Image provided by: University of Oregon, Knight Library; Eugene, OR
MARCH 3, 1900. S f
TTTE MORNING- OREGONIAN, SATURDAY,
Sent by Chamberlain to the
ALARMING RUMORS CIRCULATING
Canada's Offer to Garrison Halifax
and Alloir the Withdrawal of
Regulars "Was Accepted.
LONDON, March 2. A dispatch to the
Daily Mall from Sydney. N. S. "W., says:
"It has developed that the Premier re
ceived a few days ago a cablegram from
Mr. Chamberlain, marked confidential,
with a request that Its contents be com
municated to the other Premiers. Secret
cabinet meetings have been held In all
the colonies to consider the dispatch.
The Premier of New South "Wtales has
asked Mr. Chamberlain's consent to pub
lish the text of the message, and Mr.
Chamberlain has replied that he is con
sulting with the War Office regarding the
request. Meanwhile alarming rumors are
Canada's Offer Accepted.
OTTAWA. Ont., March 2. The offer of
Canada to garrison Halifax by the Cana
dian militia and allow the regulars to bo
Bent elsewhere has been acecpted.
EXGIAXD'S WrAR EXPENSES.
May Have to
LONDON, March 2. The Statist shows
that if the government estimates of ex
penditures are realized, it will be com
pelled to borrow 00,000,000 for war pur
poses, of which 8.000.000 will be raised
to co'ver normal expenditures, and that
the Chancellor of the Exchequer will be
compelled to Increase the taxation for tho
year 7,000.000. It suggests that tho in
come tax be increased 1 penny, which
would give 2,200,000 additional revenues:
that the tobacco duty be Increased 8 pence
a pound, whereby 2,300.000 would be ob
tained; that the beer duty be increased 1
shilling a barrel, which would bring in
1,400.000, and that the duty on spirits
be increased 1 shilling a gallon, realizing
quite yellow from the effects of the fumes.
Over one hundred prisoners were taken.
Many of them were Hollanders, and few
were genuine Boers. Considerable am
munition for rifles fell into the hands of
the British as well as damaged Maxim
guns. Boem IS years of age were among
The prisoners had not heard of the pur
render of Cronje, and discredited it. The
majority seemed glad to be captured. They
admit heavy losses. The women remained
with the Boers in the trenches until three
hours before the British charged. Two
women were found, one dead, the other
fatally wounded. Before she died, the lat
ter said her husband would not let her
go, aa she was such a good shot. The
woman was only 19 years old.
An Idea of the Intensity of the shell fire
can be gathered from the fact that of 05
guns In action, the Nineteenth Battery
alone fired 974 rounds, firing every 10 sec
onds. The British casualties were about
CRONJE AT SIMON'S TOWN.
The Boer General Affected oy His
CAPE TOWN, March 2. General Cronjo
and his party arrived at Simon's Town
today. Cronje was received here by Gen
eral Frederick Forestler-Walker and a
representative of Sir Alfred Milner, Gov
ernor of Cape Colony.
ORANGE RIVER. March L General
Cronje and his wife passed here last
night, en route to Cape Town. Elaborate
precautions were taken to prevent the
public from seeing him. Even the officers
were ordered off at the station, and the
refreshment-room was kept closed before
his arrival, to the discomfort of the Kim
berley passengers, who were obliged to go
General Cronjo looks greatly affected
and miserable, and Is much grayer. Ho
entered the refreshment-room accom
panied by his wife, son and interpreter
and General Prettyman and his staff.
Taking his seat at a table. General Cronje
covered his face with his hands for a few
moments, as if engaged in prayer.
STORIES THE PRISONERS TELL,.
Cronje's Night March Began In a
PAARDEBERG, Wednesday. All the
prisoners were paraded yesterday after
noon. They extended in a long trailing lino
like a serpent across the plain, and as
far as possible were arranged in com
mandos. The Free Staters were kept sep
arate from the Transvaalers.
