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VOL. XLL 1ST0. 12,602.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDA Y, T JAY 3, 1901.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
"tf 'T "
We Invite the trade's Inspection
of our line of
Of newest-and latest designs.
Catalogue and prices furnished on application.
ROTHCHILD BROS., - 20-25 North First St.
BOTTLED IN BOND
BLUMAUER-FRANK DRUG CO.
Organizers of Provisional
STATE MONUMENT UNVEILED
X. Matthieu, Sole Survivor of the
52 at the Meeting of 1643, Un
Troand the American Flag
From the Shaft.
STRONGEST IN THE, WORLD'
L SAMUEL, Manager
'306 Oregonian Building, PORTLAND, OREGON
MIXED BIRD SEED
is a correct mixture in just the right
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These two articles are the results of
years of patient study and a knowledge
of bird needs by Mr. Stuhr.
Prepared only by
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Cor. Fourth and Washington Sts.
PHIL 3IETSCHAX, Pre.
C. W. ICNOWLES, Msrr.
SEVENTH MD tfASHINGTQI STREETS. PORUAND, OREGON.
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ARE YOU GOING TO-
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For Analysis of Water, Rates, etc, Address
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HEADQUARTERS FOR TOURISTS AND' COMMERCIAL TRAVELERS
Special rates made to families and single gentlemen. The manage.
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Library Association of Portland ?
Heurs From 9 A. M. to 9 P. M, except Sundays end holidays.
29,000 1LA2BSES 250 PBRIODICKLS
SS.OO PC YEKH $1.50 35 QUKHTBR
SPECIAL RATES TO STUDENTS. fl.00 A YEAR
lia.vlhnoSS1deiSJ,hnlaui PoslUoa- It has undertaken that -which past ages
7S,?MoSf?? Z??J?Si aa? fias maJc It practicable. It has followed principles
revolutionary to accepted standards, and hat won Its strongest support from those
Shi EST?.2ie TE?1 uPh0de of the old theories. It makes piano-playing pos
2HJ?S P- .3 e i ,? llteralIS" d9 not know one note from another; yet it has been ac
wSSif1SS'?ltSfl,,ns't5e musically cultured which Is unprecedented In the
history of music. Come and hear it for yourself:
M. B. WELLS, Northwest Acnt for the Aeolian Company
Aeolian Hall. 353-355 Washinston Street, cor. Park
CHAOIPOEG, Or., May 2. Three thou
sand people witnessed the unveiling this
afternoon of the granite monument
erected by the state In honor of the 52
men who organized the Provisional Gov
ernment of Oregon at Champoeg, on May
2, 1843. Francis Xavler Matthieu, of
Buttevllle, the sole surviving member of
the heroic band whose patriotism assured
Oregon to the sovereignty of the United
States, unwound the American flag from
the shaft at 1:02 P. M., just as a gleam
of sunlight shot through a rift in the
clouds and added the blessing of heaven
to the Impresslveness of the scene. En
circling the Identical spot In the field
where 58 years ago the cautious Le Bre
ton told the daring Gray that the de
fenders of American title might risk a
division, where the hardy mountaineer
Meek commanded all who were in favor
of organization to follow him, were men
men and women, whose memories and
deeds linked the Oregon which is pass
ing with the Oregon that is. A grand
daughter of Dr. John McLoughlln, for
many years the chief factor of the Hud
son's Bay Company, when the authority
of Great Britain was supreme in the
region west of the Rocky Mountains, sat
in the speakers stand. Descendants of
six of the organizers besides Mr. Mat
thieu were among the spectators. The
QIatthleu family had eleven representa
tivesthe father and 10 children. Mr.
Matthieu is the father of 15 children, of
whom five have died. He has 34 grand
children and two great-grandchildren..
Mr. Matthieu and descendants are 52
exactly the number who voted May 2,
1S43, to organize the Provisional Govern
ment. As the flag fell from the monu
ment and as the aged survivor of the
immortal 52 stood with it folded In his
arms, his head bared, the thoughts of
every person present Instinctively went
back to the May day 58 years ago, when
the British settlers, defeated in the di
vision by .the Americans, retired to a
corner of the field and then mounted their
horses and rode away.
