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THE MCTRNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY. MARCH 8, 1901.
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TODAY'S WEATHER. Partly cloudy to
rloudy, -with occasional showers; southerly
PORTLAND, FRIDAY, MARCH 8, lOOl
Alaska has ceased to be a mysterious
land at the end of the rainbow. It has
come to be a country of industrial pos
sibilities. Imperfectly known, it is true,
but still a tangible, substantial quan
tity to be reckoned with very much
as the rest of the world is. The idea
that men and women had only to go to
Alaska to get all the gold they could
carry home has largely been outgrown,
and most people now regard it as it is,
a wild and rugged country of rigorous
climate, and with few of the refine
ments of civilization. That it has great
natural wealth in minerals and in fish
eries is not to be denied; but It Is foily
to expect all who go there to get rich.
A sober, steady, hardy, persevering
man willing to do hard work will stand
a good show for success in Alaska, as
he will elsewhere in the world. The
adventurer, the ne'er-do-well, the man
who Is possessed of the notion that the
world owes him a living, the gambler
and soldier of fortune, will also hold his
relative position in Alaska. The law
lessness that often accompanies the
swift growth of new communities may
be expected there. Hardship Is sure to
come to most of those who go; perhaps
it would come to them if they remained
at home. All this being conceded, the
rush to Cape Nome can only be ex
plained on the theory that general pros
perity enables people to gratify their
desire for new experiences, and, per
haps, warrants the taking of chances
in the new land. This year's rush to
the north, however, is sure to be saner
than those that have preceded it, ahd
more substantial general results may
The world has heard much of Walla
Walla. It Is a mellifluent, soothing,
musical name, and It has been carried
to the ends of the earth. First it sang
a siren song of gold when many, many
thousands of grimy men tramped over
che plains to the Salmon River diggings
of Idaho, stopping at "Walla "Walla as
the last supply point, the last outpost
of civilization. Some of the stories of
those days might lead to the inference
that It was beyond the limits of civil
ization. But it flourished, and its fame
spread apace. As first Impressions arc
lasting, the world has not connected
the name of "Walla Walla with Puri
tanic prudery. Rather it has stood for
a hilarious good time. But the glamor
of ancient glory Is fading from "Walla
"Walla. "Tex" Arberry died the other
day, and now the City Council proposes
to oppress the dispenser of liquid nour
ishment liquor is nourishment in
Walla Walla by exacting a license fee
of $1000, whereas the modest figure of
$350 has prevailed heretofore. It is
painful to contemplate the possible re
sults of such an act. Walla Walla
without opportunities for adder-stinging
or serpent-biting is not to be
thought of. In Walla Walla 5350 is
nothing a stack of white chips, a tri
fling wager. But $1000 is another mat
ter, and may change the character and
the sparkling fame of the town. But
If the old glory shall pass, Walla
Walla will live In history, in poetry, in
fable and in fact. Moreover, Walla
Walla as a fact is very much more im
portant than Walla Walla as a mem
ory, however blessed. And it will not
die, even if it has to raise the price of
German commercial interests have
increased rapidly In Central America
in recent years. United States Consul
Deldrlch, at Bremen, in this connection
calls attention to the fact that Ger
many has just appointed its first sala
ried Consul to that part of the West
ern Hemisphere, accrediting him to the
State of Nicaragua. Besides this sal
aried Consul, there are In Central
America fifteen other Consuls, Vice-
Consuls and Consular Agents,, whose
duty it is to look after the Interests of
at least 4000 German residents and
business firms in that region. Accord
ing to official statements, the German
interests, chiefly in Nicaragua, Guate
mala and Costa Rica, as represented by
banking, industrial and business enter
prises, aggregate in value $59,500,000.
Through these agencies, not only all
the business between Germany and
Central America is transacted, but most
of the trade between the latter and
England and California is controlled by
the same means. In addition to this,
German plantations and farms occupy
more than 742,000 acres, on which are
planted 20,000,000 coffee trees. The trade
between the two countries runs be
tween $7,140,000 and $11,900,000 annu
ally. In view of all this, and in con
junction with the fact that Nicaragua
has been selected as the German trade
center because the Isthmian Canal will
eventually make that country most Im
portant to all the great powers of the
world, German sagacity may be said to
have scored a good point In securing a
foothold for German trade In Central
America. Certainly the reorganization
of the German Consular service in that
country is a significant step, indicating
the possibility that the Monroe Doc
trine may be circumvented in spirit, if
not abrogated in fact, by German In
dustrial and trade methods.
PRESIDENT HIS OW.V PREMIER.
