Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
Jtltoww IBi f M
VOL. XLVIII. NO. 14,800.
PORTLAND,- OREGON, WEDNESDAY, MAT 6, 1908.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
nn a nTim
l. n. id
West Point Graduate
Now Drug Fiend
BLOODY SHIRT THE CLEW
Suspect Also Bears Wounds
That Tell of Desperate
WIFE'S SUSPICIONS AROUSED
Takes Him to Scene of Murder
: and There Accuses Him.
MARTIN DENIES HIS GUILT
Is ow Confined in City Jail Police
Hope to Secure Confession When
His Craving for Opiates
STRONG CASK," SAYS DISTRICT
"A Jury would convict E. 11. Martin
of the murder of Nathan Wolff in two
hours." said District Attorney Man
ning last night after his examination
of Martin. "The circumstantial evi
dence is very strong. Ho tells a very
flimsy story of how he received the
gash on his head and the wounds on
hands and neck. He exWaina the
jrash on his head by saying a small
ax flew up and hit him. Ha says a
cat scratched him in she neck. With
out going- Into details at this time I
can say that I consider the evidence
very convincing against him.
Edward Hugh Martin, former artillery
officer, expert In coast defense armament,
graduate of West Point, company com
mander In the Cuban campaign, son of
wealthy parents and a drug: fiend. That
Is the man arrested by the police early
yesterday afternoon for the brutal mur
der of Nathan Wolff and the pilfering; of
Wolff's pawnshop on First street last
The police were looking for a man of
the thug type, low-browed, vicious and
a criminal with a record. The nature of
the atrocious murder compelled such a
picture of the perpetrator. They found
a man of, high education, good connec
tionsand many weakness growing out
of the use of cocaine and morphine.
Formidable circumstances point an un
wavering finger of accusation at Martin.
He denies his guilt. With all the re
sources of a man of education and of
mental resources he evades the verbal
tiaps that are laid for him by the author
ities. The story he tells is coherent and
connected. But several of the statements
whereby he might hope to base his
claims to innocence have been refuted.
His mental resources are not great
enough to overcome the barrier of cir
cumstances. The police say he is guilty.
They say they will prove he Is guilty.
There is, of course, the slender chance
that he Is not.
Martin Maintains Innocence.
Martin was expected to confess last
night. At a late hour, however, it was
given out that he stood by his claims of
Innocence. But the same weakness
which is thought to have driven him to
murder is relied on by the authorities to
betray him to the executioner. That
weakness of morphine. He has been
given none of the drug since his arrest,
even In the distressing mental state
which followed his prolonged examina
tion by District Attorney John Manning,
yesterday afternoon. He will be given
no portion of the drug today. With
drawal of this stimulant and the extreme
mental and physical depression which
follows long abstinence will break down
the barrier of outraged innocence which
marked his conduct yesterday, it is be
lieved. Wracked by the tortures of ab
stinence it is believed Martin, slave to
the drug, will be unable to keep up his
position under cross-examination. On the
theory that the means justifies the end
the police intend to wrest his secret from
him, if he has one. With the innate,
compelling. overwhelming desire for
drugs wiU come the confession, the
Martin was arrested a few minutes
after 1 o'clock P. M. in a rooming-house
at Union Avenue and East Morrison
street by Patrolman Golta and Detective
Hellyer. An hour before he had read
that the police accused him of the Wolff
murder. He was in the Turne Halle Sa
loon at the time. He left that place hur
riedly, crossed the river and telephoned
to the police .station, saying ha. 'had
Martin In custody and would take him
to the station about S o'clock." His
movements were quickly traced there
after and he was arrested while in the
act of drinking a glass of water. He
showed no signs of excitement when put
under arrest, saying he was just on the
point of going to the police station to
give himself up and refute the story that
he was Wolffs murderer.
Basis of the Murder Charge.
The circumstances which are the basis
of the murder charge against him, briefly
stated are these:
A blood-besmeared shirt, found wrapped
in a piece of paper on a heap of rubbish
behind a North End rooming-house, was
purchased by him from Max Drey, a ped
dler, last Thursday. He purchased three
of the ahipta.. He was wearing one of
them when taken to the police station.