People began arriving from all parts
of Marlon -County-with tho break, at day
Three hundred, teams were hitched In
the groves around historic Champdeg.
The oldest carriage was driven from Bar
low by "William Barlow. Governor Aber
nethy sold the conveyance to Mr. Barlow
In 1854. The Altona arrived shortly after
11 o'clock with 150 people from Portland
and points along the river. Among them
were Sol Blumauer and Fred Saylor,
grand Dresldent and grand secretary, re
spectively, of the Native Sons: Mrs. W.
D. Palmer, grand secretary of the Native
Daughters; T.- A. Wood, grand comman
der of the Indian "War Veterans; J. T.
Apperson, president of the Oregon Pio
neer Association; Judge Alfred F. Sears,
Judge John B. Cleland, Senator Alexan
der Sweek, A. H. Breyman, Hon. Otto
Schumann, who designed the monument,
and many others whose names are men
tioned in other connections elsewhere.
Reminiscences of the Pioneers.
The Portland contingent had a. pleasant
trip. Despite the sharp wind that swept
down the river, they gathered on deck
to discuss the historic associations of
Milwaukee, Oregon City, Canemah. and
other places as the steamer passed them.
At New Era the California Overland on
the Southern Pacific whistled a "hip,
hip, hurrrah, tiger," as it whirled around
the big bend in the "Willamette. The
contrast between the vestlbuled Pullman
of the overland and the stage or mule
of the early days, caused many a pioneer
to note the difference In traveling be
tween the old time and the new. Silas
B. Smith recalled the voyages by canoe
between Astoria and the Upper "Willam
ette. "Jim" McCown. the veteran proof
reader of The Oregonian, was reminded.
.that the overland train was passing over
'the very route on which he carried the
mail between New Era and Oregon City
In 1858. "Yes," he said reflectively, "I
received 51 50 a trip, and was tickled to
death to get a chance to visit Oregon
City and be paid for the pleasure, too "
R. S. MacEwan, 87 years old, but with
the eyesight of a boy of 20, read The
Oregonian without spectacles. He was
the first County Clerk of Clatsop County,
when part of what Is now Southwestern
"Washington carried on its litigation at
Astoria, and thinks he has the honor of
being the first one appointed to the office
of County Clerk under the Territorial
Government of Oregon. He opened his
records at Astoria September 2, 1850. The
appointment was made,- by Judge "Wil
liam Strong, on board, the American
sloop-of-war Falmouth. Mr. MacEwan
served. Clatsop County for four years as
Clerk and was afterwards for 14 con
secutive years Recorder of the town of
Many a call was made upon Silas B.
Smith for a story of pioneer times. Mr.
Smith's father was Solomon H. Smith,
one of the organizers of the Provisional
Government, a companion of Captain Na
thaniel Wyeth In the expedition of 1832,
a New Hampshire man by birth, and a
second or third cousin of Horace Greeley.
Silas Smith's mother was Princess Ce
llast, second daughter of Cobaway, who
was chief of the Clatsop Indians 100 years
ago, and who entertained Lewis and
Clark when they ended their exploring
expedition at the Pacific Ocean In 1805.
Solomon H. Smith and Calvin Tibbetts,
both organizers of the Provisional Gov
ernment, moved from the "Willamette
Valley to Clatsop County In 1840. Mr.
Smith was asked to suggest how It was
his father and Mr. Tibbetts happened to
be at Champoeg. May 2, 1843, at the -very
time their votes were needed by the
American settlers. The trip Is about 145
miles by water, which was no easy thing
58 years -ago. Mr. Smith said it was pos
sible that his father and Tibbetts were
in the valley buying cattle, but it was
more likely that they had been sounded
by the Americans, and having been found
favorable to organization, were quietly,
notified to he on hand. This explana
tion of Mr. Smith's, if it shall hold good
in the light of facts which may be
brought out In discussion of it, shows how
carefully the men of the "wolf meetings
laid .their plans to knock the props from
under Great Britain's claim to Oregon.
Welcomed to Champoegr.
