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THE MORNING OREGOXIAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 8, 1906.
MAKE INQUIRY REAL
President's Message on Coal
and Oil Monopolies.
DEFECTS IN RESOLUTION
Tells Congress Garfield Has Nearly
Finished Inquiry Info Same Sub
jects Commission Needs
Money and Power.
WASHINGTON. March 7. President
Roosevelt today sent a message to
Congress announcing his signature to
the Joint -resolution recently passed In
structing the Interstate Commerce
Commission to make examination into
the subject of railroad discriminations
jind monopolies in coal and oil. He
my frankly that he has signed It with
hesitation, because it may achieve lit
tle or nothing. He Indicates, too, that
If the Investigation proposed by the
resolution is conducted thoroughly, it
will result In giving immunity from
criminal prosecution to all persons
who are called and sworn as witnesses.
In the opinion of the President, the
direction contained In the resolution
will remain practically inoperative un
less money be provided to -carry on the
Investigation and tlie Commission be
authorized to take testimony under Its
provisions. He suggests, therefore,
that Congress give serious considera
tion to Just what it desires the Inter
state Commerce Commission to do. and
that $50,000 be placed at the disposal
of tho commission to defray the ex
penses of the produced Investigation.
The message in full reads:
Make Inquiries Effective.
WHITB HOUSE. Waahtncton. March 7.
To the House and Senate: I. have sirned
the Joint resolution "Inatructlns the Interstate
Commerce Commission to make .examinations
Into the subject of railroad discriminations and
monopolies In coal and oil. and report on the
Mine from time to time." I have slrned It
nith hesitation, because In the form in which
It was passed It accomplishes very little and
may accomplish nothing, and It la highly unde
sirable that a resolution of this kind shall be
come law In such form .as to give the Impres
sion of Insincerity; that Is, of pretending to do
fomethlnr which Is really not done. But.
Rfter hesitation, I concluded to sign the reso
lution because Its defects can be remedied by
legislation which I hereby ask for; and It
must be understood that unlens this subse
quent legislation is granted the present resolu
tion must be mainly, and may be entirely.
Before ineclfing what this legislation is. I
wish to call attention to one or two prelimi
nary facts. In the first place. & part of the
investigation required by the House of Repre
sentatives In tho resolution adopted February
15. 1805, relating to th oil inquiry and &
further part having to do with the anthracite
coal taaulry. haa been for some time under
Investigation by the Department of Commerce
These investigations, I am informed, are ap
proaching completion, and before Congress ad.
Journs I shall submit to you the preliminary
report of these Investigations. Until these
reports are completed the Interstate Commerce
Commission could not endeavor to carry .out
so much of the resolution of Congress a re
fers to the ground thus already covered with
out running the risk "of seeing the two investi
gations conflict and therefore render each other
more or less nugatory. In the second place. I
call your attention to the fact that if as in
vestigation of the nature proposed in the Joint
rwehttlee. to tfcereughly &b4 effectively ess-
ducted it will result in giving Immunity from
criminal prosecution to all perrons who are
called, sworn and constrained by compulsory
prtKvies of law to testify as witnesses,
thouch. of course, uch Immunity from prose
cution 1h not given to those from whom tate.
menta or Information merely In contradistinc
tion to sworn testimony la obtained.
This Is not at all to fay Uiat such Investiga
tions fhould not be undertaken. Publicity can
by itself often accomplish extraordinary re
sult for good, and the court of public Judg
ment may secure such rcsulti wher courts or
law are powerless. There arc many caia
where an Investigation hecurlng com pi Me pub
licity about abuses and giving Congress the
material on which to proceed In the enact
ment of laws is more useful than a criminal
prosecution can possibly be. But It nhould not
b provided for in law without a clear under
standing that It may be an alternative Instead
of an additional remedy; that is. that to carry
on the investigation may nerve an a bar to the
successful prosecution of the offenses disclosed.
Money and Power Required.
