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PORTLAND. TUESDAY, JANUARY 16. IflOfi.
THE ALCECIRAS CONFERENCE.
During tflie latter part of the nine
teenth century England and France
-were more active than any other Euro
pean powers in exploiting Northern Af
rica. A French engineer dug the Suez
Canal, though England managed to get
a majority of the stock -and has held
control of it. Both nations were inter
ested in Egypt for a while, but England
finally assumed the lull management,
promising first, last and always to
withdraw some time or other. The
4ime never came, of course, and Egypt
avas a bone of contention between
France and England for many years.
Meantime the French established them
selves in Algiers, conquering the coun
try, driving the wild tribes back into
the desert, "building railroads and ad
ministering civilized Justce.
Morocco is a savage country quite as
iwild as it was in the days of Jugurtha,
whom Sulla captured after long war
fare and murdered at Rome. It joins
lAlgiers on the west, opposite Gibraltar,
and folds around Sahara on the Atlan
tic side. The Moroccan tribes have
perpetually hanssed French operations
in Algiers, much as our . frontier In
dians have always done what they
could to stay the advance of civiliza
tion. A sort of despot, called a Sultan,
makes a pretense of ruling them, but
his authority is shadowy. When one
-of the chiefs captured the American
citizen PerdScarls, the Sultan was pow
erless to rescue him. The foreign com
merce of Morocco, small at best, is
anainly with England. Her 'English
. ibusiness foots up some $9,000,000 annu
ally. Germany comes next with $2,400.
000. and then France with, perhaps.
51,200,000. For all these figures, the in
terest of France in Morocco is pre
dominant. She has long desired to police the
country and control its foreign rela
tlons, and. soon after Edward's acces
sion. England agreed to her doing so.
France in return giving up all preten
tions to Egypt. Spain and Italy agreed
4o this -arrangement, which was mani
festly just. The United States ac
knowledged its justice by appealing to
iFrance to rescue Perdicaris. By this
act. indeed, we recognized. France as in
control of Morocco, and became in some
sense a party to her agreement with
The Emperor William of Germany, In
his character of dictator to Europe, felt
his prestige impaired by an interna
tional agreement to which he was not
a party. The commerce of his country
with Morocco gave him a plausible ex
cuse to interfere. He visited Tangier,
made one of his flamboyant speeches
asserting that no arrangement of Mo
roccan affairs was valid which ignored
his interests, and thus placed himself
In flat defiance of France and England.
War over the matter may have threat
ened at one time, though probably not.
France yielded so far as to agree to
n international conference, which has
been duly called, and its sessions begin
today at Algeclras, across the -bay from
Gibraltar, In Spain.
In this conference the United States
is to take part Many thoughtful peo
ple look upon this action of ours with
forebodings, as if, by sending a repre
sentative to Algeciras, we had aban
doned our 'wise historic policy of not
interfering with European affairs. As
a matter of fact, that policy, so much
lauded, has always been more imagin
ary than real. We have meddled with
European affairs ever since we became
a Nation, and European powers have
meddled with ours. The Monroe Doc
trine itself was a direct interference
with Spain. We fought England in
1812 to enforce a doctrine of interna
tional law. We have constantly bick
ered with Turkey. We were parties to
the Congo and. Llberian agreements
and to The Hague conference. We or
dered the French out of Mexico. We
interfered potently in the Russo-Japanese
War. Different European na
tions have arbitrated between us and
England, to say nothing of Mexico. We
joined with Europe to settle the Boxer
In fact, it is nonsense to talk of our
not Interfering with European affairs
We never have abstained from it, and
we never can. As for Northern Africa,
we are in a peculiar sense interested
there. As early as 1801 we sent a fleet
to suppress piracy and make com
merce safe in those ports and were en
gaged in more or less open war with
the so-called Barbary States up to 1815,
when Decatur decisively defeated the
Dey of Algiers and made him relin
quish forever his claim to tribute. We
are thus -the historic -champions of "the
opea door" in Northern Africa, as we
are In Japan and China. The position
which we asserted by force of arms a
century ago and have maintained ever
since, it would be unworthy of our Na
tional dignity to abandon now. On
purely historical grounds no nation is
so -well entitled to a place in the Alge
ciras conference as the United' States.
To the desire of France to police Mo
rocco we have tacitly acceded in the
Perdicaris case. From that position
our representative is not likely to re
cede without good reasons, but, per
haps, his main interest In the confer
ence .will pertain to safeguards for com
mercial freedom, whoever may control
the country. In the question of polit
ical supremacy our interest is slight? al
though, of course, America would pre
fer to see Morocco under. civilized gov
ernment rather than abandoned to un
controlled savagery. Whether law and
order are enforced by a French force
or by an international police matters
little to us; our only real concern is for
the security of life and .property.
The men behind the Portland Gas
Company are the men behind the pluto
cratic organ. Gas is their business.
