Image provided by: University of Oregon, Knight Library; Eugene, OR
VOL. XLIII. NO. 13,360.-
PORTLAND. OREGON TUESDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1903.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
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R. H. PEASE. President.
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HE PHOTO MINIATURE
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Without a Rival
BLUMAUER & HOCH
108 and 110 Fourth Street
Solo Distributers for Oregon and "Washington.
WOULD SLAY HIM
Insane Man Appears
at White House.
ARMS WELL HIDDEN
Officer Injured in Over-
FIGHTS LIKE A DEMON
Fifth and Washington Streets
Turned Away Once, But Re
turns in a Short Time,
SAW ROOSEVELT AT CHURCH
Rooms, $1.00 to $3.00 Per Day
Accordins to Location.
First Class Chcclc Restaurant
Connected With Hotel.
Anarchist Shoolc Hands With Him
and Appeared o Sound Mind
Assassination Planned Before
J. F. DAVIES, Pres.
C. O. Davis, Sec and Trens,
St. Charles Hotel
FRONT AND MORRISON STREETS
European Plan Rooms 50c to $1.50
First-Class Restaurant In Connection
i'i" i krmm in
Y OSCAR ANDERSON, Manner 1 ' -Front
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Rates European plan, 50c, 75c, $1.00, $1.50,
$2.0 per Jay. Sample rooms ln connection.
MITH&WATSON IRON WORKS
If you are buying
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MISSION MACHINERY OR LOGGING ENGINES
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BALTES & CO.
Main I U J
CORD RAY'S THEATER
Portland's popular family theater. John F. Cordray and W.
Prices, 15c. 23c, 35c. 40c. COc Matinee prices. 10c and 25c
M. Russell Managers.
Phone Main 092.
A catchy play vrlth a catchy title. "What is It that makes some plays great successes
from the start? See this and you will knoir.
TONIGHT and Every Evening: This Weclc. Mntinee Saturday.
First Eastern company to appear at this theater this season.
A true story of the South. It has the true ring, the atmosphere and the romance of
the land of cotton. Greatest Are scene ever produced, and without any Are. From
this on "watch our smoke.'
Next week, commencing Sunday. October 11, a scenic triumph complete, inspiring, nat
ural "OVER NIAGARA FALLS."
330-336 E. MORRISON STREET
SOMETHING OP THE MAN.
ANARCHIST Peter Olsen Elliott, a
well-known character of Minneapolis,
who- told his friends he was "going
to Washington to occupy White
METHOD He approached the White
House- at 10 o'clock, saying he wanted
to sec the Bexecutlve "for fun." He
was told to return next month. At
noon he reappeared. A policeman was
summoned, and he was removed from
the ground, after a fierce struggle.
WEAPON A bulldog five - shooter,
which was concealed in a pocket
which, semed to be an enlarged watch
WARNING Secretary Loeb received a
letter and photograph from the man
several days ago, which he turned
over to the secret officers. The pho
tograph made recognition easy.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 5. A desperate
hand-to-hand encounter with an armed In
sane man, wno was determined to see
President Roosevelt In the vestibule of the
White House occurred shortly before noon
today. The man, who save his name as
Peter Elliott, and his home as Minne
apolis, was overpowered by the officers on
duty at the White House entrance and
carried to a police van which had been
summoned. He was placed In the van In
the custody of two officers.
Seeming to realize then, for the first
time, that he was under arrest, Elliott
began a furious struggle with his captors
for liberty. He drew a revolver and at
tempted to shoot Offices James CIsclc.
The officer grabbed his hand and wrenched
the weapon from his grasp. Elliott's strug
gles were so fierce, however, that the two
officers In the cramped quarters of the
van were unable to overcome him. Officer
Clsclo then drew his revolver and fired
two shots to attract attention.
Ofllccr Sustain Serious Cut.
Chief Usher Thomas Stone and Officer
Parker, of the White House force, who
had assisted in carrying Elliott to the
van, attracted by the shots, rushed back
to the vehicle and assisted in overpower
ing him. In the struggle within the van
Elliott had broken a glass panel with his
head, severaly cutting his head and face.