The look upon the faces of the men as
they passed, made it impossible to arrive
at any other conclusion than that they
were all overjoyed at their release from
the daily hell of shell and shot which
they had been experiencing lately. Many
did not even take the trouble to conceal
their delight from the soldiers guarding
them. They chatted freely with the British,
discussing different battles in which they
had fought. All the prisoners have in
tense admiration for the bravery and
pluck of the Highlanders, and they freely
confess that they are incapable of the
dash and go and pluck of the British.
Some of the sick prisoners have given
a vivid description of Cronje's night
march. It began in a panic, and terrible
confusion prevailed throughout. Huge
wagons crowded the narrow road, there
was an utter lack of order and desertions
were numerous. The writer also learned
details of the Boer commissariat. The
Boer rations consisted of one and a half
pounds of fresh meat daily and one and
a half pounds of coffee, three pounds of
sugar and five pounds of flour per man
Every man who was off duty visited the
Boer laager yesterday, and crowds of
curious Tommies spent the day In search
ing ever- nook and corner. What might
prove useful to the army had been se
cured and the soldiers were allowed to
take whatever they liked. The men car
ried off clothing, kettles, cups and even
The latest reports announce that a
large force of Boers Is operating 10 miles
away on the British right front.
STRANGE SCENES IN LONDON.
The People Apparently Were Mad
NEW YORK. March 2. A dispatch to
the World from London, describing the
rejoicing over the relief of Ladysmlth,
In the suburbs it was no uncommon
thing to see well-dressed women careen
ing in the middle of the roads, seemingly
mad, while omnibus conductors were
shouting in childish frenzy, "To Pretoria;
all the way, twopence."
In the West End, a gang of students
from the University College commandeered
heavy freight vans, dragged them along
through tho principal streets loaded with
students, waving flags, cheering, singing
patriotic songs which were taken up by
throngs on the pavement until the streets
partook of the aspect of bedlam.
From early afternoon all business in the
city was at an end. As night came on,
the throngs grew dense, the demonstration
became wilder, more unrestrained and
finally degenerated into a wild orgle. Sa
loons did a roaring trade everywhere.
Bands of men and women took possession
of omnibuses, which could only proceed
at a walking pace, waving union Jacks,
which, with the clangor of countless
church bells, created an Incessant din.
All thought of the terrible toll of dead
and maimed of the bravest of their soldiers
which had been paid for this victory was
In the House of Commons, when Balfour
read Bullet's second dispatch stating ho
had been to Ladysmlth, and describing
the horrors of the besieged, there was
some cheering. Earlier, William Redmond
had Indignantly protested against Impris
oning Cronje on a flagship at Cape Town,
crying: "You send your gallant captive
to your hulks."
SPRING TRADE RETARDED
UNDERLYING BUSINESS CONDITIONS
ARE- HIGHLY SATISFACTORY.
Rallrrays Still Show Gains Weekly
Trade Reviews Bank Clearings
The Financial Review.
NEW YORK. March 2. Bradstreet's to
morrow will say:
Stormy weather has retarded the de
velopment of spring trade at many mar
kets, Interrupting telegraph and railway
communication and nearly checking the
movement of merchandise. In prices, ag
gressive strength Is still the feature of
the cotton and cotton-goods market, while
retail lines remain steady. Food prod
ucts, however, have weakened, and some
raw materials, like wool and hides, are
quotably lower. Railway returns con
tinue to reflect large gains over a year
ago, though, as pointed out last week,
comparisons from now on will be with
better conditions in transportation mat
ters a year ago, and phenomenal gains
are less likely of attainment.
That underlying business conditions are
in a high degree healthful will bo gath
ered from the fact that business failures
for February are at a minimum as regards
the number for that month, and liabili
ties, only slightly exceeding those of the
same month a year ago, have shrunk to
a phenomenally low percentage.
Wheat (including flour) shipments for
the week aggregate 3.S63.SS7 bushels,
against 3.660.S50 bushels last week, 5.815 5S5
bushels in the corresponding week of 1SS9.
3.232.003 bushels In 1S9S. 2,075.435 bushels In
1S97. and 1,407,379 bushels in 1SS6. Since
July 1 this season the exports of wheat
aggregate 134,570,628 bushels, against 16S.
712.874 bushels last year, and 164,45S,o3
bushels in 1S9S.