They furnish the same cheap quality of
gas through their meters as through
their alleged newspaper. Four direc
tors of the gas company are directors
of the newspaper. All this explains
perfectly why the organ is hurried to
the defense of the gas monopoly, as It
defends or promotes every other game
of grab and greed that its owners and
their allies play. It Is a large under
taking, for It includes nearly every job,
scheme or plot framed up to give the
first families the best of it and the tax
payers and other plain citizens the
worst of it. Woe to the corporation or
concern in Portland these gentlemen do
not control, or somehow get a rake-off
from. Then we have a virtuous and
prolonged newspaper assertion of the
rights of the people and energetic and
lying exposition of the wrongs inflicted
by such corporations or concerns.
Thus we find the reason, the whole
reason, for the present vicious attack
on the City Council. It is not desirable
that the Council Investigate the gas
graft, because the facts might come to
light. Therefore the gas organ Indorses
the scheme to have the Mayor name his
own committee to make the inquiry.
But it is not the Mayor's business. It
is the Council's business; and the Coun
cil will, of course, not be diverted from
Its proper purpose by inspired attacks
from the gas organ. The Council has
done a very good job In showing up the
Civil Service fraud. It can. if It will
and It will do even better in expos
ing the gas fraud. ,
A JUST REBUKE.
One of the sensible things left to the
credit of the Oregon Development
League and the Oregon Press Associa
tion is the forceful protest against the
term "Webfoot, "as applied In facetious
vein to the State of Oregon and that
of "mossbacks" as applied In the spirit
of alleged "fun" to Oregonlans. The
people of Oregon are themselves to
blame for these designations, though
perhaps In the outset they did not In
tend to cast a slur upon their state, its
climate or its people by accepting them.
These terms have, in the light of truth
and civilization, become a reproach,
and, instead of rebuking their utter
ance and the slur that the words Im
ply, too many of our people have
echoed them, or joined In the laugh to
which they have too often given rise.
It Is high time that these terms wore
discontinued, and the misrepresenta
tions of Oregon climate and energy
for which they stand be rebuked by
loyal Oregonlans. In Western Wash
ington, where the rainfall Is at least as
great as In the Willamette Valley, the
people spcak proudly of their state as
the "Evergreen State," and they have
no sobriquet of scorn to bestow upon
Oregon has been singularly lacking
in what may be termed family pride In
this respect, and In the stupid reitera
tion of stale Jokes about the climate.
It Is silly enough when a Californlan
bumptious and self-satlefled declares
that it rains thirteen months of the
year In Oregon; but we can accredit
this exaggerated speech to his Ignor
ance and his intense desire to be funny
at our expense, and let it pass. But
when Oregonlans accost each other on
an unusually stormy, disagreeable
morning with the-words, "This Is Ore
gon weather," or "pregon is herself
again." and similar remarks reflecting
unjustly upon the climate of Oregon,
they betray a disloyalty which de
serves rebuke and of which they should
be ashamed. State pride should forbid
such expressions, even If truth were not
disregarded, as it is, in making them.
Let Oregonlans refrain from these be
littling expressions. State pride Is
closely allied to family pride, and they
who disregard the promptings of the
one or the other make a blunder of
which decency and self-respect are
A QUESTION Or MEDICAL ETHICS.
The subject of medical ethics is ab
struse and difficult. Few laymen even
attempt to understand It. Like the
non-Euclidian geometry, where every
straight line comes together at the ends
in a round hoop, It is past the compre
hension of all but the specially gifted.
Cynics have remarked of the whys and
wherefores of medical ethics that they
were like the logic of Hegel's meta
physics. "Nobody understands It but I
and der Hebe Gott," moaned the great
Why, for example, should the doctors
habitually say of a very sick man,
whose condition excites public anxiety,
that "he is In no danger." or "Improv
ing," or "no 'worse," when day after
day he is steadily and Inevitably sink
ing to his death? They must know
very early in the case that the danger
is serious, otherwise the science of med
icine Is little more than a delusion.
Certainly they must know It when the
patient, like Marshall Field, has al
ready passed the allotted limit of hu
man life and his malady is pneumonia
that disease so fatal to the aged. Yet
In the case of the venerable and philan
thropic merchant, Just as in Garfield's
and McKinley's, the attending physi
cians have systematically issued state
ments which had all the effect of de
liberate deception. Why should they do
In the case of a late widely-known
citizen of Portland, the attending phy
sician promptly informed the public
that "he was in grave danger." Was
not this better than to hold out hopes
of recovery which could not be re
alized? Who is benefited by deception
in such cases? Not the family and
friends of the patient, for they are held
in a prolonged suspense which In no
way ameliorates. the. stroke of destiny
and weakens their power te ear it.