Officer Ciscle sustained a serious cut on
his right arm, two inches of flesh being
cut out of the fleshy part of the arm.
Ho suffered considerably from loss of
blood, but his Injuries are not serious.
The van was hurried to the emergenpy
hospital, where the injuries of both Ciscle
and Elliott were dressed.
Elliott Is violently insane. Several days
ago Secretary Loeb received a letter post
marked Washington, and written on letter
paper of the St. James Hotel, this city.
The letter enclosed a photograph of El
liott and an Incoherent request for an in
terview with President Roosevelt. The
letter was signed "Peter Ell," the state
ment being made immediately under the
signature that the writer was registered
at the hotel as Peter Elliott.
It was evident to Secretary Loeb that
his correspondent was insane, and he is
sued directions at once that the officers
on duty both at the White House and at
the Executive offices should be on their
guard against him. The photograph was
turned over to the secret service officers.
Addresses President nt Chnrch.
Nothing was seen of the man until yes
terday when the President attended morn
ing services at Grace Reformed Church.
Elliott went to the church early, and
durinsr the first part of the services occu
pled n. seat In the gallery overlooking the
pew in which the President sat He left
the church at the beginning of the com
munion services and leaned asrainst the
tanr-o nf tlii hnnsf -lust nrrfts frnm th
church. When the President emerged
from the church he walked suddenly up
to the President and put out his hand.
"Roosevelt, shake hands .with Elliott."
Without slackening his walk, the Pres
ident removed his hat and held out his
hand, saying: 4
"I am glad to meet you," and passed
At that time -the man. manifested no
symptoms of insanity and' quietly left the
vicinity of the church when ordered to
do so by the officers.
About 10 o'clock this morning he ap
peared at the Executive offices. Entering
the vestibule he inquired for President
Roosevelt. One of the doorkeepers asked
him why he wanted to see the President.
"Oh. just for fun," he replied. "The
President sent for me, and I just want to
Indifferent to Rebuff.
Elliott was told to return next month.
He smiled and walked away, not offering
the slightest objection to the rebuff which
he had received. His appearance attracted
very little attention, and he gave no In
dication at that time of insanity.
All the officers, both at the White House
and at Executive offices, however, were
warned to be on the lookout for the man
and not to take any chances with him.
Shortly before 12 o'clock Elliott walked up
to the main door of the White House,
stepped Inside and Inquired of Officer
Ciscle If he might sec the President. Chief
"Usher Stone and Officer ' Parker were
standing Just within the vestibule at the
time. Mr. Stone told the man he
could not see the President just at that
moment, as he was engaged, but
he might possibly arrange to see him after
a while. Instantly, the man having been
recognized, a hurry call was sent for a
police van. Scarcely had the call been
sent In when Elliott became violent The
officers and attendants, after a brief but
strenuous struggle, overpowered him.
Gun, in an UnHsual Place.
Officer Ciscle made an examination of
his pockets, but found only a pair of
shears and a large penknife. The man
became quiet, but refused to leave the
White Hduse until he was forced to do so.
The officers conveyed him to the police
van which, by that time, was waiting at
the gate of the White House grounds. The
struggle In the van occurred almost Imme
diately after Elliott had been placed In the
vehicle. He drew his revolver from a
pocket which seemed to be an enlarged
watch fob. As this is a most unusual
place in which to carry a pistol. Officer
Ciscle, in his hurried search, had over
looked the weapon. The pistol was an or
dinary bulldog five-shooter, of cheap pat
At the Emergency Hospital, where has
wounds were dressed, Elliott said he was
a Swede, and that his home was In Min
neapolis. From the hospital the man was
taken to the First Precinct Police Sta
tion and Incarcerated In one of the de
Sent to Asylum.
