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THE MORNING OUEGONIAJN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 1, 1903.
Interested in the opening of commercial
Telatlons on a large scale with Asia and
Oceanlca, for the future of Puget Sound
as a shipping region depends In a large
measure on the share which the United
States will be able to obtain of the total
trade of nearly J3.O0O.O0O.O0O which the J
trans-Pacific countries do with the rest
of the world. From our point of view a
large trade with Asia and Oceanica Is not
only desirable, but absolutely essential to
our commercial and industrial welfare.
"Without it we cannot hope to take rank
among the great shipping districts of the
Nation. Notwithstanding the tremendous
increase in the aggregate foreign com
merce of the country" In recent years, the
share of the Pacific ports is steadily fall
ing. This applies with the same force to
San Franplsco and Portland as to Puget
Sound, as shown In the official figures of
A WESTERN PIANO HOUSE
PORTLAND THE CENTER. OF A VAST
MUSICAL IXSTRUMEXT TRADE.
A Splendidly Equipped Establish
mentThe 3Iot Extenalve and
Bct Orpanlxed Bnnlncs of Its
Kind In the United States.
The position occupied by Eilcrs Piano
House in the piano world Is as unique as
it is prominent. "With a policy of good
values and small profits, this house has
built up an Immense quick-sales busi
ness in a phenomenally short time, hav
ing been established but four years. Its
"West for bacon, hams-and lard. A field
la open here for the establishment of large I
packing-houses to cure and pack the fne J
pork products of this otate. ;
REALTY FOR 23 YEARS.
MIGHTY ACHIEVEMENT OF LEWIS AND CLARK
How the Hardy Explorers Performed Their Wonderful Task of
Penetrating a New Country ,
LEWIS AND CLARK EXPLORATION. It is a subject for gratitude and grate
The foresight of the great commoner; Thomas Jefferson. In planning for and se
curing to the "United States, to the American people and to coming generations
that magnificent stretch of country reaching from the Atlantic to the Pacific
Ocean, through the Louisiana Purchase and by right of discovery of the Columbia
and Its tributaries by Captain Gray, -was remarkable. Foreseeing the great ad
vantages to be derived by an-early exploration of the unknown country lately
acquired, he took upon himself the responsibility of fitting out an expedition ot
men fitted to the creat labor and sacrifices awaiting the hardy explorer jthot
should undertake this herculean task through an untried wilderness. Like all great
works and duties to be performed in the early days of the Republic and ordained
by Providence. Lewis and Clark came to his aid. willing to undertake the task.
With scant provisions and little money and lew clothing and a few trinkets -with
which to trade with and pacify the Indian tribes, they started "on their perilous
Journey, determined to succeed and conquer. With the spirit of determination
that where there was a will there was a -way, they took their lives in their hands.
With hostile savages besetting their way, they traversed and explored this great
country of ours, -with, little to cover them at night and on much of their way living
on roots and dog flesh, fish when they could get them and a promise of salt when
they reached the Pacific Ocean. Heroic devotion to their country Inspired them
to complete the tapk set for them to do. They well performed the task. A grate
ful people remember them, and especially the pioneers, who know and have tasted
suffering on their long, wearisome march to the Oregon Country. They now await
with impatience the memorial day, the centennial of the great event that marks
us as a grateful people.
Let us quicken our patriotic memories of the yast and da Justice to those who
so earnestly devoted themselves and risked their lives for the future welfare of
their countrymen. Who can now deny to the pioneers of the Northwest the- priv
ilege of paying, while it is yet time, their last tribute of respect to these pioneer
explorers? When the multitude of visitors come to this centennial, to Oregon and
the Northwest. In 1905, and sail upon our beautiful rivers and traverse our lovely
valleys and behold the grandeur of our mountain scenery, will they wonder that
we remember with grateful hearts the men who have marked the way to this beau
tiful land? When they behold the substantial products and the business with which
the land abounds, they will wonder anew why. this land has been so long over
lookedwhere blasts of Winter do not freeze nor the torrid Summer heat prevail,
but gentle breezes and mild, equable climate prevails throughout the year.
The revelations that meet the eye of the newcomer will cause him to tarry In
our midst and seek a home In this unparalleled country of ours. Let Oregon and
the" Northwest do honor to the great explorers in making this centennial anniver
sary a marked event in the history ot our country. H. W. CORBETT.