The official body directed by Conxrrres to
make .the invwtlgutlon must, of course, carry
out ltrt direction, and therefore the direction
should not be given without full appreciation
of what It means. But the direction contained
in the Joint resolution which I have- aimed
will remain almost Inoperative unless money
is provided to carry out the Investigation of
the question, and unless the commission in
carrying them out Is authorized to administer
oaths and compel the attendance of witnemw.
As the resolution now in, the commission,
which is very busy with its legitimate work,
and which has no extra money at Its disposal,
would e able to make the investigation only
in the most partial and unsatisfactory manner;
and. moreover, it 1 questionable whether it
could, under the resolution, administer oaths
at all or compel the attendance of witnesses.
If this power were disputed by the parties In
vestigated, the Investigation would be held up
for a year or two until the- courts passed upon
it. In which case, during the period of waiting,
the commission could only Investigate to the
extent and in the manner already prencrlbed
under lln organic law, ko that the passage of
the resolution would have achieved no good
I accordingly recommend to Congress the
serious consideration of Jukt what they wish
the commission to do and how far they wish
to go, having in view the possible Incompati
bility of conducting an investigation like thin
and also proceeding criminally In a court of
law, and. furthermore, that sufficient sum,
ay, $50,000, be added to the current appro
priation for the commission, so as to enable
them to direct the work In a thorough and
concise manner, while at the ame time the
power is explicitly conferred upon them to ad
minister oaths and compel the attendance of
witnesses In making the investigation in ques
tion, which covers work quite apart from their
utfual duties. It acems unwise to require an
investigation by a commission and then not to
furnish either the legal power or money, both
of which are necessary to render the resolu
INDICTED FOR GRAFTING
Four St. Louis Police Wanted Two
Cannot Be Found.
ST. LOUIS, March 7. The names of four
police officers Indicted recently by the
grand Jury on charges of bribery and graft
were made public today. They arc Ser
geant J. J. Connors and Patrolmen Ed
ward CantiUion, "William J. Habcrstrohe
and Theodore Vollmer. Connors and Can
tiUion were placed under arrest, Haber
strohe and Vollmer could not be found.
Suit Has Cost Him Dear.
ABERDEEN, "Wash.. March 7. J. A.
Actson. of Hoqulam, brought suit to re
cover $3 for alleged excess charges pf the
water company of that city. He recov
ered 50 cents rebate In the Justice Court
and loses In the Superior Court. The
costs against him amount to $1L
Italian Tiller Is Sentenced.
ABERDEEN. "Wash., March 7. Spe
cial.) George Lewis, convicted of robbing
the Northern Pacific statloa at Montc
sano, has been sentenced to two years la
Extracted From Forest Plants.
Nature's laws are perfect if we obey them, but disease follows disobedience. Go straight to
nature for the cure, to the forest; there are mysteries here that we can fathom for you. Take the
bark of the wild-cherry tree, the root of mandrake, stone root, queen's root, bloodroot and golden seal,
make a scientific, non-alcoholic extract o'f them with just the right proportions and yon have
DR. PIERGfE'S GOLDEN MEDWAL DISCOVERY.
It took Dr. Pierce, with the assistance of two learned chemists, eight years of hard work ex
perimenting to make this vegetable extract and alterative of the greatest efficiency.
Just the sort of spring remedy you need to make rich, red blood, and cure that lassitude and
feeling of nerve exhaustion. Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery bears the stamp of PUBLIC
APPROVAL and has sold more largely in the past forty years than any other bloo'd purifier and
stomach tonic. The refreshing influence of this extract is like Nature's influence the blood is bathed
in the tonic which gives life to the blood the vital fires of the body burn brighter and their in
creased activity consumes the tissue rubbish which has accumulated during the winter. Dr. K. V.