Late this afternoon the police surgeons,
after a careful examination or .buiott.
certified that he was insane. An order was
issued for his removal to the St. Eliza
beth Hospital for tno insane, .tie was
romnved late this afternoon without
At the St James' Hotel it was said
Elliott arrived there last weanesuay
evening. He registered as P. O. Ell, Isew
Tork. He had no baggage ana pam ior
his room In advance. He conducted him
self about the hotel in a quiet gentle
manly manner, and nobody with whom, he
came la contact .Imagined, mat ne. was
Elliott is about 5 feet G Inches high, 35
years of age, with light brown hair and
beard and apparently Is'of foreign Dirtn.
At the station Elliott gave his occupa-
tion as thatbf a machinist Jfcte saia no
hnd lived in this country for 11 years,
WINS ITS FIGHT
Town of Union Remains
LA GRANDE IS DEFEATED
edness thni3t upon the county by opera
tion of law, such as fees of witnesses and
jurors, salaries of officers, expenses of
election, costs of conducting courts and
such other outlays as the law Imposes
upon the county and which it Is powerless
to prevent or postpone. It does, however,
apply to debts incurred for the construc
tion of county bridges, building of court
houses and Jails, putting shelves in vaults,
and the like, because voluntarily in
curred. , . .
"Generally speaking, it may be-said that
a liability imposed upon a county by law,
which is not at liberty to evade or post
pone, is involuntary, and not within the
terms of the constitution. But a liability
arising from the performance of some
public duty of a discretionary character,
or which the county authorities may in
their discretion postpone Indefinitely or
temporarily until some mean3 are pro
vided for the payment of. the expenses in
cident thereto, cannot be so held. In no
event and under "no possible, construction
of the constitution does it seem that a
CABIN ET NAME
British Crisis Has Dra
DURABILITY NOT PROBABLE
ACt " PrOVldinff TOP nOmOVcU deDt lncurred by a county for the building
O I of a new courthouse can be said to be In-
SO SUPREME COURT DECIDES
County Is Xow Indebted Beyond Its
Constitutional Iiiniit,and Cannot
Voluntarily Assume! Addi
- tlonal Indebtedness.
Union County, is now indebted, beyond '
the constitutional limit , The constitu
tion says , that any additional Idebted
ness voluntarily incurred 'by it shall
be invalid, and of no effect. The Leg
islature requires It,, in a certain, event, .
to Incur an additional Indebtedness, not
to exceed $45,000, payable In nvo years. -The
question Is, Which shall prevail,
the constitution or the Legislature?
Clearly, the constitution. Oregon Su
f Continued on Second Page.)
CONTEXTS OF TODAY'S PAPER.
. . .Via TVfeltA
House 'to slay Kooseven. ana oj
moved after a flerce struggle, xage a.
Fifteen Indictments are returned In the postal
Greater New York Democracy deserts Fusion-
lsts for Tammany. "age a
pvr-Ohlef Devery Is nominated ior aajur i
-v.-i.- York DV waepenueot "I""""'
Republican mako gains in Connecticut town
elections, rage J.
f, nm exnressea ior us uuraumi).
Japan will not force me Russian cvacui.u
of Manchuria, u ncgouauuus
continue apace. Page 2.
t.,.i n.i Austria warn Bulgaria she must
assist in work of pacincauon in
expect Turkish Invasion, race
v0,Ain. is maklnsr foreigners pay taxes and
duties twice. In retaliation ior war w6
by powers. Page 3.
Htrovs half of Negauna, Mich., do
ing property damage oi .w, ca-uame,
nn death ana injuring several peoviw,
c,ln, Piatt, of New Tork. will marry Mrs.
Lillian 7. Janeway, 01 wasmngion, mem
ber 10. Page 2.
Vr-Postmaster-deneral Blssell rallied yester
but. Is not yet out or danger, .rase x.
ijl Grande loses its county seat fight. Page 1
Oregon conference Indorses niameue univer
sity. Page 0.
Husband's aearch for his wife ends in her ar
rest. Pago 4.
Four railroad laborers killed. In collision near
Los Angeles. Page o-
Forest reserve problem discussed at meeting
at Tacoma. Page 4.
Appointments of ministers of the Oregon Meth
odlst conference, i-age o.