John Hay is again confirmed as Sec
retary of State, and is nominally the
head of the President's Cabinet. The
failure of the Hay-Pauncefote treaty
to pass the Senate except in an amend
ed form, and the present disposition
promptly to abrogate the Clayton-Bul-wer
treaty, is a fresh illustration of
the decreasing Influence and conse
quence of the Secretary of State. While
few intelligent, fair-minded men sym
pathize with Senator Morgan's bully
ing clack about Great Britain, nev
ertheless there is no doubt that the
majority of both parties were dissatis
fied with the Hay-Pauncefote treaty
and believe that the shortest road to
the construction of the Nicaragua Canal
is the prompt abrogation of the Clay-ton-Bulwer
treaty which has survived
its usefulness and has been violated re
peatedly by Great Britain.
The time has been when the Secre
tary of State and our Minister to Eng
land were very influential persons In
our International politics, but that time
is long past. Since the days of Secre
tary Fish under Grant's Administration
no Secretary of State can be said to
have been a commanding flgure in our
International' politics. This fact Is due
something to the change of modern life
through ocean cables and swift trans
Atlantic navigation which has placed
the public in such close communication
with Europe that neither our Minister
to England nor our Secretary of State
fills so large a field of statesmanship as
formerly. Even in the first half-century
of our National life our Secretary
of State was never a distinct command
ing diplomatic force in our Interna
tional politics as was Lord Salisbury
when at the head of the English For
eign Office. The truth is that whenever
we have had a strong President, like
Washington, Lincoln or Jackson, the
real diplomatic force behind the treaty
was the President. It was the personal
Influence of Washington that forced the
Jay treaty through a sullen, reluctant
Senate; Jackson, not his Secretary, Liv
ingston, was the diplomatic force be
hind our treaty-making with France.
With a mediocre President a strong
Secretary of State became a person of
Increased consequence. John Quincy
Adams was the diplomatic brains of
the mediocre Monroe's Administration;
Webster and Calhoun stood for genuine
diplomatic force in the Administration
of Tyler; Webster was to Fillmore's
Administration a commanding figure In
National diplomacy, as was Marcy to
the Administration of President Pierce.
These great Secretaries had seen long
service in Congress, were possessed of
wide political acquaintance, and justly
commanded the confidence of the coun
try. How completely a strong President
becomes the real diplomatic force
rather than the Secretary of State is
Illustrated by President Lincoln, who
was so masterful a man that not even
so astute and accomplished a politi
cian as Secretary Seward was permit
ted to dictate and design our diplo
matic policy In foreign affairs. Partial
biographers and panegyrists of Seward
have attempted to credit him with the
brightest glory of Lincoln's Adminis
tration of foreign affairs, but the record
shows that Lincoln more than once In
stantly overruled Seward's insane pol
icy, for Seward, among other things,
wanted Lincoln to abandon Sumter,
and urged declaration of war against
France and Spain. Lincoln did not
urge declaration of war against France
and Spain, but he thenceforth rewrote
Seward's foreign dispatches of conse
quence with his own hand. So long as
Lincoln lived he w.s the vital force of
our International diplomacy, but as
soon as Lincoln was dead Seward held
the helm with a weak hand.
When Grant sent Sheridan to the Rio
Grande in May, 1SC5, Sheridan found
that a quantity of Confederate muni
tions of war had been turned over by the
ex-Confederates to the Imperialist com
mander at Matamoras. Sheridan de
manded their return, and, had he not
been prevented by Secretary Seward,
would have crossed the boundary with
his well-appointed army of 50,000 veter
ans and put the patriot cause under
Juarez on Its feet. As it was, owing to
Seward's temporizing when the day of
temporizing was over, Sheridan had to
content himself with leaving large sup
plies of arms and ammunition at con
venient places on our side of the river to
fall Into the hands of the Mexican patri
ots under General Escobedo. During the
Winter and Spring of 186G Sheridan
thus covertly supplied the Mexicans
with 30,000 muskets and ammunition.
It was not until January, 1867, that the
French were ordered by Napoleon III
to evacuate Mexico, and Sheridan In his
"Memoirs" declares that he doubts
whether such a result could have been
achieved except for the presence and
support of the American Army on the
Rio Grande, sent there, in the words of
Grant, because the French invasion of
Mexico was so closely related to the
war against the Union as to be essen
tially part of It. Thus after Lincoln
was shot. Grant and Sheridan, despite
the timid temporizing of Seward, ena
bled the Mexicans to make such head
against the French that Napoleon III
called home his army of invasion and
left Maximilian to his fate.
Lincoln never would have hesitated
to support Grant and Sheridan in their
demand for the Confederate munitions
of war turned over to the imperial
commander at Matamoras; Sheridan
would not have been obliged to smuggle
help to the Mexican patriots and leave
a French army in Mexico nearly twenty
months after our Civil War had closed,
when we had a splendid army of 50,
000 veteran Union soldiers on the Rio
Grande, chafing for a chance to cross
the river and tumble the French forth
with out of Mexico. Lincoln's death
proved that he, not Seward, was our
diplomatic aggressive force. By narrow-minded
men like President Johnson
Seward was allowed to dilly-dally
with France, and so It has always been
In our history: the Secretary of State
to accomplish anything must either
command the confidence of Congress or
the President must command it. Sec
retary Hay is a man of excellent diplo
matic training, but he has never had
any political experience. During the
worst crisis of the Chinese outbreak
the real diplomatic brains of the Cabi
net were the President and the Secre
tary of "War. Mr. Hay is a good man,
but he is not Mr. Fish; he cannot nego
tiate a treaty on a vexed subject that
will stand fire in the Senate.