Pierce, the founder of the Invalids' Hotel and urgical Institute, and a physician of large experience
and practice, was the first to make up an ALTERATIVE EXTRACT of roots, herbs and barks,
Without a Particle of Alcohol or Narcotics,
which purifies the blood and tones up the stomach and the entire system in Nature's own way
The "Golden Medical Discovery is just the tissue builder and tonic you require when recovering
from a hard cold, grip, or pneumonia. No matter how strong the constitution our stomach is apt
to be "out of kilter" after a long, hard winter; in consequence our blood is disordered for the stom
ach is the laboratory for the constant manufacture of blood. Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery
strengthens the stomach puts it in shape to make pure, rich blood helps the liver and kidneys
to expel the poisons from the body. If you take this
Natural Blood Purifier and Tonic
you will assist your system in manufacturing each day a pint of rich, arterial blood, that is stimu
lating to the brain and nerves. The weak, nervous, run-down, debilitated condition which so many
people experience at this "time of the year is usually the effect of poisons in the blood; it is often
indicated by pimples or ..boils appearing on the skin, the face-becomes thin you feel "blue Dr
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery CURES all blood humors as well as being a tonic that makes one
vigorous, strong and forcefuL Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical "Discovery
as the one medicine for stomach, liver and blood disorders that has the ingredients printed upon
the wrapper of every bottle leaving the great laboratory at Buffalo, K Y., which CURES in natures
own way; not only in respect to its ingredients but also as the only spring tonic and reconstructive
which absolutely contains NO ALCOHOL.
Civic Federation Will Manage
MAKE LAW MORE SEVERE
Klecllon TCcform Conference Hears
How Elections Arc Hun .and
Hcsolvcs to "Work for
Definite New Laws.
NEW TORK, March 7. The Natfonal
conference for the reform of the primary
and election laws, held here under tho
auspices of the National Civic Federation,
concluded Its sessions today. It is expect
ed that the work for ballot reform begun
by the conference will be carried forward
by a department of the National Civic
Federation, charged with this duty and
created through a resolution adopted by
the conference. This resolution was In
troduced by Joslah Qulncy. of Boston. All
the members of the conference are to be
come members of the new department.
Another meeting of the conference, it Is.
provided, shall be called at such future
time as may be expedient. Another reso
lution Introduced by Mr. Qulncy and also
Proposed Changes in Law.
Repolved, That experience shorn that ex
isting provisions of criminal law against the
purchase of votes are Inadequate; that proper
'corrupt practices legtalatlon should Include II)
the publication of all contribution! and expen
ditures; (2) the prohibition of political contri
butions by corporations; (3) the definition and
limitation of permissible political expenditures;
(4) provisions for Judicial Inquiry Into elec
tion expenditure and existence of corrupt
practlcce. In which proceeding any citizen may
participate. (5) the punlthxneat of corrupt
practices by further penalties, such aa dto
franchlsement or disqualification for oSlce, In
addition to fine or IxnprUooment.
The conference declined to adopt a reso
lution declaring for direct nominations
through tho primary system, referring the
matter by a vote of IS to 11 to the depart
ment of the Civic Federation.
Professor H. A. Garfield, of Princeton,
said he believed in municipal ownership,
but the man who knows only municipal
ownership was not fitted to be Mayor of
a great city. He favored the Massachu
setts form of ballot.
A. W. Terrell, ex-Mlnister to Turkey,
chairman of the committee on elections
in the House of Representatives and au
thor of the Terrell law, spoke of the elec
tion laws of his state. He said that iha
poll tax qualification of the Texas law has
given the state a clean general election.
Tho man who Is unable to pay the tax of
$1.73 Is not desirable as a voter, he said.
Congressman 'William a Bennett, of this
city, told the conference) that when he
wanted the Congressional nomination it
depends upon the action of one man. al
though he represented the suffrage of
Seth Low, ex-Mayor of New York, said:
"There Is a keen realization throurhnnr
tho country that vast sums of monev hv
been spent, often unnnecessarily and often
improperly to secure elections. People
think with the increase In freauenev that
an election here and an election there
has been won by the use of money."
asar . swiuvan. of this city, said that
in recent elections in a county of South
western Pennsylvania he saw X15.608 haiwi-
ed out on election day among 909 voters.
'EJWr n It . .
w i'ti an im. iae vote wtcs
purchased." he continued. "The farmers
regarded It as a part of their annual In
Mr. Sullivan said that his experience In
elections In Isiulsvllle. Ky.. has proved to
him that the city was helplessly corrupt.