On his left Jaw are three distinct marks,
evidently made by the finger nails of a
Governor John F. Fort, of New Jer
sey, Proposed for Vice-President .
br Mew Jersey 'Republicans.
human being. On his head there is a
cut which extends nearly to the bone.
He said his wife's cat scratched his face
and that an ax blade flew off while ha
was cutting wood last week, causing the
injury to his head. City Physician Zeigler
ays the scratches were positively not
mads by a cat. All are fresh marks.
Nathan Wolff engaged in a desperate
encounter with the murderer so the deduc
tion Is obvious.
Martin quarreled with his wife Sunday
night because she told him she suspected
him of being Wolffs murderer. . Unable to
placate her suspicions Martin left home
saying he would get proof of his in
nocence. He did not return.
Mrs. Martfn suspected him because he
returned to their home in Sellwood at
midnight 'Friday, ' following the tragedy.
She noticed the wounds on his head and
face and marks on his hands. He first
told her he had been attacked and beaten
by highwaymen hut when she refused to
believe that informed her he had gotten
into.a fight over a poker gameancTwas
struck across the head with a chair by
one of the players.
Wife Accuses Her Husband.
On Sunday, Mrs. Martin took her hus
band past the scene of the murder and
there accused him of the crime. He
denied it without showing any marked
emotion and continued on with her to
mass at the Cathedral. Late Sunday
afternoon Mrs. Martin recalled that the
clothes he wore home Friday night were
not the same which he wore on leaving
the house Friday morning.
On recalling this fact she accused him
openly of the crime and it was to get
these clothes that he left the house not
to return. He told her lie had left them
at a safSon where the fight over cards
occurred and that he would bring them
to show her. She has not seen him since,
refusing to confront him after his arrest.
He has been incompetent in money
matters and has been in hard circum
stances for some time past but notwith
standing this fact 40 in gold and several
dollars In silver were found in his pockets
when he was arrested.
Martin's Dealings With Wolff.
He had dealings with Wolff, pawning
a watch which, he prized very highly,
there. He was unable to secure .the re
turn of that watch, and after the period
of loan had expired called on Wolff and
requested him to hold' the timepiece in
definitely. Whether the watch is missing
from Wolff's place is a matter yet to
be ascertained by the police.
Thursday he pawned an Army revolver
for fl and later in the same day pawned
his drawing instruments, which he had
used in his work as a draughtsman. He
explained this by saying" he was trying
to secure money sufficient to make Mrs.
Martin believe he had bce,n steadily at
work. His wife says that he had rep
resented to her that he was working,
thus lending color to his claim in that
respect. The firm of Ashley & Rummelin
also admit that he borrowed about 150
in all from them, mostly during April.
The money is still owing.
No sooner was Martin landed in the
police station by Hellyer and GolU than
District Attorney Manning, who was in
waiting for the prisoner, began an ex
amination with the view to secure a
confession. He took Martin at once into
the private office of Chief Grltzmacher,
and examined him physically for cuts or
bruises. None were found except the
slight wounds already referred to. The
office quickly filled to overflow, a great
noisy, excited and curious crowd of
nearly a thousand people was talking
noisily outside the police station, and
Martin was shortly taken into the de
tectives' room on the second floor.
Martin Is Closely Questioned.
Many deductions might be made from
the inquisition that followed. Martin
stood the ordeal well, not once being
entrapped by Mr. Manning, but his man
ner was not as convincing as his words.
Questions were asked him for which he
was not prepared. Once or twice he
had to stumble along with great delib
eration over his answers, and would
writhe uncomfortably in his seat. But
there is no way of definitely or ac-
(Concluded on Face 10.1
SWARM BAY CITY
TO SEE THE FLEET
Thousands From Ore
gon Have Arrived.
WELCOME HELP OF OREGONIAN
Visitors From Whole West Use
PORTLAND . SENDS 2000
Three Trains Carry Hosts From the
Valley Towns All Seek Point of
Vantage to See Fleet Enter
the. Golden Gate.
