearing. So, in
short, the farm, has groy,n almost into
part, of himself.-Therefore - such- an
owner, when he has made up his mind.
ivith much hesitation, that the time to
sell is now, in this year of heavy immi
gration, cannot bring himself to set a
price on It on strict business grounds.
But the buyer sees, or should see,, the
farm as it compares with enough oth
ers to have a reason to him for every
dollar of Its price. The other class of
farms for sale are those bought in re
cent years or months at what was then
considered bargain prices, and this
owner seeks to make his profit, turn his
money over and seek fresh fields and
pastures new. In adding a large per
cent to what he gave, this man thinks
he must satisfy his own notion of the
profit due to his buying judgment.
Surely both these men are right, within
The point is that when fancy prices
are set, however naturally the owner
can reconcile his reason to his demand,
the new buyer sees with his own mind
and appraises with his own judgment.
He first inquires Into values of sur
rounding lands and farms. He marks
distance from town, depot, postofllce,
school and trading point. He learns
the product and yield of the farm as it
is and as it may be in his hands, and
estimates what profit the purchase
money so invested must produce. And
unless his way Is clear he refuses the
offer and seeks elsewhere. Often, how
ever, the buyer falls In love with the
place. Then hard business takes a back
seat. It is never lost time to impress
on the Oregon farmer that neatness and
beauty, paint on the house, flowers and
grass In the garden, a gate that fastens,
a road to house and barn over which
one can walk dryshod even after a
shower of Oregon rain, ofttlmes mean
many a dollar in the pocket. But after
all, the main point is not to try to get
rich too quick and In patience to pos
sess the soul.
THE VICTORY OVER DIPHTHERIA
The triumphs of peace we are told
are greater than those of war. Nor Is
it less true that the battles of peace
are often waged with a determination
as grim as that which has character
lsed the battles of the greatest wars In
history. There is this essential differ
ence, however. The great battles of
peace are waged to save human life
those of war to destroy it.
At the head of scientists who wage
the wars of peace for the relief of suf
fering and protection of human life
stands the name of Louis PaBteur. His
name represents the very strategy of
science, and his triumph, the conquest
of some of the most deadly diseases
which menace human life. "An epic
sower of ideas," as he is characterized
by Arthur E. McFarlane in an article In
"Medical Miracles," in a late number
of the Saturday Evening Post, he has
scattered the seeds of knowledge broad
cast upon the battlefield of life and they
have taken root, blossomed and borne
A typical Pasteurlan was a certain
Dr. Klebs, who discovered in 1883 the
specific microbe of diphtheria. He
found It Jn numbers under the peculiar
"false membranes" that so swiftly
form In the throat and horribly choke
the patient But in company, with this
microbe there were many others, and
to determine which of these was the
arch mischief-maker, Pasteur showed
how it might be "cultivated" and test
ed. Eleven years of experimenting at
.lengthigave the world a diphtheria rem
llsjwas, in th
. fXhlsjvas in the. last months of "189
The story Is a long one. It Is full of
partial failures, but through It gleams
a steady purpose, and from the first it
was lighted by hope. The total per
centage of losses from this disease had
been 24& per cent. "When finally, after
all of these years of labor and research,
a serum "was produced and applied to
patients In the hospitals, he average
of losses fell rapidly to between 12 and
15 per cent. For Paris in recent years
this has meant a saving of 1500 children
annually. It has meant almost as much
for New York, and much more for St.
Petersburg and Moscow.
Not only In the crowdedVtenement
districts of great cities, in hospitals and
in the smaller urban communities, has
this record of lifesavlng been made.
It has extended to towns and coun
try places, wherever intelligent repre
sentatives of medical science are found.
"We no longer see families in which,
diphtheria passes mercilessly from one
child to another, giving death a vic
tim in every successive patient. "When
one child in a family or school has
taken the disease, the alert physician
immediately gives the preventive treat
ment to all the others and- the menace
passes. The stricken one Is treated and
the chances are very largely In favor
qf complete recovery.
i And this is only one of the triumphs
of peace. The records of medical and
surgical science abound in them. And
who shall undertake to say that they
are not more satisfying to mankind In
the truest sense than are many of the
great victories the cost of which was a
multitude of human lives?