LET WATER HEGULATE HATES
Hansdcll Proposes Rivers and Ca-
nals as Check on Railroads.
NEW YORK. March 7. The develop
ment of the waterwnys of this country
as the best means of regulating railroad
rates was advocated by Congressman Jo
seph E. Ransdell. of Louisiana, in ait
after-dinner speech last night at the an
nual banquet of the North Side Board of
Trade In the Bronx.
"Water transportation." said Mr. Rans
dell, "costs only one-third to one-llfth as
much as rail, and It should be developed
to the utmost both us a carrier of freight
and a regulator of rates. Whenever wo
have rivers, canals and lakes with good
navigation, freights are cheap, and there
Is no demand for rate legislation."
Mr. Ransdell called attention to the
cheap freight rates prevalent In Franco
and Germany as a result of the numerous
canals of those countries, and offered
statistics to show that of the total appro
priation for all purposes made by Con
gress In tho last ten years, the rivers and
harbors had received only 3 per cent, and
that only one per cent In addition to that
had been appropriated for the promotion
of commerce, while 40 per cent had been
expended for the Army, tho Navy and
INITIATIVE PLAN FOR OHIO
Senate Approves Amendment Allow
ing People to Make Laws.
COLUMBUS. O.. March 7. The Senate
today, by a vote of 3 to 13, adopted a res
olution providing for submission to the
people of a constitutional amendmont per
mitting the people to Initiate and to vote
on legislation. The resolution goos to the
Let Lawyers Nominate Judges.
NEW YORK, March 7. A movemont is
to be launched next week among the law
yers of the city to take the nomination
of Judges out of politics, and to put for
ward for Judicial otllces next year men se
lected and Indorsed by the legal fraternity
without regard to the wishes of any polit
ical organization. Ten prominent mem
bers of the bar of this city are to attend
a dinner to be held next week. At this
the condition of the Judiciary bill will be
Candidates, it is said, are to be nomi
nated for alt the vacant Judgeships, and
It Is Intended that the legal profession
shall head a campaign In their favor as
Independent of all organization support.
It is understood that among those asked
to the dinner will be William Cl rhiuto
"W. B. Hornblower, Austen G. Fox. Fran
cis Lynde Stetson, Paul D. Cravath. and
District Attorney Jerome.
Committee on Currency Reform.
NEW YORK. March 7. Morris J. Jes
sup, president of the Chamber of Com
merce, appointed Monday a committee
to consider the general question ofcur
rency reform. The members arc Frank
A. Vandcrllp, Isador Straus. John Claflln.
Duraont Clarke and Charles A. ConanU
This committee has been named as the
result of a resolution introduced by Jacob
H. SchifC and adopted by the Chamber
of Commerce at Its February meeting.
The report of this committee when com
pleted Is to be submitted to the President
of the United States and to the Secretary
of the Treasury.
Two-Cent Fares for Virginia.
RICHMOND. Vn . Afnroh
-Churchman bill fixing railway passenger
rates at cents per muc for 500 and 1000-
mne ucxets passed the House today. It
has Breviettslv Baased the Stnat an.i n
gee t the Governor.
BURIED 15 SOLDIER
;Army and Church Conduct
Funeral of Schofield.
! GENERALS BEAR THE PALL
President, Veterans - of Army and
Navy, and 3'cmbers of Cabinet
Present Body Laid In Ar
lington Reside Sons.
WASHINGTON. March 7.-CItlzcn and
soldier paid reverent tribute to the mem
. ory of the late Lleutenant-Gcncral John
M. Schotleld. at St. John's Protestant
; Episcopal Church, this afternoon, where
the burial service was read over the body
of the distinguished soldier by Right Rev.
Alexander Mackay-Smtth. bishop coadju
tor of the diocese of Philadelphia, a warm
friend of the late General. The inter
mcnt was In the National Cemetery at
Arlington, in a beautiful spot on the east
ern slope, selected by General Schofield
more than 15 years ago. Near by lies the
body, of General Philip Sheridan, and to
tlie westward rises the Temple of Fame.