Failures in the United States for the
month of February number 745. with ag
gregate liabilities of $9,905,464, a decreaso
of 3.5 per cent in number from February
a year ago. Liabilities are 3 per cent
heavier, but assets are consldably small
er than in the same period a year ago.
Failures for the week number 173, against
16S last week, 170 in the week a year ago,
222 in 1S9S, 262 in 1B37, and 270 in 1S06.
rrent that the courts had at last taken
it in charge resulted in a general rally
In prices Wednesday. Third-Avenue,
after a recovery from its-depression, sold
down again later in the week to still
lower figures, and all of the local New
York stocks which possess franchises tax
able under the new state law were in
fluenced more or less unfavorably by
the fact that the assessment of those
franchises is now in progress.
The Industrial stocks were for the most
part heavy, and seemed to be affected
by liquidation of long holdings. This was
In somo quarters attributed to the possi
bility of anti-trust legislation being con
sidered in Congress. There was also in
some Instances evidences of unloading by
pools In these stocks. Sugar was a weak
and disturbing feature, the price of the
stock dropping on the unfavorable antici
pations about the next dividend. There
was no lack of bearish activity on the
part of traders in these and other Indus
trials and special stocks. Selling pres
sure of that description also extended
to portions of the railroad share list,
notably Baltimore Sz. Ohio. At the same
time railroad stocks showed a consider
able undertone of strength, and In some
cases, notably the Atchison, which was
heavily bought for foreign account, a
moderately bullish tendency was exhibited.
NEW YORK, March 2. The following
table, compiled by Bradstreet, shows the
bank clearings at principal cities for the
week ended March 1, with the percentago
of Increase and decrease as compared
with the corresponding week last year:
KCW York J1.1M1.0S3.000
Boston 119.37 6,000
Philadelphia .. .. 10S.516.0u0
St. Louis 34,117.(KX)
HOW MONTREAL CELEBRATED.
Noisy demonstrations by Students of
MONTREAL, March 2. The McGlll stu
dents began the celebration of the relief
of Ladysmlth by Insisting that the girls of
the Donalda department be given a holi
day; that the Mayor give the civic offi
cers a half holiday, and that French news
papers and others hoist the union Jack.
Tho students of Laval., the Catholic Uni
versity, demanded that flags ordered up by
the McGlll men be hauled down. The re
quest was generally complied with, but one
British flag was torn up by the French
students. The McGlll men appeared on the
scene and a riot was only averted by a
During the evening 10,000 people gathered
during a blizzard about bonfires in Domin
ion square and celebrated the relief of
MONTREAL, March 2. The students'
demonstration was continued today, the
Laval men taking the streets. In the af
ternoon they paraded the principal streets,
the only notable feature being the hoist
ing of the tricolor above the British flag
on the office of La Patrle, the organ of
Hon. J. I. Tarte, a member of the Domin
ion Administration. In the evening a
crqwd "of students and alleged students
marched to the Star office, the newspa
per which was responsible for the demon
stration In Dominion Square last night.
They tore down the flag and trod on it and
tore it to rags. The students arrested
last night were released today, with the
understanding that they would be pun
ished with tho option of a fine.
TO MAFEIvING'S RELIEF.
British Force Probably on the Way
to the Town.
LONDON, March 2. With no prospect
of any exciting news romlng in from
Ladysmlth in the near future, all eyes turn
once more toward Lord Roberts and his
advance Into the Orange Free State.
Critics of the afternoon papers are almost
unanimous in expecting the main stand
of the Boers to occur at Wlnburg, or in
its vicinity. Before Roberts' advance on
Bloemfonteln can become active, the
strong force of Boers already gathered
southwest of Paardcberg must be dis
persed. The Britishers lack remounts,
and the necessity of a thorough transport
organization may delay decisive action
in this quarter for several days and per
Mafcklng alone now awaits relief, and
the force to accomplish this is probably
already on its way. No more popular
event could now occur for Great Brit
ain than the relief of Baden-Powell's gal
lant little band. It is believed they are
quite able to hold out until Roberts ar
rives. In Northern Cape Colony the British
campaign progresses well.