New triumphs for the irrlgatlonists
continue to crop up. "Wenatchee,
"Wash., is building a fruit cannery that
will give employment to 100 hands, and
$20,000 worth of the pack has already
been sold. The fruit Industry center
ing around "Wenatchee owes its exist
ence to the Irrlgatlonists, and from the
original project near the Big Bend me
tropolis numerous similar enterprises
have radiated until now the aggregate
value of the fruit produced on the irri
gated lands is an immense sum and
gives profitable employment to many
thousand people. The time is rapidly
approaching when the irrigated lands
of Oregon and "Washington will turn off
a fruit crop exceeding in value that of
the wheat which made these states fa
A large tract of wheat land near Du-
fur has just been sold for $15 per acre.
This Is the highest price yet paid for
land In that part of Wasco County, and
the Increased value is'due to the fact
that a railroad will soon enable farmers
to reach the market with their wheat
without making a long and expensive
haul by wagon. "Wherever railroads
have "extended their lines property val
ues have immediately 'advanced In the
territory affected, and a great increase
in traffic has followed. Large tracts of
land In Central Oregon, which are now
unsalable at $10 per acre and less, will
be selling at prices corresponding to
those paid in "Wasco County as soon as
a railroad makes them tributary to the
The Oregonian is asked if it is "really
opposed to municipal control of public
utilities." This question. In view of its
remarks on the Chicago election. The
Oregonian must be excused for the
present. It doesn't know.- The term
public utilities" Itself requires deflni
tlon. If we are to have municipal or
state control of public utilities, The
Oregonian knows no public utilities su
perior to those of supply of bread, meat
and clothing to those who need1 them.
And of course all need them. Socialism
would take possession of all the means
of production and distribution, and do
the whole business. A start has been
made at Chicago. But The Oregonian
David Morgan, who died at Astoria
Thursday, was for more than a quar
ter of a century a conspicuous figure in
the salmon Industry, not only on the
Columbia River, but In Alaska. He
lived to see the rise and decline of the
industry, but, like many others who
engaged in the business, he overeat!
mated the length of that period known
as the "golden age" of the Industry,
and died a poor man. He was a quiet,
unobtrusive gentleman of the old
school, and his death will be noted1 with
regret by a large number of the
younger generation of salmon kings
and their employes.
Montana priests have received a re
quest from the head of the church In
that state asking them to pray for rain
Members of the congregations have also
been asked to join In the prayers. Thus
does history repeat Itself, for, long be
fore the coming of the white men, the
Indian medicine men offered up suppli
cations for rain, more buffalo, or any
thing that 4hey stood in need of. The
Indians, according to some creeds, were
not entitled to classification with the
Christians, but it is not on record that
their Great Spirit was ever unmindful
of their prayers.
Shooting a Mexican Is not an expen
sive diversion when the man behind the
gun wears the uniform of a United
States soldier. Our Government has
just settled with the Mexican author!
ties for the wounding of Eugolio Zam
brano, a Mexican, who is to receive $500
for mental and physical agony suffered
In connection with the incident. The
American soldier who fired the shot es
caped, and the money was paid because
the authorities were not sufficiently dill-
gent in endeavoring to apprehend him
Rain has come to the rescue of early
gardens, and all growing things, to the
relief of dwellers and business men on
dusty streets and to the general re
freshing of all Oregonians. Not that we
have had a long dry spell, since less
than two weeks ago the rain fell in
heavy showers intermittently for
number of days, but the need of moist
ure was felt' and with its coming Ore
gon is herself again.
Judging from the quality of some of
old John L. Sullivan's recent literature,
we should say that he .is a deal more
convincing with his pen than with his
The great battle between the Bus
sian and Japanese fleets Is already rag
lng on the front pages of the crimson
Anyhow, the contractors have had
enough consideration for the taxpayer
not to Insist on payment In advance.
The epidemic at Tonopah has at least
demonstrated that there- is one thing
there that-anybody can get. '
NOTE AND COMMENT.
