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VOL. XIX. NO. 6.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 11, 1900.
WILL FIGHT IT OUT
Taylor Declines to Sign the
CASE WILL. GO TO THE COURTS
Mllltla Hag Been Seat Home, and
LenTislature Ordered to Recon-
TCHe at Frankfort.
FRANKFORT. Ky., Feb. M. "I have
only this to say: After mature delibera
tion and conference -with my friend from
ery section of the state, I have concluded
to au w this controversy to take its due
ccre.., -vigorously contesting every Inch
of gr und and upaoidiag the rights of the
pevjie to the uttermost. If those rights
be de'roed, the responsibility for that
des'ru ion must rest with those who sit
i la jj'gment.
It is due to say that the eminent gen
tle raer, mj friends, who secured the propo-
j 6 t cms resulting from the Louisville con
ference, acted in perfect good faith, from
tc fc ghest motives of patriotism, and did
lio iry best they could.
"WILLIAM S. TAYLOR,"
"Governor of Kentucky."
T1 a above proclamation was issued by
G icrnor Taylor tatfght, and, according
tD L.a oral sfaVEfSlt at the time of Us
isfaix e, embsjMis caU be desired to say
cernlng hlgpowefen at the present
The decision not to sign the Louisville
!eyrjiawKit was reached by Governor Tay
2c r a Jew minutes after 1 o'clock this after-
Fox over two hours he had been in
c nfrence with fully 18 prominent repub
licans from all parts of the state, includ
ing county committeemen and four repub-
11 an raembew of the legislature. The
meetirg was secret 1b the extreme, all
t ose ho came from the hall before Gov-
en or Taj lor himself refusing to say any
t! -g concerning the progress of the dellb-
Judge George Denny presided, and L. F.
Pe' y acted as secretary. The members of
t1 e "O"forence, with the exception of Gov-e-rr
Taj lor, gathered in the legislative
ha usually occupied by the state house
cf rer resentatives. After the hall was
f i.eO, Gknernor Taylor entered, and was
greyed with a ringing burst of cheers.
TV aoor was then closed, and the secret
r. -ooeedings began.
G ernor Taylor stated to the conference
It1"?! there was two courses to be pur-
First, to sign the Louisville agree-
I inert, second, to withdraw the troops
Quietly, allow the legislature to reconvene
the caDltol building in Frankfort, call
:ff the session now being "held in London
ind ignore the Louisville agreement en-
rcH" Several speeches were made, ana
vas s, on apparent that the sentiment
:f i he gathering was strongly in favor of
the eecond course, and this was adopted.
This action was decided upon at 1 o clocK,
-nd the first information of the decision
ras ghen to the outside world by G ov
en or Tailor nimeeu. .tie came rapiqiy
ugh i he doors. unattended and looKlBg i
,cu and haggard. He walked nastily
ward the eapitol stairway, repeating sev-
-e1 nies to the newspaper men who etooo.
tn Ue halls "l don't sign," i oon i sign.
Frcn the eapitol he passed to the legls
a t e bu ldlng. where he at once mado
.p ard signed the following proclamation,
r."tcntng the legislature at .rTanKion:
rrankfort Kj'.. Feb. 10. The excite
ment recently nrevelllng In this city hav-
H'g to some extent, subsided, and there
: j, , eering now to be no necessity tor ine
reneral assembly to remain in session in
.naon I do hereby by this prodaraa-
j, reconvene tne same in j; raniuuri.
k,y , February 12, WOO. at 12 o'ciock, noon.
W. S. TAXljUit,
"Governor of Kentucky."
Or Its were at once issued to General
cr to prepare for the departure o"
troops, and in a very snort ume jt.
Izre - umber or them were reaay 10 leave.
t mpaiOes left tonight, and only a
detachtoent will remain by Monday
mm These will be retained only
a peaqylMsrd, and wiM-4n no way be
ir aeaaaxne preeeneeasiLjae legisia--1
was at once seat to the members
:l - republican legislature now In ses-
i at London that the next session will
i r.arkfort, and a. prompt reply was
to the effect that they would all
" a body Sunday, and be In Frank-
-v X. tday In time for business. After
- r Taylor had left the hall, a res-
tmbodylng the sense of the tneet-
j w s adopted.
Y" - he adjournment of the meeting It
-5 pinion of the republicans that the
a a.al contest was practically over.
j er6too4 the action of todaj to
u It was Intended to mean that
r- tr should now be fought out be-
"" l mrts, the leeue there reached to
d as Anal. There was no inten-
i I king that a new vote should be
u -i n the Goebel-Taylor contest, but
- r Taytor stated to se'eral proml-
t r pub lc&jHthat he would ask that
v " mer rnoMilt be ratified by a vote
" ' houses taken without passion.
" '"formed of the action of the dem-
ogislature at Loufeville In refus-
S "'me to Frankfert, Governor Tay-
kes me that their attitude Is
- v'at inconsistent. They claim they
- h,' protected at FraakfoTt, and
'- s r ibody here to molest them. They
. d to the presence of troops at a
- - wl en there was ,ar greater excite
r" d danger than fw. After things
.u rd down, they refuse to return,
- they say they cannot be jruaran
.. T t etion "
e "tion of Governor Taylor todav
- he gubernatorial nght to the ex-
? r on It occupied the daj' following
- jebel assassination, with the ad-
"a. ompllcaUon that there was but
" gslature and one governor in fact,
v -eas there are pow two claimants for
o!tlon and two separate bodies, each
s.Tlng to-be the lawmaking power of
till iHTPBtijcRte Before They Accept
L T ISVILLK. Ky., Feb. M. The col
ors or tne peace negotiations through
trror Taylor's rejection of the Louls-
p agreement, and the batter's action
g oft the London legislature and
r i -v - ithdrawtng the troops have left
- .ght over the state ameers divested
Turv of its warlike features, but la a
-sr- legal tangle than ever.
