Image provided by: University of Oregon, Knight Library; Eugene, OR
THE MORNING OHEOONLAN. FRIDAY. MARCH ,8, 1901.
HIPS SAILING IN
Fleet of Square-Riggers Yes
terday Reached Astoria. .
PETER RICKHERS' BIG CARGO
First November Slilp Arrives Out at
Falmouth Skipping Accidents
on the Atlantic lied Star
A quartet of big sailing ships blew In
from over the Pacific yesterday, and
while none of them made anything like
record time, their passages -were much
better than some of the fleet have been
making during the past few months.
The Thessalus, under charter to the Pa
cific Export Lumber Company, led the
procession, after a good run of 30 days
from Nagasaki. She was followed by the
German ship Arthur Fitger, 36 days from
"Yokohama, and the Khyber, 41 days from
Shanghai, both under charter to Glrvln
& Eyre. The British ship County of Lin
lithgow, trailed in late in the evening,
after a passage of 36 days from Hlogo.
There are still about half a dozen ships
due and if the west wind holds, more
of them will probably get in today. There
Is enough tonnage already In the river
to insure very heavy March grain ship
ments, but the lack of tonnage for flour
to the Orient will cut down exports in
that direction somewhat, Portland ship
pers being obliged to send their flour
to Tacoma for reshlpment.
CAPTAIN TROUP INSTALLED.
Has Taken Charge of the Canadian
Pacific's Fleet at Victoria.
Captain James "W. Troup on Monday
took charge of the Canadian Pacific
Navigation Company's fleet, which has
just been absorbed by the C. P. N. The
Colonist In mentioning the matter, says:
"With the formal taking over of the
company, the change In the C. P. N. Co.
Is now complete. The business carried
on by the company grew out of that of
the Pioneer Line of the Hudson's Bay
Company, the C. P. N. Co. taking over
their boats and paying them with capi
tal stock in the C. P. N. Co., which was
Incorporated In 1SS3 with a capital of
$500,000, of which J356.000 was subscribed
and paid up.
"The ocean-going fleet of the company
consists of 14 vessels: The Islander
(screw, built in 18SS at Glasgow, Great
Britain; Charmer (screw), built In 1SSG
at San Francisco; Danube (screw),
built at Govan, Great Britain, in 1S69;
Amur (screw), built in 1S90 at Sunder
land; Tees (screw), built in 1893 at
Thornaby-on-Tees, Great Britain; Yose
mite (side-wheeler), built in 18G2 at San
Francisco; Princess Louise (side
wheeler), built In 1S9S at New York;
R. P. Rithet (stern-wheeler), built in
1SS2 at Victoria; Willapa (screw),
built In 1891 at Astoria, and rebuilt
here by the C. P. N. Co. after salving
her; Queen City (screw), built in 1894
at Victoria (having been formerly a
three-masted sailing vessel): Maude
(screw), built in 1872 at San Juan;
Otter, built, In 1900 at Victoria. On the
Fraser there is the Transfer and other
river boats. The Transfer was built In
1893 at New Westminster.
"Captain J. W. Troup, who was form
erly In charge of the C. P. R. service on
Kootenai Lake and River, will. It is said,
make his headquarters in Victoria."
EVA'S HARD LUCK.
Encountered Gales nnd Seas "Which
Created Much Havoc.
NEW YORK, March 7. The British
bark Eva Lynch, of St. John, N. B., from
S. Marie, Haytl, January 5, with a cargo
of logwood, arrived at New York today
after an experience of heavy gales and
hard luck. January 17 she was within
150 miles of Sandy Hook and in another
day with a fair wind would, have been
In port at the end of her voyage, but
instead she was driven out to sea by gales
and it has taken 48 days to get inside
Sandy Hook. During her long time at
sea fighting gales she ran short of pro
visions and on March 1 food was sup
plied by the schooner Cameo, which ar
rived at New York, Monday, and was
flrst to report the safety of the Lynch.
Captain Hatfield, who commands the
Lynch, paid fairly good weather was had
up to January 17, when there began a
succession of terrific gales, which broke
over the vessel, flooding the cabin and
forecastle, washed away part of the deck
load, the tarpaulins and hawsers, split
and carried away sails and washed every
thing movable about deck overboard.
The Lynch put Into Delaware Breakwater
Monday for a new supply of provisions.
"WITH A BIG CARGO.
Peter RIckniers Clenred Yesterday,
But Is Detained by Law.
Balfour, Guthrie & Co. yesterday
cleared the big German ship Peter Rlck
mers with 165.880 bushels of wheat, valued
at $94,50. The vessel goes to Queens
town or Falmouth for orders and has
aboard one of the largest cargoes that
ha left here this season on a sailing
vessel. Despite the size of the cargo, the
vessel has been at Portland but 15 days,
and finished loading. In fact, on the 14th
day after her arrival In Portland har
bor. The vessel is temporarily delayed
by the United States Marshal, some de
serting sailors having filed suit against
her. The merits or demerits of the case
of the sailors are not exactly clear as yet,
but a deserting sailor In. most ports in the
world, gets just what he Is entitled to
and that Is nothing.
November Ship Arrives Out.
The first vessel of the November fleet
from this port arrived out at Falmouth,
Wednesday, after a fairly good passage of
122 days. The French bark La Fontaine,
which sailed from Portland over three
weeks ahead of the Dechmont, arrived at
Falmouth the same day. The sailings
were quite numerous during November
and December, and announcement of the
arrivals out will be of almost dally oc
currence from now on. The November
and December fleet last year made some
very fast passages but at least a few
of this season's fleet getting away In that
month will make only average passages
even if they arrive out within a few
Vessel's Narrow Escape.