INJUSTICE ENDS IN ANARCHY.
There are signs of better things at
the South. Last month Judge Candler,
at Fairburn, Ga., sentenced Pegram
Cochran, one of the members of a band
of Whltecappers who shot and killed
Sterling Thompson, a negro, to the
Penitentiary for life, and the Governor
and courts of South Carolina are evi
dently determined to probe the stock
ade scandal in Anderson County to the
bottom and place on trial the persons
who are responsible for placing inno
cent negroes in the chains of Illegal
servitude. An ignorant, non-criminal
negro was put in a convict's stockade
and worked like a convict without due
process of law. He was under no sen
tence of the court; he had not been
tried, and yet he was guarded like a
convict, made to labor like a
convict and treated in all respects like
a convict. The testimony showed that
this poor, Ignorant colored man had
been arrested on some trumped-up
charge, and, without being taken into
court, was hurried off to a stockade,
where he was held under a binding con
tract to labor like a convict The ne
gro tried to escape, and was shot down
as a felon might be shot down trying to
escape under the sentence of the law.
On the samp farm eighteen other col
ored men were held under virtual slav
ery, and this system has existed for
some time in Anderson County. The
form of illegal contract under which
these colored laborers are held and to
which their nominal consent is gained
by force and fraud,, subjects them to a
state worse than slavery.
The Governor of South Carolina de
nounces this state of affairs as worse
than lynching, and says that he will
conduct an investigation himself, re
gardless of cost, if the law officers fall
to do their duty. Another sign of bet
ter things at the South is the fact that
this exposure of this outrage is due to
the Anderson Mall, which has not hes
itated to denounce the system and the
nefarious traffic it implies at what
must have been a serious personal and
pecuniary risk to the editor. The An
derson Mail and the Columbia State
agree that the infamous system of leas
ing negro convicts Is at the bottom of
this whole dreadful business. These
Journals are right; the convict lease
system is a frightful abuse at the
South. It was eloquently denounced
years ago by the gallant and accom
plished Colonel Allston, of Georgia,
whose courage and humanity cost him
his life, for he was shot to death in the
Governor's room by a miscreant named
Cox, who was Interested in the perpet
uation of the convict lease system.
The popular Insurrection against this
successful attempt to reduce ignorant
negroes to a state of illegal servitude
Is a sign of better things at the South.
Of course, If wealthy men are permit
ted to reduce Ignorant negroes who are
without friends to a state of Illegal
servitude, why, the next step will be
the enslavement of friendless, Ignorant,
poor whites, and so It will be with this
lynching habit if it goes unchecked;
every man who is weak or friendless
will be robbed or his fundamental
rights, which require that he shall not
be deprived of life, liberty or property
without due process of law. If the mob
may take a black man's life or lib
erty or property without due process of
law, the mob will soon learn to take
any presumptively weakf worthless,
friendless white man's life, liberty or
property without due process, and the
ultimate is a state of society In which
the only query Is not What are a man's
legal rights, but can he be murdered or
robbed of liberty and property with
A'ATIOXALIZATION OP THE STATE
An article under the foregoing head,
written by General Thomas M. Ander
son, in the current number of the
Forum, bears the unmistakable stamp
of the soldier conversant with his
topic. Quoting Sir Charles Napier as
authority for the statement that the
English people were "warlike but not
military," General Anderson asks:
"Are we as a nation either military
Proceeding with the answer to this
question, he says: "We have shown
ourselves belligerent at times, and
capable of heroic endeavor. Neverthe
less, we are a peaceably disposed peo
ple, and only take up the sword when
no other alternative is left us." He
sees as a reason why we find It so hard
to decide how large an Army we re
quire that a large proportion of our
people do not recognize the need of
any Army at all. They try to persuade
themselves that we shall never have
another rebellion or another war. Too
patriotic to wish the country to be with
out any resource in such a contin
gency, they yet know nothing of mod
ern military methods, and cling to the
belief that a volunteer force, called out
when required. Is sufficient for any
emergency. Either this must be a cor
rect view or we, as a Nation, must
trust to luck to meet the always pos
sible shock of war.