A Promising Pupil.
"Please help me, you nations," says -China.
"Who aro full up of hustle and go,
Tou've Impressed me at last with the lesson
That I'm old and decrepit and alow..
.1 have dwelt here for ages unnumbered
And drowsed the dull centuries, through,
But now I mu hustle and worry,
For I want to be, civilized,, too.
"So come, you industrial nations.
And teach me the dollar to grab;
Instruct .me in managing sweatshop?.
And teach me to strike and to stab.
There are methods of squeezing the money
From the'many. to pleasure the few
Some I know, but teach ma the others.
For I want to: be civilized, too.
"And you nations that call yourselves Chris
tian. Won't you please pay some heed to my
Oh, prosper your puritan missions.
Whose Incomes are blameless of taint.
The men that profess your religion
Speak sweetly whatever they do!
So part for me preeept and practice;
For I want to be civilized, too.
And most do I peek an Instructor
Familiar with powder and shell.
For you Christians I know only honor
The folk that can butcher as well.
So sell me your suns and torpedoes.
And teach me to murder like you;
Henceforward 111 bully and slaughter.
For I want to be civilized, loo."
Most every man that has ever navi
gated the "Willamette aboard the Al
bina ferry is busy telling what Ro-
jestvensky ought to do.
Another sign of Summer: the Sher
iffs deputy who holds the fort In the
"Warwick Saloon now sits, on a crack
er-box outside the door.
, The "jweet o the year"
To lessen the stock J
Sullivan and Mitchell to fight? Can't
some one-open the graves of Heenan
Ambassador Porter is making a lot
of fuss over a. dead Jones, Aren't there
lots of live ones in the great family?
The antls find another blot upon
colonial government in the Indian
It is suggested by the Telegram that
Dr. Large, of Forest Grove, would be
a great "birth insurance agent. Judg
lug from his past record, we Incline to
the opinion that Dr. Large would bust
the company in a month.
The Seattle Argus remarks that "it
must be easy to' be a Christian when
one lives at the "Washington and trav
els around the country on Pullman
trains." It would take a bigger bribe
than that to corrupt some antl-Chris-
A. lad was recently refused a job as
office boy in New York because he
wrote too cood a hand, according to
the New York Press. "It is a ledger
hand," remarked the merchant, "and
you will never rise above the level of
a bookkeeper." The Indianapolis News
reprints the item under the heading,
Straitlaced by the Public .Schools."
About every six months there is a howl
that tho miblic schools don't teach
writing or any such useful accom
Dlishments. "What will satisfy the
people? One would think that in writ
ing and spelling the best possible
course would be to make each pupil as
straitlaced as could be.
Perhaps if man had no real pockets in
his clothes he might bo as resourceful
as woman in finding irregular pockets.
If man wore bulging sleeves with tight
waistbands, it might occur to him that
the bulging part would be a safe recep
tacle for a purse or a handkerchief, but
we doubt if lie would prove capable of re
tracting his hand and letting the purse
drop into the palm of ills other hand.
A showman in Abilene. Kan., adver
tises: "Wanted A competent lady sten
ographer; must be young and good-look
ing and of a cheerful disposition." As
the Kansas City Journal remarks, ho
makes no bones about expressing his
preference. But we should like to bet
that the showman is a bachelor.
"Why do people, like to see eggs being
fried on the stage? It would be easy to
find a kitchen where one might see oggs
being fried in greater quantities, and
probably in a more satisfactory manner,
but no one would dream of applauding a
cook for such simple work. When eggs
bubble nnd bacon frizzles in a play, how
ever, it is quite a different matter, and it
makes one think a little drama-comedy
or tragedy (?f showing the preparation of
an entire dinner would prove a great
The Clam and the Clammer.
There once was a clam and a clammer,
And each had a terrible stammer;
And vwhen they were riled.
It would make people wild
The clamor of the clam or of the clammer.
The only tips worth taking are on as
paragus. Seattle's City Council will' be asked to
create the position of Tree Warden.
Aren't the trees safe in Seattle streets?
Dr. Chapman was none too early.