NEW YORK, March 7. The unknown
steamer which was in collision with the
steamer Cameo off Barnegat at 1 o'clock
Monday morning and passed on without
stopping, after tearing away the schoon
er's headgear and Jibboom, as reported
by the Cameo on arrival here, proves to
be the Old Dominion liner Guayandotte,
which arrived here today from Newport
News. Captain Hiller, of the Guayan
dotte, said that he did not stop because
he did not think the schooner was dam
aged, as the vessels did not touch each
other, the Cameo's Jibboom only carrying
away the rail netting of the steamer as
she passed under her stern. It was very
thick fog at the time and the steamer
was going at half speed blowing her
whistle and the schooner was not seen
until within 100 feet of her, and
was lost sight of a moment after she
had passed. Her horn had been heard, but
It could not be told from what direc
tion the sound came and had the steam
er stopped the schooner would have .been
Red Star Liner Ajrronnd.
NEW YORK, March' 7. The Red Star
liner Southward, outward bound, for
Antwerp, was still aground at 10:40 A. M.
at the Junction of Main and Swash chan
nels, where she has been since last night.
The steam pilot-boat New York, tug R.
J. Parrett, and another tug, which were
trying to pull her off, have given up un
til next high water, which .will be at
3:11 tonight at Sandy Hook. The South
wark is lying with her bow heading on
to the channel, which would indicate that
it Is her stern which is aground. "
The Southward tonight moved off ap
parently without any assistance and
steamed out to sea slowly.
Dock Laborers Strike..
MARSEILLES, March 7. A serious sit
uation is developing here owing to the
stoppage of cargoes by the strike of
dock laborers. Several industries are
considering the suspension of work from
want of coal and raw products. Two re
fineries closed today. On the other hand
the strikers are beginning to feel the
pinch of hunger. The negotiations be
tween the strikers and their employers
have been broken off, the latter refusing
any concession and the former persist
ing in their claims.
Lulomene in a Hurricane.
VICTORIA, B. C. March 7. The Brit
ish ship Lulomene arrived tonight from
Hiogo. after a rough passage. She en
countered a terrific hurricane February 22
and 23 from the eastward, and lost her
fore and main topsails, which blew out
of their gaskets. She rolled considerably
and Tier braces were carried away. Her
ballast shifted, and the crew had a trying
experience for several days, while the
ship was rolling in the trough of the sea
after the storm.
"Work for Old Steamers.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 7. The Ex
The San Bias, 8an Juan and City of
Panama, of the Pacific Mall Company's
fleet, which are now laid up for the
want of business, will probably ply be
tween Puget Sound and Alaskan ports
during the Summer. It is reported that
a Seattle steamship company Is now ne
gotiating for the charter of the vessels.
Transport Albert Released.
SEATTLE, March 7. The Quartermas
ter's Department today released the trans
port Albert, which had been employed In
carrying animals and Army supplies to
the Philippine -Islands for the past two
years. She arrived recently from Manila.
She is owned by an English firm, and,
after she has been repaired, will engage
In the wheat-carrying trade.
Muleteer "Were Damngcd.
NEW ORLEANS, March 7. In a num
ber of libel suits against the British ship
Montcalm by muleteers, who went to
South Africa from this port, the plain
tiffs ask damages for bad treatment, un
wholesome food and refusal of wages by
the captain because they declined to join
the British Army. They ask $1000 dam
The CnmperdoTvn Flontcd.
NORFOLK, Va March 7. The big
steamer Camperdown, which stranded
Monday near Cape Lookout, on the North
Carolina coast, while en route from Ha
vana to New York with sugar, was float
ed at high water last night, and is on her
way to Norfolk.
The tug Hunter narrowly escaped being
wrecked at the mouth of the Umpqua
recently. The ocean was rough, and while
crossing the bar with a schooner In tow
the Hunter struck and shipped a heavy
sea, which carried away the companion
way and did other damage.
Domestic nnd Foreign Ports.
ASTORIA. Or., March 7. Arrived at 11
A. M., Swedish ship Thessalus, from
Nagasaki: at 2 P. M., German ship Arthur
Fitger, from Yokohama: "at 4:30 P. M.,
British ship Khyber, from Shanghai; at
6 P. M., British ship County of Linlith
gow, from Hlogo. Left up at S A. M.,
British ship Forrest Hall. Condition of
the bar at 4 P. M., rough; wind, north
west; weather, hazy.
Hoqulam, Wash. Sailed March 5,
schooner Jennie Stella, from Aberdeen,
for San Francisco; schooner Halcyon,
from Aberdeen, for San Franclscoj
schooner Laura Madeen, from Aberdeen,
for San Francisco; steamer Newberg,
from" Hoqulam, for San Francisco. Ar
rived, steamer Coronado, from San Fran
cisco, for Aberdeen: steamer Coqullle
River, from San Francisco, for Hoqulam.
San Francisco, March 7. Arrived
Steamer Beulah, from Umpqua; steamer
Matteawan, from Tacoma; schooner; Co
rinthian, from Coqullle River; steamer
Amethlst, from Coqullle River; schooner
Albion, from Coqullle River; schooner
North Bend, from Willapa Harbor; steam
er Areata, from Coos Bay; schooner Me
lancthon, from Willapa Harbor; barge
C. H. Wheeler and tug Vosburg, from
Tillamook. Sailed Steamers John D.