" ,- receipt of the news from Frankfort
afternoon was followed immediately
a gathering of the democratic leaders
' f WlUard hotel. At this conference
Senator Blackburn. Governor Beck
(jcnerai Castlesaan. President Car
f the senate. Speaker Trimble, and
- At Its conclusion. Governor Beck
"i sem to the legislature & message re
g i he failure of the peace negotla-
and the conditions existing at
'irm as seen by him, and recom
mit g that the legislature continue Its
E1.0US m Louisville, as he couM not
guarantee their personal "security nor pro
tect them from unwarranted interference
Acting upon this suggestion, the legis
lature decided to remain in Louisville for
the present, and both houses adjourned to
meet at the courthouse Monday at noon.
It Is probable a Joint resolution, which
was offered today, will then be adopted,
calling for the appointment of a commit
tee to investigate the conditions at Frank
fort, as far as they affect the safety of
the legislators. The members do not ac
cept Governor Taylor's action In ordering
away part of the troops as restoring or
der, under which they may return to the
capital. They say they would feel safer
with the mllltla there than with the "Irre
sponsible armed mountaineers, who for
weeks have been gathering about the state
buildings," left to menace them.
The democratic legislature held two ses
sions today with a quorum In each house.
At the first, some minor legislative busi
ness was disposed of. At the second. Gov
ernor Beckham's message was read. It
"Commonwealth of Kentucky, Execu
tive Office, Louisville, Kj, Feb. 10. 1800.
Gentlemen of the General Assembly: I
desire to inform you as to the result of
the attempt to settle the present unfortu
nate state of affairs In the commonwealth
by means of an agreement adopted by a
conference of representatives of both par
ties In this city last Monday night "We
earnestly hoped thai by this agreement
the differences before us would be re
moved and thought peace and order would
again be established in the state. "We
have been ready at all times that this
matter should be settled In conformity
with that agreement. But Information
has jnst reached me -that -the republican J
claimant to the office of governor has re
fused to sign that agreement, and conse
quently all negotiations in that line are
now at an end. We had been led to be
lieve that the gentleman who now con
trols, by armed force, the state depart
ments at Frankfort, would abide by this
agreement, and that your body would
again be permitted to meet in their re
spective halls peaceably and unmolested;
but, having been disappointed in this hope,
I desire to recommend to you that you
continue your sessions for the present in
the city of Louisville, where every pro
tection can be given your members from
any unlawful arrest or other unwarranted
Interference with your proceedings. The
capital buildings at Frankfort are now In
possession of armed forces openly in de
fiance of the law, held there by those who
have no legal rights to do so, and for that
reason I could not guarantee to you that
safety and protection which you would
need if in session there.
"As the legally elected governor of the
commonwealth of Kentucky, I promise to
you to use every legal means In my power
to restore as soon as possible order and
peace at the state capital, that, as soon
as you may deem It advisable, jou may
-adjourn your meetings to that place. Ask
ing your assistance and co-operation to
bring about this result, I 6end this mes
sage to you as a recpmmendatlon for your
action at present.
"J. C. W. BECKHAM, Governor."
The senate at once adjourned until Mon
day. I? the house the following Joint
resolution was offered and went over un
der the rules until Monday.
"Whereas, one W. S. Taylor, who, with
out right or legal authority and in defi
ance of peace and good order, hslfe fSr
several days Tast BUfrounded himself and
the public huildlngs at the seat of govern
ment at Frankfort with armed bodies of
lawless, aTmed men and organized mllltla
of the state and refused to permit the
general assembly and court of appeals to
meet at their accustomed and regular
places of sitting, and has signified his
purpose of ordering said militia now at
the seat of government to retire from
active service, without indicating that he
would take any action with reference to
Jihe armed men he has gathered around
fiftn atthe seat of government; now, be
"Resolved, by the general assembly.
That a committee of two from the senate
and three from the house be appointed,
'which committee Is hereby authorized to
Investigate and report to the general as
sembly whether it will be possible and
advisable for the legislature to resume
Its sittings at Frankfort and In the mean
time the general assembly shall meet at
The house then adjourned until Monday.
DEMOCRATS AT A DINNER.
Gathering for the Purpose of Adjust
ing Sectional Differences.
NEW YORK, Feb. 10. A dinner wai
given tonight by the National Civic Club
to democratic congressmen at the Pouch
gallerj". In Brooklj'n, and was intended as
a harmonious gathering for the purpose
of adjusting sectional differences before
the opening of the presidential campaign.
The idea was conceived by E. M. Shepard,
the president of the club, who stated that
It was Intended to have the democrats
from various parts of the country come
together In advance ot the national con
ventions for an Interchange of views.
There were about 300 persons present. Mr.
Shepard presided, with Congressman J.
D. RIchaTdson, of Tennessee, at his right
and Congressman David A. De Armond,
of Missouri, at his left. Others at the
guests' table were: Congressmen James
Haj of Virginia; Congressman H. D.