The troops that formed the funeral es
cort comprised practically all that are on
duty In Washington and at the posts near
Heads of Nation and Army Attend.
The services at St. John's, where Gen
eral Schofield was a worshiper while sta
tioned In Washington, consisted of the
reading of the simple burial service of
the Episcopal liturgy. The casket was
covered with the American flag, and at
Its head, rising several feet from the
floor, was a wreath of Easter lilies and
white carnations from President and Mrs.
The President, accompanied by his mili
tary and naval aides, attended the serv
ices at the church. Back of the President
sat the Secretary of State, the Secretary
of War. the Postmaster-General and the
Secretary of the Interior. The Chief Jus
tice of the Supreme Court of the United
States occupied the third pew with Major
"Wallace Randolph. U. S. A., retired, and
other close friends of the family. The
pallbearers, except members of the Cab
inet, who sat with the President, occupied
the next two seats, and Included Senator
Alger. Senator Proctor and Senator El
klns. formerly Secretary of War; Admiral
Dewey, who was accompanied by his aide,
Lieutenant-Commander Wood; Lleuten-ant-GcneraJ
Merrltt. U. S. A., retired:
Major-General John C. Bates. Chief of
Staff of the Army; Major-General J. P.
Sanger, and Brigadier-Generals S. M.
Dodge. Thomas M. Vincent and W. M.
Wherry, retired, officers of the United
States Army. Filling the remainder of
the nave of the church were representa
tives of the Society of the Army of Ten
nessee. LeaSers of the Army and Navy
Union and other veterans of the Civil
War, with officers of the General Staff of
the Army, and hundreds of friends of the
deceased, were in the transepts and the
and Salute at Arlington.
From the church the body was taken
to Arlington Cemcterv. Ther Krhti .
cavalry band played a dirge. military sa-
tuic oi ii Euna was nreu as a last tribute
to General Schofield as an ex-Secretary of
War. At the grave three volleys were
fired by the squadron of cavalry. A bu
gler slowly marched up to the grave and.
while the guns of Fort- Meyer boomed i
forth a last salute. "Taps" was soundpd
and the body lowered Into the grave.
Goncral Schofleld'w grave immediately ad
Joins that of his son. Captain C. B. Scho
field, Second lTnltod States Cavalry.
BOY ESCAPES KIDNAPERS
Son of Italian Banker Saves Father
NEW YORK. March 7. Antonio Boz
zufll. tho 14-year-old boy who was kid
naped last Sunday and held for $20,000 ran
som, returned alone to his homo today.
He escaped from his captors, he said, by
stealing out of a room above a saloon in
Fifty-ninth street today, while one of his
captors, who had been left alone to guard
him, turned his back for a moment. The
boy says that It took him but a second to
spring beyond the man's reach and get
downstairs to the street, where no at
tempt was made to pursue him.
He told how he was terrorized Into writ
ing a letter to his father, John Bozzufli,
an East Side banker, Informing him that
$3X000 must be paid, and that if the police
were Informed his life would bo taken.
One of the men. he said, pressed a re
volver against his head and commanded
him to write the letter. After this epi
sode, according to the boy's story, he was
DIE OF COLD AND HUNGER
Sufferers In North Japan Perish by
VICTORIA. B. C March 8. Advices by
the steamer Kamagawa say:
The famine In North Japan is causing
considerable starvation, the death list
from cold and hunger growing dally. Tho
Japanese newspapers have correspondents
In the famine districts, and their tales
of woe and misery till column after col
umn of the vernacular press. It has been
an exceptionally cold Winter.
The officials were holding back, although
thousands applied at the relict works,
fearing to pauperize the people, but, as
one correspondent said: "This Is no longer
a consideration; nothing is but the saving
Ex-Sheriff Must Go to Jail.