Tallant, for New Whatcom; Rival, for
Willapa Harbor; Argo, for Coqullle River;
Mandalay, for Coqullle River; Umatilla,
for Victoria: Santa Ana, for Seattle; San
Jose, fot Nanaimo; schooner John A.,
for Gray's Harbor.
Port Townsend, Wash. Arrived, March
G, British steamer Sierra Cordova, from
Kobe Sailed. March 1, steamer Uni
verse, for Astoria.
Victoria, B. C, March 7. Steamer Cot
tage City, from Alaska.
Plsagua Sailed, January 29, ship Alg
burth, for Victoria.
Iquique Sailed, February 23, bark
Craiglsla, for Oregon; March 1, ship Kate
Thomas, for Oregon.
Falmouth Arrived, March 6, ship Dech
mont, from Oregon; Bark La Fontaine,
Coos Bay Sailed, March G, steamer Chl
co. for Tillamook.
Seattle Sailed, March G, United States
steamer, Klntuck, for Tacoma. Arrived,
United States steamer Columbine, from
New York. March 7. Sailed La Bre
tagne, for Havre; Karlsruhe, for Bre
men. Bremen. March 7. Arrived Lahn, from
New York, via Southampton.
Queenstown, March 6. Arrived New
England, from Boston, for Liverpool.
Sailed Majestic, for New York; Waes
land, from Philadelphia, both for Liver
pool. Kobe, March 7. Sailed Universe, for
St. Vincent, C. V. Sailed, Hyson, from
Tacoma. for Naples.
Glasgow, March 7. Sailed Corinthian,
Gibraltar, March 7. Sailed Kalserln
Maria Theresa, from Genoa and Naples,
for New York.
Cherbourg, March 7. Arrived Petroia,
from New York.
New York, March 7. Arrived Cuflc,
from Liverpool; Amsterdam, from Rot
terdam. Bremen, March 7. Arrived Trier, from
Londont March 7. Sailed Menominee,
for New York.
LAW1NG OVER CHARTERS!
MANY CASES BEFORE SUPREME
COURT IN RECENT YEARS.
Nearly Everr Important Point Has
Gone Up to the Highest Tribunal
Tho interpretation by the Supreme
Court of numerous sections of various city J
charters gives the court a great deal to
do, and may be said to be partialis re
sponsible for its overburdened condition.
This does not alone apply to Portland, but
to other towns and cities throughout the
state. It has betn the commo npractlce
to change charters, and it naturally fol
lows that the Intent and purpose of dif
ferent parts of a charter become a mat
ter of dispute, and the courts are resorted
to to determine the controversies. After
a charter has been once fully tested and
Its weak points overcome by decisions
of the Supreme Court, it has been the
rule to get up a new one, which has to
take the same course, and then It Is
time for another. At the session of the
Legislature just closed new charters for
nearly half the towns and cities In the
state were passed.
Portland has had three charters In 10
years namely. In 1891, 1833 and 189S. The
Committee of -One Hundred also prepared
a charter, which was presented In 1895.
but failed to get through because of the
attention attracted by the Senatorial
fight. Portland had a- charter passed In
1SS2, and It was amended in 18S5, 1SS7 and
1SS9. Alblna and East Portland had nu
merous charters, the last In 1SS7, which
are now added to. the Portland documents;
also that of Sellwood, and have been the
subject of some litigation In the past,
and likewise since the consolidation of the
corporations. The consolidated city has
had to defend suits growing out of Sell
wood street Improvements, and, besides,
cases growing out of former Alblna and
East Portland work.
The total number of municipal corpora
tion cases of the entire state which the
Supreme Court has had to determine In
the past half a dozen years probably ex
ceeds 50. which proves that charter tin
kering is both inconvenient and expen
sive, and that the higher court would be
considerably relieved if charters were
made for keeps, and not to be changed
at every legislative session.
Take Portland for example. The num
ber of suits growing out of charter dis
putes have been many. A few of the most
Important suits of recent years were as
The 2-mlll tax suit, to determine if a
levy exceeding S mills could be made.
The levy was 10 mills, and It was assert
ed that under one of the sections of the
1893 charter not to exceed a 15-mlll levy
Meyer vs. the City of Portland, slaughter-house
Kcenan vs. City, concerning street-as-ses"smcnt
Allen vs. City, famous Sixth-street case.
Nottage vs. City, validating irregular
The celebrated flreme'n's suits, still
Ladd vs. City, under East Portland
charter, to determine If he could be made
to pay for improvement of a street once
before fully Improved. .
Hamilton vs. Gambell. to decide If street
bonds were subject to garnishment.
Esberg Cigar Company vs. City, as to
liability of city for negligent construction
of water main.
Shipley vs. Hacheney, concerning -Interest
Kameta vs. City, lottery ordinance.
Jones vs. City, street warrant case.
Paulson vs. City, sewer ordinance.
David vs. City, water-committee case.
Portland vs. Bituminous Paving Com
pany, street repair and bond case.
There are a great many others, and the
lesson to be learned from it all Is that the
perplexities arising from city charters
has caused the courts no end of worry,
which bld3 fair to continue, unless some
means is adopted to prevent the practice
of framing new charters every lew years.
Neither Spruce, Fir, Nor Pine, Nor
Found Outside This Coast.