The Portland boat was met at the land
ing by Matthieu's Cabin of Native Sons
and Its band. The Union Cornet Band,
I led by James Parrott a, oloneer of 1852.
was also on hand. The members of this
band are: Solo B fiat cornet James Par
rott; solo B flat cornet, fit". C. McKern;
solo B flat cornet, R. V. Pratt: first cor
net, W. F. Jones; solo alto, T. H. Parrfsh;
first alto, S. S. Parrott; second alto, A. C.
Bristow; baritone, S. Parrish; first tenor,
Richard Parrott; second teriof, A. C. Par
rott; E flat clarionet, Granville Everest;
E flat base. -J. A. Parrott; B flat base, R.
O. Bristow; base drum,, Ellis Parrott;
snare drum. George Smith. Mr. Parrott,
the leader, was a member of what was
probably the first band In Oregon, which
was organized by his father, Thomas Par
rott, in Chehalem Valley, some time in
the year 1855. All members of this hand
are either pioneers, or were born and
raised within a radius of five miles of
As fast as the -visitors left the boats
they sought out Mr. Matthieu, to have a
word with him or shake him by the hand.
One who asked him what kind of weather
Champoeg had May 2, 1843, was told: "Just
as fine as today, except' that there was no
mUslc." To another Mr. Matthieu said
it was a busy time, as the organizers of
Government went without dinner.
Champoeg. The marshal of the day was
Benjamin M. Smith, with James E.
Eldredge and Elwood. Abernethy assist
Between 11 and 12 lunch was served to
the pioneers. To the citizens of Cham
poeg and vicinity much credit is due for
the complete arrangements made for the
comfort of all attending. The lunch and
decorations were prepared by Mrs. Mat
tie E. Eldridge, Mrs. W. T. Coleman,
Mrs. Emma "Wengenroth, Miss Rosa
Scollard, Misses M. A. and A. R. Smith,
Miss Mary McCann, Mrs. J. E. Smith,
Mrs. B M. Smith, Mrs. A. Jette, Miss Lil
ian Jette and Miss Azilda Jette, all native
daughters except Mrs. Wengenroth. The
flagpole, SO feet high, was donated by Mr.
F. E. Osborne, a native son of 1861. Other
gentlemen assisting in various -depart
ments of the "work were: Heniy Zorn,
George G. Eberhard, Benjamin M. Smith,
James E. Smith, James E. Eldredge,
John Scollard (an old --veteran of the
Yakima war), Elwood-Abernethy, Guy V.
Abernethy, J. P. Eberhard, Alhert' Eber
hard, Henry Austin, Adolph Jette, Jr.,
Henry Goodell, Jack Tremewail, Frank
"Why aicLonghlln Selected Champoes
From time Immemorial, according to
information obtainable, from Indians and
through the early settlers of French
Prairie, the sandy tract lying along the
eastern bankof the Willamette known
among the Indians as "po-lal-la il-la-hee,"
on account ot the sandy nature of
the soil upon which the village of Cham
poeg was built, was the site of a great
Indian village or camp hence "Cham-po-ick,"
or "place of the camp, or, to
use the French word, "Campment du
Suble." This fact caused Dr. John Mc
Loughlln, chief factor of the company
at Vancouver, to select Champoeg as a
trading point, and hence the erection of
the store about 1830, at which the famous
meeting of May 2, 1843, was called. It
Is difficult to state who was the first
person to have charge of this store, but
it is believed that It was a confidential
clerk of Dr. McLoughlln by the name of
Angus MacDonald; at "least" he was in
charge In the year 1842, when Mr. Mat
thieu appeared on the scene, and re
mained for a number of years after
wards. He was succjgded ,bte a Mr. Gra-
f "name, 'who j;emalneWjCa-jge, closing
up -.xne company s Dusjness, unui ute
flood1 bf December, l8Slf
It 'Would be a matter 'of -greatt.interest
had there been a chronicler present at
the meeting of 58 years ago to describe
carefully the manner of dress of those
who were here assembled, In order to
contrast It with the style In vogue at this
time. Suffice it to say, "however, -It is
known that there was a great mixture.