It Is suggested that White's garrison
may be sent to the sea to recuperate, but
this scarcely seems probable.
The afternoon newspapers devote jubi
lant editorials to the Joy that reigns
throughout the empire, translating it as
one more sign of imperial unity.
A dispatch from Buller was received at
the War Office this morning, announcing
that 73 wagon-loads of supplies are now
entering Ladysmlth. The first 11 wagons
contained hospital comforts.
Buller's casualties among his officers
during the fighting February 27 were:
Killed Colonel O'Leary, of the Lanca
shires: Major Lewis, Captain Sykes and
Lieutenant Simpson, of the Scottish Fusil
iers: Lieutenant Morllyean, of the War
wlckshlres. and Lieutenant Daly, of the
Pence Meeting Interrupted.
LONDON, March 2. A large crowd
forced the doors of Exeter Hall, London,
where a "stop-the-war" meeting was be
ing held, this evening. The invaders were
resisted by the audience, and after a free
fight tho disturbers were expelled. Unde
terred, they broke through the rear en
trance, fighting with walking sticks and
umbrellas. The police were summoned
and the crowd finally quieted down,
marching off toward the War Office and
singing "God Save the Queen." After the
force of policemen had cleared the build
ing of the Invaders, many marks of the
conflict were noticeable, bruised faces,
torn clothing and other signs of a sharp
affray. Peace resolutions were adopted
by the meeting.
Colesbcrg Dutch Arrested.
RENSBERG. Thursday. March L The
greater part of the Dutch residents at
Colesberg have been arrested as rebels.
The Boers yesterday were In full retTeat
northward, with the British force follow
Moshona Case Taken Up.
CAPE TOWN, March 2. The Supreme
Court resumed the case of the seized
steamship Mashona today.
Entertained by Rhodes.
KIMBERLEY March 2. Lord Roberts
and General Kitchener were the guests of.
Cecil Rhodes while here.
THE POPE'S BIRTHDAY.
TAKING OF PIETER'S niLL.
BothJSIdcs Lost HenvIIy in Tuesday's
COLENSO CAMP. 7b. 2S. The Boers
lost heavily during yesterday's fighting.
Lyddite wrought fearful havoc In the
trenches. Many of the wounded were
Received Congratulations From
Nonagenarians of the World.
ROME, March 2. The Catholic non
agenarians of the world presented an ad
dress of congratulation to Pope Leo XIII
on the occasion of the Holy Year, as the
Sovereign Pontiff completed his 90th year
today. The Idea of this novel address by
signers nearly a century old originated,
it is said, in the mind of an aged priest
in Thun. Switzerland. The suggestion was
met with favor on the Continent, and
copies of the document prepared for sig
natures. The following is a translation
of the address:
"Having arrived at an age when the
soul feels Itself free from Influences which
at other stages of life often mislead or
smother its nobler Impulses, the under
signed are able to understand better than
ever before those great truths of which
your Holiness has never wearied of re
minding the world, and which the latter,
to its own misfortune, obstinately ignores!
The remembrance of the great part of
your Holiness life must fill your soul with
gratitude to God for all that he has ac
complished through you. And to this con
sciousness your Holiness must certainly
be indebted for the flourishing health, the
ever youthful strength which are tho
wonder of the world and the Joy of the
This date has a double significance, as
it is also the 21st anniversary of the cor
onation of the Pope. He received the con
gratulations of the hlch prelates In the
4 fl P
Boxing In Chicago Schools.
CHICAGO. March 2. The boxing bouts
which were held in the basement of the
South Division High School under the
supervision of Principal Smith, find fa
vor in the eyes of the Board of Education
authorities. President G. H. Harris stated
that he saw nothing wrong in them as
long as Mr. Smith supervised them. Su
perintendent of City Schools Andrews not
only indorses the exercise, but says that
ho believes that boxing is the best sport
tjn which the students can partake. j
FEBRUARY FAIi- ES.
Except In Special Instances, Compar
ison "With Last Year Is Favorable.