There are a number of popular mis
conceptions regarding the principal timber
tree of Oregon, and differences of opinion
on other points. The following paragraphs
from the two last reports of the Oregon
Board of Horticulture will be read with
interest by many who have not read
the reports. Dr. J. R. Cardwell, in the
report for 1899. says:
"We have no evergreen trees in Oregon
found in the Eastern States or elsewhere,
with possibly the exception of one var
iety Junlperus Communis the common
juniper of Eastern Oregon about which
botanists dlfTer . . . The most notable
of which I wish to speak specially Is a
new genus, a new variety, single and
alone, botanlcally known as Pseudotsuga
Douglasll, as the name Indicates, false
spruce of Douglas, discovered by a very
able and enterprising Scotch botanist,
David Douglas, who explored and botan
ized our forests in 1S23. Thts tree, called
by us a fir not a fir; called by some a
spruce not a spruce; extensively known
commercially as Oregon pine not a pine;
is In many respects the most remarkable
tree In the world, and forms eight-tenths
of the forest area of the Northwest, and
extends over a larger territory, than any
other tree on the continent and, so far
as I know, in the world, reaching from
up In Alaska down to Mexico, from the
Pacific shore to the Rocky Mountains.
. . . So highly Is this tree appreciated
abroad for Its rapid growth and great
adaptation to varied soils and climates,
Its elegance and the superiority of its
wood, that ... it is fast becoming the
forest tree of Europe. England. France,
Germany and Austria now have exten
sive forests of these trees and are plant
"The terms red and yellow fir. which
designate a reddish, rather coarse-grained
lumber, and a flner-flbered, compact,
yellow-grained lumber of superior qual
ity, are commonly supposed to designate
two distinct varieties, but close obser
vation of botanists has decided that this
Is not the case, and there is but one
variety of Douglas fir, and that while red
and yellow fir generally apply to dif
ferent trees of this variety, from some
mysterious and unknown cause In their
growth, ynt both red and yellow fir are
found in the same tree."
In an essay on "Forests of Oregon" in
the Board of Horticulture report for 1901,
Martin W. Gorman says:
"The fact is not generally known, even In
this state, that Oregon possesses a much
greater amount of standing timber than
any other state in the Union at the pres
ent time, via., 234.G53.000.000 feet, board
measure. This estimate, let me say.
Is not mere- guess work, nor the theorizing
of an optimistic logger or lumberman,
but the result of a series of thorough and
systematic cruising carried on under the
direction of the United States Geological
Survey, the collecting and tabulating be
ing done by Mr. Henry Gannet, cniei
of the Division of Geography and For
estry." Of Douglas spruce Mr. Gorman says:
"When grown In the open woods the an
nual growths are large, somewhat laxly
adherent to euch other, the limbs nu
merous, the quality of the timber not
so good, and the wood sometimes reddish
in color, giving rise to the name 'red
flr.' In dense forests the trees are much
taller in proportion to diameter, fairly
free from limbs, the annual growths
small and compact, the quality of the
timber unsurpassed and the wood close
grained and yellowish, causing It to be
called 'yellow fir.' Clatsop and Columbia
Counties contain the finest groves of
this tree nt present. . . .
"One too often hears the statement
made by persons presumably capable of
knowing that 'there is just as much
timber in the state now as there was
when the first white settlers came here,"
the theory being that the growth of
Douglas spruce Is so rapid as to counter
balance the amount of timber used as
lumber, the amount used for agricultural
purposes, and the amount destroyed by
Are each year. This Is serious misconception,-
and It is. the duty of those bet.,
ter Informed to correct such a
fallacious theory as rapidly as pos
sible. It Is quite true this tree Is a
very rapid grower, and that In favor
able localities, say a soil of basaltic or
igin, coupled with a humid climate and
moderate temperature, conditions that are
fairly well supplied lnthe section of the
state west of the Cascade range, trees
of this species may be found large
enough for railroad ties at 40 years old,
but usually they would be required to be
SO years old or more to be large enough
for this purpose, and to be suitable for
lumber purposes an age of 200 to 300 years
GOOD PLACE FOR SMELTER.
Santlam District Said to Be Richly
PORTLAND. Or., March 7. (To the Ed
itor.) I notice an article in The Sunday
Oregonlan in regard to a smelter on the
little north fork of the Santlam. This is
one of the best moves that I .have heard
of for some time. That section has as
good a deposit of copper and "base ores
in large quantities as I have ever seen
for surface Indications. I have examined
that section several times, and will say
that it Is as good as I have seenjn any
other district. By using a good matting
smelter, the ore can be worked at a profit,
as everything Is cheap and not far from
the railroad. The matter can be shipped
to either 'Frisco or Tacoma for a small
I do think that Portland capital should
look Into that section of the country, and
they would find It as well mineralized as
the Coast of Alaska or any other district
that I have had the opportunity to ex
amine. The formation old, being por
phyritic granite, and evidently a continua
tion of the formation to the north and
south. We also find some elate, as
yet of an unknown age. It has some ap
pearance of a siliceous slate and somewhat
approaches sandstone. It is. In my opin
ion vers old and resembles the Jurassic In
common with similar deposits all along
the Cascade Range; also in the Sierra Ne.
vada ranges. In some places are large
deposits of copper and galena, and in the
same sections are large dykes or zenes of
cyanide that carries good deposits of cop
per. The north fork of the Santlam is
easily reached by rail and wagon road.
Respectfully, E. O. SMITH.
YALE NOT GUILTY.
Alumnus Defends Her From Chnrgc
of Introducing "Bunny JIug."
PORTLAND, March 7. (To the Editor.)"