Each person was a law to himself,' as to
the style of his dress. No ,white-shirted
persons "hlled rags," In the' vernacular
of the time were present, save the few
missionaries, and of these the ministers
only. The starched shirt was the badge
of distinction. The French settlers were
clothed in Hudson's Bay Company, stqffs,
calico shirts, brown corduroy and, mole
skin pants, with moccasins onthelr feet,
with soft, broad-brimmed,, black- felt
hats. The mountain men Americans
were mainly dressed In buckskin. Quits,
with ample fringes on the pants, andthe
same soft hats. The American settlers
were clad in the residue of the garments
they had left over from crossing the
plains altogether it was a motley crowd
a crowd which, If Its personnel could be
given with reasonable accuracy, and thfe
full significance of what has grown out
of that gathering of Incongruous ele
ments adequately portrayed, would give
a subject for a great historical painting.
Mr. Matthieu Honorary President.
At 12":20, Judge C. B. Bellinger, vice
president of the Oregon Historical So
ciety, called the meeting to order.1
F. X. Matthieu was elected honorary
president and Governor T. T. Geer ac
tive president Behind Mr. Matthieu was
seated Mrs. M. L. Myrlck, of Portlandi
granddaughter of Dr. John McLoughlln,
and behind Governor Geer sat Louis Le
Bonte, the oldest male natlve of Ore
gon of French-Canadian and Indian par
entage. Mr. Le Bonte was born "in As
toria in ISIS. Others on the platform were:
John Minto, of Salem; William M. Case,
of Champoeg; G. L. Rowland, of North
Yamhill; William Barlow, of Barlow.yson
of the owner of the old immigrant road;
Mre. Wiley Edwards, of "Newberg; J. H.
McMillen, of Portland: Mrs. Harriet K.
McArthur, of Portland, daughter, of ex
Senator Nesmlth; Asahel Bush, of Sa
lem; Secretary of State Dunbar; State
Treasurer Moore; R. S. MacEwan, of
Astoria; Mrs. H. W. Scott, of Portland;
Mrs C. A. Coburn, of Portland: Rev.
and Mrs. H. K. HInes; Rev. P. S. Knight;
W. S. Dunlway, of Portland; John Hoefer,
of Champoeg, one of the donors of the
site for the monument; Mrs. M. A. Ken
ady, of Woodburn; Mrs. H. B. Nicholas,
of Portland; Mrs. E. Eberhard, of Butte
vllle; Mrs. M. C. Howard, of "Newberg;
J. S. Vaughn, of. Buttevllle; Mrs. George
Myers, of Newberg; Mrs. Susan D. Mel
drum, of Oregon City, arid Marianne
Hupsaker D'Arcy, of Portland.
Relatives of the organizers ot the Pro
visional Government who were present
were: Mrs. J. K. Gill, of Portland,
daughter of Dr. W. H. Willson; Captain
J. H. D. Gray, of Astoria, son of W. H.
Gray; Rev. H. K. HInes, of Portland,
brother of Rev. Gustavus HInes; Mrs. J.
H. Albert, of Salem, daughter of Joseph
Holman; Fred A. Crawford, of Dayton,
eon of- Medorem Crawford; Mrs. E. W.
Cornell, of Portland, daughter of J. Jt
Robb, The children of Mr. Matthieu who
were present were: Mrs. Minnie Geer,
Mre. Clara Oulmette, Mrs. Rose Berge-
vin, Mrs. Arsena Burton, Mary, Charles,
Albert, Ernest, John and Lester Mat
thieu. Among the spectators were noticed the
following who came to Oregon In the per
iod of the Provisional Government or
were, born here:
1818 Louis Le Bonte, St Paul.
183S John B. Bcurjan.
1833 J. H. D. Gray, of Astoria; Silas H.
1840 F. 'Gfegolre, Gervais.
1844 J. C-fNelson. Newberg; Joshua Mc-
1845-Mrs.-1 C. M. Cartwrlght, Portland;
Mrs. S. M. McCown, Oregon City; B. F.
Hall, Woodburn; R. 'F. Cooley, . Wood
burn; H. Terwllllger. Portland: C C." Bo
zarth, Portland; W. Carey Johnson, Ore-
President's Visit to French
and Spanish Quarter.