NEW YORK. March 2. R. G. Dun &
Co.'s weekly review of trade tomorrow
Besides the 8S1 commercial failures for
J9.931.04S. which were reported today, there
were in February six banking failures
for $620,121. and receivers were appointed
for the United States Flour Milling Com
pany, with 525.000.000 of stock and $15.(X.
000 of bonds authorized at its organization
last April, and for the Third-Avenue Rail
way Company after Hens for several mil
lions had been placed upon the property.
Unless separated from such events, com
mercial failures could not be compared
with benefit. The manufacturing failures
for $4,257,638 were larger than In February
of 1S5 or 1S95, but more than half the
amount was in two classes, four large
lumber and one clothing failure making
26 per cent of the whole. The trading
failures were larger than In February of
last year, but 20 per cent of these defaults
were made in five failures.
In most branches the comparison with
previous years is encouraging, and analy
sis brings out in strong light the remark
ably low average of liabilities In the
smaller failures which constitute tho great
majority, indicating sound business con
ditions and unusually satisfactory collec
tions. The rise of cotton to 9V& cents, the
highest point since January. 1893, has done
much to stimulate the business, drawing
from Southern plantations and country
towns more than double the quantity mar
keted last year, distributing millions to
producers, whose purchases of supplies
are thus increased, and swelling beyond
all expectation tho purchases for export.
Heavy selling of cotton by people who
had none, but felt certain that 9 cents
would mark the limit of the rise, had
placed them quite at the mercy of holders.
But the markets both for goods and for
cotton have been affected all over the
world, and the country will reap some
benefit in a larger excess of merchandise
exports over imports. Tho market for
goods has been pushed to greater activity,
though they have risen only 3 per cent
'since tho year began, while the material
has risen over 25 per cent.
Except across the ocean, where events
in South Africa caused nearly all business
to bo forgotten, changes In the stock
market rank next In financial interest to
the rise of cotton. It was a revelation
of the appreciation in which American
railway stocks are held, to see them
strongly supported, with Third Avenue
falling to about 50 and Flour Milling dis
missed to the hands of receivers.
The small rise in wheat, though the
prico is quite low, sufficed to call from
the farms 4,105,661 bushels, against 3,195,
437 last year, as to Indicate that supplies
are not nearly exhausted. Exports from
Atlantic ports were small for the week,
flour Included, only 1,812,206 bushels,
against 4.069.9S4 last year, and In four
weeks from both coasts exports have
been 1L639.2C0, against 14,S23,373 bushels.
Corn rose ic during the week, while
wheat declined l&c
Tho iron and steel industry continues
the greatest weekly output ever known,
even while men speak of it as waiting
for more definite assurances about the
future. Prices of pig yielded a little. Bil
lets have been sold at $33 at Pittsburg.
For most finished products prices are
stronger than a week ago, bars and sheets
being strengthened by large business,
while only plates appear weaker, $21 being
quoted for sizes not the widest. Coke is
scarce and .higher, in spite of tho largest
output ever known, and the wages of
hands have been raised 12& per cent to
the highest ever paid. The decline in
hides at Chicago continues, being over 2
por cent the past week, and 9 per cent
from the highest point in December.
Leather has declined only 3 per cent from
the highest point, and part of that only
in exceptionally largo transactions, pre
sumably meant to be private.
Boots and shoes have yielded very little,
and many dealers ended their Eastern
trip without buying, and Intend to wait
until April, as they did last year, when
they paid rather less than the price asked
Failures for the week have been 222 In
the United States, against 1SS last year,
and 2S In Canada, against 47 last year.
San Francisco ....
Salt Lake City....
Portland, Me. ....
Grand Rapids ....
Birmingham .. ..
Lexington. Ky. ..
Chattanooga .. ..
Fargo, N. D
Sioux Falls. S. D.
ui) . '
.v Ilk sMm
Totals. U. S $1,715,193,000
Outside N. Y 674.133,000
Dominion of Canada
Montreal $ 11.905.000
St. John. N. B.
THE FINANCIAL REVIEW.
In Spite of Fnvornble Factors Specu
lation Continues to Drag.
NEW YORK. March 2. Bradstreet's
financial review tomorrow will say:
In spite of the continuance of favorable
factors bearing upon the position of the
stock markets here and abroad, specula
tion continues to be limited and dragging.