The most sorrowful certainty Is prefer
able to suspense when there Is no
sound hope of a favorable termination
of the disease. It is a dubious kindness
even to the patient to conceal his fate
from him, but that .point need not be
argued now. The truth might be told
to the public without informing the
patient. If it were thought best to de
It is customary In these cases to
speak of the "brutal truth" and of de
ception as kindly or merciful; but is not
such lack of candor akin jto cowardice
rather than charity? Is It not the high
est kindness to let a man know his fate
so that he may prepare to meet it with
all his earthly problems solved and his
mind composed to eternal Issues? Have
not the public a right to the exact truth
concerning those whom they love and
honor? What manliness or real com
fort lies in the shrinking from the pain
ful fact ' to seek a delusive refuge in
THE MISMANAGED TRANSFORT SERVICE
The exhaustive report of the General
Staff of the Army on the transport ser
vice was launched at a most opportune
time for the ship-subsidy grafters.
Overlooking the self-evident fact that,
had the Army known anything about
ships and shipping, most of the colossal
blunders in connection with the service
during the Spanish War would have
been averted, It is still not clear that
the suggestions made for Improve
ment of the service are the best. The
report sets forth that foreign shipping
could not be drawn upon in time of war
because of the neutrality laws, and yet
it would be difficult to find a ten-year-old
Pacific Coast boy possessed of av
erage intelligence who does not know
that a big fleet of foreign vessels was
bought and chartered during the war
with Spain, regardless of any alleged
conflict with the neutrality laws.
The neutrality laws were not changed
to fit the case then, and they have not
been changed since, and no difficulty
whatever was encountered in securing
all of the ships needed. They were se
cured so easily, in fact, that a number
of philanthropic brokers who sold most
of the marine gold bricks to the gullible
Army Department retired with great
fortunes long before the war closed. The
special committee of the General Staff
which complied the report states that,
"so far as concerns the Interests of mil
itary transports, any subvention, sub
sidy or other assistance rendered by
the United States to the American mer
chant marine will produce the great
est return for the money expended if the
legislation is so framed as to require or
strongly encourage the construction of
such ships of the two sizes named, and
with the proportions and arrangements
described In this report."
It can never be made clear to a free
born American citizen who -Is desirous
of buying as much with his dollar as
the foreigner buy? with a similar
amount of money why we should not be
permitted to buy our ships in the
cheapest market. All of our competi
tors in the carrying trade are granted
this privilege, and this alone accounts
for the greater part of their prestige on
the high seas. Mr. Frank Waterhouse,
of Seattle, vice-president of the Boston
Steamship Company, of Seattle, which
is endeavoring to get a strangle hold on
the carrying trade between the Pacific
Northwest and the Philippines, Is quot
ed by the Seattle Post-Intelligencer in
an interview as follows:
Vessels under foreign flaps can be bulk a ad
operated frf) r cent cheaper than those e-f the
United State. Under these circumstances It
Is not hard to understand why hip are built
abroad.. When Congress enacts Una which
trill protect the American shipbuilders then
our fleet will retain its oW-tlrne supremacy
but not till then.
Now If Congress, Instead of listening
to the supplications of the subsidy beg
gars, will repeal existing laws and give
American capital a chance at these
ships which "can be built and operated
50 per cent cheaper than those of the
United States." we shall in short order
have a fleet of sufficient size to enable
all of the troops that we care to move
in time of war to go forward on Amer
ican ships. Instead of feeding our mer
chant marine subsidy pap. why not cut
off some of its bonds and swaddling
clothes and give the stunted industry a
chance to grow In an honest, legitimate
manner similar to that practiced by
England and Germany?
It is said that Senator Dillingham, of
the committee on Immigration, is about
to bring In a bill much less stringent
than the restrictions which President
Roosevelt and Commissioner Sargent
have urged as necessary for the protec
tion of the Nation from the evils of an
undesirable foreign population. This is
supposed to be the result of pressure
that has been brought to bear by the
steamship companies against Interfer
ence with their business. Commenting
upon this matter, the Brooklyn Eagle
The evil of our Immigration arc 1m due
to Its bulk than to It? quality. The fact that
a million foreigners came In last year, and
that more than that number are expected this
year, would not be a source of dancer if the
whole of this number was made up of able
bodied men and women, anxious to work and
to make, a place for themselves In tbla coun
try. That kind of immigration is desirable
rather than otherwise. The trouble cornea from
the numbers who do not and cannot work,
but who make, a quick passage from Ellis
Island to our ho glials and our prisons.
In one respect there has been Im
provement In the quality of Immigrants
that have been assisted to this country
from the Old World. Great care has
been taken to. exclude troublesome
criminals, but the records of the alms
houses and insane asylums contiguous
to the ports of debarkation show that
the proportion of the helpless and men
tally unsound has not diminished. In
the region of New York City, for ex
ample, nearly half the defectives thus
supported were born abroad.
Against the Injustice of imposing this
burden upon the people of the United
States there should be a protest loud
enough to drown the plaint of steam
ship companies made upon the basis of
"Interference in business." Senator
Dillingham should be brought to recog
nize -the steady flow of the diseased and
helpless, the coming of whom swells
the receipts of the steamship compa
nies and relieves their home govern
ments from the burden of their care.