In an article of Sunday's issue entitled
"The Bunny Hug Dance," the author at
tributes Its Introduction to "some youth
ful students of Yale University," claiming
with a poor attempt at humor that its In
ception was contemporaneous with the
advent of Belgian hares. While Its Intro
duction may have been contemporaneous
with the harc'fi advent, the author docs
greatly err In attributing It to the Yale
Were I not compelled to acknowledge
a dearth, yes an entire lack of "youthful
Yale students" during the dancing season
some two years since, I might attribute
the honor of introducing this style of
dancing If honor It be to them. As a
matter of fact, this styic of dancing is
purely local, confined to the Coast, and Is
entirely alien to that In vogue at Yale
and the large Eastern cities, hence we
can't but marvel at. the Ignorance of so
fin-de-slecle a dancing teacher In such
matters. Now that a few society cads
whose every act is characterized by noth
ing else save to Imitate the college man, f
and whose sole ambition in life is to be
taken for one have named this mixture of
I know not what, the Yale, our fair terp
slchorean champion of past hoc ergo
propter hoc, reasoning, has drawn this Il
logical conclusion: "It Is called The Yale,
Yale "fledglings" are nere, therefore It
must have been Introduced by Yale stu
dents." A YALE GRADUATE.
DAILY CITY STATISTICS.
Abe Brody, 26, Polk County, Lena Free
H. Boehmer, two-story dwelling. Market
street, between Thirteenth and Four
Francis S. Child, two-story dwelling,
Twenty-fourth street, between Irving and
Ruth Marginson, 372 First street,
Lewis ' Coley, 45 North Twenty-flrst
February -13 To the wife of J. R. Llles,
Second and Columbia, a boy. ,
Tobias Klter, 66 'years, 300 First street,
Real Estate Transfers.
William C. Elliott, guardian Taylor
Barrow, to Sherman E. Elliott, 43
acres, section 14. T. 2 N., R. 2 W.;
lot 7. block 9, Lincoln Park; lots 31
and 32. block 1. Peninsular Addition,
subject to $100 mortgage, Febru
ary 6 $265
Phoenix Land Co. to Allison Burn
ham, lots 4, 6, 7 and S. Prune Place,
sectin 2. T. 1 5.. R. 2 E., March 5.. 1050
Sheriff, for R. W. Wcoster et al.. to
J. D. Merriman, administrator, 320
acres, W. section 36, T. 3 N., R.
2 W.. October 12. 1S99 3000
John Barrett and wife to C. E. Nason,
lots 4, 5 and 6, block 1, Barrett's Ad
dition, March 7 150
Margaret McMahon to J. T. McMa
hon. 100x130, Hampton Kelly D. L.
C, March a 1
J. J. Morgan, trustee, to J. D. Marry
man, administrator, 220 acres. W.
section 36, T. 3 N., R. 2 W., August
30. 1S99 1
O. M. Sargent and wife to Norman
and Richard Forbes, parcel land,
Powell's Valley road, March 7....r... 650
Macleay Estate Company to Herman
Baumann, and wife, 66x137. Eigh
teenth and Vaughn streets, March 6 1000
John Steelqulst to Terrence MInogue,
north 25 feet lot 7, block 1; Eliza
beth living's Addition, March 6 1100
Sarah A. Traylor and wife to Conrad
. Scheldemann. lot 7, block 12, Lincoln
Park. March 7 325
Same to same, lot 8, block 2, Lincoln
Park, March 7 125
Nancy C. Wilson to Flora R. Turn
bull, lot 18. block 4. Alblna, March 6 1100
C. T. Miller and wife to Title Guar
antee & Trust Co., lot 13, block 56,
Sunnyslde, March 7 300
Toarlst Excursions East.
The most popular way to cross the con
tinent Is on one of the Rio Grande West
ern Railway's tourist excursions, to East
ern cities. These excursions leave Salt
Lake City, Utah, dally, making close
connection with all trains from the West.
Passengers from Portland have the
choice of going via the O. R. & N. and
Huntington, or the Southern Pacific and
San Francisco, with a day's stop-off in
the latter city. A day's lay-over at Salt
Lake Is also granted. on all class of tick
ets, via either route to that point.
The routes of these cars are:
Sunday, via Rock Island and Illinois
Central; Monday, via Rock Island; Tues
day, via Burlington; Wednesday, via both
Rock Island and Missouri Pacific; Thurs
day, via both Rock Island and Burlington;
Friday, via Burlington; and Saturday, via
For rates and Information apply to J.
D. Mansfield ceneral agent, 251 Washing
ALMOST PASSED THE LIE
SON HAD A LIVELY
Report of Irrigation Committee, of
, "Which Both -Are Members,
Source of the'Trouble.
"WASHINGTON, March 2 Recent events
have tended to show that a peculiar con
dition exists In the House committee on
Irrigation. The culmination of a long
struggle In that committee to secure a re
port on some scheme for irrigating the
vast areas of arid lands In the West came,
when the chairman of the committee. Rep
resentative Tongue, and a minority mem
ber, Mr. Wilson, of Idaho, almost came
to blows. The He was not passed, but
there was, a close shave, so say members
of the committee.
For a good many years the committee
on Irrigation has been a "dead one" in
the House, and as a consequence, all Ir
rigation bills have been referred to the
public lands committee. During 'the first
session of the present Congress a number
of Representatives from the arid land
states started a move in the direction of
having the various Irrigation schemes tak
en up by this committee for discussion,
with the ultimate view of having some
bill reported. These members went to
Mr. Tongue when he had been appointed
chairman of the committee, and urged him
to call the committee together for the
consideration of the vast subject. His
reply was that "he would do. so soon."
But days grew Into weeks and weeks Into
months, and no meeting was held.