Browns release three players and sign two
new ones. Page 6.
Championship ball game between Plttsburg-and
Boston is postponed on account oi raa.
xmVrlcans defeat Nationals, 4-3.
stakes are announced for Los Angeles races.
Local bop market quiet but still firm." Page 15.
Wheat closes lower at unicago. .rage xa.
Prices sag in Kew York stock market. Page 15.
San Francisco produce quotations. Page 15.
Portland and Vicinity.
Bill to be submitted to Congress appropriating
mnnrv for Lewis ana uianc rair is ap
proved by committee. Page 10.
Senator Fulton denounces land policy of Secre
tary Hitchcock. Page iu.
-I'onrtniK dpstrov wagon and harness on the
East Side. Pase 11.
.mi.nt of Multnomah Counry for 1003,
White House road contest In 'court. Page 12.
Chinese gamblers will fortify their houses and
resist raids. Page 12.
Celebration of Jewish Feast .of Tabernacles,
Italian bootblacks organize a union. Page 1-t.
irfmw Johnson, arrested with his wife for
robbery, pleads guilty. Page 12.
Ministerial Association adopts resolution con
demnlngafhe city administration's gambling
policy. Page 11.
Harriman immigration bureau agent tells how
state ii being advertised. Page 11.
SAIiEH. Oct 5. (Special.) The town of
Union has won in the county seat fight
and La Grande Is defeated. The Supreme
Court today declared unconstitutional tne
act of the last Legislature submitting to
a vote of the people the question of mov
lni tho eountv seat to Ia Grande. The
act provided for the building ot a uoun-
house at a cost of $15,000 if the county
seat should be removed, and the act is In
conflict with that portion of the constitu
tion which forbids a county to Incur
debt of more than $5000 voluntarily.
The decision of the Supreme Court was
rendered in the case of A. E. Eaton and
others against J. H. MImnaugh, County
Clerk. The plaintiffs, are taxpayers, and
brought the injunction suit because of the
injury that would be. done them. Juage
Ealdn. who resides-at TJnlon,deciinea ;to
trv tho case, because he Is In a. measure
interested, and asked Juage Bears, ot tr ort
land, to sit in his stead. Judge Sears de
cided against the plaintiffs, and dismissed
the injunction restraining proceedings un
der the act An appeal was taken, with
tho result that Judge Sears has been re
versed, In an opinion written by Justice
Bean, and the County Cleric ot union
County will be enjoined from making ar
rangements for an election on the county
The provision of the constitution wmcn
is violated is section 10 ot article 11, which
No county shall create any aeDts or
liabilities which shall singly or In the ag-
crettate exceed the sum of $5000, except to
suppress insurrection or repel invasion."
It was conceded by all the parties to
the litigation that the act was entire, and
that It tho provision relating to the build
ing of a courthouse is Invalid the whole
act Is void. Tho argument in support ot
tho validity of tho county-seat act was:
(1) The provision of the constitution di
rected against the creation of debts by a
county, invoked by plaintiffs, has no ap
plication to a debt incurred for the con
struction of a courthouse, because It Is an
obligation which a county is compelled to
assume as a governmental agent; i) tne
constitutional limitation applies to coun
ties only, and does not prohibit tho Legis
lature from imposing liabilities upon them
to any extent or for any legitimate pur
pose, or from compelling them to create
such liabilities; (3) tho act in question
docs not contemplate the creation of any
debt against the county. All these argu
ments aro hold by the Supreme court to
bo uusound. Tho opinion says in part:
The constitution does not provide, as
in many other states, that the county
shall not be allowed or permitted to be
come Indebted beyond a certain sum, but
simply prohibits It from creating such an
indebtedness. It has therefore been con
strued not to apply to involuntary lndebt
voluntarily incurred. VThe county has au
thority to levy taxes annually upon all
tho taxable property within its limits,
with which to raise revenue sufficient to
pay its expenses, and the law and the
constitution contemplate that it will ex
ercise its powers in that respect . . .