The latter contingency no soldier of
experience is willing to face. Luck Is
not a factor In military tactics, though
it has occasionally served an army
when In stress. And since popular
opinion seems to be strongly opposed
to the creation of an Army of the
strength and organization believed by
most military men to be prudent, If not
necessary. General Anderson suggests a
soldier supply system, so to speak, sim
ilar to that of the Swiss, Swedes and
Canadians that is, a permanent staff,
controlling a well-organized, instructed
and equipped militia. This he concedes
Is very far from being an ideal method,
yet he believes that an unscientific
system carried out heartily and in good
faith would be better than a system
which, though better in the abstract, is
unpopular and not In accord with what
Is figuratively termed "the genius of
The first drawback to absolute de
pendence upon the placing of volun
teers in the field to meet a sudden
emergency is, according to General An
derson's estimate, "tardiness In mobili
zation." For example, the war with
Spain was declared April 21, 1S98. The
first expedition that sailed to the Phil
ippines left San Francisco May 25 one
month and four days later. This ex
pedition consisted of five companies of
regulars and two fulL regiments of vol
unteers, and went without a single field
gun, horse, mule, wagon or cart. Two
expedltioqs followed within a month,
bringing the American force up to 11,000
men, but it was wholly without trans
portation except such as could, be se
cured upon the Islands, and Manila was
not attacked until August 13, nearly
four months after war was declared.
And, although Admiral Dewey reported
that he could have taken Manila at any
time after the destruction of the Span
ish fleet, General Anderson, In his
contention for an efficient land force
declares that neither our fleet nor any
other fleet could have taken Manila had
that city been courageously defended
Every man to his vocation. Admiral
Dewey is a sailor. General Anderson a
soldier, and each is no doubt sincere
in his estimate upon this point; yet
when the latter supports his view with
the statement that "the walls of Ma
nila are of the heaviest masonry, and
the waters of the bay are too shallow
for heavy vessels of war to go within
breaching distance," it may be conceded
that his point is well taken.
Pursuing his contention farther, Gen
eral Anderson cites that General Shat
ter's expedition landed at Santiago two
months after war was declared, and
that only three volunteer regiments en
tered Into that expedition. The conclu
sion, that "this kind of mobilization
would be too slow for either offensive
or defensive warfare against a first
class power" is clearly well based. In
the view of the writer
An Ideal system under a Republican form of
government is a standing army large enough
for Immediate need, linked with a reserve force
of citizen soldiery. The artillery and cavalry
should be permanent. They cannot be Impro
vised, and no intermittent system of training
can make or keep them efficient. The infantry
should be localized, and their depot battalion
linked, for purposes of drill and Instruction,
with local organizations.
Concluding, he says:
The objections to bur militia and volunteer
systems as they stand are: State control. In
adequate appropriations, the election of of
ficers, insufficient theoretical and practical
training, and the lack of a co-ordinating con
trol by the General Government. If these ob
jections could be eliminated. It would seem
possible, by a judicious combination of our
regular and volunteer establishments, to
create a military system which would be both
popular and effective.
Lest the assembled sheepmen at Pen
dleton should finish their convention
and depart for their homes under the
conviction that the sheep Industry con
stitutes the livestock business of Ore
gon, a number of horseralsers got up
an impromptu parade of blood stock,
displaying to the very best advantage
the fine points of fifty-odd high-bred
horses. The cattlemen could also bring
conclusive evidence to prove that the
Oregon ranges do not belong to any one
branch of the livestock industry, and
that the rights of all should be consid
ered. There is room for all if due con
sideration be shown to each, and a fair
understanding between those engaged
in different branches of stockralslng
should secure this and put a stop to
war upon the horsemen by the cattle
men, and vice versa, and of both upon
Rear-Admiral Barker, United States
Navy, a very warm friend and Admirer
of Admiral Sampson, totally dissents
from his views in regard to the promo
tion of warrant officers in the Navy.
Admiral Barker among other things
For myself, I believe that ability and Integ
rity should be the only standards in Judging
men for promotion In the Navy. Of course,
I do not want to be drawn Into any contro
versy. The Navy. In my estimation, exists for
business, not for social ends, and capable men
should get promotion. In the Marine Corps
non-commissioned officers have been commis
sioned since the war, and harmonious relations
exist between them and the other officers. It
Is the man, nor his social qualifications, that
counts in this Republic and all men In the
service should be eligible for promotion, pro
vided their ability Is satisfactory.
Seems as if we are getting uncom
fortably close to the British aristocracy.
An Oregon girl, born and bred, might
have been Duchess of Manchester but
for the trifling fact that the Duke met
an Ohio girl who was heiress to mil
lions, changed his mind and became the
son-in-law of Papa Zimmerman, of the
Buckeye pork metropolis. His Grace
of Manchester is said to have looked
"worried" when he stepped from the
train at the London station a day or
two ago. Too bad. He should not al
low trifles to ruffle his ducal spirits.
If Miss Portia Knight shall win her
breach of promise suit against him,
obliging Papa Zimmerman will no
doubt satisfy the judgment.
Many persons will view with deep
regret the malfeasance of Charles N.
Scott, treasurer of the Trinity Church
fund. It is inconceivable that any man
of sober habits and business sense
should do a thing of this sort. Expos
ure, when the sums handled are rela
tively small and liable to be drawn
upon at any time to meet the current
or contingent expenses of the church,
could only be a matter of a few months,
and its results could be nothing less
than disgrace and disaster. Mental un
balance Is the only solution yet offered
for this misappropriation of what was
distinctively a trust fund in the hands
of this defaulter, and thus is by no
means a satisfactory solution.