GEREMQNY AT THE CABILD0
Address to Negro Students at the
Southern University Houston,
Tex., "Will Be Reached by
Party This Morning.
NEW ORLEANS, May 2. The day spent
In New Orleans will live long in the
memory of the President and the mem
bers of his party. In no other city In the
United States Is the old and romantic pre
served and placed In such sharp contrast
with the modern as in the Crescent City,
and today, as the Presidential party drove
through the flower-embowered city. from
the new into the old French and Spanish
quarter, it was like passing mysteriously
from America into a foreign land; from
this century into another that has gone.
And the illusion of the transition was
heightened by the interesting ceremonies
which occurred In the old Cablldo, the seat
of the government of the former Spanish
and Frehch rulers, which is jet preserved
In its original Integrity by the Louisiana
Historical Society. Roses were every
whereclimbing up the pillared porticos
and creeping over trellises and mingling
their perfume with that of the magnolia,
while the public squares thrilled with the
songs of semi-tropical birds. The entire
population apparently was out to see the
The President, accompanied by Gover
nor Heard and Mayor Capdeville, and es
corted by a detachment ot police, mount
ed, and the Lo'ulslana Cavalry Troop, left
the St. Charles Hotel at 9:20 and proceed
ed to the Southern University, an institu
tion for colored students, where he -a as
enthusiastically "received by the faculty
and students. As the -President entered
the grounds of the university he was
welcomed with "Hall to the Chief," sung
by a chorus of 1000 school children, and
accompanied by the students' orchestra.
Welcoming addresses were made by
George Alexis and Hernestlne M. The
ophlle, bright pupils of the school, and the
President responded. He said, addressing
the negro children:
"I am glad to know that all over the
South, where most of you dwell, the states
have provided Institutions of learning
where every boy and every girl can pre
pare themselves for usefulness and honor
under the Government in which he lives,
The thing today Is to,5be.pra.cticaL What
you want Is- to get education, and with it
you want good cheer, and with these you
want to foster Industry, and if you have
these three things, you will have success
any where" and everywhere. Godr Blees
Flve thousand liegroes-attended the re
ception, among. them the ,leadlrtg local
members of therafce. t . ' r
From the ' university "the party passed
across Canal and Rampart streets, the
boundarles.of the new city, info the old
town, with -Its narrow streets, its' quaint
galleried Tesidences, Its cathedrals, old
Spanish buildings and the French mar
ket, all with the flavor of another genera
tion and all now, unfortunately, going Into
to tho historic battle-field of Chalmette,
where the monument erected in memory
of the defeat of Pakenh'am by General
Jackson commands a view of the river.
A little further up and on the Algiers
side of the stream the Presidential party
had a good view of the preparations now
being made for the reception of the new
floating drydock, now in course of con
struction for the Government at Sparrow
The ladles of the party had remained
quietly at the hotel during the ceremonies
of the morning, only a few of them tak
ing a very quiet ride around the city, but
they participated in the river trip, and
At 6 o'clock tonight the Presidential
special reSumed its long journey to the
Pacific. Houston, Tex., will be reached
CAPITAL IN MEXICO
Chicago Money Will Develop
the Country's Resources.
TWENTY MILLIONS MAYBE USED
San Francisco will Explain to Them
the City's Needs.
SAN FRANCISCO. May 2. Joaquin
Baranda, ex-MInister of Justice of the
Republic of. Mexico, and Senor Jose Do
mlnguez Peon, a wealthy Mexican, will
be In the city when President McKinley
arrives, and are expected to be the bear
ers of a greeting from President Diaz to
the Chief Executive of this country.
A liberal appropriation has been made
by the cltfzens committee for the enter
tainment of Congressmen from the East,
who are expected here during the Presi
dent's visit All the needs of San Fran
cisco will be explained in such manner as
will redound to the benefit of this port in
future actions of the lawmakers at Wash
ington. The work of decorating the city
is progressing rapidly, and will be con
tinued until the arrival of the Presidential
WANTS LEAVE OF ABSENCE
President of Chile Embarrassed by
the Candidacy of a Relatl-ve.