Mnrlcet Jfovr Healthier Than for Many
1SS0 ..." S 2.149.S12I1S92 tll.4S6.439
18S1 3.237.44511S12 6.555.710
1552 5.2C6.25S.1S94 4.610.C3S
1553 5.547.&03 1S95 4,567.559
1554 1.695.K5G 1SG 4.011.5G5
1855 L566..401S97 4.101.S15
1K6 2.135.0C 1&S 3,323.723
1FS7 5.S21.770 1S99 3.622.2SS
1SS8 7.035.86611900 3.531.9S5
IKK) 14.140.352 1901 4.VSG.246
190 12.Ml.803i 1902 7,550,000
The foregoing table shows .the annual
amount of Multnomah County real es
tate transfers for the years 1S0 to 1902,
It will be seen that during this time
1BS9 waa the banner year. It will also
be seen, an well as remembered by not a
few, that with the panic of 1SS3 the real,
estate transfers fell with a dull sicken
lnk thud, and continued on the down
grade till 1S9S, when we eeem to have
struck hard-pan, and the transfers were
the smallest for 12 years.
Since then there has been a steady
trend upward, with 1302 showing In round
numbers 57,500,000 transfers.
The most peculiar aspect of the Teal
estate situation with us is the practical
absence of any disposition among buyers
to speculate. The buying Is almost
wholly for actual uoe. This Is due, I
think, to the wholesale misfortune vis
ited upon real-estate speculators in the
Real estate values here, during the last
three or four years, have by no means
kept normal pace with advancing Im
provements; and there Is consequently
large room for real estate values to in
crease. The city of Portland and its en
virons are today teeming with oppor
tunities to buy and Improve vacant prop
erty and get returns much In excess of
what money can be loaned for upon good
Portland is today as solid as a bullet.
and In a more vigorous and healthy con
dition than ever before. The outlook is
exceedingly bright. S; B. RIGGEN.
the United States Treasury Department.
Between 1S98 and 1901, both years ending
with June 30, San Francisco's proportion
of the total Imports and exports of the
United Stites fell from 4.55 per cent to
3.02 per cent; Puget Sound from 1.24 per
cent to 119 per cent, and Portland from
0.83 per cent to 0.52 per cent. That the
commercial greatness of the Pacific Coast
lies in a largo business with Asia and
Oceanlca admits of no dispute. Puget
Sound has made an encouraging begin
ning In this important field. For the year
ending June 30, 1901, its imports amounted
to $6,721,050, of which Asia and Oceanlca
contributed $3,778,202. Exports "for the
same .period were $20,678,829, of which
$1L244,2S went to Asia and Oceanlca. Of
a foreign commerce amounting to $27,399,
889 the share- of- Asia and Oceanlca was
15,023,040, or about three-fifths of the total.
This volume of business, although satis
factory to us at present, is small in com
parison with the opportunities offered by
American enterprise, energy and ingenu
ity in the countries across the Pacific It
is only a forerunner of Tjctter things.
Washington, by her close proximity to
the state where the Lewis and Clark Ex
position is to be held, by reason of being
traversed by three transcontinental rail
roads, over which the visitors to the ex
position will travel, and by reason of her
Headquarters for Tourists and Commercial
Portland Hotel Co., Owners. PORTLAND, OR. H. C. Bowers, Manager.
American Plan 3.00 per day and upwards.
THE FAIR DIRECTORS.
Directors of the Lewis and Clark Cen
tennial and American Pacific Exposition
and Oriental Fair:
H. W. CORBETT, Portland.
H. W. SCOTT, Portland.
ADOLFHE "WOLFE, Portland.
LEO FRIED. Portland.
WM. D. WHEELWRIGHT. Portland.
JAMES H. RALET, Pendleton.
SAMUEL CONNELL. Portland.
J. C. AINSWORTH, Portland.
CHARLES E. LADD.' Portland.
PAUL "WESSINGER, Portland.
RUFUS MALLORY, Portland.
JOHN F. O'SHEA, Portland.
L N. FLEISCHNER, Portland.
J. C. COOPER, McMlnnville.
O. L. MILLER, Baker City.
A. H. DEVERS. Portland. "
GEO. W. RIDDLE, Azalea.