Clayton, of Alabama; Congressman J. J.
TTItipemU and Edmnnfl H. Drlmrs. of
Kings; Hon. F. E. Wilson. Henry Hentz
and Andrew McLane and Augustus Van
Wyck. Mr. Shepard made the opening
address, followed by speeches by Richard
son, Van Wyck, De Armond, Clayton, Hay
and others. ,
California Legislature Adjourns.
SACRAMENTO, Cai.. Feb. 10. The ex
tra session of the California legislature,
called bj' Governor Gage for the pur
pose of electing a United States senator
to succeed Stephen M." White, and to on
act certain legislation for the state, ad
journed todaj", after .the reading, of a
farewell letter from the governor. Noth
ing of importance was done at today's
GOVERNOR OF TUTDILA.
Commander Schroedcr "Will Be Ap
pointed by Secretary Loner.
WASHINGTON, Feb, 10. It lias been
practically decided by the secretary of
the navy to appoint Commander Seaton
1 Sohroeder to be the first naval governor
of the Samoan island of Tutulla. Com
mander Sohroeder Is at present on duty
in Washington as a member of the board
charged with the revision of the naval
regulations. This work is about complete,
so that officer will be able to leave for
his new post at an early day.
Coast Lines Not Endangered.
NEW TORE. Feb. 10. A special to the
Times from Washington says:
While there arejsosae officers of the army
and navy who are disposed to regard the
conditions of the Hay-Pauncefote treaty as
objectionable because it takes away from
the United Stages the military control of
the proposed canal, not all of them are
willing to assent to the suggestion that
failure to assume military control will
endanger the east or west coasts of the
United States in case of war.
No Word From Buller Since He
Recrossed the Tugela.
ATTEMPTED DASH FROM LADYSM1TH
General JIacDonald's Operations at
Koodersberff. "Were Successful
Wednesday's Fighting; in Natal.
LONDON, Feb. 1L 4:10 A. M. The war
office still maintains silence regarding the
situation at the seat of war, announcing
at 11:30 last evening that no further news
had been received, and none has come
from other sources which would give a
clew to General Buller's movements since
he recrossed the Tugela, or to the present
positions of the forces.
"WHITE TRYING TO GET OUT.
Lndyemlth Troops Attempt to Force
BOER HEAD LAAGER. Ladysmith,
Frldaj', February 9. It Is reported from
the Upper Tugela that In yesterday's
fighting, while driving the British across
the river with heavy loss to them, the
Boers had four men kliled and eight
wounded. On retaking the kopje, 22 Boers
were found killed.
The alarm was given at midnight that
the Ladj-smlth troops were trying to force
a passage in the direction of the Free
State laager. Heavy firing was heard, but
no particulars have been received.
ADVANCE "WAS IBIFOSSIBIiB.
Buller's Operations North, of the Tu
HEADQUARTERS CAMP. SPRING
FIELD, Feb. 9. The position taken north
of the Tugela river proved a.dlfflcult one
to maintain. The regiments sent across
as reinforcements went into the front
line of trenches, but owing to the great
strength of the Boers In the Brakfonteln
hills to the left, it was found Impossible
to advance without risking unnecessary
loss. The Boers continued shelling the
British position. Several "Long Tom"
shells fell among the transport trains,
and four burst at Slvaatkop, but the
Boers could not get the range. The Brit
ish guns posted there failed to silence the
"Long Tom" or other masked guns. The
Boers continued to work the Nordenfeldts
on the British Infantry Intrenched on the
hill. The fire was severe at times.
Wednesday afternoon Buller resolved
not to press the advance by this route.
The transport train moved backr"and the
infantry retired from "Vaalkrantz.
Wednesday night the gunljuon Zwartkop
replied to the Boers' shelling. When they
commenced to shell the transport train,
the Boers got a large, number of cannon
Into position. Their superiority of shell
fire rendered the advance impossible.
ANOTHBK EXPLANATION. "
Trap Laid by the Boers Discovered
by a Bnlloonlst.
LONDON, Feb. 1L A special dispatch
from Bprlngfield Bridge, Under date of
Frldaj, February gives a new explana
tion of General Buller's retirement. Ac
cording to this dispatch, a balloonist
Wednesday discovered the fact that the
Boers had developed extraordinary and
unexpected artillery strength on Doom
kloof, to the British right, where they
had managed to draw up a dozen heavy
guns, some fitted with disappearing
mountings, and all cunningly masked.
These, but for the balloonist, would never
have been discovered In time to save the
British from falling Into the deadly trap,
as they commanded the road the British
would have had to take In order to reach
Ladysmith. These guns rendered the
actual positions of the British untenable,
and a further advance impossible, except
at the cost of a terrible and useless loss
MACDONALD'S MOVE A SUCCESS.
Captured and Holds the Drift at Koo
dersbersr. MODDER RIVER, Feb. 9, noon. Gener
al MacDonald scored a distinct success
at Koodersberg. His original orders were
to hold the drift and construct a fort.
The position, however, was extremely dif
ficult, a long range of high hills running
northwest and terminating close to the
drlftt on the north bank of the river. As
it was Impossible to hold the whole sum
mit. General MacDonald constructed
strong works across the center, which
were held by the Seaforth Highlanders
and three companies of the Black Watch.