BY ATtNO DOSCH.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 5 (Special)
The Oregonian Information Bureau
reached the point here today where not
only Oregon, Washington and Idaho peo
ple, but visitors from all parts of the
West were cared for and furnished ac
commodations. The crowds seeking for
rooms grew during the day to an extent
not anticipated when the bureau was es
tablished, but the list of available sleep
ing places was long enough to meet the
demands of all comers. The hotels were
completely filled up last night and all
except those who had reservations several
months In advance, were forced to lodge
in private houses. Even at that, although
100,000 people have come to the City since
Sunday, the list of rooms is holding out
marvelously and all who apply will be
Great Crowd From Oregon.
William McMurray, general passenger
agent of the Southern Pacific, who ar
ranged for the special trains from Port
land, called at the booth of the Oregon
ian Information Bureau this morning and
said that in the three days' excursion
out of Portland alone 2,000 people had left
to view the fleet come in through the
Golden Gate. There were besides, three
trains which reached San Francisco from
Oregon today, special cars from almost
every city in the Willamette "Valley, Sa
lem, Albany, Eugene, and from Medford,
Ashland and Grants Pass. Besides these,
300 arrived by steamer Senator this morn
ing, as well as a large crowd on i..e
Constant Stream at Ferry.'
The three trains this morning were met
by the Oregonian's representative this
morning before they reached the city, and
the people were directed to tue Oregonian
Information Bureau, as well as directly
to lodging places. The jam of people was
so great at the Ferry building that be
fore one ferry had poured its thousands
out upon the wide plaza where the Market-street
cars loop, another would send
its throng through the wide nave of the
building to press those in front from be
hind, so that all day long good-natured
visitors were shoved forward with their
hand baggage to grasp lae rail of a
crowded car and be carried up town.
E. H. MARTIN)
With the throngs that came through that
one channel. 50,000 touay alone, it was
almost hopeless to try to care for them,
and for the) most part. they ran over the
city like children on a holiday. All the
main thoroughfares of the city were
thickly crowded with fleet visitors, al
though there" are several miles of snch
thoroughfares, and among them, to any
one who knew the Northwestern people,
there was a good representation.
AYliere to See the Fleet.
One thing that marked an Oregon train
as soon as it pulled into the Oakland mole
was the fact that the passengers were
better dressed than other visitors. The
same thing was visible in the streets
Oregon men and women were distinguish
able everywhere by the fact that they
were well dressed. All Northwestern
people, not only those who applied to the
Oregonian Information Bureau but all
others besides, have been well .cared, for
here. The constant question they have
been asking today is:
. "Where shall I see the fleet from?"-
San Francisco is so hilly and offers eo
many vantage points that there has been
a variety to offer Lands End, the Presi
dio, Russian Hill, Telegraph- Hill and
Fort Baker. The advice usually adopted
was to go to Russian Hill and see the
entrance through the Golden Gate, and
walk back through what was a year ago
the burnt district to Nob Hill, where the
maneuvers and anchorage can be seen.
Dan J. Malarkey and Sam Hering, who
are at the Holland, will take an auto
mobile with their families and follow the
fleet as it enters. James Mcl. Wood was
seen this morning as he captured one of
the few remaining invitations to the ball
tomorrow night He, like many other
Portlanders, will - be entertained by
friends who have homes overlooking the
bay. Others will go out on the excursion
steamers and view the fleet at anchor at
the lightship and follow in behind.
About 350,000 Visitors.
Two hundred thousand people will cross
the bay from nearby points tomorrow
morning, making the total of fleet visit
ors about 350,000. The facility with which
the railroads have handled the crowds
and the-elasticity of the city are subjects
All this vast crowd will be treated to a
sight never to be forgotten. The ships
will enter in a long string, and as they
pass between the heads, with the Marin
County hills as a tawny background, they
will look huge, dwarfing the old brick
Fort Winfield Scott until it looks like an
apple box. They will then pass under
(Concluded on Page 3.)
OREGONIAN BUREAU AT SAN
Orrcon, WMbinirtos and Idaho
People Please Register at Cali
fornia Building-. '
POR the convenience of its friends and
patrons in the Pacific Northwest,
The Oregonian has established 8. free in
formation 'bureau at San Francco, where
all visitors In that city from Oregon,
Washington and Idaho, during the festiv
ities in honor of the visiting battleship
fleet, will be made welcome. The bureau
is located in the California building, on
Union Square, in the heart of the down
town business district and convenient 'to
any carline leaving the Union Ferry.