VALPARAISO, Chile, May 2. President
Errazurlz has issued a decree in which
he declares that "Important personal mo
tives" prevent him from fulfilling his
constitutional function until after next
June. He explains in a letter directed to
the Governors of the provinces that in
view of the fact that Senor Jermaln
Riesco, a relative of his, is a candidate
for the Presidency, and because of the
disability Imposed upon the- President by
Republican principles when a relative
Is a candidate, he would send a message
to Congress soliciting leave, of absence
until June 25. It had been previously an
nounced that owing to Ill-health Presi
dent Errazurlz will turn over the Presi
dency of Chile to Prime Minister Zan
Financiers of the "Windy City Se
cure a Concession to Erect Bond
ed. Warehouses at Mexico
and Vera Crux..
CHICAGO, May 2. The Tribune tomor
row will say:
"Chicago capitalists and millions of
Chicago money are to develop the re
sources of Mexico until the Southern Re
public becomes one of the important fac
tors In the world's trade. Silver mines,
supplying two-thirds of the sliver of the
world; coal fields hundreds of miles In
extent; great reaches of Iron and other
ore lands, thousands of acres of cotton
seed and great grazing lands dotted with
cattle, are to be made the object of
the Impulse of Chicago money. As a first
step In this direction. John J. Mitchell
and Levi Z". Liter have been elected to
the directorate of the Mexican Central
"Bonded warehouses, heretofore un
known In the Republic, are to be erected
at the City of Mexico and at Vera Cruz.
Under present methods, the Mexican Im
porter Is compelled to pay duty on his
goods the moment they are landed. In
the United States, Imports may be stored
until they can most opportunely be re
alized on and disposed of. The con
cession under which these great ware
houses will be erected grants the rights
for 40 years. Into this enterprise alone it
Is estimated that from $4,000,000 to $3,000,000
of Chicago capital will be placed.
"Plans have been formulated for de
veloping the great Mexican Iron fields
at Durango and the coal deposits at Coa
huila. Railroad facilities are to be pro
vided where they are now lacking and
a total of $20,000,000 of money may repre
sent the expenditures before the work Is
President Salles' Meage.
RIO DE JANEIRO,, May 2. The mes
sage of President Campos Salles, at the
opening of the Brazilian Congress, May
3, will deal with the coffee question and
the ftnanpial crisis. Jt. will declare that
the government h&s absolutely refused to
authorize national loans and will affirm
the intention of the treasury to resume
gold payments, within the period ar
ranged with Great Britain, and to pro
vide a reserve of 4,000,0CO to guarantee
future years. It will also advise the con
struction -of a port at Rio Janeiro by
state-aided private enterprise.
The linlster of the Navy has given an
Order fdr the construction of a subma
rine boat, lnvertted by Jacinto Jones, an
engineer In the Brazilian Navy.
fContlnnpf" on Fourth PaiwO
At the Old Cablldo.
There was. a striking picture when tho
party drew up before the mouldering Ca
blldo, over 150 years old, which Is situated
opposite what is now called Jackson
Square, but which, In the old days, was
the place d'armes, where Spanish Gener
als formerly drilled their soldiers. Around
the encircling streets the balconies were
thronged, and down in the square were
acres of people. " Many races were repre
sented, but the foreigners were mostly
French and Italians. Those In the outer
edges of the crowd stood with. their faces
pressed against the high Iron railings
which inclose the park. Many people
were perched -in' the trees. The French
tricolor and several other strange flags,
among them the red," white and green
banner 'of Portugal. Were Interspersed
with American flags ln the decorations.
Drawn up In line before the historic old
building were the young cadets from the
Jesuit College, and up the. winding stair
way at the entrance of the. building were
ranged a file of the Continental Guards,
a local organization, in the buff and blue
ot the Revolutionary era, wearing cock
ades and white crossed belts with the fig
ures " '76" on their shining brass plates.
As the President alighted a squad of the
cadets blew a fanfare on their French
trumpets, the Louisiana Field , Artillery
firedi a salute of 21 guns, and the bells of
the Cathedral and all the.churchesln the
quarter pealed out their welcome 'greet
ing. It was an inspiring moment. Up the
stairway past the Continental Guards the
President and his party mounted into the
crimson-draped audience chamber, where
the exercise took place. As In a dream
the visitors were carried hack to the days
long ago whem Governors ot Spanish
Kings ruled here, and to that memora
ble day, almost a century ago, when tho
keys of the City of New Orleans were
delivered up in 'this very room to Wilkin
son and Claiborne, the American commis
sioners, and French domain over the1 great
I Louisiana Territory passed to the sover
eignty of the united states.