While the Highland light Infantry held
a small kojje on the right, the Ninth lan
cers patrolled toward the river, General
MacDonald's plan being to repel attacks.
Things went quietly until Wednesday,
when the Boers advanced along the ridge
within 900 yards, mounting two mountain
seven-pounders, which were Invisible in
the plain. They also held a smaller drift
three miles to the west. On receipt of
this news. General Methuen dispatched a
j larB"e force of cavalry and two horse bat-
terles under General Bablngton with the
purpose of surrounding the Boers. In or
der to further thlB plan, General Mac
Donald adopted merely defensive tactics.
It was not attempted to force back the
Boers right, which move might have re
sulted In their general retirement soon.
General Bablngton left Modder River at
11:30 In the morning, and arrived within
two miles of Koodersberg at 10:30 P. M.,
too late to attempt the, turning movement.
The next morning It was found that the
Boers had fled from the lower drift, but
still remained on the hill, where they per
ceived Bablngton's movements. Early In
the morning Bablngton vigorously shelled
the retiring Boers. The whole British
force is now returning to camp.
This little affair reflects great credit
upon General MacDonald's tactics and
proves that the Highlanders have thor
oughly recovered their old form and cour
age. MAKING THE BEST OF IT.
Result of Buller's Operations Causes
No Keen Disappointment.
LONDON, Feb. 10. Today's news by no
means causes the acute disappointment at
tendent upon other failures to relieve Lady
smith. This can be attributed to three
First There Is a strong belief that Bul
ler's last attempt was only a demonstra
tion on a large scale.
Second The wiser citizens had warned
the public not to expect the Immediate re
lief of General White.
Third The nation has settled down to
the realization that the war will last a
long time, and they are not swayed as at
first by minor reverses and victories.
The second and third reasons are self
explaining. The first requires considerable
elucidation In favor of the opinion held by
Spencer Wilkinson, the military crlt.c of
the Morning Post, that Buller did not In
tend Immediately rushing on to Ladysmith.
There is overwhelming evidence to show
that Lord Roberts ordered systematic ac
tivity on the part of all forces. On this
basis Buller's move may be' only a repe
tition of MacDonald's and French's recon
naissances. Mr. Balfour's ambiguous statement about
waiting for the completion of plans Is an
other strong reason for believing that Bul
ler never intended making the main ad
vance via. "Vaalkrantz, but was under the
orders of Roberts. The usual appeal of
Bennett Berleigh, war correspondent of
the London Daily Telegraph, asking the
public to suspend judgment and rely on
Buller, also has considerable significance.
On the other hand, Buller's speech to his
troops, in which he said he hoped to be
In Ladysmith within a week, tends, some
people claim, to throw doubt upon the
belief that he has only been demonstrat
ing In force. -
Methuen's force Is rehabilitated for a
vigorous attack on General Cronje, and
an attempt to relieve Klmberley may be
looked for, more than likely superintended
by Roberts, while the Seventh division and
part of French's cavalry are occupied In
a turning movement east of Jacobsdal.
A dlsnatch from Rensberg, dated Febru
ary 9, reports aggressive activity against
all the British reconnoltering and sajs
the Boers are In no sense surrounded at
Colesberg, but aresimply set In check by
a series of camps forming a seml-clrcle
from the east to the west. The Boere.
it Is added, are still In full possession of
their lines of communication with the
Free State and hold strong positions
around Colesberg. During the morning ot
February 9, a bombardment with lyddite
occurred at Rensberg and the Boers'
Maxims and Vickers guns are believed to
have been silenced. A dozen dead Boers
were found on the kopjes.
Lord Roberts has addressed another let
ter to Krugex and Steyne, complaining ol
the wanton destruction of property la
An extra cabinet council was held this
afternoon, In response to a summons is
sued esterday evening. The council lasted
over two hours. Several members of the
defense committee were present, and Lord
Salisbury presided. The premier held a
supplementary consultation after the de
parture of the majority of his colleagues.
A dispatch to the London Times, from
Springfield bridge, dated February 9, says:
"Our force at Vaalkrantz entrenched it
self as well as possible, but, nevertheless,
we continued to lose men, and no advance
was made. The Boer artillery fired In
cessantly, and as Wednesday proceeded it
was increasingly apparent that, though
the Infantry might make a determined as
sault and force their way through the cen
ter of the Boer position, it would be im
possible, during the subsequent operations,
to maintain the security of the lines, and
evacuation was decided upon. Retirement
commenced at 9 o'clock at night, the pon
toon bridge being removed after General
Hlldyard's force had crossed this morn
ing. The whole force retired beyond the
range of the Boer guns, which continued
A dispatch, dated Spearman's camp,
Wednesday, says Buller's retirement was
merely temporary, owing to a determina
tion to change tactics. The force, the
dispatch adds, will soon resume operations.
The casualties were mostly slight wounds.
Boers In Zulnland.
jyrrRBAN. Feb. 10. The Boers have
ftakens. Tr.kandla-, mZuIulanfoffiagistracy.
The magistrate tne nigm w&mrjS?
ploded the magazine and, wTtnwKis Btaff
and police, evacuated the place and pro
ceeded to Eshowe.
REVIEW OF THE SITUATION.