This phase of the immigration problem
is monstrously unjust, and the new law
should emphasize provisions for the ex
clusion of these classes.
Let steamship companies fill their
steerages with able-bodied foreigners
who wish to come here, but a check
mate should be called upon the play
of f orelgn.officlals looking for a move to
discard their own burdens, and upon
steamship companies looking for pas
sengers regardless of the. physical and
mental disunities of those whom they
drum up. Contiautag its strictures on
this phase of the question, the paper
above quoted concludes:
Inspection abroad has been lax. and there
la much evftlence that the regulations have
been corruptly evaded. If the flow of the de
fective could be stopped the objection to the
round would be confined to the labor unions.
Weeding out the applicant for asylum rather
than restriction of number!" Is the work be
Tom Lawson is out with an opinion
on the recent demand made by Jacob
Schiff for a more elastic currency. The
language of the opinion Is strictly Law
sonlan, and is accordingly picturesque
to the last degree, the only plain ex
pression used being that "there Is
plenty of money for all legitimate pur
poses." This statement strikes the av
erage reader as being somewhat at
variance with Mr. Lawson's previous
announcement that he expected to pay
600 per cent for call mondy. Perhaps,
however, the money secured at such
exorbitant rates was not used for "le
gitimate purposes." Reviewing the
Laweon career -from its Inception, there
appear frequent incidents which might
excite the belief that the frenzied finan
cier was not very much better than
some of the vultures with whom he fell
out over a division of the spoils.
Eugene is to have a new building
erected especially for the Young Men's
Christian Association. This will be a
structure of which that city may well
be proud. The Y. M. C. A- Is an or
ganization which makes little of creed
and doctrine, and much of right living.
It stands as a positive force in draw
ing young men into paths of hononand
usefulness: It lessens temptation by
providing places in which men may
spend their time profitably, instead of
drifting Into places of entertainment
whose influence is evil. The Young
Men's Christian Associations and the
Young People's Christian Endeavor So
cieties have done much to break down
those barriers which keep the churches
apart, and in time perhaps the whole
Christian world will be united in what
should be the common effort.
Some people have a very peculiar Idea
as to what constitutes "fun." It Is bad
enough when this peculiarity is worked
out In alleged witticisms, the object of
which is to make the victim ridiculous.
But when It takes the form of a prac
tical joke, calculated to alarm and hu
miliate a friend or his family the limit
of courtesy Is left far behind. An ex
ample of this was shown In this city
a few days ago when a messenger boy
was sent to a residence to which he had
not been called. A vendor called to de
liver unordered ice cream, at the same
house, a doctor was sent thither post
haste to find that his services were not
required, and a clergyman presented
himself to perform a marriage service
for which no one was waiting. How
funny! Let us all laugh.
Mr. Tufts, a Montana millionaire, has
just been found guilty of perjury,
which he seemed- to regard as necessary
in swearing away the wife whom he
had married when he was a poor cow
puncher. The case was tried in Chi
cago, and when his wife heard of It she
came on and secured the Indictment
and conviction. The penalty Is one to
fourteen years In the penitentiary, and
the Incident might serve to point a way
In which some other millionaires' wives
who have been put aside for some
thing younger might get even.
The steam schooner W. H. Kruger Is
a total wreck on the California coast
and the steamer DIrlgo was towed Into
San Francisco yesterday In a helpless
condition. The City of Puebla will be
obliged to pay heavy salvage, and the
Jean Baptlste, In trouble off the Colum
bia. Is also down for a claim of a few
thousands. If this expensive record is
maintained until Spring, the year 1906
will prove a record-breaker for the
devastation it will make In the profits
of the underwriters.
Murderer Ivens, of Chicago, confesses
that he murdered Mrs. Holllster. and
does It with the most complete noncha
lance. "It is the Intention of the po
lice," says an Associated Press dis
patch, "to push the case against Ivens."
That is advisable. It would not look
well even for Chicago policemen to let
such a fellow go. The way to avoid the
trouble of pushing a prosecution Is
never to arrest a murderer a method
that the Chicago police long ago dis
covered. The coal miners will confer with the
mlneowners In New York in the" near
future for the purpose of- securing
readjustment of the wage schedule. The
railroad and coal mine Interests will
be represented by President Baer, of
the Reading Railroad. If the experi
ence of the past is still fresh in his
memory, Mr. Baer will hardly claim
any concessions from the miners on the
ground of ownership through "divine
After Richards, it will be the Good
nough building. We do not suspect
that the Goodnough building has been
let alone heretofore because It 19 the
home of Portland's pious newspaper
organ. Certainly It will be the Good
Mayor Dunne responds to the protest
about lawless conditions in Chicago by
saying the "city needs more policemen."
That sounds familiar. But the real
need of Chicago, as of some other
places, is not more policemen; it Is bet
ter police work.