An antl-cllmax was reached when Rep
resentative King of Utah was sent to re
place Brlgham H. Roberts as the Repre
sentative from that state. Mr. King was
without a committee place, and Mr. Shaf
roth, of Colorado, who was a member
of the Irrigation committee, resigned this
place In Mr. King's favor. Mr. King,
knowing the strong desire of his people
for Irrigation legislation, went to Mr.
Tongue time after time, and urged him
to call the committee together. He was
given the same reply as others had re
recelved, that a meeting would soon be
called, but no action was taken. He final
ly became Impatient, and Insisted that the
committee should be gotten together. But
the entire session passed off and nothing
whatever was done.
At the opening of the present session,
Mr. King renewed his efforts with Mr.
Tongue, and urged him to organize the
committee and get to work. But his ap
peals were In vain. Finally, as a last re
sort, Mr. King went to the chairman
and said In so many words that If the
committee was not organized at once, and
the consideration of Irrigation proposi
tions taken up and pushed, he would re
sign from the committee and then ex
plain on the floor of the House his mo
tives for so doing. This would of course
have been a reflection on Mr. Tongue, for
as chairman, he had the sole power of
calling a meeting of the committee. Rath
er than face this humiliation, the com
mittee was at last organized six or seven
weeks ago, and a series of hearings has
been had on Irrigation propositions on two
or three days of every week.
At the conclusion of the hearings the
committee went into executive session,
and, after discussing the various prob
lems, each by Itself, agreed upon the
features that met with most favor, and
decided that a bill embodying those feat
ures should be resorted as a committee
bill. The Newlands bill was used as a
basis, to which many amendments were
adopted. By order of the committee, the
work of framing the bill was assigned to
a subcommittee of three members, to be
appointed by the chairman. Mr. Tongue
seloctcd as this subcommittee Messrs. Ray.
of New York, Barham of California, and
Rcedcr of Kansas.
The lrr'gatlonlsts were surprised at the
selection of this subcommittee, because
two of its members were unalterably op
posed to the principles Intended by the
committee to be incorporated in the bill.
It has always been customary In the past,
when bills are referred to subcommit
tees for compilation, that at least a ma
jority of the subcommittee shall be favor
able to the measure. However, no formal
protest was entered, and 'the matter was
left In the hands of this subcommittee
It rested In this condition for some
time, the subcommittee never reporting.
The friends of the measure were anxious
that action be had, as the close of the
session was fast approaching, and they
wanted a report before adjournment.
Even they had no hopes that the bill
could become a liw at this session, but
they did desire a report, as It would be
a precedent for similar action at an
early date In the first session of the next
Congress. Furthermore, this Is the first
report yet authorized on a general Irri
In the meantime Representative Wilson,
using the Newlands bill as a bis!s. In
troduced In the House a bill embodying
practically all the principles of the bill to
which the committee had agreed. The
original bill had been so mutilated that It
was hard to follow Its provisions, and In
order to have the matter Intelligibly be
fore the members of the committee, Mr.
Wilson Introduced the bill with such
amendments as had been agreed upon,
more for the purpose of having the meas
ure printed than for anything else. He
had no particular desire that the com
mittee should report his Individual bill,
but at the suggestion of other members
of the committee, he did present the
nondescript text to the House In order
that It might be put In readable shape.
This action aroused Chairman Tongue
to a considerable degree, for he at once
took the position that Mr. Wilson was
"trying to steal the thunder out of the
committee bill." He criticised Mr. Wil
son for Introducing as his own a bill
which was In fact the committee bill,
and thought the Idaho man was over
stepping his authority. But In this Mr.
Tongue seems to have been the only
member of the committee who was dis
pleased. The men who were sincerely
desirous of having a bill reported, com
mended Mr. Wilson's action, for It gave
thorn an opportunity to see where they
So when it became apparent that the
subcommittee, who had been Intrusted
with the preparation of the bill, failed to
report to the whole committee. Mr. Wil
son made the motion that the bill be
favorably reported by the whole com
mittee, and the subcommittee be dis
charged. This was a perfectly logical
move to take, and one that had the ap
proval of every one save Mr. Tongue.
He alone took exception, and raised a
point of order, claiming that the commit
tee was without authority to report a bill
until the subcommittee had reported. Mr.
Ray offered a similar proposition to that
of Mr. Wilson, but this failed to meet
the approval of the chairman. Mr. Tongue
also ruled this motion as out of order.
This was too much for the Idaho man.
He said such a course, was unprece
dented. He complained that the chair
man had not only raised the point Ol
order, nor had he allowed a discussion
upon it, but had passsed upon It himself,
ruling against the committee. Mr. Wil
son gave the committee to understand
that It was his opinion that the bill should
never have been referred to a subcom
mittee hostile to Its provisions, and he
for one felt that the best Interests of all
concerned would be better cared for In
the hands of a subcommittee favorable
to the provisions adopted by a majority
of the whole committee. He did not In
anv way Impugn the honesty of purpose
of any member of the subcommittee, but
nnturniiv included that men ODDOsed to
any such irrigation legislation, if they had l
it within their power, mignt easuy ana
without violating any confidence, sup
press the bill for this session by falling
to report it in time for action by the com
mittee. He was In favor of having the
I bill taken up and reported by the whole
committee, because the whole committee t
or at least a majority of Its members
were in harmony in support of a gen
eral bill, and could frame the measure
as well as the subcommittee.