Messrs. Frederick A. Stokes & Co. an
nounce in one of their bulletins that there
is one Buster Brown book that they do
not publish, reviews of-which have re
cently appeared in the English periodicals.
This is "The Life and Times of General
Sir James Browne, R. E., K. C. B.. K. C.
S. T. (Buster Browne)," by General J. J.
McLeod Innes, R. E., V. C.
Up In Seattle a parrot scared away a
burglar. The bird can't have beon there
long or it would have been accustomed
to Seattle people.
Care Required in Banks.
Philadelphia Public Ledger.
A stranger came Into an Augusta bank
one day and presented a. check, for which
he wanted the equivalent in cash.
"Have to be Identified." said the teller,
The stranger took a bunch otejiters
from his pocket, all addressed.tpftfie' same
name as that on the check.
The teller shook his head.
The man thought a minute, and pulled
out his watch, which bore the name on
The teller, merely glancing at It, said:
"That won't do."
The man dug into Ills pockets and found
one - of those "If-I-should-dle-tonlght-please-notlfy-my-wife"
cards, and called
the teller's attention to the description,
which fitted to a T.-
"Those things don't .prove anything,"
he said. "We have got to have the word
of a man that we know."
"But, man. I've given you an identifi
cation that would convict me of murder
In any court In the land."
"That's probably very true," responded
the teller, patiently, "but In matters con
nected with the bank we, have to be more
CONVINCE MAN AGAINST HIS' WILL
It would be Interesting to know how
Count Oyama views his failure to gobblo
up Kuropatkin. Does he believe the fault
lies with himself or with someone else?
Did the original plans miscarry or were
they themselves faulty? What are his
views' of Nogi and'Kufokl. who lead, the
enveloping movements? Did they do all
that was possible to be done or did they
fall short of what could and should have
been done? .Lee, as we know, took upon
himself all blame for the failure of Pick
ett's charge, as Grant took all blame for
the bloody error of Cold Harbor. Hut
military annals show a certain order of
mind which, being at the beginning
seized with some grand conception, whoae
execution they never attain, considers
that the fault lies wholly with others
who failed to do their duty. Isapolcon
never would admit that he was falrly
whlpped at Waterloo. He considered that
he was beaten by a fluke, and to his dy
ing day argued that he should have driven
Wellington, into the forest of Soigines.
There is a campaign of our Civil War
which suggests these" interesting ques
tions. It is Sherman's failure to gobble
up Joa Johnston at the beginning of his
campaign for the capture of Atlanta.
Sherman planned this first move against
Johnston. The grandeur of It struck him
and he never got over the Idea that It
ought to have succeeded. And further
more, he had a clear Idea of just where
the blame lay that it did not succeed.
The problem was this. When the timo
came to open the campaign. May 1. 1S54.
Sherman's- forces lay a little south of
Chattanooga and comprised the Army of
the Tennessee, 23,000 men. under McPhar
son: the Army of the Cumberland, 60.0M
men. under Thomas, and the Army of tho
Ohio, 10,000 men. under Schoneld; Con
fronting him was Joe Johnston, with 65.000
men. strongly .fortified at Dalton. a town
on the railroad leading between Chntta-
nooga and Atlanta. Some i miles down
the railroad in Johnston's rear was tho
town of Resaca, and opposite this town
to the eastward was a gap in the moun
tains through which flowed the waters of
Snake Creek- At this time Johnston did
not know Sherman as an independent
commander, nor did he appreciate his
method of fighting. Johnston expected to
be attacked in his front. Now Sherman
in his whole career made just two as
saults on works one at Haynes Bluff
under orders and the other at Kenesaw
Mountain, which latter was made more aa
an experiment. Jn reality Sherman began
the first of those flanking movements
which constitute the most prominent fea
ture of the Atlanta campaign.
Sherman sent McPherson through the
Snake Creek gap with orders to throw
himself astride the railroad at Resaca.
while lie with Thomas and Schofleld wan
to strike Johnston at Dalton the Con
federate General would thus be between
the upper and nether mill stone of his
numerically superior foe. Ten years
after. In writing his memoirs. Shermas
imagination kindled at the prospect- The
plan was so grand in conception, so per
fect in theory, that he could not bellcvo
that it failed except through a blunder.