Canada need not be surprised to find
her greatest industries controlled In the
United States. This country has long
exerted a greater Influence in Canada
than has Great Britain, not, of course,
governmental, but industrial and so
cial. American capitalists are also
branching out in the United Kingdom
going to the very heart of London ac
tivities. The world 13 likely to wake up
some day and find the enterprising
Yankde to be its .sole proprietor.
J. J. Hill Is, it is said, preparing to
fight the steel trust. What manner of
weapons he will use to puncture this
more than rock-ribbed body can only
be as yet surmised. The country can
only hope that this gigantic combina
tion has found in the sagacious and
aggressive railroad operator an oppo
nent worthy of Its steel.
Seattle appears to have over-reached
herself In the matter of bidding for
Government favors In competition with
Tacoma. Exposure of her methods was
enough to defeat her purpose. The idea
that the whole world is not a mere tail
to the Seattle kite seems to be sprout
ing. A fellow over in Tacoma has chosen
Chehalis as the base of a good story of
subterranean mystery. It is to be
feared that the explanation of this will
be much like that offered In another
similar case: The boy lied.
OREGON HORTICULTURAL REPORT
Oregon may safely lay claim to the
honor of having published this year the
most comprehensive and instructive re
port that has ever come from a State
Board of Horticulture. Oregon's Com
missioners are men of practical experience
In frultralsing. They are progressive,
and the work they are doing for them
selves and fellow orchardlsts is reflected
In the large and handsomely printed and
illustrated volume which Is now ready
for distribution. The book contains the
horticultural laws, quarantine regulations,
the reports of President Smith and the
several Commissioners and recommenda
tions for successful spraying. Among the
many views none is so suggestive of Or
egon's adaptation to fruitgrowing as that
of the two-mile boulevard through an
apple orchard in the so-called desert land
near Ontario. Another strong one is
that of the prune orchard near Cove,
whose 625 eight-year trees produced 44
tons of fruit.
Especially valuable to the horticulturist
is the appendix of 300 pages treating of
horticulture in all Its aspects. The ar
ticles are from the pens of authorities
men like Dr. J. R. Cardwell, John Mlnto,
G. B. Brackett, the United States po
mologlst, H. B. Miller and many others.
Never have the diseases which Infest the
orchard been so amply described and Il
lustrated. Writers of scientific and prac
tical knowledge treat of the codling moth.
apple plant louse, woolly aphis of the
apple, fruit-tree bark beetle, larger apple
tree borer, oyster shell scale, pear-leaf
mite, clover mite, San Jose scale, red
spider, peach-tree borer, bud moth, peach
twig moth, black aphis of the peach,
plum aphis, pear slug, hop-plant louse,
apple-tree anthracnose, brown spot of
the apple, pear blight, pear scab, and
brown rot. The concluding article Is
"The Forest Resources of Oregon," by
Martin W. Gorman.
The credit for the wide range of sub
jects In the report and Its topical method
of arrangement! Is due to Mr. Henry
E. Dosch, secretary of the State Board
of Horticulture. The Intent of the board
was to Issue a report that would ac
quaint all fruitgrowers with Oregon laws
and leave no excuse to any for non
compliance with regulations or neglect
of his trees to the detriment of the
painstaking orchardist. Colonel Dosch
has met all expectations and the volume
which has come from his hands will be
appreciated by the friends of the fruit
the Senate Investigate Clark.
The interests of decent politics and
clean government demand a thorough
and fearless Investigation of the meth
ods by which William A. Clark, of Mon
tana, again secured a seat in the Uiftted
States Senate. To admit Clark without
an exhaustive overhauling of the charges
of bribery now preferred against him
would be an affront to public intelligence
and an advertisement to the world that
the United States Senate was no longer
disposed to scrutinize the credentials of
its members, even though tarnished with
the gravest allegations of dishonor. .
There are many who believe that a
nun once convicted of corrupt practices
in an election should not be admitted to
the Unted States Senate, no matter how
regular may have been his subsequent
campaign and election methods. Mr.
Clark was found guilty of corrupt prac
tices In securing an election to the Sen
ate a year ago by the Senate committee
on privileges and elections. His vacation
of the seat and flight was a virtual con
fession of guilt, and fixed a stigma upon
his name that cannot be effaced by any
subsequent triumph in the State Legis
lature of his state. His deliberate viola
tion of the Montana statute requiring
that returns should be made of com
palgn expenditures Is of Itself sufficient
Justification for a Senatorial Inquiry.
Direct charges have been filed with the
Senate committee by a citizen of Helena,
Mont., alleging that Clark expended
more than $200,000 In his campaign. The
charges are accompanied by definite
specifications giving the amounts ex
pended in certain counties to secure the
election of Clark candidates to the Leg
islature. With these charges Is an official
notice of Intention to contest Mr. Clark's
right to a seat in the Senate.