We may support the German conten
tion In Morocco;' but that matter of the
tariff remains between us and Ger
many. But possibly we have seen Em
peror WHhelm beforehand. What Is a
little thing like a tariff between
No doubt the reason Arizona .and New
Mexico do not want to be joined to
gether In the holy bonds of statehood
is that each thinks the other unfit. But
If the rest of us can stand It, they
.Mr. Balfour has already had safe
seats offered him. says a London dis
patch. After he has taken his pick the
Czar of more or less of all Russia might
appreciate a second choice.
It would be interesting to know Lin
coln Steffen's private opinion as to the
first allegiance of Senators who are
framing up to blackball Apostle SmooL
Yet there are ministers who have
found a muzzled pulpit a distinct
though possibly unrecognized blessing.
We haven't heard of any one who op
poses state Inspection of private banks
but a few private bankers. Why?
THE SILVER LINING.
Here Is an extract from yesterday's
Associated Press report of the arrival of
the Oregonlans at Sacramento:
Although the rain fell In torrents through
out the entire trip, it did not In any way
dampen the. ardor of The Oregonlans. who
claimed It made them feel at home, and they
found no fault because they were not wel
comed by one of California sunny daysc
Now, wouldn't that dry your webfeet?
The man who wrote the heads topped
the woman's column by "Incidents In So
ciety." The paper printed It "Indecen
cies,' and It made a hit.
A friend of ours lost control of his
automobile the other day again the Sher
iff attached It.
A man Is considered innocent until he is
proved guilty. In the eyes of the law. In
the eyes of his wife the opposite Is the
case. Now alt speak up at once and dis
agree. Town Topic says that if you are look
ing for trouble, the easiest way to get it
is to advertise for a stenographer.
Saying the wrong "thing Is misfortune.
But trying to explain it Is disaster.
There seems to be an'epldemlc of qualm
among bankers and brokers of a certain
class. Each day the uncovered track of
some man recreant to trust Is discovered.
Blessed is he who is custodian of his
own money alone, and. In extremity, there
may be sufficient solace In Pat's remark
to his wife after thelc house had burned
down: "Bridget, darling, never mind: now
we have no house to bother us at all.
Marshall Field was a great business
man. Is not one of America's crowning
glories her great business men? Is this
country going to be known In the corri
dors of time by the high type of business
man that she has developed? The late W.
C. Whitney was first a fine young Harvard
collegian of wealth; and In succession a
successful lawyer, a brilliant politician,
a prince of eoclety. a dashing sport, an
able and honored Cabinet officer, a dis-
tingulshed statesman: but higher than all
else was his standing as a ouainess man
of the large and commanding sort. In his
home In New York, surrounded by art
and refinement that was necessary to his
very being, the last years of his life were
lonely, for dear ones had died, but he
was serenely a victor In life's business, a
generous, broad-gauged American. Does
a life like that of Field, or one like Whit
ney's teach a lesson? Think. Field went
from farm boy to millionaire. Whltney
went from millionaire to something bet
ter. Nothing pleases the comic weeklies so
much as jumping on the comic supple
ments of the dallies. Let them alone.
They are both endeavoring to fill a long
Thomas A. Edison says that It is only a
matter of time when an express train can
be run from New York to Buffalo with
two bushels of coal. According to that,
about 10 cents worth of coal will keep a
poor family warm all Winter. Hurry up.
Wizard, and show us how.
Music and music-makers constitute a
theme for thought. Calve is now stirring
them locally to their depths Just now.
The anticipation of again hearing her
matchless voice, by some psychological
induction is causing every maker of music
in town swell up in Importance. The per
sons of real Importance are those who pay
$3 each for the privilege of hearing the
Superintendent Kilburn declares that
banking competition Is excessive and dan
gerous, and adds that interest allowance
is an evil. Oh! modern business and the
pace that kills! We ought to hear some
thing from Edgar Saltus about now.
The suggestion to run a life insurance
company as a pure philanthropy is the
best one yet divulged. Of course, it Is so'
practicable. The task of running all ras
cals out has not yet been wholly com
pleted. But in other respects we are
doing quite well.
What Is this "simple life" that we hear
so much about? Apparently It seems
chiefly to consist in caustically criticising
everybody who doesn't happen to live on
exactly the same income and In exactly
the same way that the critic chooses, or
is compelled to live. If this is so, then
the "simple life" affords a new subject of
conversation and so contributes to the
variety and Interest of life.
When we fall, our pride supports us.
When we succeed. It frequently betrays
There is a dispute about the reason, but
there can be no dispute about the fact,
that stimulants liquors, tea. coffee and
tobacco produce a more powerful effect
upon Americans than upon any other peo
ple on earth. The probabilities are that
the conditions of universally quickened in
telligence In America as distinguished
from the widespread soddenness among
other peoples, are responsible. How Is it
with you? Do you get drunk easy? Or
can you stand a good deal of booze?