Thus he expressed himself: "Such an op
portunity does not occur but once in a
single life, but at the critical moment
McPherson seems to have been a little
timid." Here. then, we have Sherman.
explanation of his failure to capture Joe
Johnston Mcpherson's timidity.
Is Sherman right? Will this be the ver
dict of history? Now. no view of the
question Is at all accurate which fails to
take'into account the personal character
istics of the opposing commander. In this
way campaigns should bo planned. Leo
always did this. His maneuvering just
prior to Antietam and his strategy at
Chancelfcrsvllle was the sheerest mad
nes.?. unless he had accurately gauged the
mental make-up of the Union command
ers. And fo the ascertainment of what
Johnston himself would have done had he
.found McPhorspn astride the railroad at
Resaca becomes Important. In the first
place, let it be remembered that It is now
universally conceded that Joe Johnston Is
the soldier of the Confederacy who ranks
next to Lee in ability. General Grant was
once asked whom he considered the Krcat
ost of the rebel Generals. He did not
answer tho question directly, but said, "I
always felt more uneasy when I knew
Joe Johnston was in my front." Johnston
way not only resourceful, tactful, crafty,
brilliant In his military methods, but ho
was a hard hitter, a fierce lighter. John
ston has told us what he would have done
had he found McPherson astride the rail
road at Resaca. "I would," he said, "on
letting go my hold on Dalton. have thrown
my whole army on McPherson and
Can there be any doubt that he would
have done so? What could McPherson.
with 25.C0O men. have done toward holding
in check Johnston, with his 63.000? John
ston's position at Dalton, of course, be
came untenable. He had to retreat, and
McPherson stepped aside and let him go.
In one particular Sherman was rl;ht.
Such an opportunity to capture a whole
army never occurred again during th
war. except, of course, at the end. There
was a mistake, however. In Sherman's
plan. He should have sent "the Rock of
Chlckamauga" with his 60.000 men
through Shake Creek prap. Johnston
would thushave had 40.000 in his front
and 60.000 in his rear and the crushing
business would not have been so easy.
In truth, history will vindicate McPher
son's finish at Resaca. Will It also ex
cuse NokI and Kuroki for not getting
across Kuropatkin's path behind Muk
den? And will Oyama always think, not
withstanding, that his enveloping lieu
tenants were a little bit slow?
Land Fraud Cases. r
Some of the organs of the Oregon kind
timber trust' Insist that The Oregonian
has caused indictments to be returned
against a lot of Innocent men in the land
fraud trials. The Oregonian has given
the news Just as any reputable paper of
good standing, that Is not "controlled.'
The statement that The Oregonlan"3
hatred for Mitchell, Mays, Brownell. Her
Mann, Williamson. Booth et al.. caused
these wholesale Indictments to be brought
Is absurdly ridiculous.
The Inference left by such a statement
Is that the President and the others who
co-operate with him are scoundrels of
the deepest dye.
If the parties indicted aro not guilty,
then let them ask for and obtain a
speedy trial. If Innocent, they have noth
ing to fear, and Instead of trying to es
cape trial on technical grounds or throw
ing impediments In the way, they had
better waive these questions and sottle
the matter at once. If lnnocont. It would
be impossible to convict, and the indicted
men would bo much better off cloared
than to have this dark cloud hanging
over them. No one could doubt that a
fair trial would be had.
The statement or Insinuation " that the
President. Judge Bellinger, Prosecuting
Attorney Heney, the jurors, witnesses
and others concerned are not honest,
that The Oregonian has control of all
these individuals, so to speak, and that
they must do the bidding of that paper
Is a compliment to the Influence of that
paper that is not deserved, and the own
er of the fertile brain which originatea
such a story should be placed in the In
sane asylum before bis mind wanders too
Degrees of Loveliness. 1
All women are lovely, but then is a
'difference: butter made by som'e women
Is worth: 30 cents a pound, while but
ter, made by other women isn't worth