In a speech In the Senate on Saturday
night Senator Chandler presented a
statement In which he estimated Clark's
aggregate expenditures In his Senatorial
campaign at $2.059,S30. of which J1.000.0X)
was spent in corrupting voters before the
last November election.
The Senate cannot afford to Ignore
charges of such a character. When Mr.
Clark presents himself to take the oath
of office today Vice-President Roosevelt
should tell him to step aside to await
Senatorial Inquiry. If Clark is Innocent
of these charges let him prove It.
A Triumph, of MlHrnle.
New York Mall and Express.
There has never been a more brazen ex
hibition of Matthew Stanley Quay's ma
lign Influence as a party boss or a more
extreme Illustration of a vicious denial
of home rule than appears in the enact
ment by the Pennsylvania Legislature of
what Is known as the "Ripper bill." This
measure Is ostensibly designed to provide
new charters for three of the largest
cities In tho state, Pittsburg, Allegheny
and Scranton. But It was prepared by
Quay's henchmen, It was enacted by
Quay's Legislature, It will be signed by
Quay's Governor, and Its real purpose Is
to punish Quay's enemies in three com
munities where there Is a nowerful. re
spectable and fearless opposition to Quay
The "Ripper b'lll" abolishes the present
municipal government In the three cities
mentioned and provides that until new
charters are adopted the chief executive
officer In each shall be a Recorder to bo
appointed by the Governor. The Legisla
ture of Pennsylvania meets once every
two years, unless assembled In extra ses
sion to do something for Mr. Quay. It
will be seen, therefore, that for the next
two years the principles of home rule and
local self-government will be virtually sus
pended In Pittsburg, Allegheny and Scran
ton, and that the affairs of those cities
will be directed by politicians with or
ders to crush Quay's foes and strengthen
the Quay machine.
We are asked to sympathize with the
unfortunate Finns whose political rights
have been destroyed by the Czar. What
about a little sympathy for the people of
three great cities of Pennsylvania whose
right of self-rule has been nullified by the
Some of Evart's Mots.
"While Hayes was in the White House,"
remarked Mr. Evarts, "water at his din
ners flowed like champagne." Another
made In an elevator crowded with can
didates for foreign apolntment: "This
Is the largest collection for foreign mis
sions I ever saw." Still another, at a
restaurant: "You can always tell the
difference between a red-headed duck
and a canvasback duck by the length of
the bill." One more: "Washington threw
a dollar across the Rappahannock and a
sovereign across the Atlantic." And
again: "The French doctors tell me I
must not read, I must not write, I must
not think. All I can do Is to make
speeches in the Senate of the United
States." And this one: "No; It is not the
different wines which trouble me, but
the indifferent ones." Also this, to a
young man after an able speech: "Al
though you have laurels on your brows
do not think you can browse on your
laurels." But he sometimes got as good
as he gave. After he left public life,
his cousin. Senator Hoar, and he feigned
a dispute as to which should precede the
other at a social function. Said Hoar,
"I am a Senator. You are en ex-Senator.
You must go first. The x's always go
I before the y's."
NAMES FOR THE 1905 FAIR.
Juliet's doubt as to there being any
thing in a name is not shared by a num
ber of citizens who are interested in the
1905 exposition, and who firmly and po
tently believe that the name of that en
terprise. If not "the whole thing," will
at least be a very important factor In Its
success. Following S. H. Frlcdlander's
suggestion in yesterday's Oregonlan that
the fair be called the North Pacific Cen
tennial come several other suggestions,
and there is reason to believe that as time
wears on names will be at hand to sup
ply all the fairs that may be given dur
ing the present century- As there is no
doubt as to the importance of an appro
priate and "catchy" title to head the ad
vertising matter sent out concerning the
fair, it is hoped that any one who has a
suggestion concealed in the recesses of
his brain will come forward with it, as
the more material there Is to choose from,
the better is likely to be the choice.
"An Oregonlan," who is also a resident
of Portland, sends the following two sug
gestions: Atlantic-Pacific Oriental Exposition,
Lewis & Clark,
Atlantic-Pacific Oriental Exposition,
Almon A. Platts comes forward with
the following design, which he submits to
the committee with his compliments:
The last contributor heard from yester
day sent In an even half dozen names,
any one of which he Is willing shall be
chosen. Here they are:
GREATER AMERICAN EXPOSITION.
THE ORIGINAL OREGON AND ORIEN
THE AMERICAN EXPOSITION OF ORI
THE TRANS-PACIFIC COMMERCE EXPO
SITION. THE GREAT WESTERN AND ORIENTAL
THE PACIFIC STATES EXPORT EXPOSI
TION. Here Is a good start. The committee
may wait longer and fare worse, and,
again, It may do better In the light of
suggestions yet to come forth. With the
minds of every one interested in the suc
cess of the fair at work on the problem,
a fitting name surely should be selected,
and there is every reason to hope that
it will be.