The four Netz girls, of Pittsburg, arc
credited with SOCO converts In four weeks
as the result of a unique 20th century
Mary had a little lamb.
Its fleece was white as snow;
She took the lamb to Pittsburg one day
And now just look at the darn thing!
a a a '
The Colonels of the Blue Grass State
will need a diagram to explain why the
captain of the bark" EXTward Mayberry
was compelled to stand off a mutinous
crew In order to preserve"".hls last bottle
a , a
The three Americans who murdered two
countrymen in Mexico in pursuance of a
conspiracy to defraud the New York Life
Company will be sent to the salt mines
Instead of being shot. The fact that they
were trying to rob an Insurance company
probably appealed to Mexican notions of
a a a
The city dads could not properly object,
however, to allowing Captain Bruin to
co-operate with them In probing the gas
graft. The Philippine Islander professes
an expert knowledge of hold-up methods.
The Mount Holyoke College girl who
can do 100 yards In 10 2-5 seconds, clear
the bar at 5 feet 5 inches, also claims
that she can throw a baseball like a man.'
That makes Hlssourlans of us all.
, a a a
The woman who claims to have been
drugged and robbed of J) by two Pull
man car porters at Kalama. has Just cause
for complaint. She was rightfully enti
tled to the custoaary three swipes with a
whlskferoam and the usual pleasant sraile.
LiVESTOCK.ABUSE IN CARS.
President William O. Stillman of Al.
bany, N. Y.. of the American Humane
Association, a federation of societies and
individuals for the prevention of cruelty,
and especially cruelty, to children and
animals, has addressed a letter to Presi
dent Roosevelt protesting against the
abuse of livestock, which must result
should certain Congressional bills become
laws. Extracts from President Stlllman's
There haa recently been referred to the
committee on Interstate and foreign commerce,
of the House of Representatives, three bills,
II. R. 47. 15 and 440. These seek to extend
the time limit during which livestock may be
transported without food, water or rest from
2S hours to 33, 86 and 40 hours. This as
sociation, on behalf of hundreds of anti-cruelty
societies and thousands of humane Individu
als throughout this country, desires to enter
Its moat earnest protest against any such ex
tension of the legal period-of starvation, suf
fering and exhaustion for these unfortunate
animals designed for human consumption. On
the contrary. In the Interest of humanity and
for the protection of the public health, we
claim that the time limit should rather be cut
down to 4 hours, as Is now the case In some
states, and that livestock should be given the
right of way over dead freight throughout the
country. Thta last would be a move In the
right direction and enable stock trains to get
through. In most instances, readily within the
present time limit. Legislation to this end
will doubtless be presented. ...
The promoters of these bill, which seek
to amend a law which has stood on the
Federal statute books for over 32 years, are
apparently actuated by considerations of self
interest. ThU association has no interest other
than the good of the defenseless brutes and
Hon. James Wilson. Secretary of Agricul
ture, wrote me under date of December 23
last. that. In his opinion, "the 2S-hour law,
with due diligence on the part of the rail
roads, can be executed east of the meridian
of Omaha." Mr. Wilson made a very careful
personal examination throughout the cattle
shlpplne Western regions. The point was
raited by him that the semi-wild cattle wast
of Omaha would suffer greater .cruelty if
loaded and unloaded than It kept on the cars
a few hours longer.
This La precisely the- point which we wish
to meet. The present law, sections 43S6 and
43SS of the .revised statutes, provides two
methods of relief for livestock in transporta
tion: First, that stock shall not be transport
ed longer than 28 hours without a five nours
stop for food, drink and rest. Second, that
(to quote the Federal statute) "where animals
are carried In cars ... In which they can
and do have proper food, water and space, and
opportunity to rest, the provisions m regard
to their being: unloaded shall not apply." Sec
retary Wilson's requirements can therefore be
amply met. The present law Is entirely ade
quate. There are in the United State thou
sands of improved stock cars which meet the
demands of the law and entirely obviate the
necessity for having livestock unloaded on the
expiration of the 23-hour limit In the case of
Let the railroads tumlsh improved stock
cars and the whole problem wltl be solved.
Let the Government Insist upon reasonable
transportation charges for these Improved
stock cars and all of tie shipper will be
amply protected. The question of railroad
rates in this case is a most Important
I do not understand that anyone is claiming-
that the 28-hour limit should be extended
In the eastern part of the United States. Is
it wise "or Just to sanction such special legis
lation for special railroads, or sections of the
country, particularly when such legislation in
volves questions of Inhumanity and conditions
revolting to the public conscience? More Im
proved cattle cars would settle the whole
question without an appeal to Congress. In
their last analysis these proposed amend
ments are simply a question of railroad eco
nomics. Is Congress and the Executive to be
forced to do the cheese-paring for these rail
road corporations to mve them the expense of
providing proper cans? Are poor dumb beasta
to be made to suffer unutterable agonies In
order to swell the dividends for these com
panies? This Is the question, and the only
question, when the plainly apparent facts of
the case are Impartially examined.