In his characteristic hot-tempered spirit,
Mr. Tongue made the very uncalled-for
remark that Mr. "Wilson did not think
anybody was honest except himself (Wil
son); that he impugned everybody's mo
tives. By his very manner he antagonized
Mr. Wilson so that the latter was forced
to reply, which he did In unmistakable
terms. He said very tartly, and with
some feeling, that he had never Impugned
the motives of any member of the com
mittee, and did not do so at that time,
but he most decidedly did Impugn the
motives of Mr. Tongue as chairman of
the Irrigation Committee; he did not
think he had acted In good faith, but had
done everything possible to obstruct irri
gation legislation, while pretending to fa
vor it. This was a point-blank charge, to
which Mr. Tqngue made no reply. He
had nothing to say.
In conversation with The Oregonlan cor
respendent, after the committee had" ad
journed. Representative Tongue said It
had been his desire that the incident be
suppressed; he did not wish to haveIt get
into print. He admitted his Ill-feeling be
cause of the action Wilson had taken In
Introducing the bill above referred to. and
thought Mr. Wilson had obstructed, rather
than furthered the Interests of Irrigation.
He had no comment whatever to make on
Wilson's charge; no reply to make to It.
He said his committee was to report In
effeot the Wilson bill with one amend
ment, but would not take action on that
measure, but rather report a separate bill.
He admitted even: that the simplest and
quickest solution would have been to have
reported the Wilson bill with this one
amendment, but was personally opposed
to such a course. He said the committee
bill was a compilation of the best fea
tures In the Newlands, Mondell and Hans
When questioned as to the position of
the members of the sub-committee which
he had appointed, he admitted that he
knew both Ray and Barham were op
posed to the adopted bill .and that Reeder
was Its only friend. Further than this he
would not discuss the question.
Representative Wilson, however, was
more free to speak. He felt that he was
thoroughly In the right, and his position
was defensible throughout. He said that
every member of the committee who was
anxious to secure legislation would have
to make concessions to others, that no
bill so far offered was perfect, nor would
any bill be reported that would be per
fect. "The West." he said, "wants some
thing for the arid lands. Our people do
not expect this bill to be adopted literally.
This Is the first move In the right direc
tion. "We may be twenty-five years In secur
ing final legislation on these lines, but we
have started, and we mean to keep on.
We have had a hard tussle, for at every
step we have encountered objection from
the chairman of the committee. Mr.
Tongue has opposed even section of the
bill, each as It was taken up and dis
cussed. He has opposed the bill as a
"Patience ceases to be a virtue with me.
as with everyone else." ne continued,
nnd when I was convinced that Mr.
Tongue meant to shut off this bill by
placing It In the hands of a hostile sub
committee, I thought It was due time to
It may be added, and this statement is
based upon the views of several members
of the committee, that had It not been
for the Incident between Mr. Tongue and
Mr. Wilson the House committee would
never have reported an Irrigation bill at
this session. This Is the honest belief of
a number of members, who have so ex
pressed themselves. It Is true the bill
cannot get beyond the report stage, but it
will now go on record with a report from
the Irrigation committee, apd early In the
next Congress, when the subject is again
taken up. there will be this much to work
on with a precedent besides. It some
times takes a row to bring about results.
GRAFT KNOCKED OUT.
ClerU Who Drew ?2200 Per Year and
Never Showed Up at Capitol.
WASHINGTON, March 1. The close of
every session of Congress always smokes
out many of the "grafts" about the Sen
ate and House of Representatives, al
though, as a usual thing, the smoke blows
over, and the grafts are allowed to con
tinue unmolested. The Senate, at a re
cent sitting, however, broke all records,
and actually dispensed with, one good
For a number of years, the Senate has
managed to secure an appropriation for a
clerk to the committee on foreign rela
tions, with two assistant clerks and a
messenger. The clerk drew $2220, the two
assistants $1440 each, and the messenger
$1440 as well. By some slip, presumably
because the graft was overworked, the
facts came out that the clerk drawing
2220 never presented himself at the Cap
itol, and. In fact, never came to Washing
ton. Some one got at the facts In the
case, and naturally concluded that a man
drawing such a good round salary should
at least present himself In Washington at
intervals, as an expression of his appre
ciation of his liberal salary. It Is hard to
see how a clerk of such an Important
committee as foreign relations could serve
his committee when not present at Its
But be the facts as they may, the Sen
ate has at last dispensed with this gra
tuity, and Mr. Clerk will now have to
seek new fields and pastures green, or else
study up some other method of holding up
the Government. The corps of three clerks
has been reduced to one, at a salary pf
$1800, and a messenger at $1440, and there
Is little question but what this force, on
a much lower compensation, will be able
to perform all the duties required. And
be It said with some satisfaction, one of
the assistant clerks, who has rendered
faithful service, is to receive the $1500
EDUCATION OF INDIANS.
View on Course United States Should
Pursue With Alaskan Tribes.
WASHINGTON, March 2. Senator Gal
llngef, of New Hampshire, recently pre
sented to the Senate a letter from William
Duncan, of Metlakahtla, Alaska, contain
ing several suggestions as to the course
which should be pursued by the Govern
ment In educating the natives of this ter
ritory. The letter Itself goes Into detail,
but In substance Is about as follows:
Mr. Duncan is strongly of the opinion
that the Government should fix upon
some definite policy by which Indian af
fairs In Alaska shall be controlled. He
expresses much satisfaction that the res
ervation system, so long practiced In tho
United States, Is not to be extended to
Alaska, for It has been condemned on all
hands by friends of the Indian race. More
over, the granting of lands in severalty to
the Indians Is thought inadvisable in
The proposed policy of leaving the
Alaska Indians to themselves, to fight
Economical soap is one
that a touch of cleanses.