Trouble In the Ofllce.
"Why is a woman like an umbrella?"
asked the exchange editor.
"Because she Is made of ribs and at
tached to a stick." replied the information
editor. "Why is "
"Wrong. Guess again."
"Because she always has to be shut up
"Nawl! You fatigue me."
"Because she 6tands In the hall and "
"Nawl It's nothing about standing In
"A woman Is like an umbrella because
nobody ever gets the right one. Why
"Ring off! That isn't the answer, eith
er." "It's a better one than you've got."
"Don't you reckon I know whether it Is
or not? Whose conundrum Is this yours
"Well, she Is like an umbrella because
It isn't because she fades with age, is It?"
"You ought to be ashamed of yourself."
"I am. Is it because you have to put
up when cloudy and threatening no, that
can't be It. Because she's a good thing to
have In the house.. Why Is "
"You're not within four counties of it."
"Because you can't find any pocket In
either. Why Is "
"No choice. Vote again."
"I won't! A woman Isn't like an um
brella. There Is not the slightest resem
blance. You go on with your work and
let me alone."
"I knew you couldn't guess It. It's be
cause she's accustomed to reign."
Then the Information editor rose In his
wrathr, and they were only prevented from
doing mischief to each other by prompt
and wholly unexpected work on the part
of the labor editor.
Suited Him Exactly.
Washington Evening Star.
A very small pile of coal lay on the side,
walk In front of a house on A street
southeast. A correspondingly small son
of Ham was sauntering along, and, see
ing it, scented a Job. He rang the door
"Am dat you-all's coal?" he asked the
lady who appeared at the door.
"Want It toted In?"
"Kaln't I glt do Job?"
"Why, you're pretty small, and then
you might charge too much. You might
ask more than I could pay."
"How much Is yo' got?" asked the small
man of business. "Kin yo raise a dol
lah?" "Oh, my goodness! No."
"No; run along and don't bother me,"
and she started to close the door.
"Mebbe yo'll gib 50 cents?"
"No, no; run along."
"I reckons yo ain't got er quahtah."
"Ner a dime?"
"No, not even a dime," replied the wom
an, beginning to laugh.
"Well, how much have yo' got?" ques
tioned Ham. showing his Ivories, "l sui
lnly does wanter glt dp Job."
"I've got just a nickel."
"Well, I'm Jus' a-lookln' fer nickel Jobs,"
and he straightway began.
Edward Singer in Indianapolis Sun.
What's the use o workln'? Nuthtn'! Tell
you what I'm goln' to do
Goln to set a klvered wagon an' a hoss er
Goln to take the kids an' Lydy, climb up
on the seat an say
"Glt up!" to the lazy hosses when the blos-
soihs bloom in May;
Goln to strike acrost the country to the
lands what never was
Not a-payln tax er nuthin", like a rovln
I have talked an' talked with Lydy, an she's
with me even clip. .
An the little kids Is yellln' at the prospect
of the trip:
First we kind o thought a houseboat kinder
easier 'd be.
Floatln down the Mississippi clean to Mem
But a klvered wagon's better than a house
boat ever was
Jlst a-drlvln through the country like a.
rovln' gypsy does!
That's the kind o life I'm wantln'! That's
the kind o life fer me!
That's the acme o' perfection an' the slogan
of the free!
Not a thine to keep m worried 'cept to find
a. place to lay
Er to swipe some new pertater? on the farms
along tho way;
With the kids back In the wagon an the
hosses ploddln' slow
Takln any blessed pathway that the hosses
want to go I
"What's the use to stay hen workln' 'spe
cially the like o us?
Slavln in a dog-gone country .throttled by the
Never see me bow to Hanra! Things has
got In slch a way
Jlst as Tillman In the Sonde shot It to 'em
What's the use o' worklj'? Nothln! I'll
climb on the seat an say,
"Glt up!" to the lazy howes when tho blos
soms bloom In May.
NOTE AND COMMENT.
officers should stick to their
The Sampson Incident is so far closed
as to give Mrs. Nation another opening.
Father-in-Law Zimmerman's money will
do as much good In Oregon as in Lon
The Boer War is to be ended July 1.
Do the British admit, then, that it is still
Mrs. Nation calls It the "death-dealing,
hellish cigar." Somebody must have been
giving her a campaign article.
Bulgaria Is threatening to go to war
with Turkey. The Sultan has not placed
this country in his ally column.
The rapid disappearance of that new
star Indicates that It needed someone to
sue it for divorce or steal Its diamonds.
Rhymed advertisements are appearing
in a Missouri newspaper. Let Edwin
Markham come forward and prove an
The first business to be attended to when
Congress meets again is the passing of
a resolution of sympathy with the people
of South Dakota.