I trust that you will give this matter,
should it ever reach your executive attention,
the most serious consideration and exert your
offlclai influence, at the proper time and place.
In behalf of Justice to .dumb brutes.
"Coal Oil Johnny."
Just as the year went out the papers
reported that "Coal Oil Johnny" was
dying .on a farm In Pennsylvania. In
possession of the necessaries of life,
but no more, and with his faithful wife
nt his bedside as his only companion.
Everybody knows about "Coal Oil
Johnny." He had the misfortune to
grow up in the Pennsylvania oil re
gion before persons of superior dis
cernment had protected the folks ot
that locality from the hazard of sudden
subjection to the trials of fortuitous
wealth. Johnny was never taught so
much as to read and write. At 21, in
1S62, he came in. most unexpectedly, to
a petroleum fortune of about $3,000.
000. How he spent it all In seven
months Is part of the recorded history
of the American people. His last 40
years, the papers say, have been spent
In regret because of his earlier folly.
Poor Johnny! He knew no better.
Worse men than he. since his day,
have spent more money In worse ways.
And he had still, at last news, the
companionship of a faithful wife!
That could hardly have happened to
him, except by a miracle, unless he
had got rid of those millions. Poverty
is a severe strain on the matrimonial
prosperity of persons not used to pov
erty, and sudden riches are very apt
to upset the domestic equilibrium ct
persons who are not used to money.
Whatever turns one's habits of life
upside down strains all established re
lations. Strong characters will keep
stanch through all vicissitudes, and
disciplined and resourceful folk will
adapt themselves to changes better
than people of less training. But as
far as concerns domestic happiness the
most fortunte adjustment seems to be
a moderate and steady progress as
years Increase towards easier pecu
niary conditions. It is probably pleas
ant to have money to spend in one'a
old age. In youth there are many
other available forms of entertain
ment. Premium or Paraguay Beaux.
There are 1.S40.2SO more men than wom
en In the United States, and the same pro
portion prevails In almost every other
country. The only exception Is In Para
guay, where there are more than twice
as many women as men. This Is due to
the fact that some years ago. In a pol
itical revolution and a war with Brazil
and the Argentine Republic, the men were
Another Lie Nailed.
Setr (Mo.) Times.
The person or persons who circulated
the report that the Times would take no
more wood on subscription is a falsifier
of the worst sort. -We want oak. elm,
hickory, walnut, ash. sycamore, pecan,
basswood. pine, mahogany any old kind.
Will even take stumps, roots or fence
The Joy of Giving.
There are loyal hearts, there are spirits
Ther nr, 4nu! hftf n r xmrm nnA , ...
Then give to the world the best you have
adu iae oeai win come oacx to yoti.
Give love, and love to your life will flaw,
A strength in your utmost need.
Have faith, and a score of hearts will show
Their faith in your word and deed.
Give truth and your gift will be paid in
And honor will honor meet:
And mlle that Is sweet will surely find
A. snalle that la Jast -as sweet.
For life Is the mirror to king- and slave.
"Tis last what we are and do.
Thea give, to the world the best you have
am tae. belt win eeme back to you.
DANGERS OF jiYATER" GAS.
Medical Times (New York).
Illuminating gas has become of very
general use, especially among the poor.
It Is now not only the poor man's light,
but it warms his home, and It cooks his
food as well. It Is, therefore, nearly cause
for wonder that comparatively few deaths
are attributable to the careless use of it.
Formerly the danger was not so great,
for it was "coal gas," and the character
istic odor was a danger signal. But tha
modern water gas," which has so large
ly replaced It. with Its larger content of
carbon monoxide, and its comparative
lack of odor. Is far more dangerous. Leff
mann (Journal A. M. A. June 3) finds
that carbolic acid and Illuminating gas
!VG r?:),1ilced' In Philadelphia at least,
the suicides and accidental poisonings,
the arsenic and laudanum of the Civil
ttar period. A very small percentage of
carbon monoxide-less than one-half .a
grain to 100 c.c of blood-can render use
less Its hemoglobin; so that a sleeper can
easily absorb a fatal amount of modern
water gas without being aroused. Ga9
cooking stoves are used generally only in
warm weather, when there Is good, nat
ural ventilation; but their burners are
seldom furnished with a collar to regu
late the air supply, and the combustion
is tncrefore liable to be Irregular, and
deleterious gases are given out. There
Is often serious leakage from the tubing
unless the best material Is used The
stopock on the heater 'is esoeclally ob
jectionable, being the one most convenient
to u?e: and when used the leakage
through the tube can go on unchecked.
LeRTmann advises that the sale of Inferior
tubing be prevented: that there should be
no stopcocks on heaters unless they are
connected to house mains by metal pipes
with tight Joints and such construction
as will prevent tho rubber tube, even
when of the best quality., remaining in
free connection with the house main
when the gas Is not lighted. Heaters
should be so constructed as to give a
large radiator effect with a given gas con
sumption; and they should be placed only
where the products of combustion can es
cape freely from the chimney. AH burn
ers on the Bunsen principle should be
provided with collars to regulate the air
supply, and purchasers should be Instruct
ed In their use.