The purpose of the bureau is to keep a
register of visitors, furnish accurate in
formation concerning hotel accommoda
tions and points of interest to strangers,
afford a meeting place for Pacific North
west visitors and their friends and give
them facilities for receiving and dispatch
ing their mail.
The names of all visitors who register
will be telegraphed to Portland each day
and published in The Oregonian. In this
way relatives and friends will be given
full information concerning visitors in fhe
The bureau is in charge of Arno Dosch,
formerly of Portland, who will do his ut
most to assist and make enjoyable the
visit of those who seek the -aid of The
Oregonian information bureau.
' " ; (
ACCUSED OK THE MURDER OF NATHAN WOLFF.
SMASHED TO BITS
League Wins and Cal
ifornia Is for Taft.
HAS TWO-THIRDS MAJORITY
Herrin Will Seek Compromise,
but Get None.
PERKINS' SEAT IN DANGER
Southern Pacific Control Ended and
Machine Congressmen to Be Re
tired Triumph for Hcney's
War on Graft.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 5. (Special.)
Returns from today's primary elec
tions In California, practically com
plete at midnight, give the Lincoln
Roosevelt League an overwhelming
majority in the Republican State Con
vention. The machine forces, led by
William F. Herrin, representing the
Southern Pacific, will have approxi
mately 200 delegates against about 403
for the league. '
In San Francisco the league elected
62 delegates out of 67. In Los Angeles
and other - points in Southern Cali
fornia the Lincoln-Roosevelt forces
captured three-fonrths of the places.
In Alameda County the league elected
43 delegates and the machine forces 9.
In Sacramento the league men won out
in 11 out of 16 contests.
Xo Quarter to Be Given Herrin.
The election was the most disastrous
to the machine since the Southern Pa
cific entered politics. So vast is the
league majority that It Is predicted
tonight that Herrin will not attempt
to fight on the floor of the conven
tion, but will fall Into line with the
cry of "harmony." The league dele
gates, however, are pledged against
The . result means that Herrin will
lose control of the State Central Com
mittee.. Colonel George H. Stone will
be unseated as chairman and a league
man substituted. The outcome means
the defeat or withdrawal of Governor
Glllett, George Knight. M. H. DeYoung
and General Harrison GreyOtis as can
didates for delegates at large to the
National Convention. League men
will be sent instead, pledged to the
nomination of Secretary Taft. In fact,
the league victory makes certain a
solid Taft delegation.
End of Perkins and Congressmen.
A more important effect will be the
refusal to renominate most of the Cal
ifornia Congressmen, who are regarded
as machine men. The league victory
also threatens the seat of Senator Per
kins. With the party .machinery in its
hands, the league will fight for a
State Legislature committed to the de
feat of Mr. Perkins next January.
Heading the league movement are
Chester H. Rowell of Fresno, ex-United
States Senator Bard, ex-Governor Par
dee, ex-Mayor Davis of Oakland, State
Senator Belshaw, Charles S. Wheeler
and a large number of prominent busi
ness and professional men of San Fran
The league has pledged its support
to Francis J. Heney in his war on
graft, and . the victory means another
triumph for the graft prosecution.
Victory for Regular Democrats.
LOS ANGELES. May 5. The regular
Democratic organization claims a vic
tory in all but the Seventh of the
nine Assembly Districts in today's
primaries, as against the Democratic
League. Both factions favor a Bryan
The organization candidates for del
egates at large to the National Con
vention are: Mayor A. C. Harper and
Nathan Cole, Jr. The candidates for
W. F. Herrin, Defeated Republican
Boss of California..
district delegates are: Timothy Spel
lacy, chairman of the State Central
Committee, and L B. Dockweiler.
LEAGUE CARRIES BIG CITIES
Sweeping Victory In San Francisco
and Los Angeles.