Pears' shaving soap is
the best in all the -world.
All sorts of people use Peart' noap, all sorts
of stores sell it, especially druggists.
their own way, work out their own des
tiny, and take the same chances as the
white, while having a semblance of fair
ness to it, Is yet deemed unjust. On the
contrary, it is contended that these In
dians need protection and education. In
order to give them protection, Mr. Dun
can believes that the Government should
set aside a suitable tract of land as a
Government reserve for each community
of natives, these reserves to be at least
five miles from any white settlement, and
on sites chosen by the natrves. The na
tives should not be restricted to these re
serves nor compelled to occupy them, but
each Indian should have the opportunity
of taking up a home for himself, of which
he cannot be deprived. Each Government
re3ervatlon should have Its school, with
a practical Christian teacher, who should
also be a Justice of the Peace.
In the matter of education, Mr. Duncan
condemns strongly the training schools
that are now being operated for the ben
efit of the Alaska Indians. He thinks
that they have proven a dangerous ob
stacle in the way of upbuilding the na
tives, rather than a help to them, and
have served to spread evil and vice among
the young who have been in attendance.
It is his Idea that Indian parents, as well
as children, must be educated. The tak
ing away of the youths to distant schools
has served to break up the homes. anJ
break down the ties between the father
and son, and the mother and daughter.
Education at home, says he, under the
eyes of the parents, would prove a pre
cursor of social elevation. In a word, un
less parental authority is sustained, and
the home life of the Indian purified, any
education given them will but accelerate
their destruction. To carry out such a
policy, it Is claimed that but little outlay
would be required. It Is Mr. Duncan's
earnest belief that the adoption of such a
system as he proposes would In the end
bring about a law-abiding and progressive
native community in every settlement
where home schools were established.
College Declines to Debate.
FOREST GROVE, March 7. Pacific Col
lege, at Newberg, has declined to meet
Tualatin Academy, of this place, In a
CATARRH OF THE STOMACH
A Pleasant, Simple, but Safe and
Effectual Cure for It.
Catarrh of the stomach has long been
considered the next thing to Incurablf.
The usual symptoms are a full or bloat
ing sensation after eating, accompanied
sometimes with sour or watery risings, a
formation of gases, causing pressure on
the heart and lungs and difficult breath
ing, headaches, fickle appetite, nervous
ness and a general played out, languid
There is often a foul taste In the mouth,
coated tongue and If the Interior of, the
stomach could be seen it would show 1
slimy. Inflamed condition.
The cure for this common and obstinate
trouble Is found In a treatment which
causes the food to be readily and thor
oughly digested before It has time to fer
ment and Irritate the delicate mucous sur
faces of the stomach. To secure a prompt
and healthy digestion is the one neces
sary thing to do and when normal di
gestion is secured the catarrhal condition
will have disappeared.
According to Dr. Haxlanson the safest
and best treatment is to use after eacrt
meal a tablet, composed of diastase,
aspetic pepsin, a little nux, golden seal
and fruit acids. These tablets can now be
found at all drug stores under the name
of Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets, and, not be
ing a patent medicine, can be used with
perfect safety and assurance that healthy
appetite and thorough digestion will fol
low their regular use after meals.
Mr. N. J. Booher, Chicago, III., writes:
"Catarrh Is a local condition, resulting
from a neglected cold In the head, where
by the lining membrane of the nose be
comes inflamed and the poisonous dis
charge therefrom passing backward into
the throat reaches the stomach, thus pro
ducing catarrh of the stomach. Medical
authorities prescribed for me for three
years for catarrh of the stomach without
cure, but today I am the happiest of
men after using only pne box of Stuart's
Dyspepsia Tablets. I cannot find appro
Driate words to express my good feeling.
I have found flesh, appetite and sound
rest from their use."
Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets Is the safest
preparation as well as the simplest and
most convenient remedy for any form of
Indigestion, catarrh of stomach, bilious
ness, sour stomach, heartburn and bloat
ing after meals.
Send for little book, mailed free, on stom
ach troubles, by addressing F. A. Stuart
Co.. Marshall, Mich. The tablets can bo
found at all drug stores.
Enclose ft to Me With
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ready for use, my 1901 Model No.
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DR. SANDEN'S BELT
Has no equal for the cure of
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has been brought about by early
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ESTABLISHED THIRTY TEARS.
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DR. A. T. SANDEN
Cor. Fourth and Morrison Sis.
SCIENCE SETTLES IT.
Dandruff Is Caused by a Germ That
Saps the Hair's Vitality.
It Is now a settled fact that dandruff
Is caused by a germ. Falling hair and
baldness are the result of dandruff. Dr.
E. J. Beardsley, of Champaign. III., got
hold of tne new hair preparation, New
bro's Herplclde the only one that kills
the dandruff germ. He says: "I used
Herplclde for my dandruff and falling
hair, and I am well satisfied with the
result." Dr. J. T. Fugate, of Urbana, 111.,
says: "I have used Herplclde for dan
druff with excellent results. I shall pre
scribe it In my practice." Herplclde kills
the dandruff germ. Physicians as well as
the general public say so.
Don't Accept a Substitute !
When you ask for Cascarets be
sure you get the genuine Cascarets
Candy Cathartic! Don't accept
fraudulent substitutes, imitations or
counterfeits! Genuine tabfets stamp
ed C. C. C. Never sold in bulk.
All druggists, ioc.