Boiler's Move a Part of Roberts
LONDON. Feb. 10. Spencer Wilkinson,
the military expert, reviewing the South
African situation for the Associated. Press
at midnight, says:
"Lord Roberts has now taken hold of
the campaign. His strategy evidently Is
to act In the western theater of war with
energy enough to move the center of
gravity thither. General Buller's move
must therefore bo considered In Its place
In a general scheme. The Idea seems to
be that If General Buller cannot 'skin the
bear' himself, he can hold Its leg while
some one else does. Accordingly, General
Buller Is not to risk his army, but short
of that Is to give the Boers as much to
do in Natal as he can. Looking at Gen
eral Buller's action by itself, the Impres
sion it makes recalls General McClellan,
who, though cautious and knowing how
to preserve his army, hardly ever dis
played the Initiative power to run risks
or the self-reliance of a great commander.
To all appearances General Buller has
given up his third attempt before his at
tack was fully developed.
"A telegram received this evening
from Lourenco Marques speaks of a sor
tie from Ladysmith the night of Thurs
day or Friday. Such an attempt of Gen
eral White to cut his way out was prob
able, and may succeed, though the nature
of modern weapons Is against him. and
there would be heavy loss and many
stragglers would be cut off. The likeli
hood of General White's trying to fight
his way out would explain the reticence
of the war office. It would also explain
the demonstration from Cheveley, of
which we have heard only through a
"No decided opinion on the operations
of the past week can he pronounced until
a connected authentic account shall have
been received." .
British Columbia Volunteers Given
a Hearty Send-Off.
NELSON, B. C, Feb. 10. A big banquet
was tendered to the 60 members of the
Strathcona horse who left here tonight
for the East. The mayor presided, and
great was the enthusiasm marked. The
men wero accompanied to the boat by the
band, and hundreds of citizens, who made
the midnight hour flng with cheers and
wild outbursts of music. The men have
had considerable experience of life oh the
plains, and most of them have been In
-the mllltla service, and aro expert horse
REVELSTOKE, B. C, Feb. 10. One of
the largest crowds ever assembled m Rev
elstoke gathered at the railway Btatlon
this morning. Although a very heavy
storm prevailed. It did not stay the- clti
zens of this burg from wending their way
to the depot to see the "lucky ten" chosen
for the Strathcona horse away and give
them a hearty send-off and wish them
Godspeed and a safe return from South
Africa. A purse of $30 was given each vol
unteer as a gift from the citizens.
VICTORIA, B. C. Feb. 10.-G. P. Dear
mour, G..V. N. Spencer, B. A. St George,
G. S. Fall, W. H. Norrup, H. Q. Fraser,.
W. S. Wlnkel, G. Elliott and H. C. Chail
ders, were today enlisted for the Strath
cona horse. The men have all seen service
and are expert shots and horsemen. The
Vernon recruita are McCullen, Symmlll,
D. C. Cameron, J. W. Murray; Smith, 1
Bolton, Brixton, Brent Strickland, Ven
ner, Jones, Shllllngfield, Ellis, Falder and
Dnlly Treasury Statement.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 10. Today's state
ment of the condition of the treasury
Available cash balance $296,760,Oi
Gold reservo .220,242,479
THE CANAL TREATY
There Is a Growing Opposition
to Its Ratification.
DEMAND FOR ENTIRE CONTROL
Disposition Not to Press the Ship
Subsidy Bill at This Session of
WASHINGTON, Feb. 10. Favorable ac
tion upon the Nicaragua canal treaty does
not seem as certain as when it was first
presented. There seems to be develop
ing a,dlstlnct desire that the United States
shall have full control of the canal, and
as the press opinions are vigorous In cer-
laln sections, the senators hesitate to In
dorse the treaty unless It 13 amended.
The revivification of the Clayton-Bulwer
treaty has been distasteful to many people,
but the greatest opposition comes from
those who Insist that a canal built by
United States money should be absolutely
controlled by this government. The
friends of the canal, who hoped to, clear
the way for the construction of Nthe canal
bj adopting the treaty, say that opposition
to the treaty Is the same as always ap
pears as soon as there seems, to be any
possibility of getting a bill through.
Chairman Hepburn opposes the treaty
because he thinks it will interfere with
the canal, and also says there Is nothing
in the claims of the concessionaires, who
are also interposing tneir objection to
the building of the canal by the United
States. He says they are worth nothing,
because the men who have got them can
not raise money to build the canal. The
United States will deal directly with
Nicaragua and Costa Rica, and not settle
with the concessionaires. The general
belief 1b that many of these concession
aires want a large appropriation from the
United States in order that they may be
able to sell out. Hepburn Insists that It
will cost Nicaragua and Costa Rica but
very little to settle with the concession
aires, and if the United States under
takes to dicker with, them the price will
Subsidy Bill May Go Over.
A significant remark, credited to Sena
tor Aldrlch, Indicates a disposition not
to press the subsidy bill at this session o
congress. He says:
"It will give rise to discussion and en
counter republican opposition, which
should be avoided."
Of course, Senator Aldrlch Is seeking an
early adjournment, and knows, whatever
may be his views on the merits of the
bill, that a long fight over It in the midst
of the campaign Is not desirable for the
republicans. That the bill Is going 'over
Is Indicated by the fact that little haste
Is being made In getting It reported either
In the senate or house.
Tne American University.
A great project, or great undertaking.
thai;,, has bean, wavering and on the verge L
gpIfGQllapse for some time, and yet wHoaf
rajsnjust onougn support to Keep k irora
Blhking, la 'the building In this city, or in
its outskirts, of an American university.