SAN FRANCISCO, May B.-Incomplete
returns from today's primaries at mid
night Indicate that the Lincoln-Roosevelt
League has carried this city by a big ma
jority over the regular or organization
ticket. Out of 69 delegates to the state
convention chosen, 19 are league men.
Returns from the state Indicate a cor
responding success for the league at all
points where It made a contest. Out of a
total of 103 delegates in Los Angeles
County the league has probably elected 82.
REJECTS TAFT KESOLUTIOXS
New Jersey Convention Under Com-
. plete Control of Machine.
TRENTON, N. J., May 6. The Repub
lican state convention to elect delegates
to attend the National convention in Chi
cago today named a delegation that Is
uninstructed. The convention also voted
down resolutions indorsing the candidacy
of Secretary Taft for President and
favoring the renomination of President
A resolution favoring ex-Governor
(Concluded on Pas-e 8.)
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TRSTBRDAra Maximum temperature. 72
degrees; minimum, 41 degrees.
TODAY'S Showers, and slightly cooler;
Howe BepubMcan caucus falls to agree on
. currency. Pae 3.
District Attorney RuJck's debts annoy
Bonaparte. Page 4.
Ttwney narrowly escapes defeat on appro
priation bill.. Pare 5.
Paper trust accused of making publishers
pay for speculations in Canadian timber.
Hey burn vigorously attacks forest service.
Secret of Taft's trip to Panama. Page 3.
Pol It lea.
New York officeholders In many troubles.
Lincoln-Roosevelt League sweeps 'California
and smashes machine. Page 1.
Hot faction fight In Ohio Democratic con
vention. Page 4.
New Jersey Republicans refuse to Indorse
Taft. , Page J. I.-
Floods In Missouri, Illinois and Arkansas
cause loss of life and devastation.
Jerome prefers Jail to giving- tip grand jury
minutes, page 3.
Indiana woman who was burned to death
t ran clearing-house for murderers, page 1.
Coast League scores: San Francisco 7, Port
land 1; Los Angeles 8, Oakland 5. Page
Stone Street wins Kentucky Derby. Page 13.
Portland loses opening: game to San Fran
cisco, 7 to 1. Page 12.
Whole West hurries to see fleet and use
Oregonian bureau at San Francisco.
Parkslde real estate men try to shield Ruef.
Independence girt thought to have met
with foul play at Tacoma. Page 6.
Waterlogged steam schooner Kelton towed
Into Astoria. Page o.
Suicide and attempted murder at Snohomish.
Commercial and Marine.
Board of Trade meeting discusses produce
commissions. Page 17.
Wheat weak in spite of bullish statistics.
Rally in stock prices. Page 17.
Captain E. W. Spencer declares a rate war
between Portland, Astoria and The
Dalles. Page ltt.
Wolff Murder Case,
Edward. H. Martin arrested and accused of
brutal murder of Nathan Wolff. Page 1.
Mrs. Martin tells officers sne believes hus
band guilty. Page 10..
Prisoner tells of career as Army officer,
cut short by drugr habit. Page 10.
Bloody shirt clew followed by detectives
making arrest. Page 11.
Portland and Vicinity.
Democrats addressed by party nominees.
Senator Bourne forwards letter from Met
calf on fleet's itinerary. Page 13.
Woman seeks divorce from husband who re
ports himself dead. Page lrt.
Opportunity offered, to view battleships from
Seaside. Page 16w
"a. - J
FIND FIVE BODIES
LA PORTE, Ind., May 5. That Mrs.
Bella Gunness was responsible for at
least five murders before she and her
three children were incinerated In they
fire which destroyed her home, a week
ago today, is the theory now held by
the local authorities, who are attempt
ing to solve the puzzle of the barnyard
burying-ground found on her pretty;
farm, one mile north of the city, today.
Ray Xamphere was told this evening
of the day's gruesome discoveries.
"My God! Five bodies? "What
wouldn't that woman do!" exclaimed
Lamphere, who is awaiting grand-Jury
action on the charge of first-degree
murder. The dim lighting of the cell
la which he -has been confined since his
arrest following the fatal fire, revealed
the. spasm of horror, shaded with re
lief, which crossed his features.
Come and Come to Stay.