THINGS DOING IX OREGOX
How a Sucker Tried to Get Salmon.
Hans Peterson, the jeweler, was taklnc
a boat ride Sunday on the Olalla. when he
spied a fine steelhead salmon swimming
near the surface. The sight of salmon
always excites Hans, and makes him
hungry. Having no gun. net or fishing
tackle, he Jumped overboard and tried to
catch the fish, but scored a miss. Al
though It was a pleasant day. the water
was very wet.
Man's Greatest Friend Is Koch.
Harbor Corr. Gold Beach Globe
-e had a dandy time at Koch's Christ
mas night. There was a pretty good
crowd, considering the weather. It rained
like -. Koch had lots of grub and some
or us nadn t had a square meal for a
month. and Oh. Lord! how we did eat.
and there was lots left. Koch Is all rlchf
ive us another. Koch.
Con Desmond Shows Up Prohibition.
Con Desmond was over yesterday from
Netarts on one of his benders. To see
him coming up the street and then think
of the success of prohibition and look at
six Inches of mud on Main street proves
the success of the prohibition law as re
gards Tillamook or anywhere else. .
Satisfying the Editorial Thirst.
"Billle" Relnhart paid us a very pleas
ant visit this week. "Blllie" Is straight
goods and a yard wide. His Blllie Taylor
whisky is also straight, and I know It
Like Johnny Cool, "Blllie" believes In adl
What the Young Lady Took.
Brockway Corr. Roseburg News.
Two of Brockway's young men went to
the dance at Myrtle Creek and report a
fine time. One of the boys stated that he
thought he was going to lose his partner,
as Myrtle Creek's young women took his
Politics and Morals.
New Tork Evening Sun.
Dr. Wise, the famous rabbi of Port
land. Or.. Is right. Speaking of a sermon
preached In this city, he contends that
the platform on which Mr. Jerome was
elected was not "political" at all. He
"The election of Mr. Jerome was not a
matter of politics, but of morals. He was
not only a candidate for a political posi
tion, but the Inspiring and fearless leader
of a revolt against the tyranny of bosses
and grafters, which revolt looked to the
restoration to the people of the civic
rights and liberties plundered by the po
litical gangs. The Hebrew prophets were
politicians In the sense In which Mr. Je
rome Is, furtherers of civic and national
righteousness. As a Jewish minister, I
claim the right to follow the example of
the Hebrew prophets and stand and bat
tle In New York as I have stood and
battled In Portland for civic righteous
ness." In the matter of party politics the pul
pit ought to refrain. But when a man
stands for the outraged morality of the
community. Irrespective of party, the pul
pit would forget all its traditions If it re
mained silent. Mr. Jerome was the
Prophet Amos of the campaign.
An Apostrophe to the Hop.
Tou will never know the trouble and
pleasure of life until you raise hoss.
They are a bother and a vexation to the
spirit ot man while they live, but bring
Joy and contentment to the soul of man
when they die at hog-kllllng time. The
American hog, however. Is the dad
blamedcst. split-hoofed. Iong-snouted
busybody animal we ever saw. He can.
make ayfelIow madder than other ani
mals that Infest the premises. He will
always squeal and muddy your pants
when he knows you are trying to feed
him. He will get In your garden through
a knothole and destroy enough produce In
three minutes to feed your wife and chil
dren for three months. He will pay no
attention to a wide-open gate where you
want him to go through, but will shovel
out several cubic yards of dirt to make
a hole into a place you don't want him to
go. He Is the biggest nuisance and most
profitable on the farm.
Church "Are you acquainted with Flat
bush?" Gotham "Oh. yes: why. we sleep in
adjoining pews." Tonkers Statesman.
"Bobble, why do you blame all the naughty
things you do onto your little brother?"
"Why not? Mamma says he's too small to
"They say there's a fool born every min
ute." "But that isn't the worst of It: there
are a whole lot of fools that were all right
when they were born." Betroit Free Press.
Pat "Th rich are gettln richer." Mike
Tis: but they give more to th' poor than
iver befoor." Pat Thrue! A Judge will
give a poor man six months now where he
used to only give him tin days." Judge.
Mrs. Goode (a clergyman's wife) "My hus
band always says a short prayer before each
meal." The New Cook (Indignantly)
"Well, he needn't take slch precautions
phwile I'm at th range; I'm no cookln'
ichool gradooatel" Puck.
"I admit," said the merchant, who had ad
vertised for an assistant, "that your ex
perience in business might make you a
valuable man. But the salary you ask is
a good deal of money Just for your experi
ence." "Well." replied the man. who had
seen, better days, "1 assure you I'm offerlag
my experience to you far less than It cast