WILLIAM D. FENTON, Portland. -GEORGE
W. BATES, Portland.
J. M. CHURCH, La Grande.
A. BUSH, Salem.
B. VAN DUSEN. Astoria.
F. DRESSER, Portland.
A. L. MILLS. Portland.
P. L. WILLIS. Portland.
President, II. "W. Corbett.
First Vice-President, H. W. Scott.
Second Vice-President. Adolahe "Wolfe.
Third Vice-President, Leo Fried e.
Treasurer, First National Bank.
Auditor, Adolphe Wolfe.
Secretary, Henry E. Reed.
great natural resources in timber and
timber products, in mines and minerals, in
agriculture and stockraising, in fisheries,
fruitgrowing and many other avenues for
the employment of labor and investment
of capital, should take advantage of the
opportunity which the Lewis and Clark
Centennial Exposition offers to make her
boundless and matchless resources known
to the world. It Is an opporunity that
will never again present Itself, and your
honorable body should make the very best
use of it by voting a liberal appropriation
for an exhibit that will place the State of
Washington in the first rank of the states
haing exhibits at Portland. Our state
will not be true to herself If she lets pass
this chance to demonstrate her prestige
In the vast region which the foresight of
Jefferson and the courage and patriotism
of Lewis and Clark saved to American
We, therefore, recommepd. In accord
ance with the directions of said Senate
concurrent resolution No. 17, that an ap
propriation of the sum of $100,000 be made
lor the purpose of suitably presenting the
resources of this state at the Lewis and
Clark Centennial and American Pacific
Exposition and Oriental Fair, said appro
priation to become available on the 1st
of April. 1903.
FRANK J. PARKER, Chairman.
G. W. ROWAN, Secretary.
J. G. MEGLER.
W. W. TOLMAN,
B. M. RANDS.
business, which embraces every branch
pertaining to piano handling, with- the
exception of actual construction, la the
largest of any concern of the sort In the
United States. The bulk of its opera
tions are from Portland, where It has an
extensive storage depot and elaborate
show rooms. It also has large stores at
San Francisco, Spokane and Sacramento,
and from these four Important commer
cial centers it absorbs a very large pro
portion of the Pacific Coast piano trade. Its
territory extends from the Western bor
der of Montana clear through the States
of Idaho, Nevada. Wyoming, Washing
ton. Oregon and California, and includes
a large export trade to the Philippines,
sales records of the past year being over
4000 pianos and 2200 organs sold. It also
recently shipped a lino Kimball piano to
the Island -ot Tahiti, the French posses
slon in the South Pacific.
In, the conduct of its business this
house employs many unique money-
saving methods, the most notable of
which Is its own patented harness device,
which does away with the expensive Item
of boxing pianos for shipment. Its Im
mense warehouse located in Portland, with
a very large trackage and accessible to
all the railways centering here, facili
tates the handling of the immense num
ber of carloads of Instruments continually
coming and going from there, and mate
rially reduces the cost of same. During
the month of October, when Fall ship
ments were comlns in. 3S carloads were
received at Portland. 29 carloads at San
Francisco and nine at Spokane, making
a total of 6 carloads received by this
house in a single month. Its extensive
repair shops, equipped with the most
modern appliance?, employ a larce force
of skilled and experienced workmen, and
do an Immense business in piano re
pairing and restoring.
The influence of this house is felt ar
tistically as well as commercially
throughout the entire West Coast. While
It makes no boast of being in business
for the general good. Its arbitrary rule
of handling only high-class pianos has
had broad educational results, and created
an appreciation of and demand for such
instruments throughout the country. Its
list or over 30 factories, which this enter
prising house represents, is headed by the
world's greatest the Weber, of New
York, the Chlckering, of Boston, and the
now famous Kimball, of Chicago; Hobart
M. Cable, Crown, Victor, Haddorff, Les
ter, eta "In addition, it carries six makes
of organs, three piano players and the
famous Kimball pipe organs. As already
stated. Its affairs are so systematically
and economically conducted thaf it is
able and does at all times make excep
tionally low prices on all its instruments.
The personnel of the house is Mr. Henry
J. Ellers, president; Mr. Samuel J. Mc
Cormlck, vice-president; Mr. A. H.
Ellers, secretary and treasurer; Mr. A.
R. Pommer, San Francisco; Mr. G. A.
Heldlnger, Spokane, all men of marked
business ability and of long experience
in piano handling, alert, progressive and
full of push. With sum efficient man
agement and established as It is on the
soundest business and financial footing,
this house, already great. Is destined to
still greater achievements.