"I always thought something was
wrong out there," he cried, when Sheriff
A. F. Smutzer questioned him. "Several
people came to that farm who never were
seen to go away. One was a man, blr,
with black hair and mustache. Mrs. Gun
ness told me he was Jennie Olson's sweet
heart. He was around there about two
years ago, then one day a man and
woman drove up with a baby. They went
away without it.
"No, that's all I know about it, but I
guess there must have been others. I
ain't sure just when that big man was
Despite the incoherency of Lamphere's
statements, the Sheriff thinks that a long
step has been made toward clearing up
Only Two Identified.
The bodies of five people, all mur
dered, were found in the yard of the
home of Mrs. Gunness today. So far
only two of the bodies have been Iden
tified. . They a're Andrew Hegclin, who
came to this city from Mansfield, S. D.,
for tho purpose of marrying Mrs. Gun
ness. whose acquaintance lie had made
through a matrimonial bureau. The
other is that of Jennie Olson, a Chicago
girl, who had been adopted by Mrs.
Gunness. She disappeared In Septem
ber, 1906, and It was said she had gone
to Los Angeles to attend school.
The other bodies were those of a man
and two children apparently 12 years
old. So many bones of the children
were missing that the sex could not be
The discovery of the bodies led express
men to tell of the delivery of five trunks
to the Gunness farm during the last
months, and this fact has caused the
authorities to work on the theory that
the place was a clearing-house for mur
derers. They suspect that wealthy per.
sons after being lured to Chicago and
killed were packed .in these trunks and
sent here to be buried.
Killed Two Husbands?
investigation of Mrs. Gunness' life de
veloped that two of her husbands died
under suspicious circumstances botli meet
ing violent deaths. The first, Max Sort-n-son,
was insured for VSA and the second.
Gunness, for K00. This insurance was
paid in both cases to the widow.
The body of Miss Olsen was found
burled two feet under that or Helgelein
and covered with a mattress, on top of
which it is reported the bodies of the
other three unknown persons were found.
Lamphere worked for Mrs. Gunness at
the time of the disappearance of Helge
lein and it ie stated that he appeared one
day in a local hnrber shop wearing a
coat belonging to Helgelein and carrying
Helgelein's gun. Asked why he was car
rying a gun, lie said, it is reported, he
did not know what moment he might
need it. it was current gossip then that
Lamphere was jealous of Mrs. Gunness
THE DAY'S DEATH RECORD
Kcv. John M. St-liaefer, Khodes.
CHICAGO, May 5. A cablegram an
nouncing the deatli of the Rev. John M.
Schaefer, pastor of the St. Martins Ger
man Roman Catholic Church, of the
Island of Rhodes, in the Mediterranean
Sea, yesterday, was received last night
by Archbishop James Quigley. Mr. Scliae
ferg. his niece and two parishioners, were
on their way to Palestine when he was
stricken. He will be buried on the island.
Captain G. F. Wentworth.
SAN DIEGO. Cal., May 5. Captain
George K. Wentworth of tlie Custom
House service, known to every man
connected with the sea on this coast,
died this morning at the age of 73
BALLPLAYERS SEE PRESIDENT
Xcw York Americans Introduced to
Roosevelt at '"Washington.
WASHINGTON. May 5. Clark Griffith
introduced the New York American
league baseball team to Pre"?ident
Roosevelt today. The President talked
for sometime with the members of the
team, mentioning the fact that his son
Quentin was an enthusiastic baseball
player, belonging to the same team with
Charlie Taft. son of Secretary Taft. The
President told his visitors that Quentin
kept the averages of all the leading ball
Taft Men Outwitted.
v MONTGOMERY, Ala., May 6. By
filing papers with the Secretary of
State yeBterday, certifying the names
of the nominees for state offices to be
filled at the November election, the Da
vidson wing of the Republican party
beat the Taft wing.
The Davidson wing Is opposed to tho
Croker Not Coming as Peacemaker.
DUBLIN. May 5. Richard Croker. in
an interview with the Associated Press
tonight, denied the report that he was
going to New York to compromise the
Democratic differences. He said that
he would not visit the United States
until after the presidential election
and that he might spend the .Winter