The public here does not respond to the
remarkable Increase In railroad earnings,
by purchasing stocks at the present level
of prices, and In London, while the suc
cession of British victories In South Af
rica has caused an Improvement In prices,
it has failed to stimulate any decided in
fluence upon the course of values. It
has continued to be a professional market,
and the activity by commission houses,
which shows the extent to which the
public is Interested in current specula
tion, has been Intermittent and timid.
The most striking incident of the week
was the placing of the Third-avenue sur
face road In the hands of a receiver.
This action, however, appeared to relieve
the anxiety of the street as to whether
the troubles of that property might not
have far-reaching effects in certain finan
cial quarters. The fate of the road had
been Indeed hanging over the market fa
a fortnight or more, and the announcc-
MENACE TO NAVIGATION.
Joint Commlslon to Investigate DI
1 crslon of Water of Great Lakes.
NEW YORK. March 2. A special to the
Tribune from Washington says:
The Senate committee on foreign
relations has favorably reported an
appropriation of $20,000 for the ex
penses of United States Commis
sioners under a resolution author
izing the President to Invite Qreat Britain
to Join m the formation of an Internation
al commission to examine and report upon
the diversion of the waters that are the
boundary of Canada and the United
It appeared from the papers before the
committee, comprising copies of corres
pondence between the President of the
Commissioners of the New York State Res
ervation at Niagara and the Secretary of
State, and between the Governor of New
York and the Secretary of State, that by
reason of the diversion of the waters of
the Lakes through the Welland Canal,
and the proposed diversion of waters In
great volume, to be taken under grants
for the construction of the Chicago drain
age canal, the proposed canal from Geor
gian Lake to the Ottawa River and other
projected waterways, togetherwith like di
versions of waters in considerable quanti
ties from the Niagara River above the
Falls of Niagara for the generation of
mechanical power, under grants from the
State of New York and the Province of
Ontnrlo, the water levels of the several
lakes forming a portion of the boundary
between the United States and Canada
are reduced, and will be In future under
like grants so greatly diminished as to
constitute a serious menace to navigation
on those waters.
Under these circumstances the commit
tee decided that the Commission should
be authorized and recommonded the pass
age of the resulutlon.
Great Combine of Steel, WrIre and
NEW YORK, March 2. A special to
the Tribune from Wheeling, W. Va.. says:
A combination of iron and steel indus
tries, with $1,000,000,000 capital, will be
completed within six roont!rom April
L It will include the AmericSwsyn-Plate
Company, the National Steel Company,
the American Hoop & Wire Company, the
National Steel Company (now forming)
and another which Is already in existence
and which Is as large or larger than any
of the concerns named. The name of this
latter concern is withheld. This Informa
tion is given by a man who holds inter
ests In all save one of these combina
tions, and who, with W. T. Graham and
Judge Moore, of Chicago, planned the
American TIn-Plate Company and the Na
tional Steel Company.
Bishop Gilbert Demi.
ST. PAUL. Minn., March 2. Bishop G 1
bert, coadjutor of the diocese of M.nne
sota (Eplecopal), died here today, aged 52.
He had previously. b:en located in Mon
During these spring months, everyone is threatened with many
complaints and diseases. These months allure to exposure, overwork
and risk of health. Prudent people take advantage of the marvel
ous invigorating power of
PAINPQ ra ITIC
FARMING FOR ALASKA
Grains, Flax, Clover r.nd Vegetables
Thrive Surprisingly Also
Goats, Sheep and CaiT.c.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2& One of the
Important reports which has just been sub
mitted to Congress-by the Secretary of AgT
riculture and ordered to be printed deald
with the agricultural Investigations in
Alaska. It is important because it brings
out some facts in regard to the agricul
tural capabilities of our vast Northern
territory, which will astonish those who
have Tegarded it as a useless Ice box,
which at most was valuable only for the
gold it might contain or for the fur and
fish It yields.