Several years ago this hugo undertaking
was instituted by the Methodist church,
the idea, being to erect a targe institution
for the higher education of American
men and women, glvkig them an educa
tion equal to that to be obtained in any
colleges of the Old World. The church
got behind the scheme, and for a time
boomed it But, Hke many other pro
moters, they aspired to too great an ac
complishment, and, after a futile effort to
raise the funds necessary for this institu
tion, decided to drop tho Methodist fea
ture and make It a Protestant institution,
thereby soliciting the aid of the other re
ligious denominations. It was then that
the name was changed to tho American
university. Up tp this time, one build
ing of the 23 contemplated has been erect
ed, and a few others ore in course of erec
tion, but there Is an end in sight. The
college is magniflcenttly located, overlook
ing the city, and, with a campus of 93
acres, has natural advantages possessed
by few colleges. But it is the material
backing that is needed. Tle state of
Pennsylvania has finally promised to erect
one large building, the largest of the
group, at a total cost of $450,000. Ohk
contributes another building, to cost $200,
000. To Illinois has been assigned the erec
tion of a third, and funds for all of these
are to be raised by popular subscription
and donations of Individuals. Otlher states
and other institutions have undertaken
to raise, funds necessary to erect these
buildings, all to be of marble, but if there
Is no further Incentive offered, or If the
project does not have a second boom it li
hard to see how It will be completed
within tiie-present generation.
To Raise the Maine.
A few weeks ago mention was made of
the project to float tho wreck of the bat'
tie-ship Maine by the aid of liquid air, but
the manner of applying this new physical
agent was not very clearly described. Ac
cording' to tho proposal of the persons
who wlsn to raise the Maine, they will
surround the wreck with two rows of ordi
nary two-Inch pipe, 15 Inches apart, closed
at the lower end, and forced down Into
the sllmo and mud as far as possible, a
sort of double picket fence. Sandbags
10 feet long and 15 inches wide, with eye
hooks on one end, will be strung- on tho
pipes, and lowered m pairs and stacked
on the bottom like two rows of cordwood,
being only loosely filled, so that they will
pack. Each pair will be connected with
a double eye bar to prevent the fences
spreading. This 21-foot battlement will be
within a few feet of the ship, but will
spread out around the ship to make the
requisite room for the builders of the new
hull, and to avoid scattered wreckage.
When, tho caisson Is completed and has
got through settling, the remaining 15-mch
spaed between the two rows of pipes and
enormous tiers of pillow bolsters will be
filled in and packed by special delivery
tubes, with a composition of blue day and
water cement, -Which will effectually enter
and close any possible crevices between
the flabby sacks so heavily weighted
heavy enough, in fact, when frozen, to
compare with many railroad foundations
and, if thought advisable, would be in
creased to 30 or 60 feet in foundation
Applying: the Liquid Air.
Pipes will then bo forced down In a
multitude of places in the soft mud be
neath the hull and wrecked portion and
filled with liquid air at 312 degrees below
zero. The pipes of which the fences are
composed will then be filled wWt liquid
air, heavy timbers will be placed across
on top to relieve any fciward strain, mov
able stays will be adjusted from the sides
of the ship to the caisson, and the pumps
may then be applied to draw the water
from the wreck, it being Inclosed In a
water-tight casing. It is claimed that this
caisson, made by liquid air. is more easily
constructed than one of piles, and when
thawed out will leave no debris In the
harbor. It can be constructed in one
tenth the time, and for one-quarter the
price of a pile caisson besides being safer,
more novel, and a far healthier employ
ment than spiking, plank under the water
of Havana harbor, that could only with
enough to prevent the mud from, cwamg
in and burying everything in a nasty,
sticky ooze, Instead or nitny, muuay wa
ter. Magnitude of the UndertalUng.
To build this frozen bowl to raise the
Maine will require 760,600 feet of sand and
75,000 feet of day, and to transport these
to the wreck will require 41 barges 40 feet
wide, 70 feet long and eight feet deep.
Over 2000 barrels of cement will mingle
with tho clay, and upwards of 100,600 feet
of pipe will convey the liquid air to toe
points where used. The cost of the new
hull, which It Is proposed to eonetruet
around the wreck In order to float R te
American waters, will vary according t
the amount that can be raised for the
purpose. Thore is an Idea of carrylag the
wreck as far as Cnicago, and if that is
done, which Is hardly practicable, if not
altogether impossible, the wreck will have
to be cut in two to get it through the St.
Lawrence locks. There would be no diffi
culty about the draft, which, when fully
equipped was 21 feet, but which, without
arms and stores, will hardly be over 14
feet. If this scheme receives the sanction
of congress, and the projectors ask merely
for that, it may be that the Maine wreck
will be exhibited at points along the At
lantic coast, but It Is hardly possible tlwrt
It wlH get so far into the interior, unless
some now power is discovered which will
transport huge weights overland.