A young Philadelphia rounder who
thought he had seen the limit In strange
happenings ran up against a new one, re
lates the Record. He drifted into a hotel
bar for a drink, and while standing at the
bar an elderly man, very nicely dressed,
and with every indication of prosperity. If
not wealth, came in and ordered a drink
of 15-cent whisky. Inquiring at" the same
time if that brand were not sold at the
rate of two drinks for a quarter. Upon
receiving a reply in the affirmative the
old chap produced a flask, laid down a
quarter and asked the bartender to put
the other drink in the bottle to take
away with him. The bartender, dazed,
did so without a word, and the incident
The winds of March bring freckles on
girls whose skins are susceptible to these
blemishes, and the druggists are antici
pating the annual demand for lotions
guaranteed to remove them. "It Isn't
part of my business to know whether or
not these preparations really do remove
freckles," said the talkative apothecary,
the other day. "Perhaps they are just
as efficacious as the old remedies my
grandmother used to tell me about, and
which were thoroughly believed in. March
snow was one of them. Just why March
snow should have virtues not possessed by
the snow that falls during the other
months she was never able to explain,
but it la a fact that freckle-faced girls
used to wash their faces In it diligently."
Because the tendency to habitual drink
ing is otten a disease. It does not follow
that It Is not frequently merely a vice,
dogmatically asserts the Medical Record.
The authorities at Bellevue Hospital, New
York. It seems, are beginning to com
prehend this, and, In the case of chronic
"repeaters" who "get on a Jag" with
the consciousness that It will be worked
off in the comparative comfort of a good
bed in the alcoholic ward, shelter from In
clement weather and a sufficiency of
square- meals, have determined1 hence
forth to transfer all such offenders to the
police authorities for more suitable and
adequate treatment. One "patient" al
ready has been transferred to "the Island"
for six months.
The memory of General Alexander Ma
comb is said to be honored with no monu
ment except that over his grave in the
old Congressional burying ground" at
Washington, and yet General Macomb
was the most distinguished military com
mander of the War of 1S12, and held tho
position of General-in-Chief of the Army
from 1S35 till 1841. In 1S14 he gained a
victory over a superior force of British In
the battle of Plattsburg, at the same time
that Commodore Macdonough defeated
them on Lake Champlaln, for which he
was commissioned Major-General, and re
ceived a vote of thanks and a gold medal
from Congress. The City of Detroit,
General Macomb's birthplace, is at last
suitably to commemorate his achieve
ments with a monument, which will be a
fitting, though long-delayed, tribute.
PLEASANTRIES OF rARAGRAPIIERS
Fond Parent No she won't work! She
never would work! She never will work!
There's only one thing she'll ave to go out
to service! Punch.
Horrible Threat. Mother (firmly, to little
daughter who is about to have a tooth drawn)
Now, May, If you cry I'll never take you
to a dentist's again. Tit-Bits.
The Margin for Labor New clerk What are
your office hours? Employer Well, how much
tlmo do you think you can spare us from
your cigarette smoking? Chicago Record.
An Ordeal. She I warn you, dear, that my
family Is very particular about whom I shall
marry. He Haven't ypu told thsm yet?
"No. I actually haven't the courage." De
troit Free Press.
Unpardonable Mrs. Ondego (making a call)
I am sorry to hear you are having trouble
with your cook. Mrs. Upjohn Yes, I shall
have to let Serena go. I didn't mind her
practising on tho piano now and then, but
she wants to Join our golf club. Chicago
Query. Elsie Mamma, there's a funny old
man In this Pickwick book that'a always tell
ing his son to beware of the widows. Why
Is that? Mamma Well, a widow is supposed
to be skillful In catching a husbaqd. Elsie
Gracious! I wonder If I'll havo, to be a
widow before I can get married. Philadelphia
The Lost Battle.
Strike me now a clanging chord.
Till from out the whirring strings.
Like an angel of the Lord,
Armed for battle. Freedom springs;
Freedom, dearer far than life.
Where Is Freedom? Tell us, Strlffc
Bugle cries and crash of brands.
Crash of ax on foeman's shield.
Rallying shout of patriot bonds.
Hemmed upon the bloody field.
Yielding Freedom with their breath
. Where Is Freedom? Tell us. Death.
Comes a cry from out the waste,
Women weeping o'er the slain;
Death hath yet no bitter taste,
'Scaping from a tyrant chalh:
Death and Freedom kissed today,
Where Is Freedom? Justice, say.
Bertrand Shadwell In Chicago Record.
A Stationary Quantity.
They tell us trusts are making life
A great deal more expensive;
That's why this vale of tears and strife.
Seems dark and apprehensive.
And men with wealth at making more
Each day grow still more clever.
But let's restrain our feelings sore
Since talk Is cheap as ever. ;
That consolation lingers still,
Though coal and beef go higher.
And other prices rise until x
They Quite exhaust the buyer. ,
Our friend the orator will cling
Close to his kind endeavor,
And prove, to soothe our sorrowlsx,
That talk Is cheao aa ever.