These investigations, as far as they have
gone, indicate that It has latent capabil
ities which, when developed, may sustain
a large population and make It a prosper
ous state. And why not? The little coun
try of Finland, which lies between Swe
den and Russia In the same latitude and
Is less than one-fourth the size of Alas
ka, has a population of 2.500.000 and export",
both grain and livestock, as well as vast
quantities of dairy products. The author
of the report. Professor C. C. Georgeson,
who has charge of the Investigations,
brought to Washington 11 varieties of
Spring wheat, a dozen varieties each of
barley and oats, and also rye, buckwheat
and flax, all of which had matured at
the Experiment Stations at Sitka and
Kenal, in the Kcnai Peninsula. The re
port states that red clover lived through
the Winter at Sitka, made a luxuriant
growth and matured seed, and that
vetches and other forage plants did equal
ly well. All the common hardy vegeta
bles were grown to perfection, some caul
iflower at Kenal measuring 14 inches
across the head.
A statement by the Superintendent of
the Alaska Commercial Company In re
gard to his company's experience with
livestock at Kadlak is of more than pass
ing interest, because it reveals possibili
ties in the stock industry which are bound
to be of much Importance In the future
development of the territory. The com
pany has for many years kept cattle,
sheep and Angora goats on some of the
small Islands near tho town of Kadlak.
On one of these Islands It was not found
necessary to feed or shelter the cattle
nt all. Winter or Summer. Year In and
year out they lived in the open and were
maintained solely by tho native grasses,
which are abundant in all of Southwestern
Alaska. The herd Increased yearly about
75 per cent of the breeding cows. A flock
of Angora goats increased GO per cent an
nually and gave very good results In
mohair. A flock of sheep has been kept
for the last 16 years on pasture the year
around. The Increase was something over
GO per cent, and the clip averaged about
five pounds of wool per head yearly.
There seems to be no doubt that animal
husbandry can be successfully prosecuted
In different parts of Alaska.
Land for agricultural experiment sta
tions has been reserved at three places In
the Coast region; namely, at Sitka. Ka
dlak and Cook Inlet, and development
work was begun the past season at SItk.i
and Kenal. A headquarters building was
erected and partially completed at Sitka.
It Is to contain offices. laboratory, library
and quarters for the person In charge.
Most of the scientific work will be done
The stations are equipped with work
oxen and all the tools necessary for plo-
J neer farming, The rcpoTt. enumerates aUo
the lines of experimentation which ere of
chief Interest to that country. They in
clude those which relate to the Improve
ment of the soil, the selection and Im
provement of small grains, experiments
with vegetables, the introduction of
fruits and experiments relating to the
various branches of livestock Industry.
For want of sufficient funds, nothing
has as yet been undertaken In the Interior,
but It Is planned to establish at least onp
experiment station somewhere on the Yu
kon River the coming season. If a suf
ficient appropriation Is made. Reports re
ceived by the Department of Agriculture
from prospectors and others In the In
terior Indicate that small grains and veg
etables can be grown there, and It would
seem to be sound economy on the part of
the Government to aid In the development
of whatever capabilities that vast region
vere on the Pacific coast, extending from
I mountain towns in the State of Mlchoa
can suffered severely. Five persons wcro
I caught under falling walls in Pomaro and
TO RELEIVE THEIR DISTRESS
THE RUNNING RACES.
Yesterday's Winners r.t Onklnnd and
SAN FRANCISCO, March 2. The
weather conditions at Oakland were fine.
and the track fast. The results were:
i-ive ana a nan iunongs. setting
' Mounte'bank won. Comlnp Event second,
! Beautiful Bill third; time. 1:0S.
i Six furlongs, selling Matt Hogan won,
' Orion second. Mafada third; time, 1:14.
Four furlongs. 2-year-olds Game War-
den won. AphrodLj second, Glrly Ducat
third; time, 0:50.
1 One mile, selling Flora Bird won,
Waterwick second, Rachaol C. third; t-me.
' Mile and a sixteenth Cnstako won.
Einstein second, Wyoming third; t me.
! Six furlongs Revanna won. True Blue
second, Peace third; time, 1:14.
Races :vt New Orleans.