FRANCE IS NOT INTERESTED
Paylns; Little Attention to the Hay
PARIS, Feb. 10. The Anglo-American
convention, which permits American con
struction of the Nicaragua canal, has
not yet attracted the keen attention here
which its Importance warrants, consider
ing the heavy French financial interests
thereby affected. The Panama canal baa
been a well in which nine French peas
ants out of every 19, attracted by specious
promises, invested some part of their
savings wrung from the French soiL At
the first glance, the assured neutrasHy of
the canal seems so satisfactory to the po
litical Interests of France that the govern
ment's acquiescence appeared to be a
foregone conclusion. The government is
not anxious at the present moment to
reallzo any obstacles which would
estrange the two countries and turn Amer
ican sympathies toward England. An offi
cial of the foreign office has authorized
the Associated Press to make the follow
"Far from making any objections to the
Hay-Pauncefote convention, France hails
with the greatest satisfaction its prob
able ratification. Its terms coincide pre
cisely with those of the convention signed
by the powers at Constantinople In 1868,
regarding the neutrality of the Suez ca
nal. It was France that proposed those
terms. Though only theoretically in effect
now, they represent France's wishes. If
irrance Is satisfied with the regutatiou
controlling a canal closely identified wKh
her interests, she cannot but be pleased
that the same terms apply to a canal m
a section of the world where her interests
are not involved.
"Efforts to connect Panama interests
with the convention will be fuWle, because
they are not Involved, as the treaty does
not select a route, but only opens
vmv- teruanfAjBSEtsaa- canal
isthmus, and iees wst designate Ks posi
tion. In no way does it conflict with Pan
ama. White individuals in Franca are
deeply interested financially in Panama,
it is a private corporation, and not a
government concern. France's consent to
the Hay-Pauncefote convention will be
readily and wlWngly forthcoming."
The suggestion that France shall clakn
indemnity for the Panama canal interests
is scouted in unimpeachable circles. Such
a demand. It Is pointed out. would have
no legs to stand on, according to inter
national law, as the construction of the
Nicaragua canal could only be regarded
in the light of a legitimate competition.
The word "alliance-," as used In the
Hay-Pauncefote convention, naturally
has not passed unnoticed in political cir
cles, but too great importance Is not at
tached to it. Many politicians point out
that the United States senate ha3 not yet
ratified the Hay-Pauncefote agreement,
and tho precarious position of the Franco
American reciorocity treaty encourages
them in the opinion that the introduction
of the word "alliance" may jeopardize it.
However, there is no desire In French po
litical spheres to do aught to fan the
flame of any Anglo-Amerlcah entente, es
pecially at a moment when France's in
terest might be better served by adding
to Great Britain's difficulties. ,
Great Britain's status in Egypt, as af
fected by the revolt of the native troops.
Is treated here as extremely serious.
This news, which was first announced
from Cairo January 31, has now become
an Important feature In the French press,
and receives full confirmation. Its sig
nificance will be realized when it is ex
plained that Egypt is a tindsr-box whence
a spark may set into flame the Anglo
French animosity. The hope is freely ex
pressed in the French press that Eng
land's difficulty In overcoming the insur
rection may justify the international! re
opening of the Egyptian question, in
which France could not form a passive
The reported negotiations to replace tne
English garrisons In Egypt at the present
juncture by Italian troops Is denounced
here as contrary to the international
agreement- The stories of conferences be
tween Lord Currie, the British ambassa
dor at Rome, and Sir Edmund Monson,
British ambassador at Paris, regarding
this movement are obviously Invention,
but Sir Edmund Monson's departure to
tho Italian Riviera was certainly, as an
nounced in the Associated Press dis
patches, duo to the pique of the English
eovernment at the bitter anti-English
feeling reflected everywhere here.
Officially, Sir Edmund Monson has gone
south on account of his health, but, it Is
pointed out, the climate on the French
Riviera Is just as good as that of the
Italian Riviera, and If health Is the only
question, the British ambassador could
have gone to Nice or Cannes, and also
saved the $30 a day which he is now com
pelled to pay the British charge d'affaires,
according to diplomaticregulations, dur
ing his absence from" tho country to
which he is accredited.
The celebrated Russian nihilist, Peter
Lavrosi, died In Paris thte week. He
came of a noble family, and was at one
time a colonel ha the Russian artillery.
The staff of Commissioner-General Peek,
of the Paris exposition, was Increased this
week by the arrival of Fred. J. V. Skiff,
director of mines and metallurgy; Alex
S. Capeheart, director of tools and print
ing machinery; unaries .tucnara uoage,
director of agriculture? Lieutenant A. C.
Baker. United "States navy, and Casper
France Favors Reciprocity Treaty.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. !. William M.
Bunker, a San Franeiseo newspaper man.
who is now in Paris as honorary com
missioner of the local chamber of com
merce, has written a letter to that body.
In which he speaks of the Kasson reci
procity treaty as follows:
"The French opposition to the treaty la
more apparent than real. If the Ameri
cans Injuriously affected by the treaty
were to leave Its defeat to the French
they would malr- - rkus and probably
the greatest difficulty be foreed down tor
A HEALER ARRESTED
For Practicing MecHc!ie
oat & fcteetose.
PATIENT IS Dfijfflr- AND
Bible Text No Regarded as a eed
Defease, and He "Was Heidi ite
ORBGOX C1TT. Fob. aa.-CroscX. 0.
Strickland today toQO41
remains of Mrs, Sk B. Quint, geagyd at
Gladstone last Thursday, bMh1
verdict that Mrs. Quint, wiflgni
83 years, cane to her dtVBffl5
of medical attendance, and HP
confidence in the ability to jaaqfapgijiSa
of one A. W. Hertska, a sP"!H5Eif
tian Science pfmctttioner of rttfM
Hertska wag ft PWsst'LNg- F
his age as O, iW tmf
a bookkeeper iifr 9p5 t9. awl had
later taken up ttt Jkllllnai,.5"fy
disease by the QtttotMui liclosas plan.