BOI3B. Idaho. March 7. (Special.) Pe
ter A. Steers must serve the sentence of
24 years Imposed upon him by the District
Court of Bannock County, under convic
tion of embezzling $300 from Bingham
County while he was Sheriff there. The
Supreme Court handed down an opinion
today affirming the Judgment of the lower
court to that effect.
In tills case It was found, after Steers
had gone out of office, that he had failed
to account for $300 collected from E. C.
Shearer, May 23, 1S04. for a retail Hquor
license. He was arrested on a charge of
embezzlement. Tho case was removed to
Bannock County on the application of the
defendant. There he was convicted and
sentenced on August 11, 3305, to serve 2&
years for the crime.
Steers has been out on ball pending the
result of his appeal. The opinion In the
case is written by Chief Justice Stock
slager. It covera a number of technical
Benson the Stumbling-Block.
NORTH YAKIMA. "Wash.. March 7'
(Special.) E. F. Benson, of the Prosser
Falls Land & Irrigation Company, was
successful in his efforts to Induce the
Washington Irrigation Company to take
up a portion or tne oonds of hts comuanv
Thdre are no new developments' in the
water squabble. Benson seems to be the
stumbling-block In the way of further
The centenarv of thi hfrth nf xm t.
Ib, March 6, will be celebrated by "the Plo
aeer Club la Lonitea.
11 ROOT '
4 W:herry I
W BARK. I
Oregon Iron & Steel Company
Causes Loss to Ranchers.
DAM PUT IN THE TUALATIN
For Fight Years Dilatory Tactics
Have Been Used in the Courts,
While Fruitful Acres
OREGON CITY. Or.. March 7. (Special.)
For eight years a considerable acreage
of rich agricultural land bordering on the
Tualatin River near this city has been
rendered impossible of cultivation. The
responsibility for this condition belongs to
tlie Oregon Iron &. Steel Company, which,
through It3 dilatory tactics, is exhausting
every legal recourse to avoid a compliance
with the mandate of the State Circuit
Court for Clackamas County.
In 1SS8. when the Oregon Iron & Steel
Company was operating its plant at
Oswego, the company installed a dam in
the Tualatin River at a point near the
confluence of that river with the Willam
ette, In order to supply a flume construct
ed for the purpose of delivering wood from
the Upped Tualatin country to the com
pany's plant at Oswego. This obstruc
tion caused the Tualatin River to over
flow, flooding a considerable acreage of
the rich and productive agricultural land
on either side of that stream.
Owners of this property found their
land rendered useless for the reason that
the water did not recede, making It pos
sible to cultivate' the land until late In
the Fall, during the dry season, when
there remained an insufficient timo. In
which to cultivate and harvest a crop of
any kind before the land was again In
undated by reason of the Winter rains.
The farmers appealed to the manage
ment of the Oregon Iron & Steel Company
for relief, but receiving no satisfaction,
August Krause. In 1901, Instituted suit
against the company for $1000 damages
and a decree of the court enjoining the
corporation from further maintaining the
obstruction In the rlvr. The case was
tried In the Circuit Court the following
June, when Judge McBrlde awarded the
plaintiff damages In the sum of $100, his
costs taxed at $215.S0. and directed that
the dam be abandoned. In his decree, ht
"If the said dam Is allowed to remain
across the said Tualatin River hi its pres
ent state, it will be a permanent and Ir
reparable Injury to the plaintiff."
Tho defendant company appealed the
case to the Supreme Court, which. In
every respect, affirmed the Judgment oi
the lower court- But stIU further to de
lay the final determination of the matter,
the company, by Its attorneys, filed a mo
tion requiring Judge McBrldo to Interpret
the decree of the Appellate Court. This
motion was dismissed by Judge McBrlde,
on the grounds of lack of Jurisdiction.
and from this ruling the Iron & Steel
Company has again carried the case to
the Supreme Court.
In the meantime, as has been stated, the
lands affected by the dam, which Is now
worthless to the Oregon Iron & Steel
Company, since the corporation Is not
operating Its mill at Oswego, continue, to
remain practically worthless to the
owners. The appeal on Judge McBride's
ruling is now pending before the Supreme
court at saiero.