" Alcee Fortler, a distinguished Creole,
who Is president of the Louisiana Histori
cal Society, recalled lhese great events m
his address to the President, and the Pres
ident, In his response dwelt upon their
momentous bearing upon the world's his
tory. It was a notable speech, and was
received with enthusiasm by .the distin
guished gathering present The President
spoke as follows:
"I rise only for the purpose of making
acknowledgment to the Louisiana His
torical Society for Its cordial and generoun
welcome to this historic place. It has
been a great honor to be received here by
the Governor of this great commonwealth.
by the Chief Justice and his associates
of Its highest court, by the Mayor ot the
city, to this place, memorable not only la
American annals, but In the annals of the
world. I am glad to stand near by where
that great transaction took place which
transferred the Louisiana Territory to the
flag of the stars, a transaction which
changed the map of the world and made
this Union what It now isthe strongest
and the freest Nation on the face bt the
When he had concluded, the President
appeared on the balcony to show himself
to the waiting thousands outside. The ca
dets below presented arms and the squar?
and the buildings surrounding it fluttered
With handkerchiefs ana flags, -while the
all, was torn by the hoaree roar of the
shouts of the multitude.
The party then returned to the hotel for
luncheon, and In the afternoon embarked
on a Mississippi River steamboat for a
triD along the front from Audubon Park
New Chilean Cabinet.
VALPARAISO. Chile, May 2. The new
Chilean Cabinet Is as follows: Minister
of the Interior, Anlbal Zenartu; Minister
of Foreign , Affairs, Luis M. Rodriguez;
Minister of Finance, Juan L. San Fuentes;
Minister of Justice and Public Education.
Ramon Escobar; Minister of War and
Navy, General Wejceslao Bulnes; Minis
ter of Industry and Public Works, Joaquin
CHINESE FAMINE SUFFERERS
New Peruvian Tariff.
LIMA, Peru, May 2 (via Galveston).
The Peruvian Government has granted in
part the petition of the merchants re
specting the application of the new cus
toms tariff which went into force yes
terday. Goods on board ships that have
touched any Peruvian ports up to and
including April 29; are to be subjected to
the old tariffs.
Comet Seen In Chile.
SANTIAGO DE CHILE, May 2. A
brilliant comet was seen soon after "sun
set this evening In the western sky.
Minister Conger Approver the Chris
tian Herald's! Plan.
DES MOINES, la., May 2. Minister
Conger today received messages from a
New York paper asking his co-operation
in giving relief to the starving millions ot
Northern China. Hl3 telegram in reply
"The Christian Herald, New York:
Your telegram received, The suffering of
the famine-stricken people in Shan SI '3
indescribable. Your plan of relief is tho
best. Put the matter In the hands- of tho
Consuls at Shanghai and Tien Tsin, and
the heads of the missions there. The
Chinese Government and people will be
grateful, the demands of humanity will
be answered, and future good will result.
I send by letter $100. E. H. CONGER."
"Prince Chlng told me only two dajs
before I left Pekln," said Minister Con
ger, "that these people were literally eat
ing each other. They have eaten every
blade of grass, every bit of bark every
thing, in fact, that can be eaten In that
province. Nothing has been- raised there
for two years, and unless relief is given,
many, many thousands must perish."
Mr. Conger will go East Monday to be,
gone about two weeks.
THE DEATH ROtL.
CHICAGO. May 2. Mother Ascension,
the last of the early pioneers at Notre
Dame, Ind., died at St. Mary's Academy.
last night Born in France In 1826, she
came to Notre Dame in. 1845, one year
after Father Sonn. the founder. She was
a famous character, and known In- every
part of the United States. For the last 30
years she had been known as the Mother
of the Missions at Bengal, on. account of
her great works of charity.
INGOT MOLD COMBINE.