He admitted he ha af Bcsswo to pcaetim
medicine, and all tftrooeh ate ImHtwiany
he quoted Scripture to show that Cfccfet
cured disease by faith and prayer, aad
averred that be was following the aaae
method. H said that he had glvea Mm.
Quint no medlcnw whatever, and had usad
no means except the mind. It was brought
out in the evidence that Hsctaka bad
paid Mrs. Quint thrss or feu "tete, and
had made a contract to tmt her fee $8
Dr. S. A. Sommar testtfled that the
woman's death was caused by ucaesste
coma, whfeh eetrtA have bee beeeght
about by heart trewMe. kidney dteoaoo. er
other disorder. When be was salted bt
he said it was toe late w gtwe a serxeet
After the tnouest was eoneludeft Mertatea
was arrested on a warrant etaurgtMa; ban
with practicing medletoe without a Messes.
He was examined before Justine Mmest,
who held the defendant to the efcewt
court, fixing Ms bonds at $. It wee
some time before Hertzaa cettld ftad a
surety. Mrs. George Herroa essae te
the Tescue and signed Ms soncte.
PltAYBO FOR TOT
Christian Soleaee Treatment ef
Woman Wk Passed Away.
"Let us pray for the Sfefett," saM fee
Quints, of Gladstone, "and let the eM
The body went; but whether the Sefclt
came is another story.
The Quint family was btvektag the aid
of Christian Science in the ease of Xvs.
S. B. Quint, .who was in the last stages
of heart disease, and. havtog renounced
all forms of materia medics, bad put her
self under the treatment of Abraham W.
Hertska, a young apostle ef CltrKUSJB
Sclaada, who has an office in the -snav
bulHBKS, m una citjf.
u&Hste. Recently they became convertw
to the doctrine of Christian Science, but
are still a little hazy regarding the dte
tkiguishing points of the great doctrines
of occult power Mrs. Quint, the women
who died, was sick, while she was a
Spiritualist, and was under the treatment
of various and sundry physicians. Xr.
Qumt, the father of the family, beeasse
sick. It is alleged that bis trouble was
Brtght's disease. Be consulted Mas.
George Herron, of Oregon City, who Is a
leader of Christian Science there, and
while she was treating htm he Improved;
at least, he is living yet. The wbeie
family then became "Scientists." It la
not claimed that they know a great deal
of the principles enunciated by Mother
Eddy, for Mis. Herron says their .faJsa
is as blind as a bat. To be strictly can
did, the Quints are not highly cultured
people. But they still aver then- beMef
in Christian Science, and think that Jer
some reason young Hertska did net have
a fair -show.
The fact remains that Mrs. Qumt Is dead
Mrs. George Herron said yesterday that
she had cured old man Quint, and Intimat
ed that her plan of exterminating death
and wiping sin. sorrow and disease off
the map never failed. She said she could
cure people by two plans the absent
treatment and the present treatment.
Either was efficacious. In other words,
she could remain at Oregon City and
quash one of death's indictments at the
uttermost conftnes of Clackamas county
with as much ease and sang from as if she
was kneeling by the bedside of a sick
patient. She was m nowise disconcerted
because the focus could not be fixed ea
Mrs. Quint. "There Is no such thing as
sin, trouble, sickness or death." said 3tss.
Herron, "It Is all erroi-all a mistake."
The suggestion was made that Mrs.
Quint's death was sufficiently realtstte to
cause burial a hygienic necessity; but the
Christian Science teacher only turned a
pitying look en her interrogator and went
on talking about arror" and "goo"
After Hertaka bad given a bond for Ms
appearance before the circuit court of
Clackamas county, he returned to Port
land, and was seen last night at his board
ing-house, Nmteenth and Lovejoy streets.
He is not a prepossessing youtlKfM.e.
says he is 23 years old, but he
looks It. When asked about his
to the death of Mrs, Quint, he lndigj
refused to say a word.
'T have no statement to make." he earS.
"Was a criminal charge made against
yeu at Oregon City?" he was asked.
"You can't worm any lnformauon out
of me," replied the youth.
"Did you treat Mrs. Quint for kWaey
trouble Srst and then change your prayers
for heart disease?"
"I haven't a word to say,"
There is considerable feeling agassotr the
Christian Scientists at Gladstone and at
Oregon City, and It is said that Hertska
may be arrested on a charge of awa
slaugbter. It is said that the Quints came down
from Barlow in order that the woman
Iwho Is now dead might have the
of the Christian Science treatmealCJ
Herron accompanied her on her tn
is not known why this leader did, MSTprrbat
Mrs. Ouint. Mrs Herron say site eured
her own husband against his win, and
that she rarely fails.
Methodists in This Country Prsaeae
te Raise Twenty Millions.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. tt. Begardiag
the intention of the Methodist episcopal
church tn this country to collect 20O0t
9m as a "2eth-ceatury tank-offertegr
fund." Dr. Thomas FUben today stated
that the work is progressing smoothly
and that the entire sum will doubtless be
uloetl bv the end of 1901 It is ex-
l neeted England will raise a similar fund
amounting to jio.uw.uw ana tanana to j
999, This immense sum will be used far
educational, charitable and church our
poses, and a convention will be hekl m
this city next June to devise- a prose
1 method for its dstrlbution.