NEW ORLEANS, March 2. The results
One mile, celling Right Bower won,
Barney F. second, Russell R. third; time,
Six furlongsWax won. Philter second,
Roundo third; time. 1:16.
Mile and an eighth, selling Elsmere
won, Koenlg second, Yubadam third; time,
One mile, handicap Andes won, Prlnca
of Varona second. Dr. Vaughan third;
Seven furlongs, selling Statlra won, Al
l!e Hale second. Range E. third time,
Six and a half furlong3, selling Corl
alls won. Agitator second. Sir Blaze third;
1 Remainder of Wr.r Fund to Be Spent
to Feed Pnerto RIcans.
NEW YORK. March 2. A special to tha
Herald from Washington says:
To relieve the great distress in
Puerto Rico caused by the hur
ricane Secretary Root by direction
of the President has authorized
the use of $1,223,000 remaining over from
the emergency war fund. This authoriza
tion was mode, about 10 days ago, as tho
result of a special report from Major
General Davis, showing the starving con
dition of the natives. The matter has been
kept very quiet, because, with the ab
sence of a .specific appropriation for thla
purpose, the authorities feared criticism
from those not familiar with the true state
of affairs In Puerto Rico.
An amendment has been Incorporated in
the Forakor Civil Government for Puerto
Rico bill providing for the reimbursement
of the United States out of the revenues
of the Islands "of any moneys which have
been or may be expended out of tho
emergency fund of the War Department
for the relief of the Industrial conditions
of the Island caused by the hurricane of
August S, 1SD9," It is assumed by the
War Department that Congress v, make
this authorization before the $1,223,000 has
all been expended.
General Davis has been directed to uti
lize the money In clearing up the planta
tions, so that the farmers may proceed
with the raising of crops. This will en
able many natives to go to work at once,
and thereby put sufficient money in cir
culation to temporarily relieve existing
Will Investigate Turner's Case.
CHICAGO. March 2. A special to tho
Record from Vera Cruz. Mexico, says:
TheMexIcan Government Is taking an ac
tive interest In the case of Edward Turner,
the American locomotive engineer who re
cently died In the military hospital at
Vera Cruz, after 10 months' confinement
in prison, without trial, on the charge
of being responsiblp for the wreck of his
Judge Lambardo. one of the most prom
inent members of the Mexican bar, ar
rived here today from the City of Mexi
co, with infractions from President Diaz,
to make a thorough Investigation of the
circumstances surrounding Turner's im
prisonment and death. No official demand
for Indemnity has been made.
EARTHQUAKE IN MEXICO.
A Nnmhcr of Smrll Coast Villages
1 CHICAGO, March 2. A special to the
, Record from Guadalajara, Mex., says:
, Tho recent earthquakes which were felt
throughout Southern Mexico did much
greater damage than was indicated by tho
earlier reports. News from remote coast
, and mountain towns has Just reached
Guadalajara and stories of great destruc
i tion of property and considerable loss of
' life are told. The severe seismic shocks
had a remarkable effect on the sea, caus
ing it to roll Inland and covering the
country for a distance of over one mile
from the beach. This inundation occurred
three times in rapid succession and every
movable thing In Its path was swept
A number of small coast villages were
destroyed, and there was some loss of
life, but no definite information has been
' received as to the number of persons
I drowned, This inundation was most se-
' IN TABCET FORM-PLEASANT TO TAKE.
i For one dollar your hoalth can bo restored. To
hesitate mar prove tho folly of your life. When your
; body is drained qf Its vitality It will bo too lato. t
remedy falls to euro tho'inoncy la refunded. Sou caa
ass no more.
Dr. Burthort's VcKotablo Corapound
1 1 a soTcrolrra romedr for Rheumatism.
Ileadach?. Colds. Errslnelns. Scrofula
and Constipation. I use It myself and'
I "Rvr- W. Tt-rrnhT.
I nammenvlllo. Ohio. '
I xorsalobyalldmcclsts. Thirty days' treatment
I tor 25c. : bounty d its' treatment 50c : Six month?
treatment, $1.00 M davt' tnal trr-atmtnt free.
nx, v?, a. BzrnK.EA.KT, cuwtauu, 9,