When the county Is already provided with
ample accommodations, the provisions of
the constitution cannot be avoided by a
mere charigo" of tho county seat "We are
clear, therefore, that under the constitu
tion and tho facts of this case, "Union
County, cannot legally create an indebted
ness for the building or a new court
In .answer to the argument that the
constitution does not prohibit the Legis
lature from creating a debt, the opinion
says: x .
- "Under such .a construction the constl
tutlon.would afford but little protection to
taxpayers. To rid itself of the undesirable
restraint it would only 'be, necessary for
the-- county to secure the . enactment of a
law imposing debts upon It for the con
struction, ot expensive. Jails, courthouses,
etc, regardless, ot Its financial condition
or. tho wishes of -its people; or, if tho
county authorities were unwilling to incur
such indebtedness, designing persons might
secure, such ..legislation. But ... the
Legislature did not create a liability. It
directed the county to create the indebt
edness, and this it had ' no authority
to do." '
' It is also held that the' act In question
creates a debt such as is contemplated by
the constitution, and that the provision
of tho act for an annual tax levy does not
alter the character of tho debt
Balfour Suffers the Loss of
. Liberal Unionists.
DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE RESIGNS
Had He Remained, Premier Klsat
Have Staved Oft an Early Elec
tion Lyttleton Succeeds Cham
berlainSurprise Is Great.
SALEM, Oct. 5. Special.) Rehearings
were denied In the Supreme Court today
in tho cases of "Waite vs. Grubbe, Beaver
Flume Company vs. Eccles; Williamson
vs. North Pacific Lumber Company, Ran.
dall vs. Llngwall, McFarlane vs. McFar
lane. State vs. Nellon, Patterson vs. Unit
ed Artisans, and Union Street Railway
vs. First National Bank ot Union.
SUCCESSOR TO HERBERT
Kins: Edward Favors British 3Iln-
istcr to The Hague.
LONDON, Oct 5. The British Minister
at The Hague is reported to be the King's
choice for the vacant post of Ambassador
at Washington. The King alone will
make the selection, and it is unlikely that
the Premier or the Foreign Office will be
renuested to name the Ambassador. The
likeliest selection from the service is 3aid
to be Sir Arthur Nicholson, British Min
ister to Morocco, who is regarded as being
in line for an embassy.
It is well understood, however, that Ihe
King may go outside the regular service,
as ho did in sending Sir Francis Bertie,
then Assistant Secretary ot Foreign Af
fairs, as Ambassador to Rome, an ap
pointment that annoyed several Ministers.
Casslni Pays Respect -to Herbert.
PARIS, Oct 5. Count Casslni. the Rus
sian Ambassador to the United States, has
sent a wreath to be placed on the coffin of
Sir Michael Herbert the late British Am
bassador at Washington, whose funeral
occurs at Wilton. England, tomorrow.
BISSELL IS VERY ILL.
Ex-Postmnster-General Rallies, "but
Is by Xo Means Ont of Danger.
BUFFALO, N. Y., Oct 5. Ex-Postmaster
Blssell, who was said to be dying
early this mdrnlng, rallied during tho day,
but when Dr. Sherman was asked if he
would live through another day, he re
piled that the sick man was by no means
out of danger. Dr. Sherman is constantly
at his bedside.
Italians Will Honor Columbus.
NEW YORK, Oct. 5. Italian residents of
this city are preparing for a big parade
October 12, In honor of Christopher Co
lumbus. It Is expected that fully 5000 men
will be in line. The line of march will
cover the entire length of Manhattan.
NEW BRITISH SECRETARY FOR INDIA.
TV3I. ST. JOHN BRODEICK.
XEW BRITISH CABINET.
LONDON, Oct. 5. Tha new Cabinet
Is composed as follows:
Mr. Brodrick, ex-Secretary of War,
succeeds Lord George Hamilton as Sec
retary for India.
Austen Chamberlain. Postmaster
General, succeeds Mr. Ritchie, as Chan
cellor of the Exchequer.
Alfred Lyttleton, Recorder, of Oxford,
succeeds Joseph Chamberlain as Sec
retary for the Colonies.