Promises to Keep Prices So Low as
to Thwart All Competition;
PITTSBURG, May 2. The combination
x)f Ingot mold manufacturers Was effected
today, and the American Ingot Mold Com
pany, which will control the manufacture
In the Pittsburg district, was organized.
Two plants are to be closed, and the ca
pacity narrowed from 150,000 tons, per year
to 100,000 tons, which is in the neighbor
hood of the demand. The officials say
they expect to keep prices so low that
competition from, all sources will be
The Clear Trust.
NEW YORK, May 2. It Is announced,
says a special to the Times from Tampa,
Fla., that the negotiations which have
been pending for three months between
the American Cigar Company, a branch
of the American Tobacco Company, and
the Havana - American Cigar Company,
owning the largest clear Havana factories
in the United States, have been complet
ed In Tampa; All the factories of the
latter company will pass into the posses
sion of the tobacco combine. The Havana-American
Company Is a recently
formed consolidation. It owns clear Ha
vana cigar factories at Havana, Key
West, Chicago, New Orleans, New Y"ork
and Blnghamton, N. Y. It is capitalized
at $10,000,000. The parties to the deal re
fuse to state the purchase figure. The
result ot this acquisition will be to give to
the combination the controL' of a large
share of the Havana cigar output
Straw Hajt Trust. .
NEW YORK. "May 2. The Tribune says:
"A scheme Is on foot to combine the
straw hat manufacturing establishments
of New York, and Baltimore. The new
concern Is to be known as the American
Straw Hat Manufacturing Company, and
should the present plans be perfected, it
will be Incorporated under the laws of
New Jersey, with a capital stock of $12
000.000. Eighteen firms, according to the
plans, will be Included, 15 of themln this
city and three In Baltimore. f
Greatest In the World.
" WHEELING, W. Va., May 2. The di
rectors of the American Sheet Steel Com
pany have authorized. Improvements at
the Aetna standard plant, at Bridgeport,
O.. that will make it the greatest sheet
mill In the world. The present plant em
ploys about 3500 hands, but the addition
to be built will be almost if not alto
gether as large,' and will cost $1,500,000.
Mother of Ira D. Snnkey.
NEWCASTLE, Pa., May 2. Mrs. Mary
Sankey, mother of Ira D. Sankey,. the
evangelist and singer, died at her home
In this city today, aged SO years.
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT NEWS".
The American claim for Indemnity is $18,000.-
00O. Page- 2.
The Ministers at Pekln object to the tone ot
Von "Waldersee's letter. Page 2.
Russians lost 60 la the fighting- near Mukden.
Chicago capital will, develop the resources o
Mexico. Pago 1.
The debate on. the coal tax began In the House
of Commons. Page S.
The Secretary of the Japanese Legation at
Washington explains the financial situation
In Japan. Page 2.
All the Japanese Ministers but one resigned.
President McKinley visited the old French and,
Spanish quarter of New Orleans. Page 1.
The Harrlman and Gould interests are fighting
the Vanderbllta. Page 3.
In the Northwest League, Spokane defeated
Portland and Seattle won from Tacoma.
Commissioner of Land Office approved applica
tions to graze 123,200 sheep on Cascade for
est reserve. Page 10.
Another Stanford professor has resigned.
State monument to the organizers of the Pro
visional Government unveiled at Champoeg;.
April clean-up of Bonanza mine In Eastern
Oregon amounted to $83,000. Page 10.
Washington compulsory educational law de
clared unconstitutional by Supreme Court.
Surveyors begin work on railroad from "Wash-
ougal mining district to Washington town
of same name. Page 10.
Marine and Commercials r
Three German ships arrive after a close race
from Yokohama. Page 8.
Difficulties in securing a wheat cargo 'at Ta
coma. Page 8
Phillips, the corn king, la tightening his grip
on the May option. Page IX.
Union Pacific and Atchison the features of tha
stock market. Page 11.
Board of Trade recowmends the Brazee tract
above St Johns forKJilrj'doofc. Page 8.
Ground broken for Good Samaritan Hospital
Nurses' Home. Pa?e T.
Bicycle license must be paid at the SherlC"
office, not to collectors. Page IX