OREGON FLAX BEST.
Fiber Produced In Oregon Rival the
Product of Europe.
As a result of experiments thus far
made, Eugene Bosse, formerly a flax man
ufacturer in Wisconsin, and earlier of
Belgium, says that flax fiber can be pro
duced In Oregon to rival the high-grade flax
of Europe. The .flax can be made into
many different grades of fiber, according
to the needs, the cost varying according to
the grade, of fiber produced. Flax can be
proaucca, he eays, at as low a co3t as
five cents a pound, or even less, and can
be manufactured at a nroflt. H holipvA,
. that In a few years Oregon will not only
! raise the flax but will also manufacture
j the fiber Into linen, cloth to supply the
marlrpfs nf tVin "PaMflr. rvioe,f ti,.-i., ,.
j last season he raised 200 acres of flax, but
I Deing unacquainted with the climate he
sowed the seed too late and did not eret a
full crop. The results have encouraged
mm ana ne win sow a larger area next
season, and put In a full plant of modern
macmnery ior wonting nax and flax fiber.
He becan his onerntinns nt Snlom irlfh.
out asking any subsidy and is laving the
foundation for an enterprise that will. In
a lew years, give employment to tnou
sands of men, women and children.
Oregon cheese finds a ready market In
uauiornia because tne heaviest produc
tlon here Is at the season when the sup
ply is shortest In California.
Field for PaclcInx-HoHses.
Oregon, is so rich that it sends regularly
$1,000,000 a year to the states of the Middle
COLUMBIA RIVER & PUGET SOUND NAVIGATION CO.
(WHITE COLLAR LINE.)
STEAMER BAILEY GATZERT IX THE HEART OF THE CASCADE MOUXTAIXS, PASSIXG THROUGH THE RAPIDS OF THE COLUMBIA RIVER, APPROACHIXG THE CASCADE LOCKS.
The Ballev Gatzert has the reputation of being the finest-equipped stern-wheel excursion steamboat ever built. The accommodations of this boat cannot be excellecL Thousands of tourists from all
parts of the world wl?o have taken the trip up the Columbia River to the Cascade Locks and The Dalles, also down the Columbia to Astoria, can testify to this. The Bailey Gatzert has the record' for the
fastest trip ever made by boat from The Dalles to Portland, on July 4, 1901. the trip of U0 miles being maele In 4 hours and 35 minutes. The trip from Portland to Astoria, 105 miles, with the Congressional
delegation, was made In 4 hours and 50 minutes, with 250 people on board, on May 22. 1901. The pcenery of the Columbia River Is grand beyond description, and It may well be called the scenic route of
the world. Rugged mountains, jagged and notched by Nature's strange upheavals, covered with evergreen trees, waterfalls that dazzle the eye, chief of which Is Multnomah Falls, SW feet high, photo
graphs of which have attracted great attention all over the world.- The White Collar Line In 1501 published 40.0C0 booklets, describing ihe scenery of the Upper Columbia; "in 1902 there were 40.000 more pub
lished and sent broadcast all over the United States. These books have been eagerly sought after by every one, and have advertised the scenery of the Columbia River and the State of Oregon, as It never
was advertised-before. . -
VIEWS OF PORTLAND'S
Great Wholesale and Retail
and Organ Moose
The most extensive of its kind In the United States.
a glimpse op the main retail
Salesroom and general offices,
eilers piano house. 251 washing
ton street, portland. other
stores at spokane. san fran-
cisco and sacramento.
"WHOLESALE PLVNO AND ORGAN DE
POT. EILERS PIANO HOUSE. INSTP.U
MEXTS AP.E RECEIVED HERE IN
CARLOAD LOTS ON THE COMPANY'S
SIDETRACKS AND SHIPPED TO
EVERY PART OF THE GREAT NORTH--WEST.
CAPACITY OF WAREHOUSE,
DELIVERY SERVICE OF EILERS PIANO HOUSE, SHOWING PECULIAR STYLE OF "WAGONS USED IN PORTLAND, KNOWN AS "GOOSE-NECK TRUCKS.'
IS THE MIDDLE OF THE GROUP HAS HANDLED OVER FIVE THOUSAND PIANOS.
THE .' ON3-