H. O. Arnold Forster. Secretary to
the Admiralty, succeeds Mr. Brodrick
as Secretary of War.
Graham Murray, Lord Advocate of
Scotland, succeeds Lord Balfour of
Burleigh, as Secretary for Scotland.
Lord Stanley, Financial Secretary ot
the War Department, succeeds Austen
Chamberlain as Postmoater-Gcneral.
LONDON, Oct 5. The. three weeks'
Cabinet crisis has ended in a manner
more remarkable and dramatic than that
of its inception. Mr. Balfour's new
ministry affords a measure of tho enorm
ous difficulty he has had to contend with
In the task of reconstruction, and Its
composition seoms to indicate that the
Premier himself can have little belief of
its durability. The most sanguine sup
porters of the government tonight ex
press the smallest hopes of such an ad
ministration living many months, and
the prevalent Idea is that there will be
a general election before Parliament reassembles.
The Duke of Devonshire, leader of tho
Conservative party in the House of
Lords, complicated matters by resigning
today. This is a heavy blow. Had he
remained the government might possibly
have survived another Parliamentary
session by avoiding legislation dealing-
with the fiscal problem, but with him
goes the support of the strong party ot
Liberal Unionists in the country.
One consequence of the Duke of Devon
shire's retirement is extremely umor
tunate for the government It will bring
tho leadership of tho Houso of Lords to
the unpopular Lord Lansdowne. No suc
cessor has yet been appointed to tho Duko
of Devonshire, and several minor gov
ernment offices still remain vacant
Of the few appolnments announced to
night the most surprising Is that of Hon.
Alfred Lyttleton as Secretary for tho Col
onies. Mr. Lyttleton Is a man of ac
knowledged ability and a good speaker.
but he has had no Ministerial experience
whatever. He is better Known to tne col
onies as a cricketer than a politician.
Ho and his seven brothers were famous
cricketers at Eton, while Alfred and. hia
brother Edward displayed even greater
prowess at football, racquets, etc. Alfred
Lyttleton was always an enthusiastic
cricketer, and has taken several teams
on colonial tours: Ho was alono tor 15
years the champion tennis player, and
lias won international football honors.
Mr. Lyttleton Is related to Mr. Balfour
by marriage. Ho is credited witn ueing
in full sympathy with Mr. Chamberlain's
colonial policy and Lord Mllner's South
African ideas, and he is personally pop
Austen Chamberlain's appointment to
tho Chancellorship of tho Exchequer has
been fully discounted. Doubts are ex
pressed as to tho appropriateness ot send
ing him to such an important office, al
though hia ability Is not called in question.
Mr. Brodrick's transfer to the Indian
Office will probably evoke the fiercest
storm and much resentment in xnuia.
where the feeling will be that he has
been sent to the Indian Office because he
was a xaiiure ac xno wax- umce.
Arnold Forster has always been a stu
dent of the question of defenses and a.
strong critic of War Office methods. If
allowed a free hand he should introduce
CONSERVATIVE LEADER RESIGXSv
Duke of Devonshire Takes Issae
"With Balfour on Free Trade.
LONDON, 4ct 5. The Duke ot Devon
shire, who was leader of the Conserva
tive party in the House of Lords, has re
signed the office of Lord President of the
Council, and the King has accepted his
The Duke of Devonshire wrote to Mr.
Balfour giving his reasons for his resig
nation, which he attributed, among other
things, to the Premier's speech at Shef
field and his pamphlet on insular free
trade. The Duke of Devonshire has not
yet made his letter public, but a letter of
acknowledgment from Mr. Balfour was
published tonight Tho Premier expresses
great surprise and regret at the resigna
tion, saying he had fully discussed hi;
POllCy W1UI LUC LVUtt.e, WUUU1 UC XCijlUlM
as one ot hi3 supporters, and with wbi
he had freely conferred.
The Duke of Devonshire's letter to
Balfour was communicated to tha pt
tonight It Indicates the point in wll
he differs from Balfour's fiscal pollcjl